Slavic calendar

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While many Slavic languages officially use Latin-derived names for the months of the year in the Gregorian calendar, there is also a set of older names for the twelve months that differs from the Latin month names, as they are of Slavic origin. In some languages, such as the Serbian language these traditional names have since been archaized and are thus seldom used.

The original names of the months of the year in the Slavic languages closely follow natural occurrences such as weather patterns and conditions common for that period, as well as agricultural activities. Many months have several alternative names in different regions.

Names[edit]

No. Meaning[1]
1. Koložeg Time of burning tree trunks in order to amplify the power of the winter sun
2. Sečko Time of hewing, chopping or otherwise cutting wood
3. Derikoža Time of killing livestock due to food shortage upon reaching winter's end
4. Ležitrava Time of vigorous growth of grasses
5. Cvetanj Time of flowering grasses and shrubs
6. Trešnjar Time of maturity of the first yield of fruits
7. Žetvar Time of the harvest
8. Gumnik Time when the harvest is transported from the fields, and wheat is carried to the threshing floor
9. Grozdober Time of harvesting grapes
10. Šumopad Time of leaves yellowing, falling, and consequently the forests denuding
11. Studen Time of cold; late autumn. It feels as if it is already winter.
12. Koledar Time of beginning ritual processions to meet the new year

[2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]

Comparison of the traditional names for the twelve months in different Slavic languages[1]
No. Belarusian Croatian Czech Macedonian Polish Russian Serbian Sorbian Slovenian Slovak Ukrainian
1. Studzień Siječanj leden Koložeg Styczeń просинец Koložeg Wulki rožk Prosinec Január Sichen'
2. Luty Veljača únor Sečko luty сечень Sečko Maly rožk svečan Február Ljutyj
3. Sakavik Ožujak březen Cutar marzec сухий Derikoža Naletnik sušec Marec Berezen'
4. Krasavik Travanj duben Treven kwiecień берёзозол Ležitrava Jutrownik Mali traven Apríl Kviten'
5. Travień Svibanj květen Kosar maj травень Cvetanj Rožownik veliki traven Máj Traven'
6. Červień Lipanj červen Žetvar czerwiec изок Trešnjar Smažnik rožnik Jún Cherven'
7. Lipień Srpanj červenec Zlatec lipiec червень Žetvar Pražnik Mali srpan Júl Lypen'
8. Žnivień Kolovoz srpen Žitar sierpnia зарев Gumnik Žnjenc veliki srpan August Serpen'
9. Vierasień Rujan září Grozdober wrzesień ревун Grozdober Požnjenc kimovec September Veresen'
10. Kastryčnik Listopad říjen Listopad październik листопад Šumopad Winowc vinotok Október Žhovten'
11. Listapad Studeni listopad Studen listopad грудень Studen Nazymnik listopad November Lystopad
12. Śniežań Prosinac prosinec Snežnik grudzień студёный Koledar Hodownik gruden December Hruden'

Origin[edit]

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nedeljković, Mile (September 1998). "Zinkski znak vatre letnji znak sunca i Perunova munja" [Winter fire symbol, summer sun symbol, and lightning of Perun]. Srpsko nasleđe (in Serbian) (9). Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Nedeljković, Mile; Karadžić, Vuk (1990). Godišnji običaji u Srba [Annual traditions of the Serbs] (in Serbian). Belgrade. 
  3. ^ Jovanović, Stanoje, ed. (1999). Jezici podunavskih zemalja (i ruski) [Languages of the Danube countries (and Russia)]. Belgrade: YU Marketing Press and Verzalpress. OCLC 443031481. 
  4. ^ Gleichova, Jarmila; Jenikova, Anna (1982). Česko-srbocharvatsky a srbocharvatsko-česky slovnik na cesty [Czech–Serbo-Croatian/Serbo-Croatian–Czech travel dictionary] (in Czech). Prague: Statni pedagogicke nakladatelstvi. 
  5. ^ Menac, Antica; Kovalʹ, Alla P. (1979). Hrvatsko ili srpsko-ukrajinski rječnik [Croatian/Serbian–Ukrainian dictionary]. Zagreb: SNL. OCLC 800783862. 
  6. ^ Serbska protyka [Sorbian calendar]. Bautzen: Domowina. 1968. 
  7. ^ Јacanović, Dragan (2000). Srpsko kalendarsko znanje u epskim narodnim pesmama [Serbian calendar knowledge in folk epic poetry] (in Serbian). Rača. 

External links[edit]