Blackburn (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Blackburn in Lancashire.
Location of Lancashire within England.
|Electorate||72,112 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Jack Straw (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Blackburn East and Blackburn West|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Blackburn East
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
- 1 Constituency profile
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 History
- 4 2015 General Election
- 5 Members of Parliament
- 6 Elections
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 External links
It has elected Labour MPs since its re-creation in 1955.
The constituency encompasses the town of Blackburn in the North West of England. It borders four other constituencies: Ribble Valley to the north, Hyndburn to the east, Rossendale and Darwen to the south and Chorley to the west.
Following the review of parliamentary representation in Lancashire, including the unitary authority of Blackburn with Darwen in the run-up to the United Kingdom general election, 2010 the Boundary Commission for England made minor boundary changes to the existing constituency.
The electoral wards in the Blackburn seat fought at the UK general election in 2010 were entirely within the district of Blackburn with Darwen.
- Audley, Bastwell, Beardwood and Lammack, Corporation Park, Ewood, Higher Croft, Little Harwood, Livesey with Pleasington, Meadowhead, Mill Hill, Queen's Park, Roe Lee, Shadsworth with Whitebirk, Shear Brow and Wensley Fold.
For more details, see the Politics section of the Blackburn article.
Blackburn was first enfranchised by the Reform Act 1832, as a two-member constituency, and was first used at the 1832 general election. It was abolished for the 1950 general election, when it was then replaced by two new single-member constituencies, Blackburn East and Blackburn West.
Blackburn was re-established as a single-member constituency for the 1955 general election, partially replacing the Blackburn East and Blackburn West constituencies which had been created only five years earlier. After its re-establishment in 1955, the constituency was initially a marginal, but Blackburn is now considered to be a Labour Party stronghold.
2005 General election
Blackburn's MP, Jack Straw, was challenged in the 2005 general election primarily again by the Conservative Party but also by a former Foreign Office subordinate, the ex-British ambassador to Uzbekistan, Craig Murray. Murray stood for election in Blackburn on a platform of opposition to the war in Iraq and electoral corruption. Murray described the constituency as a "Labour rotten borough" and said of the buildup to the election, "I've been approached by several people in the Asian community who are under huge pressure from Labour activists [talking up the BNP's chances] to apply for a postal vote rather than a ballot vote and then hand their postal vote over to the Labour party." Over 50% more people used postal votes in the 2005 general election in Blackburn than in 2001. Unlike in 1997 and 2001, the BNP had a candidate, who polled 5.4% of the vote.
2015 General Election
Members of Parliament
The seat has been represented since 1979 by former Cabinet minister Jack Straw.
Two-member constituency (1832–1950)
Single member constituency (1955–present)
Elections in the 1860s
|By-election, 31 March 1869 Blackburn|
|Conservative||Henry Master Feilden||4,697|
|Liberal||J. G. Potter||3,964|
|General election, 1868: Blackburn|
|Conservative||William Henry Hornby||4,907|
|Liberal||J. G. Potter||4,399|
|Liberal||Montague Joseph Feilden||4,164|
Elections in the 1910s
|General Election 1918
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing|
A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.
Elections in the 1920s
|General Election 1922
|Unionist||Sir Sydney Herbert Holcroft Henn||28,280||25.5|
|National Liberal||Rt Hon Sir Henry Norman||27,071||24.4|
|Labour||John Percival Davies||24,049||21.7|
|Liberal||Thomas Cox Meech||8,141||7.3|
|National Liberal hold||Swing|
|General Election 1923
|Unionist||Sir Sydney Herbert Holcroft Henn||28,505||26.6|
|Labour||John Percival Davies||25,428||23.8|
|General Election 1924
|Conservative||Sir Sydney Herbert Holcroft Henn||31,347||28.1|
|Labour||Mrs Mary Agnes Hamilton||24,330||21.8|
|Labour||Thomas Harry Gill||24,317||21.8|
|General Election 1929
|Labour||Mrs Mary Agnes Hamilton||37,256|
|Labour||Thomas Harry Gill||35,723|
|Unionist||Sir Sydney Herbert Holcroft Henn||35,249|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1931
|Conservative||Sir Walter Dorling Smiles||50,105||33.2|
|Conservative||George Sampson Elliston||49,953||33.1|
|Labour||Mrs Mary Agnes Hamilton||25,643||17.0|
|Labour||Thomas Harry Gill||25,030||16.6|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|General Election 1935
|Conservative||George Sampson Elliston||37,932||26.2|
|Conservative||Sir Walter Dorling Smiles||37,769||26.1|
|Labour||G H Walker||34,423||23.8|
Elections in the 1940s
General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; Conservative: Sir Walter Dorling Smiles, George Sampson Elliston, Labour: James Bell, William John Tout.
|General Election 1945
|Labour||Lewis John Edwards||35,182||26.0|
|Labour||Barbara Anne Castle||35,145||26.0|
|Conservative||Lt-Col. Douglas Glover||26,325||19.5|
|Conservative||Col. RG Parker||25,807||19.1|
|Liberal||Marjorie A MacInerney||6,096||4.5|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|General Election 1979 
Turnout: 38,813 (73.96%) +1.03
Majority: 5,490 (14.15%) −5.2
Swing: 2.6% from Lab to Con
|Ian D. McGaw||Conservative||14,193||36.57||+4.5|
|Frank J. Beetham||Liberal||4,371||11.26||−0.7|
|Edward Adamson||National Front||565||1.46||−3.0|
|General Election October 1974 
Turnout: 39,537 (72.93%) −6.3
Majority: 7,652 (19.36%) +4.4
Swing: 0.9% from Con to Lab
|Ian D. McGaw||Conservative||12,692||32.10||−1.3|
|Frank J. Beetham||Liberal||4,741||11.99||−2.0|
|John Kingsley Read||National Front||1,758||4.45||+.04|
|General Election February 1974 
Turnout: 42,049 (78.21%) +2.7
Majority: 6,300 (14.98%) +8.5
Swing: 4.3% from Con to Lab
|Ian D. McGaw||Conservative||14,040||33.39||−13.4|
|Frank J. Beetham||Liberal||5,891||14.01||N/A|
|John Kingsley Read||National Front||1,778||4.23||N/A|
|General Election 1970 
Turnout: 42,210 (75.54%) −3.8
Majority: 2,736 (6.48%) −10.1
Swing: 6.1% from Lab to Con
|General election, 1966 
Turnout: 43,514 (79.2%) −1.8
Majority: 7,248 (16.6%) +1.6
Swing: 1.6% from Con to Lab
|General election, 1964 
Turnout: 46,193 (81.0%)
Majority: 6,893 (15.0%) +9.4
Swing: 4.7% from Con to Lab
|John Maurice Armstrong Yerburgh||Conservative||19,650||42.5||−4.7|
|General election, 1959 
Turnout: 51,846 (85.89%) +2.8
Majority: 2,866 (5.6%) +4.6
Swing: 2.3% from Con to Lab
|John Maurice Armstrong Yerburgh||Conservative||24,490||47.2||−2.3|
|General Election 1955 
Turnout: 51,993 (83.1%)
Majority: 489 (1.0%)
Elections since 1979
|General Election 2010 
Turnout: 45,499 (62.9%) +5.2
Majority: 9,856 (21.7%) +2.2
Swing: +1.1% from Con to Lab
|Paul English||Liberal Democrat||6,918||15.2||-5.4|
|General Election 2005 
Turnout: 41,805 (56.9%) +1.4
Majority: 8,009 (19.2%) −3.7
Swing: 1.9% from Lab to Con
|Tony Melia||Liberal Democrat||8,608||20.6||+12.5|
|General Election 2001 
Turnout: 40,284 (55.5%) −9.5
Majority: 9,249 (22.9%) −7.5
Swing: 2.9% from Lab to Con
|Imtiaz Patel||Liberal Democrat||3,264||8.1||−2.4|
|Terry Cullen||Socialist Labour||559||1.4||+0.1|
|Jim Nichol||Socialist Alliance||532||1.3||N/A|
|General Election 1997 
Turnout: 73,132 (65.0%) −10.1
Majority: 14,445 (30.4%) +19.4
Swing: 9.7% from Con to Lab
|Mrs. Sangheeta G. Kaur Sidhu||Conservative||11,696||24.6||−12.9|
|Stephen J. Fenn||Liberal Democrat||4,990||10.5||−1.0|
|David P. Bradshaw||Referendum Party||1,892||4.0||N/A|
|Tina Wingfield||National Democrats||671||1.4||+1.4|
|Helen Drummond||Socialist Labour||635||1.3||N/A|
|Margo Carmichael-Grimshaw||Keep Britain Free and Independent Party||506||1.1||N/A|
|John Batchelor||Common Sense Sick of Politicians||362||0.8||N/A|
|General Election 1992 
Turnout: 54,978 (75.1%) +0.2
Majority: 6,027 (11.0%) +0.2
Swing: 0.6% from Con to Lab
|Ross M. Coates||Conservative||20,606||37.5||−2.6|
|Derek Mann||Liberal Democrat||6,332||11.5||+1.1|
|Margo Carmichael-Grimshaw||Lodestar Party||334||0.6||N/A|
|William Ayliffe||Natural Law||195||0.4||N/A|
|General Election 1987 
Turnout: 56,035 (74.9%) −0.3
Majority: 5,497 (9.8%) +3.4
Swing: 2.3% from Con to Lab
|Anne C. Cheetham||Conservative||22,468||40.1||+0.7|
|Mohammed Akbar Ali||Social Democrat||5,602||10.0||−4.4|
|General Election 1983 
Turnout: 56,784 (74.6%) +0.5
Majority: 3,055 (5.4%) −8.8
Swing: 4.4% from Lab to Con
|Graham C.S. Mather||Conservative||22,345||39.4||+2.8|
|Eric B. Fairbrother||Social Democrat||8,174||14.4||+2.7|
|David A. Riley||National Front||864||1.5||0.0|
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Lancashire
- Blackburn East (UK Parliament constituency) 1950–1955
- Blackburn West (UK Parliament constituency) 1950–1955
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Could the election be won by fraud?, Robert Winnett and Abul Taher, The Sunday Times, 10 April 2005
- "Jack Straw to step down as Labour MP for Blackburn". BBC News. 25 October 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 49–50. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 76. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 92. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- "Election Intelligence. Blackburn". The Times (London). 31 March 1869. p. 4, col F.
- "UK General Election results May 1979". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results October 1974". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results February 1974". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results 1970". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results March 1966". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results October 1964". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results October 1959". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results May 1955". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results May 2010". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results May 2005". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results May 1997 and June 2001: Blackburn". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results June 1987". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results June 1983". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- Blackburn Labour Party
- Blackburn Liberal Democrats
- Janis Sharp Campaign Site
- Bushra Irfan Campaign Site