University of Naples Federico II

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University of Naples Federico II
Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Logo unina.gif
Motto Ad Scientiarum Haustum et Seminarium Doctrinarum
Established 1224
Type State-supported
Rector Prof. Massimo Marrelli
Admin. staff 4,535 (2006)
Students 96,867 (2010)
Location Naples, Italy
Sports teams CUS Napoli
Affiliations UNIMED, PEGASUS
Website www.unina.it/
Main building, university of Naples, Federico II

The University of Naples Federico II (Italian: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II) is a university located in Naples, Italy. It was founded in 1224 and is organized into 13 faculties. It is the world's oldest state university[1] and one of the oldest academic institutions in continuous operation. The university is named after its founder Frederick II.

History[edit]

The University of Naples Federico II was founded by emperor of the Holy Roman Empire Frederick II on 5 June 1224. It is the most ancient state-supported institution of higher education and research in the world. One of the most famous students of this university was Roman Catholic theologian and philosopher Thomas Aquinas.

Political Project of Fredrick II[edit]

Fredrick II had precise objectives when he founded the university in Naples: first, to train administrative and skilled bureaucratic professionals for the "curia regis" (the kingdom's ministries and governing apparatus), also it was necessary to prepare lawyers and judges who would help the sovereign to draft laws and administer justice. Secondly, he wanted to facilitate the cultural development of promising young students and scholars, avoiding any unnecessary and expensive trips abroad (by creating a State University, emperor Frederick avoided having young students during his reign complete their training at the University of Bologna, which was in a city that was hostile to the imperial power).[2][3][4]

The University of Naples was arguably the first to be formed from scratch by a higher authority, and one not based upon an already-existing private school. Although its claim to be the first state-sponsored university can be challenged by Palencia (which was founded by the Castilian monarch c.1212), Naples certainly was the first chartered one.[5]

The artificiality of its creation posed great difficulties in attracting students (Thomas Aquinas was one of the few who came in these early years). The university's early years were further complicated by the long existence, in nearby Salerno, of Europe's most prestigious medical faculty, the Schola Medica Salernitana. The fledgling faculty of medicine at Naples had little hope to compete with it, and in 1231, the right of examination was surrendered to Salerno. The establishment of new faculties of theology and law under papal sponsorship in Rome in 1245 further drained Naples of students, as Rome was a more attractive location. In an effort to revitalize the dwindling university, in 1253, all the remaining schools of the university of Naples moved to Salerno, in the hope of creating a single viable university for the south.[6] But that experiment failed and the university (minus medicine) moved back to Naples in 1258 (in some readings, Naples was "refounded" in 1258 by Manfred Hohenstaufen, as by this time there were hardly any students left). The Angevin reforms after 1266 and the subsequent decline of Salerno gave the University of Naples a new lease on life and put it on a stable, sustainable track.[5]

Academics[edit]

The university is divided into 13 faculties:

Noted people[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

Among those who have attended the University of Naples Federico II are Italian Presidents Enrico De Nicola, Giovanni Leone and Giorgio Napolitano; Italian political leader Luigi de Magistris; manager Fabrizio Freda; philosophers Benedetto Croce and Nicola Abbagnano.

Notable professors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ph.D International Scholarship Resources
  2. ^ Ovidio Capitani. Storia d'Italia. vol. 4. Turin: UTET. p. 122. 
  3. ^ "Cenni storici (English version)". unina.it. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  4. ^ Norbert Kamp. "Federico II di Svevia". treccani.it. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Hastings Rashdall The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages, Vol. 2 p.22ff.
  6. ^ C.A. Briggs (1916) History of the Study of Theology, vol. II, p.48

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°50′50″N 14°15′25″E / 40.84722°N 14.25694°E / 40.84722; 14.25694