Portal:Hyderabad

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Hyderabad, India, Portal

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Hyderabad or Hyderābād (హైదరాబాదు in Telugu, حیدر آباد in Urdu) is the capital and the most populous city of the Indian state of Telangana. It is the 6th largest metropolis in India. It is known for its rich history and culture with monuments, mosques, temples, and a rich and varied heritage in arts, crafts and dance. The city is home to the world's largest film studio, the Ramoji Film City, as well as the second largest film industry in the country, the Telugu Film Industry known popularly as Tollywood. Hyderabad and Secunderabad, its twin city, make up the new IT and bio-technology hub in India.

The city has grown over the centuries on both banks and is now a metropolitan area that spreads out from the Musi river. Hyderabad was founded as Bhagyanagar on the banks of Musi river by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, sultan of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, in 1590; this relocation was intended to relieve a water shortage the dynasty had experienced at their old headquarters at Golkonda.

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Birla Mandir, Hyderabad.jpg
The Birla Mandir or Naubath Pahad is a magnificent Hindu temple of Lord Venkateshwara, entirely built in white marble is located in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.The temple manifests a blend of South Indian, Rajasthani and Utkala temple architectures. In its entirety, it is made of 2000 tons of pure Rajasthani white marble.Though the chief deity is Lord Venkateshwara, the temple has pan-Hindu character with deities of Shiva, Shakti, Ganesh, Hanuman, Brahma, Saraswati, Lakshmi and Saibaba. The selected teachings of holy men and Gurbani are engraved on temple walls.The temple complex overlooking the southern side of Hussain Sagar offers a magnificent panoramic view of the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. It presents a colorful and spectacular sight when illuminated at night.
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Charminar Hyderabad.jpg
Credit: Wng

The Charminar (Urdu: "Four Minars") is a monument, built in the center of Hyderabad by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah in 1591 as a commemoration of the eradication of a plague.This great monument is a synonym for Hyderabad and the foundation around which the glory and history of the city has developed. To imagine 400-year-old Hyderabad city without Charminar is to imagine New York City without the Statue of Liberty or Moscow without the Kremlin. Many Westerners refer to Charminar as the Arc de Triomphe of the East.

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Secunderabad

Clock tower Secunderabad 2007.jpg

Secunderabad About this sound pronunciation  (Telugu: సికింద్రాబాద్) is the twin city of Hyderabad and the two cities are popularly called Twin cities. In common parlance however, Secunderabad is seldom used these days outside the twin cities. The city of Secunderabad which was once said to be modern compared to its twin during the Nizam rule, has grown tremendously over the years to catch up with the metropolis of Hyderabad. The cities present different fusion of cultures with Secunderabad having developed under direct British rule until 1948, and the city of Hyderabad, as the capital of a princely state. It was founded in the 18th century as a cantonment, and has a large army and Air force presence to this date. Today, the Secunderabad Cantonment is the largest among the 62 cantonments in India. Named after Sikandar Jah, the third Nizam of the Asaf Jahi dynasty, till recently Secunderabad had its own municipality and city government. Sir Ronald Ross conducted his initial research on the cause of malaria in the city of Secunderabad. Secunderabad Railway Station is the largest station serving the city and also the headquarters of South Central Railway zone of the Indian Railways.

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  • Secunderabad Cantonment Board to crack down on illegal structures - 28 August 2009
  • Eight more swine flu cases confirmed in the city - 27 August 2009

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Golkonda used to be the world's leading source of diamonds before the discovery of African diamond mines?.

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Old City, Hyderabad

A view of Old City from the top of Charminar

The Old City, Hyderabad, is a walled city of Hyderabad, India, located on the banks of the Musi River built by Qutb Shahi sultan Muhammed Quli Qutb Shah in 1591 AD. It remained the royal seat of the nizam of Hyderabad until the end of the reign of the last nizam, Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII (r. [clarification needed] 1911–1948). Named after Hyder Mahal, wife of the ruler Muhammed Quli Qutb Shah, Hyderabad takes pride in its possession of magnificent antiquated structures, domical mosques, and monuments (r. [clarification needed] 1580–1611).

As the historical region of Hyderabad, the old city contains many landmark buildings, including Charminar (literally "Four Minarets"), a structure built on the spot where Quli Qutb Shah prayed for the end to a plague epidemic.

Selected biography

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B. 6 April 1886

Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddiqi Bahadur (Urdu: عثمان علی خان بہادر‎; 6 April 1886 – 24 February 1967), was the last Nizam (or ruler) of the Princely State of Hyderabad and of Berar. He ruled Hyderabad between 1911 and 1948, until it was annexed by India. He was styled His Exalted Highness The Nizam of Hyderabad.

During his days as Nizam, he was reputed to be the richest man in the world, having a fortune estimated at US$2 billion in the early 1940s ($33.7 billion today) or 2 per cent of the US economy then. At that time the treasury of the newly independent Union government of India reported annual revenue of US$1 billion only. He was portrayed on the cover of TIME magazine on 22 February 1937, described as the world's richest man.[3] The Nizam is widely believed to have remained as the richest man in South Asia until his death in 1967, though his fortunes fell to US$1 billion by then and became a subject of multiple legal disputes between bitterly fighting rival descendants. Calculating his modern-day worth, accounting for inflation, the Nizam was worth $236 billion, making him one of the wealthiest people to have ever lived.

He built the Hyderabad House in Delhi, now used for diplomatic meetings by the Government of India.

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