East Ham (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of East Ham in GreaterLondon.
|Electorate||91,531 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Stephen Timms (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Newham North East, Newham South|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
East Ham's wards have long been Labour strongholds: Ron Leighton was MP for the old Newham North East from 1979 until his death in 1994, Stephen Timms has represented the seat since. The RESPECT Coalition stood a candidate once, hoping to benefit from opposition to the Iraq war in the 2005 general election which saw elsewhere their first MP, and took second place.[n 3] At the 2010 general election, Stephen Timms received the most individual votes of any MP (35,471) and largest majority (27,826) of any MP.
Comprising the eastern part of the London Borough of Newham, East Ham is, as at 2010, the safest Labour seat in London and sixth safest in the country. Every component ward has only Labour councillors (resulting from local elections), and their general election candidates have achieved an absolute majority on all four elections against a wide assortment of political parties at each election.
The constituency has the largest proportion of non-white people in the UK; Greater London's highest proportion of British Asian, many of whom are Muslims live in the seat. In the London Borough of Newham 43.5% of people are British Asian in 2011.[n 4]
The constituency takes in several run-down, deprived, lower working class areas with low incomes and high unemployment that in 2000 ranked high in the Index of Multiple Deprivation including Beckton, Silvertown and East Ham itself. London City Airport is in the seat, as are the former Royal Docks where modern luxury housing is springing up. Confusingly, West Ham United FC's ground is (just) within the East Ham seat.
Around two thirds of constituents are non-white, and more than 40% of the population are immigrants to the UK.
It comprises ten wards: Beckton, Boleyn, East Ham Central, East Ham North, East Ham South, Green Street East, Little Ilford, Manor Park, Royal Docks and Wall End.
Based on the 2010 list of eligible electors compiled by local authorities, this seat will, on the division of the Isle of Wight, the only boundary revision enacted in 2011 for the 2015 election, be the largest seat by population. This will make the seat at an extreme of malapportionment - based on the figures compiled in 2010, it will have more than four times the electorate of the smallest constituency.
Member of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: East Ham|
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Brice||5,849||11.6||+0.8|
|English Democrats||Barry O'Connor||822||1.6||+1.6|
This was the largest numerical majority of any seat in the 2010 general election.
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: East Ham|
|Respect||Abdul Khaliq Mian||8,171||20.7||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Ann Haigh||4,296||10.9||+3.9|
|Christian Peoples||David Bamber||580||1.5||N/A|
|General Election 2001: East Ham|
|Liberal Democrat||Bridget Fox||2,600||7.0|
|Socialist Labour||Roderick Finlayson||783||2.1|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: East Ham|
|Socialist Labour||Imran Khan||2,697||6.8||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Mike Sole||2,599||6.5||N/A|
|Referendum Party||J. McCann||845||2.1||N/A|
|National Democrats||Graham Hardy||290||0.7||N/A|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- On a 19.95% swing (Lab-Res)
- see 2011 census data release: Ethnicity
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2001 Census
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Statement of Persons Nominated, Newham Council