Notepad++

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Not to be confused with Notepad2.
Notepad++
Notepad++ logo
Notepad++
Notepad++
Developer(s) Don Ho
Initial release November 24, 2003 (2003-11-24)
Stable release 6.6.9[1] (7 September 2014; 2 months ago (2014-09-07)) [±]
Written in C++
Operating system Microsoft Windows
Size 7.58 MB
Available in Multilingual (49)
Type Source code editor
License GNU General Public License
Website www.notepad-plus-plus.org

Notepad++ is a text editor and source code editor for Windows. It differs from Notepad, the built-in Windows text editor in that Notepad++ supports tabbed editing, which allows working with multiple open files in a single window. Notepad++ opens large files significantly faster than Windows Notepad.[2] The project's name comes from the C increment operator.

Notepad++ is distributed as free software. The project was hosted on SourceForge.net, from where it has been downloaded over 28 million times[3][4] and twice won the SourceForge Community Choice Award for Best Developer Tool.[5] The project has been hosted on TuxFamily since June 2010. Notepad++ uses the Scintilla editor component.

Features[edit]

General features include:[6]

Source code editing features include:[6]

Notepad++ also supports Unix line endings so that it can be used to work with texts that have been produced on (or will be moved to) machines that run Unix operating systems.

Programming languages[edit]

Running under Mac OS X using the Wine compatibility layer.

Notepad++ supports syntax highlighting and code folding for over 50 programming, scripting, and markup languages.[6][8] It attempts to automatically detect the language that a given file uses, using a modifiable list of file extension bindings. Users may also manually set the current language, overriding the extension's default language. The program also supports autocompletion for a subset of the API of some programming languages.

The following languages are natively supported by Notepad++ as of version 6.6:

Users can also define their own language (for syntax highlighting) and its respective API (for autocompletion) by using the built-in User Language Define System.[6] Users may configure the syntax highlighting's font styles per element, per language, and the resulting formatted script may be printed in full-color (WYSIWYG). Additionally, Notepad++ displays indent guidelines when source code is indented with tab characters, and highlights closing braces, brackets and tags.

Plugins[edit]

Notepad++ has support for macros and plugins.[9] Currently, there are 27 official plugins for Notepad++, 10 of which are included by default in the program.[10] The first plugin to be included in the program was "TextFX", which includes features such as W3C validation for HTML and CSS, text sorting, character case alteration and quote handling.[11] Plugin site lists over 140 compatible plugins.[citation needed]

Development[edit]

This project is originally by Don Ho, a developer based in Paris and graduated from Paris Diderot University in 2000. This project, based on the Scintilla editor component, is written in C++ with only Win32 API calls using only the STL in order to increase performance and reduce program size. The aim of Notepad++ is to reduce overall power consumption by using efficient binaries that require less CPU power.[6]

Interface translations[edit]

Notepad++ supports switching into local language after providing a single XML file containing all text that should be translated. As of 2013, the user community has contributed translations into many languages, as well as into some local dialects.

Easter egg[edit]

If F1 is pressed or the About dialog is opened while the currently selected text contains a name, a new document is created and a quote from that person is entered using simulated typing.[12] Among the names that trigger this easter egg are Bill Gates, Linus Torvalds, Brian Kernighan and Darth Vader. Selecting the text 'random' selects a random quote.[13]

Criticism[edit]

Notepad++ has been criticized for having sexist jokes as easter egg. It has also been criticized for having jokes of bad taste. The jokes were discovered in a forum on late 2012.[14] In April 2013, a user of SourceForge.net opposed them in a discussion.[15] In a reply to the opposition, Don Ho, calling them as one of the features of Notepad++, said that they would be kept.[16] However, the other discussions in SourceForge.net[17] and Reddit.com[18][19] were made in this regard in June 2014. After then, Don Ho officially replied that all the sexist jokes would be removed from the next release and such jokes would never be in Notepad++ binary.[20] After that time, a few jokes have been removed from Notepad++.[21]

Controversy[edit]

In March 2008, the "Boycott Beijing 2008" banner was placed on Notepad++'s SourceForge.net homepage.[22] A few months later, most users in China were unable to reach the SourceForge.net website for about a month (June 26, 2008 – July 24, 2008). This led to the widespread belief that China had banned SourceForge.net in retaliation for the Boycott banner.[23][24][25]

In January 2010, the US government forced open source project hosts to comply with US law and deny access from five countries (Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria). As a response to what the developer felt was a violation of the free and open-source software (FOSS) philosophy, in June 2010, Notepad++ moved out of US territorial jurisdiction by releasing a version on TuxFamily, in France.[26][27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Notepad++ 6.6.9 released". Notepad++. 2014-09-07. Retrieved 2014-09-09. 
  2. ^ Notepad++ Official site - Resources
  3. ^ "SourceForge.net: Project Statistics for Notepad++". SourceForge.net. Retrieved 2014-04-02. 
  4. ^ "Top Downloads - For all time, updated daily". SourceForge. Retrieved 2011-04-18. 
  5. ^ "SourceForge's 4th Annual Community Choice Awards". SourceForge. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Notepad++ Homepage - "Syntax Highlighting and Syntax Folding"
  7. ^ Fox, Geoff (July 7, 2008). "Notepad++ Does It Again Again". AppScout (Ziff Davis Media). Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  8. ^ DeCarlo, Matthew (May 26, 2009). "Download of the Week: Notepad++". TechSpot. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  9. ^ Smith, Tim (September 21, 2009). "Notepad++ 5.5". Computeractive. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  10. ^ Notepad++ Download Page
  11. ^ Future of TextFX
  12. ^ Code inspection:NppCommands.cpp:2111..2140 - May 1, 2014 version
  13. ^ Code inspection: Notepad_plus.cpp:5244..5442
  14. ^ A few jokes I accidentally found
  15. ^ Shameful text in notepad++.exe and in Notepad_plus.cpp
  16. ^ Don Ho: Reply to "Shameful text in notepad++.exe and in Notepad_plus.cpp"
  17. ^ Sexism and promotion of violence against women
  18. ^ Sexism in Tech: An Example
  19. ^ (OC) Sexism in Tech: An Example
  20. ^ Response and Apology for Sexist Jokes
  21. ^ Code inspection: Notepad_plus.cpp - June 13, 2014 version
  22. ^ Notepad++ homepage at the Wayback Machine (archived March 26, 2008)
  23. ^ SourceForge Blocked In China. Moonlight Blog. June 26, 2008.
  24. ^ SourceForge Unblocked in China. Moonlight Blog. July 24, 2008.
  25. ^ Gamedev.net
  26. ^ notepad-plus-plus.org news - Notepad++ new site: notepad-plus-plus.org
  27. ^ notepad-plus-plus.org news - Notepad++ 5.7 release (outside the USA)

External links[edit]