Osmania Medical College
|Osmania Medical College|
|Motto||Sincerity Service Sacrifice|
|Established||1846 (as Hyderabad Medical College)|
|Location||Hyderabad, Telangana, India|
Osmania Medical College (Telugu: ఉస్మానియా మెడికల్ కాలేజీ) (Urdu: عثمانیہ میڈیکل کالج ) is a premier medical college in Hyderabad, India and is often ranked among the best medical colleges in the nation. It was founded in 1846 as the Hyderabad Medical School, making it one of the oldest medical schools in the world. It is now under the gamut of NTR University of Health Sciences. The college was originally affiliated to the Osmania University of Hyderabad.
Admissions to the undergraduate MBBS program is based on performance in Engineering Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test (EAMCET). While admissions to its postgraduate programs are based on the entrance test, APPGE Osmania is considered the most competitive medical college to get into in the state of Andhra Pradesh because of its high reputation as a center of clinical excellence. It has nine teaching hospitals affiliated to it where students rotate at different time-intervals during the program. Each of these nine hospitals are among the busiest in their specialties providing medical students with a wide array of clinical scenarios. Treatment at all the hospitals affiliated to Osmania is free of cost and it caters to patients that present from far across the state.
Landmarks in the development or Hyderabad Medical School into Osmania Medical College
1846: Opening of the Nizam's Medical School by Dr. William Maclean for the teaching European Medicine in Urdu language, native youths of Deccan. The school was located in a rented building at Gunfoundry and later clinical instruction was given in the Residency Dispensary (now called Sultan Bazar Hospital).
1852: Examination of pupils trained and award of Diplomas to successful candidates.
1854: Dr. George Smith taken charge as Superintendent of the School. New batches of students admitted.
1861: Dr. Fleming succeeds Dr. Smith. Fresh batches get Diplomas. More pupils were admitted.
1866: Construction and opening of the Afzalgunj Hospital for clinical teaching to the medical students.
1867: Dr. Pemberton as Residency Surgeon and Superintendent of School and Dr. Mohd. Vazir as Resident Surgeon of Afzalgunj Hospital. Pamberton succeeded by Dr. Wyndowe as Resident Surgeon and Superintendent of School.
1881- 82: Dr. Wyndowe was succeeded by T. Beamount
1884: Edward Lawrie assumes charge as Residency Surgeon. English was adopted as medium of instruction in place of Urdu.
1888: 1st Chloroform Commission was appointed by H. E. H. The Nizam's Government in 1888, at the request of Surgeon-Major E. Lawrie
1889: Second Chloroform Commission was appointed.
1891: The final report of the Chloroform Commission was printed.
1894: The staff and students of Hyderabad medical school were deputed to England to demonstrate the Hyderabad method of Chloroform administration.
1897: Dr. Lawrie challenges Ronald Ross, to come to Chaderghat Hospital and demonstrate students of the school his discovery of Malaria parasites in the mosquito.
1901: Dr. Lawrie retired and was succeeded by Dr. Gimlette.
1908: The Great flood in Moosi destroys part of the Afzalgunj building. Hospital was rebuilt.
1912: Suggestions to build a new hospital on the best models of the West.
1918–20: Planning and construction of the new hospital.
1920: Medical school converted into medical college.
1922: The classes and other teaching departments shifted from Sultan Bazar to a private building near Khairatabad.
1925–26: The new Osmania General Hospital was completed and the hospital shifted from Afzalgunj buildings into the new premises.
1926 – 27: The medical college was taken over by University and was put under a new Principal unconnected with the Government Department. The medium of instruction was again changed from English to Urdu. The University created a translation Bureau and medical text were selected for translation into Urdu. Lectures given in Urdu and exams also conducted in Urdu.
1941: Recognition by Royal college of Surgeons, England for primary FRCS. Recognition by Indian Army Medical Department for admission to the commissioned ranks.
1941-42: Proposals were under consideration for construction of medical college and hospital in the Osmania University campus.
1946: Mushirabad site considered for medical college.
1948-49 The medium of instruction and examination for the MBBS course was changed from Urdu into English. Accordingly admissions to IMBBS course in English medium were made in academic year
1948-49:.First Inspection by the Medical Council of India.
1950-51 Transfer of the Departments of Anatomy and Physiology to the University campus at Adikmet, giving more accommodation for the Departments of Pathology, Pharmacology, Hygiene and Medical Jurisprudence in Afzalgunj buildings.
1951: Recognition by Medical Council of India
1952: Government of Hyderabad takes over the administrative control of the medical college from the University. A Government medical officer was appointed as head of the college and the hospital.
1955: Inauguration of the Postgraduate courses in Medicine.
1956: Laying of the foundation stone for the new building in Residency compound by Dr .B. Ramakrishna Rao Chief Minister of Hyderabad State. Formation of Andhra Pradesh and reorganisation of medical services and teaching staff of the medical college. Dr. K. N. Rao became the Director of, Medical Services. Dr. Bankat Chandra continues as Principal. Formation of Council on Medical Education.
1962: Opening of the present campus at Koti, Hyderabad.
The main undergraduate course offered at the school is an MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) course.
In addition the college also offers other undergraduate courses and many graduate courses. It also offers many superspeciality courses.
Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MB, BS) - 200 students per year (250 from 2013): The qualification for undergraduate courses is 10+2 or equivalent education with Botany, Zoology, Physics and Chemistry as optional subjects. Depending on the rank obtained in the natural science portion of the common entrance test (EAMCET), the University of Health Sciences fills the seats in all the medical, dental, ayurvedic and homeopathy colleges in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
Bachelors in Physical Therapy (BPT): The current qualification for undergraduate course is 10+2 or equivalent education with Botany, Zoology, Physics and chemistry. Depending on Grade point average or percentage of total marks in intermediate students gets acceptance into Physical Therapy.
PG Diploma (2 year) courses in Anaesthesiology, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology, Paediatrics, & Radiology
The qualification for all PG and PG-Diploma courses is an MBBS degree from any MCI (Medical Council of India) recognized medical college in India or an equivalent foreign degree which is recognized by the MCI.
The seats in PG courses are filled through a common entrance test by the NTR University of Health Sciences.
The college campus is situated in Koti, which is at the heart of the city of Hyderabad. The new building at current location was built in 1964. Before the 1960s the hostels were located at the present osmania university. The current structure is one of the pioneers of architecture and was built in the shape of an apron. In addition it has an auditorium, about the size of a cinema hall. It also has boarding facilities in the form of 4 large hostel buildings(separate hostels for men and women).The hostel buildings are named after great pioneers of medicine in India - susrutha and charaka. (and also a small building for the alumni association)
The campus also has reasonable sports facilities in the form a football/cricket (multipurpose) ground, an outdoor basketball court with lighting facility, a tennis court, volleyball court and a Table Tennis room. There are outdoor badminton courts in all of the hostels. Apart from this the college has an Electrophysiology Lab. This facility is unique and Osmania Medical College is the only medical college in the state of Andhra Pradesh with such a facility.
Osmania Medical college has long been a government institution in Andhra Pradesh. It is the oldest medical school in India and perhaps Asia. The concept of Osmania Medical College dates back to 1595 AD, then called as Dar-Ul-Shifa in Hyderabad, making it the oldest medical school in India.
Osmania has a rich history of pioneering medical innovations. For the first time, chloroform was used as an anesthetic in Osmania. The causative agent of malaria was elucidated by Ronald Ross who has been immortalised by the Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases (popular by the name Fever Hospital) affiliated to Osmania.
The medium of instruction was initially Urdu (the degree was Hakeem) and later changed to English. In 1846, Hyderabad Medical School was established. An article about the 150 years (1846–1996) of Osmania Medical College was published in Bulletin of The Indian Institute of History of Medicine and featured in Pubmed. It recently[when?] celebrated Platinum Jubilee. .
Osmania is the only medical college in India where each medical specialty has a separate training hospital. It is also the only medical college in south India to offer a postgraduate course in endocrinology.
The following hospitals fulfill the role of teaching hospitals for Osmania Medical College.
- Osmania General Hospital — a multi-speciality tertiary-care hospital with advanced training in every sub-speciality of Medicine, Surgery, Radiology, Anesthesiology, Orthopedic surgery, Neurosurgery, Neurology. This hospital has approximately 3800 beds, with patients overfilling the beds and wards. It has one of the busiest Out-Patient clinics in all specialities in India, particularly on Monday mornings.
- Government Maternity Hospital, Sultan Bazaar Hospital — a tertiary care hospital for Obstetrics and Gynecology.
- Niloufer Hospital — a tertiary care hospital for Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Neonatology, Maternal-Fetal Medicine. It is one of the largest hospitals of its kind in Asia, with advanced training in Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Pediatrics.
- Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases — Dr. Ross elucidated the life cycle of malarial parasite near Begumpet Airport, where a building exists in his name. In his honour, the quarantine hospital was rechristened Sir Ronald Ross Institute. (He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine for this work.)
- Modern Government Maternity Hospital, Petlaburz — a tertiary care obstetrics and gynecology hospital.
- Mehdi Nawaz Jung Institute of Oncology — the first government cancer hospital of its sort in India. One of the pioneers in using Radio-Iodine ablation in Thyroid Cancers.
- Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital — tertiary care ophthalmological institute with advanced training in ophthalmology.
- Government E. N. T. Hospital — tertiary care hospital for ear, nose and throat (ENT) disorders. It is the largest ENT hospital in Asia.
- Institute of Mental Health, Erragadda. One of the oldest psychiatric institutes in the country.
- Government Chest Hospital — a tertiary care hospital for all kinds of lung disorders, especially tuberculosis and Pott's Disease of the spine.
- Rural Health Centre, Patancheru — Osmania is one of the only two medical colleges in India with a rural health centre attached to it. It is attached to the Department of Social & Preventive Medicine.
- Outreach hospitals surrounding Hyderabad.
This is the list of successive principals of the college:
The College day celebrations are held annually in August, September and October. It is the culmination of a week of cultural and sports activities with the sports day being held a day before the college day.
In November 2007 a medical exhibition, MEDEX-08, was conducted in the college, after a gap of 20 years (lastly being in 1987), which had an overwhelming response by over 2,00,000 visitors.
The college has also hosted the "Intermedics", the state-wide inter medical college sports meet in December 2008.
- Dr. Chelikani Venkata Rama Rao, famous Communist leader and Parliamentarian.
- Dr. Mandadi Prabhakar Reddy, a versatile Telugu Character actor.
- Dr. K. Srinath Reddy MD, DM, the president of the Public Health Foundation of India.
- Dr. P Shankar Rao, MLA, Secunderabad Cantonment
- Dr. Nagam Janardhan Reddy, MLA, Nagar Kurnool, Telugu Desam Party
- Dr. J. Geeta Reddy, MLA, Zaheerabad Constituency, Indian National Congress
- One hundred fifty years of Osmania Medical College, [Bull Indian Inst Hist Med Hyderabad. 1996] - PubMed Result
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