Slavic calendar

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While many Slavic languages officially use Latin-derived names for the months of the year in the Gregorian calendar, there is also a set of older names for the twelve months that differs from the Latin month names, as they are of Slavic origin. In some languages, such as the Serbian language these traditional names have since been archaized and are thus seldom used.

The names of the months of the year in the Serbian language closely follow natural occurrences such as weather patterns and conditions common for that period, as well as agricultural activities. Many months have several alternative names in different regions.

Names[edit]

No. Latin name English name Serbian Cyrillic Serbian Latin Old Serbian name Transliteration Meaning[1]
1. Ianuarius January јануар Januar Коложег Koložeg Time of burning tree trunks in order to amplify the power of the winter sun
2. Februarius February фебруар Februar Сечко Sečko Time of hewing, chopping or otherwise cutting wood
3. Martius March Март Mart Дерикожа Derikoža Time of killing livestock due to food shortage upon reaching winter's end
4. Aprilis April Април April Лежитрава Ležitrava Time of vigorous growth of grasses
5. Maius May Мај Maj Цветањ Cvetanj Time of flowering grasses and shrubs
6. Iunius June Јун(и) Jun(i) Трешњар Trešnjar Time of maturity of the first yield of fruits
7. Iulius July Јул(и) Jul(i) Жетвар Žetvar Time of the harvest
8. Augustus August Август Avgust Гумник Gumnik Time when the harvest is transported from the fields, and wheat is carried to the threshing floor
9. September September септембар Septembar Гроздобер Grozdober Time of harvesting grapes
10. October October октобар Oktobar Шумопад Šumopad Time of leaves yellowing, falling, and consequently the forests denuding
11. November November новембар Novembar Студен Studen Time of cold; late autumn. It feels as if it is already winter.
12. December December децембар Decembar Коледар Koledar Time of beginning ritual processions to meet the new year

[2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]

Comparison of the traditional names for the twelve months in different Slavic languages[1]
No. Belarusian Croatian Czech Macedonian Polish Serbian Sorbian Slovenian Slovak Ukrainian
1. Studzień Siječanj leden Koložeg Styczeń Koložeg Wulki rožk Prosinec Január Sichen'
2. Luty Veljača únor Sečko luty Sečko Maly rožk svečan Február Ljutyj
3. Sakavik Ožujak březen Cutar marzec Derikoža Naletnik sušec Marec Berezen'
4. Krasavik Travanj duben Treven kwiecień Ležitrava Jutrownik Mali traven Apríl Kviten'
5. Travień Svibanj květen Kosar maj Cvetanj Rožownik veliki traven Máj Traven'
6. Červień Lipanj červen Žetvar czerwiec Trešnjar Smažnik rožnik Jún Cherven'
7. Lipień Srpanj červenec Zlatec lipiec Žetvar Pražnik Mali srpan Júl Lypen'
8. Žnivień Kolovoz srpen Žitar sierpień Gumnik Žnjenc veliki srpan August Serpen'
9. Vierasień Rujan září Grozdober wrzesień Grozdober Požnjenc kimovec September Veresen'
10. Kastryčnik Listopad říjen Listopad październik Šumopad Winowc vinotok Október Žhovten'
11. Listapad Studeni listopad Studen listopad Studen Nazymnik listopad November Lystopad
12. Śniežań Prosinac prosinec Snežnik grudzień Koledar Hodownik gruden December Hruden'

Origin[edit]

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mile Nedeljković: Srpsko nasleđe, br. 9, 1998.
  2. ^ Godišnji običaji u Srba - Mile Nedeljković. Vuk Karadžić - Beograd, 1990.
  3. ^ Jezici podunavskih zemalja i ruski. JU marketing pres i Verzal pres - Beograd, 1999.
  4. ^ Česko-srbocharvatsky a srbocharvatsko-česky slovnik na cesty - Jarmila Gleichova, Anna Jenikova. Statni pedagogicke nakladatelstvi Praha, 1982.
  5. ^ Hrvatsko ili srpsko-ukrajinski rječnik - A. Menac, Alla P. Kovalʹ. SNL - Zagreb, 1979.
  6. ^ Serbska protyka. Ludowe nakladnistwo Domowina - Budyšin, 1968.
  7. ^ Srpsko kalendarsko znanje u epskim narodnim pesmama, Dragan Јacanović - Rača, 2000

External links[edit]