Prism (Katy Perry album)

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Studio album by Katy Perry
Released October 18, 2013
Recorded November 2012 – July 2013; Santa Barbara, California and Stockholm, Sweden
Length 48:39
Label Capitol
Katy Perry chronology
Teenage Dream: The Complete Confection
Singles from Prism
  1. "Roar"
    Released: August 10, 2013
  2. "Unconditionally"
    Released: October 16, 2013
  3. "Dark Horse"
    Released: December 17, 2013
  4. "Birthday"
    Released: April 21, 2014
  5. "This Is How We Do"
    Released: August 12, 2014[1]

Prism is the fourth studio album by American singer-songwriter Katy Perry, released by Capitol Records on October 18, 2013. While the album was initially planned to be "darker" than her previous material, Prism ultimately became a prominently dance-inspired record. The singer worked with several past collaborators, while enlisting new producers and guest vocals. Much of Prism revolves around the themes of living in the present, relationships, and self-empowerment.

Critical response to the album was generally mixed: many of the critics highlighted its "maturity" and "vulnerability", while some journalists considered Prism a disappointment compared to her previous material, describing its songs as "formulaic" and "forgettable". It debuted atop of the US Billboard 200, with Perry's best opening week to date (286,000 copies sold). The album also peaked at number one in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. Prism became Perry's fastest-selling album,[2] the second best-selling album in Australia in 2013,[3] and the second best-selling album released by a woman in the United States in 2013.[4] The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry reported that Prism was the sixth best-selling album in the world in 2013, the best-selling album in the world in 2013 released by a woman, and labeled Perry "A global phenomenon."[5]

The release of the album was preceded by the release of two singles. "Roar", was released on August 10, 2013 as the album's lead single. It became a commercial success and the singer's eighth non-consecutive single to top the Billboard Hot 100. "Unconditionally" debuted on October 16, 2013 as the record's second single and was a moderate commercial success worldwide. In between the release of these two tracks were the releases of promotional singles "Dark Horse" on September 17 and "Walking on Air" on September 30, 2013. "Dark Horse" was released as the album's third single three months later on December 17, 2013 and became Perry's ninth single to top the Billboard Hot 100. "Birthday" was released as the fourth single on April 21, 2014 and become her fifteenth top 20 in United States. On July 24, 2014, Perry announced that "This Is How We Do" would be released as the fifth official single from the album.


I've been thinking about my future and what the next move is in terms of what I need to do. I think it would be pretty stupid to try and redo [Teenage Dream] that had all of this success. Maybe it's time to do something that's different that can't be compared. I just feel like I'm going to be criticized regardless of what I do next, so I might as well do something that I feel really passionate about.[6]

—Perry on Prism

After ending her California Dreams Tour, Perry stated that she intended to "live a little" before recording any new material that was "worth listening to".[7] When ex-husband Russell Brand left her on December 30, 2011,[8] she felt devastated and contemplated suicide.[9] Perry revealed to Vogue in June 2012 that she planned to record a "darker" album than her previous records. She stated: "It was inevitable, after what I went through. If I had a time machine and could go back in time, I would. But I can't, so, you'll discover another part of me."[10] To Interview, she admitted she aspired to include a more acoustic vibe to the record.[6]

Perry also said that her music would be getting "real fucking dark", however, she stated that her fans would be able to relate to it. "I imagine that maybe my next record would be a little bit more of an artistic venture", she said. "Not that I'm going to self-sabotage either and be like, 'I'm going to make a crazy record that nobody really understands.'"[11] That fall, she later told Billboard about her plans the album, saying she already envisioned several aspects of it. Perry told the magazine that she already had songs and ideas, and knew the type of record she would make next. She also said that although she had not started recording yet, she already knew how the artwork, coloring and tone of the album would turn out. Perry further detailed: "I have to let the music take shape first. I even know what type of tour I'm doing next. I'll be very pleased if the vision I have in my head becomes a reality. But I have to honor the music."[12]


The development of Prism started when Perry was embarking on the California Dreams Tour. She began with a process she deemed "slow cooking", which consisted of recording random "fragments of ideas" into her mobile phone's dictaphone application. A member of Direct Management Group, Ngoc Hoang, then transcribed the audio files, which he inserted into what Perry described as a "treasure chest"; such object was consulted by Perry later on during the album's recording sessions. While Perry started recording the album officially in November 2012, accompanied by Greg Wells and Greg Kurstin, she noted she was still in a "dark place", and that she had not "let the light in". The sessions began again in March 2013, following a trip to Africa which Perry credited as having "put [her] priorities in perspective", thus leading her to "do more work on [her]self". Perry also viewed a video made by Eckhart Tolle, which discusses loss. She commented: "When you lose something, all your foundations crumble—but that also leaves a big hole that's open for something great to come through."[9]

After feeling prepared to record again, she reunited with her team from Teenage DreamDr. Luke, Bonnie McKee, and Cirkut—in Perry's hometown of Santa Barbara, California, where they spent a month recording at Playback Recording Studio among others. After those sessions, she went to Stockholm, where she worked with Scandinavian record producer Max Martin, to do what Perry called "put[ting] the ice on the cake". She also recruited other collaborators, such as Norwegian team Stargate, Bloodshy, Benny Blanco, Jonatha Brooke and Sia Furler.[9] By April 2013, recording for the album was halfway complete, and Perry revealed to ASCAP how was working with such collaborators. She affirmed that Wells allowed her to "vomit words"; with Martin, she picked the melodies of the songs; Luke mostly helmed the production and she worked with "topline and melody". Perry described writing sessions with McKee as "emotional abuse", adding that they argue over the "best lyric", as if they were fighting in a boxing ring.[13] McKee, who wrote four songs for Prism, spoke with MTV on the effort, describing it as "a little bit more grown up" and "interesting".[14]


The album opens with "Roar", a midtempo synth-driven power pop track.[15] Musically, it contains elements of arena rock and glam rock, while lyrically it is an empowerment anthem.[16] Comparisons were established between "Roar" and "Brave" by Sara Bareilles.[17][18][19] "Legendary Lovers", a bhangra-based song, deals with the ideas of karma and infinity.[20] "Birthday" was described by Perry as her own attempt at "writing something Mariah Carey would have put on her first record". Musically, it is a "fluffy" pop song.[21] "Walking on Air", the album's second promotional single, is an early 1990s-inspired deep house-Eurodance-disco song, inspired heavily by CeCe Peniston and Crystal Waters. It was produced by Klas Åhlund and Max Martin.[22][23] "Unconditionally", Perry's personal favorite song on the album and second official single, is a "soaring" power ballad with an "epic chorus".[24] Jason Lipshutz from Billboard noted that the song includes a "woodblock percussion" as well as "a dramatic bass line" and deemed it the album's "most mature offering". Furthermore, he called it "an ode to love that looks past all flaws" and stated that the song acts as a "compellingly grounded predicate" to the title track from Teenage Dream.[20] Perry herself described the song as a song about unconditional love that could come in all forms, including those from relationships, from parent-to-child, and from sibling-to-sibling.[25]

"Dark Horse" is a song with ample influences of trap,[26] grime, hip hop,[20][27] and "Southern rap-techno mashup" genres.[28] "This Is How We Do", produced by Max Martin and Klas Ahlund, was described as being the possible "song of summer" for 2014.[20] Shirley Halperin from The Hollywood Reporter described "This Is How We Do" as "a sunny 80s throwback", while Edna Gundersen from USA Today described it as a "buoyant pop blast with hip-hop underpinnings" and praised the song's recurring refrain ("It's no big deal!").[29] James Montgomery from MTV News called the song a "cocksure, club-ready banger".[21] With "Double Rainbow", produced by Greg Kustin and co-writer Sia Furler, Perry was allowed to "dump pent-up emotions" and "get things off her chest". The song was described as a "massive ballad".[29] Lipshutz deemed it as a "breathy love track" with a "powerful chorus that explodes upon impact" with lyrics that include "One man's trash is another man's treasure / so if it's up to me, I'm gonna keep you forever". He added that "Kurstin brings the pop sensibility he's flashed with artists like Kelly Clarkson and P!nk, while Sia's presence connects this sleek, shimmering pop track to [her David Guetta collaboration] 'Titanium'".[20] Elijah Sarkesian felt that "Some of Katy's finest vocals of the album are on this song".[24]

Perry described "Love Me" as a song "about loving yourself the way you want to be loved".[25] Gundersen called it "irresistibly catchy and energetic".[29] The song was produced by Bloodshy.[20] Sarkesian called it "an interesting mix – the lyrics are dark, but the music is very dance-centric. At the very least, it'll do well in clubs".[24] Montgomery stated that "Love Me" and "International Smile" both "seem destined for the dance floors".[21] The latter was inspired by Perry's friend Mia Moretti, and was compared to the songs on Perry's previous album. Lipshutz called it a "straightforward pop-rock offering" and described its guitar hook as "kicky", adding that the song also includes a "Melting Daft Punk-esque vocoder breakdown".[20] Halperin stated that in the song, Perry sings the "hooky" line: "Please fasten your seat belts and make sure your champagne glasses are empty".[30]

Halperin described "This Moment" and "Ghost" as "mid-tempo ballads that are closest in DNA to Perry's previous smashes".[30] Perry stated that she was inspired to write "This Moment" after she heard the audio book of The Power of Now; the song's lyrics talk about "living in the present"; with Perry "add[ing] a romantic spin" to it. Gary Trust described "Ghost" as a "mesmerizing ballad",[31] while Gundersen described it as "powerful, dark, and haunting".[29] Lipshutz felt that "Ghost" and "By the Grace of God" contain the album's "most somber moments".[20] While talking about each Prism track, Perry mentioned that "By the Grace of God" was the first song she wrote and recorded for the album back in November 2012 while she was in her "dark" phase.[32] Jody Rosen from Vulture described bonus track "Spiritual" as an inspirational song.[33] Kevin Fallon of The Daily Beast described "It Takes Two" as a "sweeping ballad" which allowed Perry to "show off a full-throated belt that so many of her more bubbly tracks mask".[34] In "Choose Your Battles", Perry "pounds her chest and spews venom at the man she cannot understand".[35]

Release and promotion

Perry performing "Dark Horse" during The Prismatic World Tour in New Jersey on July 11, 2014

On July 29, 2013, a golden truck driving in Los Angeles revealed the album's title as Prism and that it would be released on October 22, 2013.[36] On August 9, the truck was hit by a drunk driver in Pennsylvania, but none of the involved in the accident were injured.[37] On August 20, Pepsi revealed a partnership with Perry, in which fans were given the opportunity to unlock song titles, lyrics, and snippets from Prism by tweeting the hashtag #KATYNOW. Additionally, Pepsi provided previews of the songs "Dark Horse" and "Walking on Air", and fans could vote for which song they wanted to have an early release on iTunes.[38] The former song was declared the winner and was released onto iTunes on September 17, 2013.[39]

Three listening parties for Prism were hosted: on September 5, 2013, one was hosted in New York, open exclusively to an audience of 100 industry insiders and journalists, where twelve tracks were played.[20] A second Prism listening party took place the next day in Atlanta,[24] while a third took place September 12 in Los Angeles at the Hammer Museum. The release of two promotional singles via iTunes preceded the release of Prism: "Dark Horse", which features vocals from Juicy J, was released on September 17 and debuted at number 17 on the US Billboard Hot 100, and inside the top ten at number ten on the New Zealand Singles Chart.[40] Perry first performed "Dark Horse" three days later at the iHeartRadio Music Festival.[41] "Walking on Air" was released as the second promotional single on September 30.[42]

The album became available for streaming online on October 17, 2013.[43] It was released in Ireland, Italy, Slovakia, and Slovenia the next day. It was released worldwide on October 22, 2013.[44] Its album cover, unveiled in a Jumbotron during Good Morning America on September 6, 2013, was shot by American photographer Ryan McGinley.[45] For the deluxe edition, 300,000 copies with an iridescent digipak package were printed, and came with the album's logo printed onto seed paper.[46]

Perry began The Prismatic World Tour on May 7, 2014, at the Odyssey Arena in Belfast, Northern Ireland with Icona Pop as opening act. The first leg of the tour will also feature performances in Scotland and England that month.[47][48] The second leg was announced on January 15, 2014, consisting of concerts in Canada, Mexico, and the United States. The leg will run from June to October 2014. Capital Cities, Kacey Musgraves, duo Tegan and Sara, and Becky G[49][50] will open for Perry in different markets.[51] The third leg of the tour will take place in Oceania from November to December 2014,[52] meanwhile the fourth will run from February to March 2015 through Europe.[53]


"Roar" was serviced to mainstream radio stations on August 10, 2013 as the album's lead single, and its digital release followed two days later.[54] It received mixed-to-positive commentary from music critics, who commended its "easy" and "poppy" beat, while some were ambivalent towards its clichéd lyrics.[55][56] Commercially, it was a success, topping the Billboard Hot 100 and charts in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom.[57] The song was nominated for the Song of the Year and the Best Pop Solo Performance awards at the 56th Grammy Awards.[58][59]

"Unconditionally" was released as the album's second single on October 16, 2013.[60] It received generally favorable reviews from critics, who praised it for being "soaring" and "effortless".[61] A lyric video for the song was released two days after its debut,[62] and its official music video was released on November 19, 2013.[63] To promote the single, Perry has performed on various occasions, including a geisha-themed performance of it on the American Music Awards of 2013, which attracted negative press, controversy and accusations of racism.[64][65] "Unconditionally" has peaked at number 14 on the Billboard Hot 100 and has charted moderately worldwide, reaching the top 30 in the single charts of Canada and Germany [57] and the Top 10 in Italy.[66]

"Dark Horse" was released on December 17, 2013 as the album's third official single.[67][68] It had previously been released as the album's first promotional single exactly three months prior to its single release. The following week, the song leaped to number four due to topping the Hot Digital Songs, selling 243,000 copies. With "Dark Horse" topping the Hot Digital Songs chart, it became Perry's 10th digital number-one single.[69][70] The song topped the Billboard Hot 100 chart on January 29, 2014, becoming Perry's 9th number one single in the United States.[71]

On April 3, 2014, "Birthday" was announced as the album's fourth official single.[72] It debuted at number 91 on the Billboard Hot 100[73] and impacted Top 40/Mainstream radio in the U.S. on April 21, 2014.[74][75] This single has peaked at number 17 on the Billboard Hot 100 and become her fifteenth top-twenty hit in United States, although it was her third single not to reach the top 10 of the chart.[76]

"This Is How We Do" served as the fifth official single from the album. A lyric video of the song was released on July 24, 2014,[77] meanwhile the official music video was released a week later.[78] The song was later sent to radio on August 12, 2014.[79] The song debuted at number 88 on the Billboard Hot 100 on August 9, 2014 and has since peaked at number 36.[80]

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
Source Rating
Metacritic 61/100[81]
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 3/5 stars[82]
The A.V. Club C+[83]
Chicago Tribune 2/4 stars[84]
Consequence of Sound 3.5/5 stars[85]
Entertainment Weekly B+[86]
The Guardian 3/5 stars[87]
Los Angeles Times 3/4 stars[88]
Rolling Stone 3/5 stars[89]
Slant Magazine 3/5 stars[90]
Spin 5/10[91]

Upon release, Prism received mixed reviews from music critics. According to Metacritic, the album received an average score of 61/100 based on 26 reviews. Jon Dolan from Rolling Stone gave the album three out of five stars, writing that "Perry and her longtime collaborators Dr. Luke and Max Martin often go for a darker, moodier intimacy à la high-end Swedish divas Robyn and Lykke Li. Perry has always done a great job of letting us know she's in on the joke of pop stardom. Sadly, she doesn't always bring that same sense of humor and self-awareness to the joke of pop-star introspection. The album's raft of ripe-lotus ballads is larded with Alanis-ian poesy she can't pull off".[89] Nick Catucci from Entertainment Weekly gave the album a B+ and stated that "Katy's superpower, now more than ever, is minting songs so relatable that their insights quickly scale up to inspirational..... Now she grasps that she's making the mainstream, not just swimming in it".[86]

Helen Brown from The Daily Telegraph gave the album five out of five stars, stating Perry "sounds like a woman, and an artist, who's finally found herself" and praised the "vulnerability" of the album.[92] Stephen Thomas Erlewine from AllMusic, Alexis Petridis from The Guardian, and Sal Cinquemani from Slant Magazine all also gave the album three out of five stars.[90] Erlewine dubbed Prism "a tighter, cleaner record than its predecessors".[82] Petridis called it "Katy Perry's most spiritual album to date".[87] Mesfin Fekadu from ABC News deemed the tracks "likable", but felt the album lacked "some of the fiery fierceness and excitement that dominated Teenage Dream".[93] James Reed from The Boston Globe felt Perry "always seemed like the pop star who knows precisely what she does best" and called the album "an unabashedly fun listen".[94]

Chris Bosman from Consequence of Sound gave the album three and a half out of five stars, calling Perry "a champion of choruses".[85] Greg Kot from Chicago Tribune gave the album 2 out of 4 stars, commenting "Though not exactly spiritual, Prism does come off as a more serious—if no less formulaic—album than its predecessor".[84] Marah Eakin from The A.V. Club gave the album a C+, commenting "A lot of Prism is simply forgettable", though praised the tracks "Roar", "Birthday", and "This Is How We Do".[83] Rob Harvilla from Spin gave the album a 5/10 rating, and felt some of the material was not "all that desirable".[91]

Elysa Gardner from USA Today gave the album a 3/4 rating and found the album to be "genuine and endearing".[95] Trent Wolbe from The Verge gave an overall 4/4 rating and praised Perry's ability to "wrapping hyper-specific emotions into a new format that everyone can relate to". He particularly praised the tracks "International Smile" and "Birthday", declaring the chorus of "Birthday" to be "fucking perfect".[96] Jody Rosen from Vulture was disappointed with every track on the album except for "Roar".[33] Randall Roberts of Los Angeles Times gave the album a 3/4 rating, calling it "a shimmering, dynamic, heavy-duty modern pop album".[88]

Commercial performance

Perry performing "Roar" during The Prismatic World Tour in New Jersey on July 11, 2014

Prism made its official debut in Ireland, where it charted atop the charts. In the United States, the album opened at the top spot on the US Billboard 200, becoming her second consecutive number one album in the country. The album sold 286,000 copies in its first week. Prism acquired the largest first week sum by a female artist for 2013, surpassing Miley Cyrus' Bangerz (270,000 copies). However, this feat was surpassed by Beyoncé's self-titled fifth album, Beyoncé (617,213 digital copies), released in December 2013.[97][98] At the time of its release Prism had the fourth highest first week sales of the year for a pop record, trailing behind Daft Punk's May 2013 album Random Access Memories, which sold 339,000 copies and Justin Timberlake's The 20/20 Experience which debuted to 968,000 copies and its follow-up The 20/20 Experience – 2 of 2 which debuted to just 350,000 copies. The first week sales also marks Perry's highest weekly sales, with her previous album Teenage Dream selling 192,000 copies in its first week in August 2010. Prism has the highest first week sales for a female pop artist since Madonna's twelfth studio album, MDNA.[99] Prism sold 92,000 copies during its second week of availability, falling to number two on the Billboard 200. This represented the smallest sales dip for a number one album in the United States since the August 2013 release of The Civil Wars.[100] Prism has spent 17 weeks so far in the top-ten on the chart.[101] As of February 2014, the album has sold a total of 1.1 million copies in the United States.[102] In June 2014, Billboard announced its Mid Year Top 20 Best-selling albums with Prism coming in at number 9 with sales of 453,000 in 2014 alone. Pharrell Williams and Perry were the only two people in to have an album and a single in the Mid Year Top 10 charts.[103]

In New Zealand, the album became Perry's second consecutive number one album, and was certified gold by Recorded Music NZ, selling over 7,500 copies in its first week sales.[104] Prism was certified platinum in Australia during its second week of release.[105] The album has sold a total of 179,000 copies in Australia by December 2013.[106]

In Europe, the album was a moderate success. In Switzerland, the album debuted at two, just behind James Blunt's Moon Landing and was certified Gold shortly after.[107] In Austria, the album debuted at number three and was certified Gold in its first week, achieving Platinum certification a month later. In France, Prism debuted in the Top 10, spending a dozen weeks in the Top 40,[108] and has sold over 90,000 copies according to SNEP.[109] In The Netherlands, it debuted inside the top ten and spent seven weeks in the Top 40, later rebounding back into the Top 40 with the success of "Dark Horse".[110] In Denmark, the album became her highest charting album since One of the Boys, debuting at number four.[111] The album had sold 2.8 million copies worldwide by the end of December 2013 according to the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry.[112]

Track listing

Credits adapted from the liner notes of Prism.[113]

Prism – Standard edition
No. Title Writer(s) Producer(s) Length
1. "Roar"  
2. "Legendary Lovers"  
  • Katy Perry
  • Gottwald
  • Max Martin
  • McKee
  • Walter
  • Dr. Luke
  • Max Martin
  • Cirkut
3. "Birthday"  
  • Katy Perry
  • Gottwald
  • Max Martin
  • McKee
  • Walter
  • Dr. Luke
  • Max Martin
  • Cirkut
4. "Walking on Air"  
  • Katy Perry
  • Klas Åhlund
  • Max Martin
  • Adam Baptiste
  • Camela Leierth
  • Åhlund
  • Max Martin
5. "Unconditionally"  
  • Katy Perry
  • Gottwald
  • Max Martin
  • Walter
  • Dr. Luke
  • Max Martin
  • Cirkut
6. "Dark Horse" (featuring Juicy J)
  • Dr. Luke
  • Max Martin
  • Cirkut
7. "This Is How We Do"  
  • Katy Perry
  • Åhlund
  • Max Martin
  • Åhlund
  • Max Martin
8. "International Smile"  
  • Katy Perry
  • Gottwald
  • Max Martin
  • Walter
  • Dr. Luke
  • Max Martin
  • Cirkut
9. "Ghost"  
  • Katy Perry
  • Gottwald
  • Max Martin
  • McKee
  • Walter
  • Dr. Luke
  • Max Martin
  • Cirkut
10. "Love Me"   Bloodshy 3:52
11. "This Moment"   3:46
12. "Double Rainbow"   Kurstin 3:51
13. "By the Grace of God"  
  • Wells
  • Katy Perry
Total length:
Prism – Deluxe edition (bonus tracks)[114]
No. Title Writer(s) Producer(s) Length
14. "Spiritual"  
Kurstin 4:35
15. "It Takes Two"  
  • StarGate
  • Blanco
16. "Choose Your Battles"  
  • Wells
  • Perry
Total length:

Credits and personnel

The following people contributed to Prism:[120]

  • Klas Åhlund – composer, producer, programming
  • Adam Baptiste – composer
  • Cory Bice – assistant
  • Tim Blacksmith – management
  • Ron Blake – saxophone
  • Benny Blanco – instrumentation, producer, programming, composer
  • Delbert Bowers – assistant
  • Peter Carlsson – engineer
  • Cirkut – instrumentation, producer, programming, composer
  • Bradford Cobb – management
  • Danny D. – management
  • Sabina Ddumba – background vocals
  • Dr. Luke – composer, coral sitar, executive producer, instrumentation, producer, programming
  • Eric Eylands – assistant
  • Rachael Findlen – assistant
  • Justin Fox – assistant recording engineer
  • Alex Foster – saxophone
  • Mike Foster – engineer
  • Sia Furler – composer
  • Chris Galland – assistant
  • Earl Gardner – trumpet
  • Chris Gehringer – mastering
  • Serban Ghenea – mixing
  • Clint Gibbs – engineer
  • John Hanes – engineer
  • Ngoc Hoàng – management
  • Sam Holland – engineer
  • Sarah Theresa Hudson – composer
  • Ian Mcgregor – engineer
  • Michael Ilbert – engineer
  • Ava James – vocals
  • Steven Jensen – management
  • Juicy J – featured artist, vocals, composer
  • Aditya Kalyanpur – tabla
  • Christian Karlsson – composer, engineer, instrumentation, producer, programming
  • Martin Kirkup – management
  • Greg Kurstin – composer, engineer, guitar, keyboards, producer, programming
  • Ronobit Lahiri – sitar
  • Tucker Bodine – Engineer
  • Camela Leierth – composer
  • Magnus Lidehäll – composer
  • Andrew Luftman – production co-ordination
  • Magnus – engineer, instrumentation, programming
  • Manny Marroquin – mixing
  • Max Martin – composer, executive producer, instrumentation, producer, programming, background vocals
  • John Mayer – guitar, composer
  • Dan McCarroll – A&R
  • Ryan McGinley – photography
  • Bonnie McKee – composer
  • Mogollon – art direction, design
  • Dave O'Donnell – horn engineer
  • Alex Pasco – engineer
  • Katy Perry – composer, executive producer, primary artist, producer, lead vocals, background vocals
  • Lenny Pickett – horn arrangements, saxophone
  • Vincent Pontare – composer, engineer, instrumentation, programming
  • Irene Richter – production co-ordination
  • The Saturday Night Live Band – main personnel
  • Chris Sclafani – assistant
  • Gingger Shankar – double violin
  • Jesse Shatkin – engineer
  • StarGate – instrumentation, producer, programming, composition, engineering
  • Tensta Gospel Choir – background vocals
  • Steve Turre – trombone
  • Greg Wells – composer, drums, piano, producer, programming, synthesizer
  • Steven Wolf – drums
  • Scott "Yarmov" Yarmovsky – production co-ordination
  • Kenta Yonesaka – assistant



Region Certification Sales/shipments
Australia (ARIA)[165] 3× Platinum 210,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[166] Platinum 15,000x
Canada (Music Canada)[167] 2× Platinum 160,000^
China (SAPPRFT)[168] Gold 10,000^
Germany (BVMI)[169] Gold 100,000^
France (SNEP)[170] Platinum 100,000*
Ireland (IRMA)[171] Gold 7,500x
Italy (FIMI)[172] Gold 25,000*
Mexico (AMPROFON)[173] Platinum+Gold 90,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[174] Platinum 15,000^
Poland (ZPAV)[175] Gold 10,000*
Sweden (GLF)[176] Platinum 40,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[107] Gold 15,000x
United Kingdom (BPI)[177] Platinum 300,000^
United States 1,100,000[178]

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone


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