|Stable release||6.7.8 (16 May 2015 ) [±]|
|Operating system||Microsoft Windows|
|Available in||49 languages|
|Type||Source code editor|
|License||GNU General Public License|
Notepad++ is a text editor and source code editor for use with Microsoft Windows. Unlike Notepad, the built-in Windows text editor, it supports tabbed editing, which allows working with multiple open files in a single window. The project's name comes from the C increment operator.
Notepad++ is distributed as free software. At first the project was hosted on SourceForge.net, from where it has been downloaded over 28 million times, and twice won the SourceForge Community Choice Award for Best Developer Tool. The project has been hosted on TuxFamily since June 2010. Notepad++ uses the Scintilla editor component.
General features include:
- Tabbed document interface
- Multiple clipboards (plugin required)
- Split screen editing and synchronized scrolling
- Spell checker (requires Aspell) (Spell checker does not distinguish between text and code)
- Supports text encoding formats such as Unicode, for international writing systems. UTF-8 and several UTF-16 encodings are supported.
- Support for Windows, Unix and Classic Mac OS line ending characters
- Find and replace: with regular expressions (including multi-line); over multiple documents; and marking/summary of occurrences
- Data comparison
Source code editing features include:
- Syntax highlighting and syntax folding
- Brace and indent highlighting
- Smart highlighting
- Project manager
- Regular expression find and replace (in perl compatible extent)
- Speech synthesis
- FTP Browser (plug-in included in standard installation)
- Macro recording and execution.
- Various tools such as line sorting, text encoding conversion, text folding
- File status auto-detection
- Customizable shortcut key mapping.
- Function list.
Notepad++ supports syntax highlighting and code folding for over 50 programming, scripting, and markup languages. It attempts to automatically detect the language that a given file uses, using a modifiable list of file extension bindings. Users may also manually set the current language, overriding the extension's default language. The program also supports autocompletion for a subset of the API of some programming languages.
The following languages are natively supported by Notepad++ as of version 6.6:
- Ada, asp, Assembly, AutoIt
- C, C++, C#, Caml, Cmake, COBOL, CoffeeScript, CSS
- D, Diff
- Flash ActionScript, Fortran
- Haskell, HTML
- LISP, Lua
- Makefile, Matlab, MS-DOS, INI file
- NSIS, Normal Text File
- Pascal, Perl, PHP, PostScript, PowerShell, Properties, Python
- R, Resource file, Ruby
- Shell, Scheme, Smalltalk, SQL
- TCL, TeX
- Visual Basic, VHDL, Verilog
Users can also define their own language (for syntax highlighting) and its respective API (for autocompletion) by using the built-in User Language Define System. Users may configure the syntax highlighting's font styles per element, per language, and the resulting formatted script may be printed in full-color (WYSIWYG). Additionally, Notepad++ displays indent guidelines when source code is indented with tab characters, and highlights closing braces, brackets and tags.
Notepad++ has support for macros and plugins. Currently, there are 27 official plugins for Notepad++, 10 of which are included by default in the program. The first plugin to be included in the program was "TextFX", which includes features such as W3C validation for HTML and CSS, text sorting, character case alteration and quote handling. Plugin site lists over 140 compatible plugins.
This project is originally by Don Ho, a developer based in Paris and graduated from Paris Diderot University in 2000. This project, based on the Scintilla editor component, is written in C++ with only Win32 API calls using only the STL in order to increase performance and reduce program size. Notepad++ tries to reduce overall processor usage by using efficient binaries that require fewer CPU computations.
Notepad++ supports switching into local language after providing a single XML file containing all text that should be translated. As of 2013, the user community has contributed translations into many languages, as well as into some local dialects.
If F1 is pressed or the About dialog is opened while the currently selected text contains a name, a new document is created and a quote from that person is entered using simulated typing. Among the names that trigger this easter egg are Bill Gates, Linus Torvalds, Brian Kernighan and Darth Vader. Selecting the text 'random' selects a random quote.
Criticisms and controversy
In March 2008, the "Boycott Beijing 2008" banner was placed on Notepad++'s SourceForge.net homepage. A few months later, most users in China were unable to reach the SourceForge.net website for about a month (June 26, 2008 – July 24, 2008). This led to the widespread belief that China had banned SourceForge.net in retaliation for the Boycott banner.
In January 2010, the US government forced open source project hosts to comply with US law and deny access from five countries (Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria). As a response to what the developer felt was a violation of the free and open-source software (FOSS) philosophy, in June 2010, Notepad++ moved out of US territorial jurisdiction by releasing a version on TuxFamily, in France.
Notepad++ has been criticized for having sexist jokes as Easter eggs. It has also been criticized for having jokes of bad taste. The jokes were discovered in a forum on late 2012. In April 2013, a user of SourceForge.net opposed them in a discussion. In a reply to the opposition, Don Ho, calling them as one of the features of Notepad++, said that they would be kept. However, other discussions in SourceForge.net and Reddit.com were made in this regard in June 2014. After then, Don Ho officially replied that all the sexist jokes would be removed from the next release and such jokes would never be in Notepad++ binary. Since then, a few jokes have been removed from Notepad++.
- "Notepad++ 6.7.8 released". Notepad++. 2015-05-16. Retrieved 2015-05-17.
- [dead link]
- "SourceForge.net: Project Statistics for Notepad++". SourceForge.net. Retrieved 2014-04-02.
- "Top Downloads - For all time, updated daily". SourceForge. Retrieved 2011-04-18.
- "SourceForge's 4th Annual Community Choice Awards". SourceForge. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- Notepad++ Homepage - "Syntax Highlighting and Syntax Folding"
- Fox, Geoff (July 7, 2008). "Notepad++ Does It Again Again". AppScout (Ziff Davis Media). Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- DeCarlo, Matthew (May 26, 2009). "Download of the Week: Notepad++". TechSpot. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- Smith, Tim (September 21, 2009). "Notepad++ 5.5". Computeractive. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- Notepad++ Download Page
- Future of TextFX
- Code inspection:NppCommands.cpp:2111..2140 - May 1, 2014 version
- Code inspection: Notepad_plus.cpp:5244..5442
- Notepad++ homepage at the Wayback Machine (archived March 26, 2008)
- SourceForge Blocked In China. Moonlight Blog. June 26, 2008.
- SourceForge Unblocked in China. Moonlight Blog. July 24, 2008.
- notepad-plus-plus.org news - Notepad++ new site: notepad-plus-plus.org
- notepad-plus-plus.org news - Notepad++ 5.7 release (outside the USA)
- A few jokes I accidentally found
- Shameful text in notepad++.exe and in Notepad_plus.cpp
- Don Ho: Reply to "Shameful text in notepad++.exe and in Notepad_plus.cpp"
- Sexism and promotion of violence against women
- Sexism in Tech: An Example
- (OC) Sexism in Tech: An Example
- Response and Apology for Sexist Jokes
- Code inspection: Notepad_plus.cpp - June 13, 2014 version
- "Open source NotePad++ is a solid contender among text editors".
- "The Best Programming Text Editor For Windows".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Notepad++.|
- Official website
- Notepad++ on SourceForge.net
- Official Notepad++ Wiki
- Official Directory for Notepad++ plugins