National Democrats (United Kingdom)

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This article is about the political party which split away from the British National Front. For the Northern Irish political party, see National Democrats (Northern Ireland).
National Democrats (UK)
Founded 1995
Dissolved 2011
Ideology British Nationalism, right-wing populism, third positionism, Euroscepticism, national conservatism
Political position Far-right
Politics of the United Kingdom
Political parties
Elections
National Democrats logo

The National Democrats (ND) was a nationalist party in the United Kingdom (UK). Former party Chairman Ian Anderson died on 2 February 2011[1] and the party was de-registered with the Electoral Commission on 10 March 2011.

Formation[edit]

The party evolved out of the Flag Group wing of the British National Front (NF), which gained control of the NF during the early 1990s. Party leader Ian Anderson sought to change the name of the NF to the National Democrats. 72% of the membership voted for the change in a postal ballot; by changing the name it was hoped to avoid the connotations associated with the NF name.[2] However, the move was resisted by other NF members and so the National Democrats came into existence as a new party.

History[edit]

The party contested two parliamentary by-elections in 1996. In Hemsworth, Mike Cooper received 111 votes (0.5%) and, in South East Staffordshire, Steve Edwards received 358 votes (0.8%). Although the NDs never took part in regularly scheduled European elections, they did contest the Merseyside West by-election in which Simon Darby stood but only gained 718 votes (1.2%).[citation needed]

In the 1997 general election, the party contested 21 seats and received a total of 10,829 votes, compared to 35,832 for their rivals in the British National Party (BNP), and 2,719 votes for the NF. The party's best result was in West Bromwich West, where Steven Edwards received 11.4% of the vote. However, this was not a normal constituency, since this was the constituency of then House speaker Betty Boothroyd, which major parties by convention do not contest. The NDs were severely damaged immediately before the 1997 election when it was revealed by The Sunday Times and the Daily Mail that leading member Andy Carmichael was working for MI5.[3] Where the West Midlands had been a stronghold, it now began to fall apart, and in 1998, the local branch, which included leading ND activist Simon Darby, defected to the BNP, leaving only a small number of party loyalists behind. The party did not nominate candidates in the 2001 general election.

The party published a magazine called Vanguard,[4] edited by Stephen Ebbs, and publication of the former NF paper The Flag continued, now in support of the new party.[5]

Change in activities[edit]

Campaign for National Democracy
Cndlogo.jpg
Formation ?
President Ian Anderson
Website [2]

By the beginning of 2002 the party had ceased political activity. It continued as a pressure group under the name Campaign for National Democracy;[6] until 2008[7] the party officially ceased to exist after the death of its leader at the beginning of 2011.

Publication of The Flag magazine continued [8] but without reference to the National Democrats or the Campaign for National Democracy.

Leading members[edit]

  • Simon Darby, parliamentary candidate, left the party in 1998 for the BNP and became its Press Officer.[9]
  • Martin Wingfield,co-editor of The Flag, left the party in 2001 and joined the BNP and became editor of their Voice of Freedom paper.[10]
  • Sharron Edwards, parliamentary candidate, left the party in 1999, stood as first candidate on the West Midlands list for the BNP in the 1999 European elections and later became deputy chairwoman of the BNP[11] before help forming the Freedom Party.
  • Gary Cartwright, regional organiser[12] and local council candidate,[13] later joined UKIP and is currently parliamentary advisor to Nikki Sinclaire.[14]

Election results[edit]

1996-1997 by-elections[edit]

Date of election Constituency Candidate Votes  %
1 February 1996 Hemsworth Mike Cooper 111 0.5
11 April 1996 South East Staffordshire Steve Edwards 358 0.8
12 December 1996 Merseyside West (European Parliament) Simon Darby 718 1.2

1997 general election[edit]

Constituency Candidate Votes[15]  %
Birmingham Ladywood Andy Carmichael 685 1.8
Blackburn Tina Wingfield 671 1.4
Burton Keith Sharp 604 1.1
Dagenham Mike Hipperson 183 0.5
Derby South Rob Evans 317 0.6
Devon East Gary Needs 131 0.2
Dudley North Darby, SimonSimon Darby 469 1
East Ham Graham Hardy 290 0.7
Halesowen and Rowley Regis Karen Needs 592 1.2
Leicester West Clive Potter 186 0.5
Leicester South Kevin Sills 307 0.6
Londonderry East Anderson, IanIan Anderson 81 0.2
Nottingham South Sharron Edwards 446 0.9
Plymouth Devonport Stephen Ebbs 238 0.5
Southport Mike Middleton 92 0.2
Southwark North and Bermondsey Ingga Yngvisson 95 0.2
Stoke-on-Trent South Brian Lawrence 288 0.6
Tiverton and Honiton Del Charles 236 0.4
West Bromwich West Steve Edwards 4,181 11.4
Wolverhampton North East Wingfield, MartinMartin Wingfield 356 0.9
Yorkshire East Mike Cooper 381 0.8

1997 by-elections[edit]

Date of election Constituency Candidate Votes  %
31 July 1997 Uxbridge Anderson, IanIan Anderson 157 0.5
23 September 1999 Wigan Stephen Ebbs 100 0.6

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Searchlight Magazine Issue 429 March 2011
  2. ^ Article in The Independent on name change
  3. ^ CannockChasePost
  4. ^ Vanguard Magazine online
  5. ^ The Flag
  6. ^ Website March 2002
  7. ^ last known National Democrats website May 2008
  8. ^ The Flag
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ biography on BNP website
  11. ^ Sunday Mercury 2000
  12. ^ NatDems website
  13. ^ NatDems website
  14. ^ Website of Nikki Sinclaire
  15. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/election97/live/index.htm

External links[edit]