(as Pacific Coast Conference)
|Division||Division I FBS|
|Sports fielded||23 (men's: 11; women's: 12)|
|Former names||Pacific Coast Conference
Athletic Association of Western Universities (AAWU, 1959–68)
|Headquarters||San Francisco, California|
|Commissioner||Larry Scott (since 2009)|
The Pacific-12 Conference (Pac-12) is a collegiate athletic conference that operates in the Western United States. It participates in the NCAA's Division I; its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS; formerly Division I-A), the higher of two levels of NCAA Division I football competition. The conference's 12 members, which are primarily flagship research universities in their respective regions, well-regarded academically, and with relatively large student enrollment, compete in 22 NCAA sports. It was created after the disbanding of the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC), whose principal members founded the Athletic Association of Western Universities (AAWU) in 1959, and went by the names Big Five, Big Six, Pacific-8, Pacific-10, and became the Pacific-12 in 2011.
Nicknamed the "Conference of Champions," the Pac-12 has won more NCAA National Team Championships than any other conference in history; the three schools with the most NCAA team championships belong to the Pac-12 (UCLA, Stanford, and USC, in that order). With Arizona State's softball title in 2011, the conference won its 400th NCAA Championship.
The current commissioner of the conference is Larry Scott who replaced Thomas C. Hansen, who retired in July 2009 after 26 years in that position. Prior to joining the Pac-10, Scott was Chairman and CEO of the Women's Tennis Association.
- 1 Member schools
- 2 Facilities
- 3 Key personnel
- 4 Academics
- 5 Schools ranked by revenue
- 6 History
- 7 Sponsored sports
- 8 NCAA national titles
- 9 Conference champions
- 10 Football
- 11 Men's basketball
- 12 Rivalries in other sports
- 13 Commissioners
- 14 See also
- 15 Notes
- 16 References
- 17 External links
The Pac-12 has twelve full member institutions. Football currently is the only sport where the conference is divided evenly into two geographic divisions, the North Division and the South Division. The Pac-12 spans six states in the Western United States: Arizona, California, Colorado, Oregon, Utah, and Washington.
The Pac-12 has five affiliate member institutions, four in California and Boise State University in Idaho.
|Institution||Location||Founded||Joined||Type||Enrollment||Nickname||Colors||Primary Conference||Pac-12 Sports|
|Boise State University||Boise, Idaho||1932||1987-88||Public||19,667||Broncos||||Mountain West||Wrestling|
|California Polytechnic State University||San Luis Obispo, California||1901||2010-11m.sw;
|Public||19,777||Mustangs||||Big West||Men's swimming & diving;
|California State University, Bakersfield||Bakersfield, California||1965||1987-88||Public||8,002||Roadrunners||||WAC||Wrestling|
|San Diego State University||San Diego, California||1897||2005-06||Public||34,500||Aztecs||||Mountain West||Men's soccer|
|University of California, Santa Barbara||Santa Barbara, California||1909||2010-11||Public||20,559||Gauchos||||Big West||Men's swimming & diving|
Cal State Bakersfield initially announced it would become a men's soccer affiliate starting in 2013, but never went through with those plans, accepting an invitation to become an all-sports member of the Western Athletic Conference, which sponsors men's soccer, also in 2013. The school will maintain its Pac-12 affiliation in wrestling, which the WAC does not sponsor.
No school has left the Pac-12 since its founding as the AAWU in 1959. Two members of the PCC were not invited to join the AAWU or its successors.
|University of Idaho||Moscow, Idaho||1889||1922||1959||Public||11,957||Vandals||||Big Sky / Sun Belt (football only)|
|University of Montana||Missoula, Montana||1893||1924||1950||Public||14,921||Grizzlies||Maroon, Silver, & Light Gray
Former affiliate members
|Institution||Location||Founded||Joined||Left||Type||Enrollment||Nickname||Primary Conference||Pac-12 Sports|
|University of California, Davis||Davis, California||1905||1992-93||2009-10||Public||34,155||Aggies||Big West||Wrestling|
|California State University, Fresno||Fresno, California||1911||1986-87||1990-91||Public||23,060||Bulldogs||Mountain West||Wrestling|
|California State University, Fullerton||Fullerton, California||1957||1986-87||2010-11||Public||38,325||Titans||Big West||Wrestling|
|Portland State University||Portland, Oregon||1946||1998-99||2008-09||Public||29,452||Vikings||Big Sky||Wrestling|
|San Jose State University||San Jose, California||1857||1986-87||1987-88||Public||31,278||Spartans||Mountain West||Wrestling|
|Utah State University||Logan, Utah||1888||1986-87||1988-89||Public||28,796||Aggies||Mountain West||Wrestling|
As private schools, Stanford and USC are not obligated to publish employees' salaries.
Eight of the twelve member schools are members of the Association of American Universities (AAU), including all of the conference's California schools. The only FBS conference with more AAU members is the Big Ten with 13 out of 14 member institutions having AAU membership.
- Stanford University
- University of Arizona
- University of California, Berkeley
- University of California, Los Angeles
- University of Colorado Boulder
- University of Oregon
- University of Southern California
- University of Washington
Additionally, these member schools are also highly ranked nationally and globally by various groups, including the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) and Times Higher Education World University Rankings (Times). As of 2014, four Pac-12 institutions are ranked in the top 20 universities in the world, the most out of all conferences outside the Ivy League with Stanford ranked 2nd, UC Berkeley ranked 4th (the highest ranking of any public university), UCLA ranked 12th, and the University of Washington ranked at 15th. In 2014, of the twelve member schools, nine were ranked in the top 100 universities in the world.
Schools ranked by revenue
Total revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights/licensing, student fees, school funds and all other sources including TV income, camp income, food and novelties. Total expenses includes coaching/staff, scholarships, buildings/ground, maintenance, utilities and rental fees and all other costs including recruiting, team travel, equipment and uniforms, conference dues and insurance costs. Net profit is calculated using the total revenue and total expenses data provided by USA Today, individual institutions and the United States Department of Education.
from Athletics 
on Athletics 
|1||16||University of Oregon||$94,635,829||$89,709,350|
|2||24||University of Washington||$82,594,783||$73,833,643|
|3||30||University of Arizona||$78,024,219||$76,802,678|
|4||32||University of California, Los Angeles||$71,731,776||$71,731,776|
|5||33||University of California, Berkeley||$71,183,404||$68,578,362|
|6||40||Arizona State University||$59,855,508||$65,587,903|
|7||43||Oregon State University||$58,706,837||$57,819,032|
|8||49||University of Colorado||$57,098,868||$54,257,246|
|9||59||Washington State University||$42,729,548||$47,962,255|
|10||49||University of Utah||$40,838,218||$43,719,503|
|Stanford University||Not reported
|University of Southern California||Not reported
Pacific Coast Conference
The roots of the Pacific-12 Conference go back to December 2, 1915, when the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC) was founded at a meeting at the Imperial Hotel in Portland, Oregon. Charter members were the University of California (now University of California, Berkeley), the University of Washington, the University of Oregon, and Oregon Agricultural College (now Oregon State University). The conference began play in 1916.
One year later, Washington State College (now Washington State University) joined the league, followed by Stanford University in 1918.
For many years, the conference split into two divisions for basketball (and baseball) – a Southern Division comprising the four California schools and a Northern Division comprising the six schools in the Pacific Northwest.
AAWU (Big Five and Big Six)
Following "pay-for-play" scandals at California, USC, UCLA and Washington, the PCC disbanded in June 1959. Ten months earlier in August 1958, the four schools formed a new conference to take effect the following summer. When those four and Stanford started talking about forming a new conference, retired Admiral Thomas J. Hamilton interceded and suggested the schools consider creating a national "power conference." (Hamilton had been a key player, head coach, and athletic director at Navy, and was the AD at Pittsburgh.) Nicknamed the "Airplane Conference," the five PCC schools would have played with other major academically oriented schools, including Army, Navy, Air Force, Notre Dame, Penn, Penn State, Duke, and Georgia Tech among others. The effort fell through when a Pentagon official vetoed the idea and the service academies backed out. Hamilton left Pittsburgh in 1959 to become the first commissioner of the AAWU, and remained for a dozen years.
On July 1, 1959, the new Athletic Association of Western Universities was launched, with California, UCLA, USC, and Washington as the four charter members, and Stanford was added during the first month. The conference also was popularly known as the Big Five from 1960 to 1962; when Washington State joined in 1962, the conference was then informally known as the Big Six.
Oregon and Oregon State rejoined in the summer of 1964. With the addition of the two Oregon schools, the conference was known unofficially as the Pacific Athletic Conference (PAC), and then the Pacific-8 (as there already was a Big Eight Conference). Idaho was never invited to join the AAWU; the Vandals were independent for four years until the formation of the Big Sky Conference in 1963, and were independent in football until 1965.
In 1978, the conference added WAC schools Arizona and Arizona State on July 1, creating the Pacific-10 Conference or Pac-10. The invitations to the schools were extended in December 1976, and expansion was formally announced in May 1977.
In 1986, the Pac-10 began sponsoring women's athletics. Prior to this time members' women's teams competed with other large universities on the Pacific coast in either the Northern Pacific Conference or the Western Collegiate Athletic Association.
In the mid-1990s the conference expressed interest in admitting the University of Colorado, as well as the University of Texas after the collapse of the Southwest Conference. Texas expressed an interest in joining a strong academic conference, but joined three fellow SWC schools (Texas A&M, Texas Tech, and Baylor) to combine with the Big Eight Conference to form the Big 12 Conference in 1996. Colorado elected at the time to remain in the newly formed Big 12 Conference.
Before the addition of Colorado and Utah in 2011, only one Division I conference, the Ivy League, had maintained its membership for a longer time than the Pac-10. Commissioner Larry Scott said on February 9, 2010, that the window for expansion by the conference was open for the next year as the conference began negotiations for a new television deal. Speaking on a conference call to introduce former Big 12 commissioner Kevin Weiberg as his new deputy, Scott talked about possibly adding new teams to the conference and launching a new television network. Scott, the former head of the Women's Tennis Association, took over the conference in July 2009. In his first eight months on the job, he saw growing interest from the membership over the possibility of adding teams for the first time since Arizona and Arizona State joined the conference in 1978.
In early June 2010, there were reports that the Pac-10 would be considering adding up to six teams to the conference, including Texas Tech University, University of Texas at Austin, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma State University, University of Colorado Boulder, or possibly Baylor University and Texas A&M University.
On June 10, 2010, the University of Colorado Boulder officially accepted an invitation to join the Pac-10 Conference, effective in the 2012–2013 academic year. The school later announced it would join the conference a year earlier than previously announced, in the 2011–2012 academic year.
On June 15, 2010, a deal was reached between Texas and the Big 12 Conference to keep Texas, Texas Tech, Texas A&M, Oklahoma and Oklahoma State in the Big 12. Following Texas' decision, the other Big 12 schools that had been rumored candidates to join the Pac-10 announced they would remain in the Big 12. This deal effectively ended the Pac-10's ambition to potentially become a sixteen-team conference.
On June 17, 2010, the University of Utah officially accepted an invitation to join the Pac-10 Conference, effective in July 2011. Utah was a member of the WAC with Arizona and Arizona State before those two left for the Pac-10 in 1978. The Utes left an expanded WAC in 1999 to form the new Mountain West Conference. Utah is also the first "BCS Buster" to join a BCS conference, having played in (and won) two BCS games beforehand, and one of the first to leave the MWC, of which Utah was a charter member.
On July 27, 2010, the conference unveiled a new logo and announced that the Pac-10 would be renamed the Pac-12 when two new universities would join the conference. On October 21, the Pac-12 announced that it would be divided into two divisions for purposes of football, with the North Division consisting of the schools in Oregon, Washington, and Northern California and the South Division consisting of Colorado, Utah, and the schools in Arizona and Southern California. On July 1, 2011, the Pac-12 assumed its current alignment when both Colorado and Utah officially joined as full members.
To this day, the Pac-12 claims the PCC's history as its own. It inherited the PCC's berth in the Rose Bowl, and the eight largest schools in the old PCC all eventually joined the new league. However, the older league had a separate charter.
The Pac-12 is one of the founding members of the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation, a conference organized to provide competition in non-revenue Olympic sports. All Pac-12 members except Oregon State participate in at least one MPSF sport (men's and women's indoor track and field both actually have enough participating Pac-12 schools for the conference to sponsor a championship, but the Pac-12 has opted not to do so), and for certain sports, the Pac-12 admits certain schools as Associate Members.
The Pac-12 Conference sponsors championship competition in eleven men's and twelve women's NCAA sanctioned sports. Five schools are associate members in three men's sports.
|Sand Volleyball ‡||-||7|
|Swimming & Diving||8||9|
|Track and Field (Outdoor)||10||12|
† Men's rowing is sanctioned by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association, not by the NCAA, while women's rowing is sanctioned by both.
‡ Sand volleyball is an NCAA "emerging sport" which is fully sanctioned, but does not yet have a national championship.
Men's sponsored sports by school
Member-by-member sponsorship of the 11 men's Pac-12 sports for the 2012-2013 academic year. (NCAA sponsors only 10 of the 11)
† Men's rowing is sanctioned by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association, not by the NCAA.
^ Indicates men's rowing team with "club" status, but team still competes in Pac-12 Conference rowing championships.
Men's sports that are not sponsored by the Pac-12 but are fielded as a varsity sport at Pac-12 schools:
|School||Fencing †||Gymnastics||Rugby † ^||Sailing †||Skiing||Track & Field
† Indicates a non-NCAA sponsored sport.
^ Indicates men's rugby team — some are varsity and some have "club" status. These six rugby teams compete in the PAC Rugby Conference, which was modeled after the Pac-12 conference, and rugby is featured on the Pac-12 website.
Women's sponsored sports by school
Member-by-member sponsorship of the 11 women's Pac-12 sports for the 2012-13 academic year.
Women's sports that are not sponsored by the Pac-12 but are fielded as a varsity sport at Pac-12 schools:
|Fencing †||Field Hockey||Lacrosse||Sailing †||Sand Volleyball ^||Skiing||Squash †||Synchronised
|Track & Field
† Indicates a non-NCAA sponsored sport. ^ Indicates an NCAA emerging sport.
- Following the demise of the Northern Pacific Field Hockey Conference at the end of the 2014–15 school year, Cal and Stanford will become single-sport members of the America East Conference in July 2015.
NCAA national titles
- through 2012–13 season (updated at end of school year) 
- combined championships are counted in the men column
These totals do not include football national championships, which the NCAA does not officially declare at the FBS level. Various polls, formulas, and other third-party systems have been used to determine national championships, not all of which are universally accepted. These totals also do not include championships prior to the inception of the NCAA.
- Men's Basketball
- Women's Basketball
- Men's Soccer
- Women's Soccer
- Women's Volleyball
Each of the 10 schools that were conference members before 2011 has its own in-state, conference rivalry. One is an intra city rivalry (UCLA-USC), and another is within the same metropolitan area (California-Stanford). The two schools that joined in 2011 were historic rivals in the Rocky Mountain region, prior to 1962 when they suspended the series. These rivalries (and the name given to the football forms) are:
- Oregon–Oregon State (The Civil War, the Platypus Trophy, not officially recognized by the Universities, is awarded to the winning Alumni Association).
- California–Stanford (The Big Game, winner gets the Stanford Axe).
- Arizona–Arizona State (The Duel in the Desert, winner gets the Territorial Cup).
- Colorado–Utah (Rumble in the Rockies).
- Washington–Washington State (The Apple Cup game, since 1962 the winner gets the Apple Cup trophy).
- UCLA–USC (The winner of the annual game between these teams gets the Victory Bell; the game itself does not have an actual name, but is commonly referred to by each side as either the "SC Game" or the "UCLA Game").
The two newest members, Colorado and Utah, have a football rivalry as well that had been dormant since 1962 – both were conference rivals previously in the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference (now a Division II conference), and later the now-defunct Mountain States Conference (also known as the Skyline Conference). Even after Colorado joined what became the Big 12 in 1948 (the conference was then known popularly as the Big 7 Conference), the two schools continued their football rivalry for over a decade before ending it after the 1962 season. With the two schools being placed in the same division for football starting in 2011, the rivalry was revived with their 58th meeting during the 2011 Pac-12 season. Colorado leads the series 31–24–3.
There are other notable football rivalries within the Pac-12.
All of the California schools consider each other major rivals, due to the culture clash between Northern and Southern California. For USC, the big game is UCLA. For Stanford, their big game is California. But for both Stanford and California, their second biggest game is USC. California and UCLA have a rivalry rooted in their shared history as the top programs within the University of California system. Stanford and USC have a rivalry rooted in their shared history as the only private schools in the Pac-12. California and USC also have a long history, having played each other every year in football since 1916.
Oregon, Oregon State, Washington, and Washington State all consider each other major rivals due to the proximity and long history. The Oregon – Washington rivalry is sometimes referred to as the Border War.
Arizona and New Mexico have a recently renewed rivalry game, based upon when they were both members of the WAC and both states were longtime territories before being admitted as states in 1912. They played for the Kit Carson Rifle trophy, which was no longer used starting with their meeting in the 1997 Insight Bowl.
USC and Notre Dame have an intersectional rivalry (See Notre Dame – USC rivalry). The games in odd-numbered years in Indiana are played in mid-October, while the games in even-numbered years in Los Angeles are usually played in late November.
The isolated rural campuses of Washington State and Idaho are eight miles (13 km) apart on the Palouse, creating a natural border war. Idaho rejoined FBS in 1996; the football rivalry has been dubbed Battle of the Palouse.
Colorado also has a rivalry with in-state rival Colorado State which is called the Rocky Mountain Showdown.
With the NCAA permanently approving 12-game schedules in college football beginning in 2006, the Pac-10 – alone among major conferences in doing so – went to a full nine-game conference schedule. Previously, the schools did not play one non-rival opponent, resulting in an eight-game conference schedule (four home games and four away). In 2010, the last season before the arrival of Colorado and Utah, the only other BCS conference that played a round-robin schedule was the Big East. The schedule consisted of one home and away game against the two schools in each region, plus the game against the primary rival.
On October 21, 2010 the Pacific-10 announced the football divisions to be used when Utah and Colorado move from the Mountain West Conference and Big 12 Conference respectively, forming the new Pac-12 effective July 1, 2011. Divided into "North" and "South" divisions, each has the following schools in the divisions only for football – a North Division comprising the Pacific Northwest and Bay Area schools, and a South Division comprising the Mountain Time Zone and Los Angeles schools. However, the four California schools (gray background below) will still play each other every season.
|North Division||South Division|
|Oregon State||Arizona State|
A nine-game conference schedule is being maintained, with five games within the assigned division and four games from the opposite division. The four California teams will play each other every season. Thus, the four non-California teams in each division will only play one of the two California teams from the opposite division each year, facing the same school every other year on average.
The Pacific-12 Football Championship Game features the North Division Champion against the South Division Champion. The divisional champions are determined based on record in all conference games (both divisional and cross-divisional). Through the 2013 edition, the Championship Game was played at the home stadium of the divisional champion with the best record in all conference games (both divisional and cross-divisional). The first Championship Game was played on December 2, 2011 at Autzen Stadium in Eugene, Oregon, between Oregon and UCLA with the Ducks winning 49-31 over the Bruins. The 2014 Championship Game will be the first played at a neutral site—Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara, California.
Starting in the 2014 college football season, the following is the bowl selection order and the teams involved in each bowl:
|1||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, California||Big Ten||1|
|2||Alamo Bowl||San Antonio, Texas||Big 12||2|
|3||Holiday Bowl||San Diego, California||Big Ten||4|
|4||Foster Farms Bowl||Santa Clara, California||Big Ten||6|
|5||Sun Bowl||El Paso, Texas||ACC||4|
|6||Las Vegas Bowl||Las Vegas, Nevada||MWC||1|
|7||Cactus Bowl (Tempe)||Tempe, Arizona||Big 12||5|
As of 2014[update], Pac-12 schools have won a record 16 Division I national titles.[a] Oregon won the first NCAA Tournament in 1939. UCLA has won 11 national titles, the most of any Division I team.
Rivalries in other sports
All of the intra-conference rivalries in football are carried over into other sports.
During the 1970s, UCLA and Notre Dame had an intense men's basketball rivalry. For several years, it was one of a small number of non-conference games in Division I basketball that was played twice a season (home-and-away). The most famous game in the rivalry was on January 19, 1974, when Notre Dame scored the last 12 points of the game to nip UCLA and end the Bruins' record 88-game winning streak. This rivalry is now dormant, partly because Notre Dame is no longer independent in sports other than football (now in the ACC).
In baseball, there are intense rivalries between the four southern schools. Arizona, Arizona State, and USC have long and successful histories in baseball and all have won national titles in the sport. The most intense series is widely regarded to be the "Basebrawl" series between USC and Arizona State in 1990. Arizona State swept the series and in the final game a bench clearing brawl spread quickly to the stands and made national headlines. Several were injured and riot police were called to end the fracas.
Washington and California have a longstanding rivalry in men's crew as the two traditionally dominant programs on the West Coast.
Due to the unique geographic nature of the Pac-12 teams, the teams travel in pairs for road basketball games. For example, on Thursday, February 28, 2008, USC played Arizona and UCLA played Arizona State. Two nights later the teams switched and USC played Arizona State and UCLA played Arizona. The teams are paired as follows: USC and UCLA (the L.A. teams), Arizona and Arizona State (the Arizona teams), California and Stanford (the Bay Area teams), Washington and Washington State (the Washington teams), Oregon and Oregon State (the Oregon teams), and Colorado and Utah (the Rocky Mountain teams). Usually, the games are played on Thursdays and Saturdays with a game or occasionally two on Sundays for television purposes. This pairing formula is also used in women's volleyball. To make scheduling simpler for men and women's basketball (a sport in which each conference member uses a single venue for both teams' home games), the schedule for women's basketball is the opposite of the men's schedule. For example, when the Oregon schools are hosting the men's teams from the Arizona schools, the Arizona schools host the women's teams from Oregon schools the same weekend.
This formula has made a tradition in conference play to keep track of how a team does against a particular region; and stats are kept at to how successful a team is against, for example, "the Bay Area schools" at home or away. Effective in the 2011-12 season, with the expansion into 12 teams, a 10-year rotation model has been developed to maintain the existing 18-game conference schedule. Teams remained paired with their regional rival. Each school plays its regional rival and six other teams both home and away, and the other four teams once – two at home and two away. The newest members, Colorado and Utah, are paired with each other. The single play opponents rotate every two years.
Recently, Cal Poly and UCLA has grown into a competitive Men's Soccer rivalry with Cal Poly hosting UCLA in a 0-0 tie in front of a crowd of 8,717 which at the time was the 9th largest regular season, on-campus attendance in the history of college soccer. The schools have played several times since however UCLA has not returned to San Luis Obispo for a Friday or Saturday game since tying Cal Poly in front of a record crowd. UCLA leads the series 6-2-2.
Since re-starting in 1959 as the AAWU, the Pac-12 has had only four commissioners:
|Thomas J. Hamilton ||1959–1971||12 years||AAWU / Pacific-8|
|Wiles Hallock ||1971–1983||12 years||Pacific-8 / Pacific-10|
|Thomas C. Hansen ||1983–2009||26 years||Pacific-10|
|Larry Scott||2009–present||5 years||Pacific-10 / Pacific-12|
Commissioners of the forerunner PCC
- Thamel, Pete (June 10, 2008). "Pacific-10 Commissioner to Announce His Retirement". The New York Times.
- Pacific-10 Conference Names Larry Scott Commissioner
- Summary: National Collegiate/Division I Total Championships[dead link]
- "Color Palette". Communication Guide. Arizona State University. Retrieved 2009-08-05.
- Facts at a glance – UC Berkeley
- Quick Facts – UCLA Undergraduate Admissions
- "Graphics Standards Manual" (PDF). University of California, Los Angeles. 2004-09-08. Retrieved 2008-03-16.
- http://des.uoregon.edu/sites/des.wc-sites.uoregon.edu/files/uploads/stylemanual_10-12.pdf (p. 41)
- "Graphic Identity Program". University of Southern California. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Stanford University: Common Data Set 2010–2011
- UW Fall 2013 enrollment: Largest freshman class ever
- "Web Color Palette". University of Washington accessdate=January 15, 2011.
- "Colors - Guidelines - Web - Graphic Identity Program - Washington State". Identity.wsu.edu. Retrieved 2013-06-16.
- "Pac-12 Adds CSU Bakersfield In Men's Soccer" (Press release). Pacific-12 Conference. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
- "WAC Adds CSUB and UVU To Its Membership" (Press release). Western Athletic Conference. October 9, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
- 2012 Arizona Football Prospectus
- University of Arizona Wildcats Official Athletic Site
- Official Website of Arizona Athletics
- Arizona State Official Athletic Site – Facilities
- ASU Packard Stadium – Bobby Winkles Field
- California Memorial Stadium Facts at a glance
- California Golden Bears – Facilities
- California Golden Bears – Facilities
- Folsom Field Home – CUBuffs.com – Official Athletics Web site of the University of Colorado
- Coors Events Center Home – CUBuffs.com – Official Athletics Web site of the University of Colorado
- Autzen Stadium – GoDucks.com – The University of Oregon Official Athletics Web Site
- Matthew Knight Arena – Arena Network
- Oregon State Official Athletic Site – Facilities
- Oregon State Official Athletic Site – Facilities
- "Oregon State Athletics Quick Facts". Oregon State University Athletic Department. Archived from the original on December 25, 2011. Retrieved December 25, 2011.
- Stanford University's Official Athletic Site
- Stanford University's Official Athletic Site
- Stanford University's Official Athletic Site
- UCLA BRUINS – Facilities
- "UCLA Baseball to Install Additional Seats at Jackie Robinson Stadium". UCLA Bruins. UCLA Athletic Department. October 18, 2011. Archived from the original on December 25, 2011. Retrieved December 25, 2011.
- University of Southern California Official Athletic Site – Facilities
- University of Southern California Official Athletic Site – Facilities
- University of Southern California Official Athletic Site – Facilities
- "Huntsman Center". The University of Utah. Retrieved June 26, 2010.
- "Facts and Figures: Salt Lake Bees Spring Mobile Ballpark". Salt Lake Bees. January 23, 2009. Retrieved June 25, 2010.
- University of Washington Official Athletics Site – Facilities
- "Husky Ballpark". University of Washington Athletics. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Washington State Cougars Official Athletic Site
- Washington State Cougars Official Athletic Site
- "NCAAF COACH SALARY". USA Today. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- "Methodology". USA Today. May 10, 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- "NCAA FINANCES". USA Today. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
- (Portland) Oregon Daily Journal, December 3, 1915. "Four Colleges Form Coast Conference at Very Secret Session"
- "Big Four loop is formed by UW, Cal, UCLA, USC". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. August 24, 1958. p. 1, sports.
- "'Big Four' now 'Big Five'; Stanford joins new group". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. July 17, 1959. p. 3B.
- Maule, Tex (February 2, 1959). "Football's jet-age secret". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
- "National grid conference is still all talk". Prescott Evening Courier (Arizona). Associated Press. January 29, 1959. p. 11.
- "Notre Dame interested in Airplane Conference". Schenectady Gazette. Associated Press. October 15, 2014. p. 24.
- Strite, Dick (January 10, 1962). "Highclimber". Eugene Register-Guard. p. 2B.
- Dunnavant, Keith. "The 50 Year Seduction." Thomas Dunne Books: New York, 2004
- "Hamilton quits at Pitt for Western loop job". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. June 30, 1959. p. 2C.
- "Just what will Tom Hamilton do?". Beaver Valley Times (Pennsylvania). UPI. July 2, 1959. p. 11.
- "Hallock gets top position in Pacific-8". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. January 15, 1971. p. 3B.
- "Stanford added to Western League". Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. July 17, 1959. p. 14.
- NCAA Men's Basketball Records – Division I conference alignment history (PDF copy available at NCAA.org)
- "Cougars admitted to athletic loop". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Associated Press. June 14, 1962. p. 39.
- "The Big Six still the Big Six". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. June 2, 1964. p. 3B.
- Uhrhammer, Jerry (April 1, 1964). "Oregon, OSU join AAWU". Eugene Register-Guard. p. 1D.
- "Officials pleased by Big Six move". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Associated Press. April 1, 1964. p. 17.
- "Not AAWU". Eugene Register-Guard. October 31, 1964. p. 4A.
- "Pacific Athletic Conference". Spokesman-Review. October 19, 1964. p. 9.
- "Western universities finally resolve Rose Bowl question". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. June 25, 1965. p. 1C.
- "PAC standings". November 21, 1965. p. 1B.
- "SC, UCLA roll on...but look at Bears". Spokesman-Review. October 17, 1966. p. 11.
- Newnham, Blaine (December 5, 1975). "Bowling 'em over". Eugene Register-Guard. p. 1B.
- "Pacific 8 Conference invites two new tenants". Tuscaloosa News. Associated Press. December 14, 1976. p. 12.
- "Pacific-10 succeeds Pacific-8". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Associated Press. May 18, 1977. p. 39.
- Mark Wangrin – "Power brokers: How tagalong Baylor, Tech crashed the revolt". San Antonio Express, August 14, 2005
- Ratto, Ray (August 13, 2010). "Pac-10 considers becoming Pac-12". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- Ratto, Ray (August 8, 2010). "The Pac-10's meet market". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- "University of Utah Joins Pac-10". Pacific-10 Conference. p. 4.
- Texas, Oklahoma, Texas A&M, Oklahoma State stay put in Big 12 Conference – ESPN
- Rugby Mag, Mainstream Broadcast for Cal v UCLA, Feb. 19, 2014, http://www.rugbymag.com/men's-di-college/10521-mainstream-broadcast-for-cal-v-ucla-.html
- Summary: National Collegiate/Division I Men's
- Summary: National Collegiate/Division I Women's
- USC Sports Information Office (2008). 2008 USC Football Media Guide. University of Southern California. pp. 119–124. Retrieved 2009-06-14.
- "CalBears.com – Traditions: Cal National Team Champions". University of California Department of Athletics. Retrieved 2009-06-14.
- Benenson, Herb, ed. (2008). 2008 California Football Media Guide. Cal Media Relations Office. p. 36. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
- Kilwien, Richard; Bechthold, Jeff; Morry, Nicole; Soriano, Jonathan; McLeod, Brianna (2010). Washington Huskies 2010 Football Record Book. University of Washington Athletic Communications Office. p. 1. Retrieved 2010-06-24.
- Official 2009 NCAA Division I Football Records Book. Indianapolis, IN: National Collegiate Athletic Association. August 2009. pp. 76–77, 81. Retrieved 2011-09-18.
- "Stanford Official Athletic Site – Traditions: Stanford Cardinal Championships". Stanford University Department of Athletics. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
- Young, Jim, ed. (2009). 2009 Stanford Football Media Guide. Stanford University Athletic Communications and Media Relations Department. pp. 141, 144. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
- Dellins, Marc, ed. (2009). 2009 UCLA Football Media Guide. UCLA Sports Information Office. pp. 147, 154. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- Dellins, Marc, ed. (2009). 2009 UCLA Football Media Guide. UCLA Sports Information Office. p. 164. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- COLORADO FOOTBALL 1990 NATIONAL CHAMPIONS, University of Colorado Athletic Department, 2011, retrieved 2011-07-03
- Beano Cook, Longstanding West Coast rivalry, ESPN Classic.com, Sept. 26, 2001, Accessed June 14, 2006
- Linde, Rich. "When did the Border War begin?". 4malamute.com. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- Lobos Meet Arizona for First Time in 10 Years. University of New Mexico Athletic Department, September 10, 2007. The Rifle: The two schools used to play for the Kit Carson rifle, although that custom was dropped many years ago. Kit Carson was a legendary scout in the territories of New Mexico and Arizona in the 1800s. The story goes that nearly 70 years ago former New Mexico director of athletics Roy Johnson and Arizona AD Pop McKale obtained a rifle in a trade with an Indian rumored to be Geronimo. It's not known what the administrators provided in return. McKale donated the rifle in 1938 and the score of each game was etched into the stock. The Lobos won 10 times, Arizona 21.
- UA Sports UA Breakdown. Arizona Daily Star, September 15, 2007. Arizona and New Mexico will meet tonight for the first time since the 1997 Insight Bowl. That year, before the game was played, the presidents of the two universities decided to discontinue the Kit Carson Rifle trophy out of respect for both schools' Native American communities.
- Historic Decisions By Chancellors And Presidents Define The Future Pac-12 Conference > Pac-10 > News
- "2011 Pac-12 Football Championship Game". Retrieved September 4, 2011.
- "2013–14 Pac-12 Men's Basketball Media Guide". Pac-12 Conference. 2013. p. 14. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- Schreiner, Michael (July 1, 2013). "Is next year's ACC the greatest basketball conference ever?". The Chronicle. Archived from the original on October 18, 2014.
- Kensler, Tom (May 24, 2012). "Counting Colorado and Utah, Pac-12 reaches 450 in NCAA titles". The Denver Post. Archived from the original on October 18, 2014.
- Titus, Mark (October 29, 2013). "2013-14 NCAA Basketball Preview: The Pac-12". Grantland.com. Archived from the original on October 15, 2014.
- Harrow, Jeremy (2008). Basketball in the Pac-10 Conference. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 9. ISBN 9781404213852. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- "Conference gives Hansen director's job". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. December 14, 1982. p. 1C.
- "Faults of P.C.C. are listed". San Jose News. United Press. January 5, 1940. p. 10.
- "Coast colleges name Atherton boss". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. January 6, 1940. p. 10.
- "Coast schools appoint new commissioner". Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. September 2, 1944. p. 2, part 2.