|Location||Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India|
|Max. length||3.2 km (2.0 mi)|
|Max. width||2.8 km (1.7 mi)|
|Surface area||4.4 km2 (2 sq mi)|
|Max. depth||32 ft|
|Surface elevation||1,759 ft|
|Islands||Gibraltar rock (artificial)|
Hussain Sagar is a lake in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India, built by Hazrat Hussain Shah Wali in 1562, during the rule of Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah. It is spread across an area of 5.7 square kilometers and is fed by River Musi. A large monolithic statue of the Gautam Buddha, erected in 1992, stands on a pedestal in the middle of the lake. Maximum depth of the lake is 32 feet.
- 1 History
- 2 Landmarks and attractions
- 3 Transport
- 4 Environmental conditions and conservation
- 5 Gallery
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Hussain Sagar was built across a tributary of the Musi river in 1562 by Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah. The lake was named after Hussain Shah Wali, who helped design it. It is an artificial lake that holds water perennially fed by canals from Musi river. Hussain Sagar was the main source of water supply to Hyderabad before Himayat Sagar and Osman Sagar were built on river Musi.
Landmarks and attractions
The road on the Tank Bund was widened in 1946 when Sir Mirza Ismail was the prime minister of Hyderabad Deccan. Further widening and beautification of the Tank bund took place during 1987-88 with the addition of fountains with dancing waters, tantalizing colored lights at night and bronze statues.
The Pakistan M47 Patton tank is a war trophy and is one that the battalion had disabled during the Battle of Basantar in Pakistan, during December 15–17, 1971. It was given to the city by the 54th Infantry Division after India Pakistan war of 1971.
An 18-metre high monolithic statue of Gautama Buddha towers from atop a red lotus pedestal located on a small island in the middle of the lake. The idea of erecting a giant monolith on the Gibraltar rock was a part of the Buddha Poornima project in 1985. The statue was chiseled out of a white granite rock, weighing 450 tons, by 200 sculptors in two years. The statue was erected on 12 April 1992.
Lumbini Park is an urban park of 7.5 acres (0.030 km2; 0.0117 sq mi) adjacent to Hussain Sagar. It was constructed at a cost of INR 2.35 crores on 5 acres of land as a part of the Buddha Poornima project. It has various attractions such as laser auditorium, boating facilities and musical fountains.
Birla Mandir is a Hindu temple built of white marble on a 280-foot (85 m) high hillock called the Naubath Pahad located to the south of Hussain Sagar. The construction took 10 years and was consecrated in 1976 by Swami Ranganathananda of Ramakrishna Mission.
Sanjeevaiah Park is a public park located to the north of the lake. Built on 92 acres (37 ha), the park is named after Damodaram Sanjivayya, former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. The park is managed by the Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority and the park won the Best open landscape award during the 2010 Indian national trust for art and cultural heritage award presentations.
Prasad's IMAX is a multiplex of an area of 2,35,000 sq ft, housing an IMAX movie theater, a five-screen multiplex, food court, multinational fast food outlets, a gaming zone and a shopping mall covering two levels of the complex. It is India's 3rd IMAX theater.
NTR Gardens is a small urban park of 55 acres (0.223 km2; 0.0859 sq mi) adjacent to Hussain Sagar lake. Constructed in several phases since 1999, the park is presently being maintained by the Buddha Poornima Project Authority that functions under the directives of the Government of Andhra Pradesh. The park is named after and houses the memorial of N T Rama Rao, a matinee idol and former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.
Tomb of Saidani Maa Saheba
Sayedani Maa Tomb is an ASI declared heritage site located at the north end of Tank Bund. Saidani Maa Saheba was a saint of the Nizam era. An example of Islamic architecture, the tomb has been carved intricately with marble lattice work.
Hussain Sagar lake is a popular spot for sailing. Regattas have been held here since 1971 jointly by the EME Sailing Association and the Secunderabad Sailing Club. Hyderabad Sailing Week has been conducted here since 1984 when the first laser boats were introduced by the Laser Class Association of India. The event has grown from 10 laser entries in 1984 to 110 laser entries in 2009. In August 2009 the lake was witness to the monsoon regatta in which sailors from all over India participated. Different classes of sailboats and yachts were raced including four J24, eighteen Hobie Cat and Fourtyseven Optimist (dinghy).
Statues of Icons of Telugu culture
Former chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, NT Rama Rao commissioned 33 well-sculptured bronze statues mounted on high platforms. These are of people who played an iconic role in the development of Telugu culture. The 33 personalities commemorated in the order of appearance (from Secunderabad) are
- Rudrama Devi
- Asaf Jah VI
- Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
- Cattamanchi Ramalinga Reddy
- Gurajada Apparao
- Ballari Raghava
- Alluri Sita Rama Raju
- Sir Arthur Cotton
- Tripuraneni Ramaswamy
- Pingali Venkayya
- Makhdoom Mohiuddin
- Suravaram Pratapareddy
- Gurram Jashuva
- Matnoori Krishna Rao
- Srirangam Srinivasa Rao
- Raghupathi Venkataratnam Naidu
- Sri Krishnadevaraya
- Potuluri Virabrahmendra Swami
- Bramha Naidu
- Siddhendra Yogi
- Yogi Vemana
- Gautamiputra Satakarni
The has Andhra Pradesh Secretariat buildings, Hyderabad Boat Club on the southern side, Secunderabad Sailing Club, Hotel Marriott on the northern side and Raj Bhavan on the western banks. Eat street is a famous outdoor eatery located on the west side of the lake.
Environmental conditions and conservation
Hussain Sagar Lake forms an important part of Hyderabad. It now has become the main sewage collection zone of the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. As a result of heavy anthropogenic pressures such as unplanned urbanization, the entire ecosystem of Hussain Sagar Lake has changed. The water quality has deteriorated considerably during the last three decades. The lake has become shallow due to siltation and accumulation of plant debris. A 2008 study of the lake's water and sediment has found that it has exceeded its eutrophic condition, reaching hypereutrophic status. Many undesirable changes in the structure of biological communities have resulted, and some important species have either declined or completely disappeared. Realising the importance of conservation of Hussain Sagar Lake, a project has been formulated. This project shall be implemented by APPCB, Hyderabad, India. In this respect, a project feasibility report has been prepared for the approval and financing. In spite of the commission of a sewage treatment plant on the western side, large amount of untreated sewage and industrial effluents continue to flow into the lake.
The United Nations has directed much attention recently to the need to preserve and protect Hussein Sagar Lake-- DECLARATION OF UNWTO, MADRID, SPAIN.Lake Hussain Sagar India, the World’s largest heart shaped lake was officially declared as the “Heart of the World” by United Nations World Tourism Organization on 27th September 2012 on the occasion of World Tourism Day 2012.
CAMPAIGN - SAVE THE HEART OF THE WORLD
To spread this World historical news, a campaign for the promotion of the declaration of Lake Hussain Sagar India as the 'Heart of the World' was started from the Thursday, 27th of September 2012 on World Tourism Day 2012 with the title 'Save the Heart of the World'. This campaign is designed to create awareness to the public about the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism in order to promote a sustainable and responsible tourism. It also aims to create awareness regarding Green Economy, Renewable Energy solutions through talks delivered by experienced speakers and environmentalists. Constant inflow of industrial effluents and the enormous dumping of domestic solid wastes into the lake Hussain Sagar India have unfortunately left it highly polluted. It is a plea from ITS 6TH WOW that this lake be listed in the ‘World Heritage Sites in Danger List of UNESCO’ and save it.
'Save the Heart of the World' campaign also spreads the message of peace to the world with the tagline 'ONE WORLD - ONE LOVE - ONE HEART'. This is the peace message that any body can adopt from the history of this lake as it served many people from different caste, creed and religion with drinking and irrigation water for several years. It is also been serving the people from different parts of the world with its scenic beauty till date.
WELCOME TO UNWTO’S 25TH ASIA PACIFIC REGION CONFERENCE – UNWTO & ITS 6TH WOW
FLYING HEART WITH HEART GARLAND 11th April 2013
The campaign of SAVE THE HEART OF THE WORLD with the title 'WELCOME TO UNWTO’S 25TH ASIA PACIFIC REGION CONFERENCE – UNWTO & ITS 6TH WOW' with the caption 'FLYING HEART WITH HEART GARLAND” will be executed on 11th April 2013 at lake Hussain Sagar India, to release a heart shaped balloon garland into the sky by forming a heart shaped human chain around the lake Hussain and also to install a 24 feet red giant heart shaped inflatable balloon at Gibraltar rock, Lake Hussain Sagar India, to welcome the foreign delegates from Asia Pacific region for the 25th CSA/CAP JOINT MEETING & UNWTO CONFERENCE ON SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT which will be held in Hyderabad, India from 12th – 14th April 2013.
The releasing of the balloon garland will be lead by the special guest of the campaign H.E. Mr. N. Kiran Kumar Reddy, Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, India and the installation of the giant balloon will be done by the chief guest of the campaign H.E. Dr. K. Chiranjeevi, Minister of State for Tourism, Ministry of Tourism, Government of India. It will be also installed as the sign of UNWTO’s recognition of the lake as the Heart of the World.
This campaign will have the guests of honor H.E. Mr. Anjan Kumar Yadav, Member of Parliament from Secunderabad constituency; H.E. Mr. Ganta Srinivasa Rao, Minister of Infrastructure & Investment, Ports, Airports & Natural Gas, Government of Andhra Pradesh; H.E. Mr. Vatti Vasanth Kumar, Minister of Tourism and Culture, Government of Andhra Pradesh; H.E. Mr. M. Maheedhar Reddy, Minister of Municipal Administration & Urban Development, Government of Andhra Pradesh; H.E. Mr. Danam Nagender, Minister of Labor, Employment, Training & Factories, Industrial Training Institutes, Government of Andhra Pradesh; H.E. Mrs. P. Sabitha Indra Reddy, Minister of Home, Jails, Fire Services, Sainik Welfare, Printing & Stationary, Government of Andhra Pradesh; H.E. Mr. Bothsa Sathyanarayana, Minister of Transport, Government of Andhra Pradesh.
This campaign will be executed in the witness of 33000 citizens of 6 different countries of United Kingdom, China, Uganda, France, Iraq and India, forming the largest heart shaped human chain by standing around the bank of the lake.
This largest heart shaped human chain has the participation of celebrities from Political, Sports, Movie Industry, NGO’s along with the Government and Government Officials and educational institutes and corporate companies.
This campaign also attempts a Guinness World Record for the largest heart shaped human chain.
This human chain pledges to recognize the Lake Hussain Sagar India as the Heart of the World, and to save it by implementing Sustainable Energy and Green Economy solutions. Celebrities from the Government and the Movie industry will distribute special awards, honoring people who contributed their services towards the welfare of Lake Hussain Sagar India.
ORGANIZER – ITS 6TH WOW
This Campaign is organized in connection with UNWTO by ITS 6TH WOW, an NGO from India that is working for the welfare of the lake Hussain Sagar India.
ORGANIZED IN COOPERATION WITH - Mr. Anil Kumar Yadav, Vice - President, Andhra Pradesh Youth Congress (APYC) and a socio-political activist.
ASSOCIATE PARTNERS – UNWTO, APTDC, HMDA.
This campaign will be organized by ITS 6TH WOW in connection with UNWTO and in association with Ministry of Tourism,Government of Andhra Pradesh India, Ministry of Municipal Administration and Urban Development, Government of Andhra Pradesh India, Educational and Corporate institutions in and around the city of Hyderabad.
WORLD TOURISM DAY 2012
27th September 2012
As the inaugural and primary campaign, the celebrations of World Tourism Day 2012 began on the Thursday, 27th September 2012 by the releasing of Video DVDs and Brochures of 'Recognize Lake Hussain Sagar India as the Heart of the World on World Tourism Day 2012 – UNWTO' with the title “SAVE THE HEART OF THE WORLD”, by H.E. Mr. Vatti Vasanth Kumar, Minister of Tourism and Culture Government of Andhra Pradesh India, and by presenting them to 6 citizens of 6 different countries such as United Kingdom, China, Uganda, France, Iraq and India respectively. This event was organized in co-operation with Mrs. Chava Sudha Rani, a Children Film Producer and a Freelance Journalist; Ministry of Tourism of India, Ministry of Tourism of Andhra Pradesh. “SAVE THE HEART OF THE WORLD” campaigns were executed from the Thursday, 27th September 2012 on the bank of the Lake Hussain Sagar India for two months to give awareness of the recognition of the lake as Heart of the World, to the tourists visiting the lake. This campaign has spread the discovery news to the World on the occasion of World Tourism Day 2012. Tourism & sustainable energy was the UNWTO theme for the World Tourism Day 2012 and the goal of the United Nations is to ensure sustainable energy for all by 2030. These campaigns in addition to sharing the UNWTO theme and message of the UNWTO Secretary-General, also aimed to highlight the ethnic values and promoted the discovery of Lake Hussain Sagar India as the “Heart of the World” so as to support the development of tourism in India.
DISCOVERY – HEART OF THE WORLD
Lake Hussain Sagar India which is remarkably in a shape of a heart is discovered as the Heart of the World for it is
1. WORLD’S LARGEST HEART among 78 heart shaped lakes and 9 heart shaped islands in the World; 2. WORLD’S WONDERFUL HEART for having many outstanding universal values of love around it in addition to its heart shape, the symbol of love; 3. WORLD’S HERITAGE HEART of 449 years of age that is eligible for the inscription of its name in the list of World Heritage Sites of UNESCO; 4. WORLD’S HOLY HEART for it celebrates Ganesh Chaturthi and Easter, the holy festivals of Hindu and Christian religions respectively on its bank in a large number; 5. WORLD’S PARKLIKE HEART for it has many parks with the international standards such as Lumbini Park, Sanjeevaiah park, NTR Gardens; 6. WORLD’S AMUSING HEART for it has many recreational centers such as Prasad’s IMAX, Snow world, Jalavihar, Eat Street, Necklace road; 7. WORLD’S CONVENTION HEART for it has People’s Plaza, Hotel Marriott, Hotel Park on its bank, where a many international conventions in respect of Politics, Business, Social and Sports had took place; 8. WORLD’S SPORTS HEART for many go carting international festivals take place and many clubs like Hyderabad Boat Club, Secunderabad Sailing Club etc exist on its bank training 150 sailors in a day; 9. WORLD’S SECRETARIAL HEART for this is the only heart that has the secretariat which executes secretarial works of the state; 10. WORLD’S TOURISTIC HEART for it is the most international tourists visited heart ; 11. WORLD’S LOVEFUL HEART for it celebrates valentines’ day and it possesses many love monuments around it; 12. WORLD’S COUPLING HEART for this heart has a coupling effect that can be seen in the coupling of the two cities Hyderabad and Secunderabad and hence they are popular as twin cities, and in the possession of the heart shaped couple ring roads (Outer Ring Road and Inner Ring Road) around it and many more.
DISCOVERER – RAVINDRAJITH, MEMBER, UNWTO, SPAIN.
UNWTO declares it as the Heart of the World' after a thorough review over the discovery material of 'Heart of the World' that is submitted to UNWTO by Mr. Ravindrajith, Member of UNWTO, Spain and General Secretary, ITS 6TH WOW, India.
- "View of Buddha Statue, Tank Bund, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh". indospectrum.com. Retrieved 2006-11-02.
- The Times Of India http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/War-hero-recalls-the-story-behind-tank-on-Tank-Bund/opinions/8753213.cms
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- Ramanathan, Gayatri (2003-04-03). "Hi-tech entertainments on the anvil for Hyderabad". The Times of India. Retrieved 2008-08-17.
- "Art from recycled material at Sanjeevaiah Park". The Hindu. 27 April 2010. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
- "GHMC - Prasad's IMAX". Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- "CNN Travel". CNN.com.
- "Thehindu.com King of Good times Prasad's Imax". The Hindu Newspaper.
- "Smooth sailing on murky waters". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 2009-08-20.
- Suneela M, Radha Krishna G, Vamsi Krishna K, Manga Sai V, Bhargav V, et al (2008). "Water and sediment analysis of Hussain Sagar Lake, Hyderabad" (PDF). In Sangupta M, Dalwani R. World Lake Database. Environmental Protection Training and Research Institute. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
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