RAF Ascension Island

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RAF Ascension

Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg

Wideawake Airbase/Field
Georgetown in Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
RAF Ascension Island crest.png
FHAW is located in Atlantic Ocean
FHAW
FHAW
Shown within Atlantic Ocean
Coordinates 07°58′10″S 014°23′38″W / 7.96944°S 14.39389°W / -7.96944; -14.39389Coordinates: 07°58′10″S 014°23′38″W / 7.96944°S 14.39389°W / -7.96944; -14.39389
Type Royal Air Force station
Site information
Owner Ministry of Defence
Operator Royal Air Force / Serco Group[1]
Website www.ascension-flights.com
Site history
Built 1939 (1939)
In use 1939-Present
Airfield information
Identifiers IATA: ASI, ICAO: FHAW,
Elevation: 85 metres (279 ft) AMSL
Runways
Direction Length and surface
13/31 3,054 metres (10,020 ft) Asphalt
No Instrument landing system (ILS)

RAF Ascension, more commonly known as RAF Ascension Island, and sometimes known as Wideawake Airfield or Ascension Island Base, is a British Royal Air Force station on Ascension Island in the Atlantic Ocean, near the Equator.

History[edit]

View of part of the station in November 1983

In 1939 Ascension became important as a HF/DF radio station covering trade routes. The first aircraft to land on Ascension Island was a Fairey Swordfish from HMS Archer in 1942.

Wideawake Airfield[edit]

Wideawake Airfield (named for a noisy colony of Sooty Terns nearby) was a US installation built in 1943 by arrangement with the British government. The airfield was built using a US task force[2] to supply and augment extensive amphibious aircraft antisubmarine patrol operations.[3] The airfield was abandoned at the end of the war and fell into disuse.

Ascension Island Auxiliary Field[edit]

Ascension Island Auxiliary Field was being built by 181 men from Saint Helena by 1957[4] (official activation as a satellite of Patrick AFB was on June 25, 1956.)[5]

Target Tracking Radar Station[edit]

The Target Tracking Radar Station was a Nike Zeus test facility for tracking reentry vehicles from Cape Canaveral missile launches. Built from 1960-1961 for anti-ballistic missile measurement, the "Golf Ball" was on Cat Hill, and a collimation tower was towards English Bay.[4]

NASA stations[edit]

The NASA Tracking Station at Devil's Ashpit and the Cable & Wireless Earth Station at Donkey Plain were built in the "mid-sixties" for space operations and communications, including the latter's use for transmitting "microwave borne data via the Early Bird Satellite back to the NASA facility at Andover, Maine.

RAF base[edit]

RAF Ascension Island was re-garrisoned by the RAF in 1982 and used extensively as a staging base during the Falklands War. Operation Black Buck, the long range bombing raid, was carried out from there. The base continues this staging post role for the Falkland Islands, for both the RAF and the United States Air Force.

Operations[edit]

RAF TriStar refuelling at Ascension during a stop en route to the Falkland Islands.

The station comes under the overall jurisdiction of the Commander British Forces South Atlantic Islands, an officer of one-star rank. As of 2013, this has been held by Air Commodore Russ LaForte.[6] The RAF base on Ascension Island is run on a day-to-day basis by around nineteen RAF personnel, headed by a Wing Commander.[6]

The RAF presence on Ascension is backed up by United States Air Force personnel, who contribute a similar number of service personnel to ensure the effective running of the station, under the command of Captain Eduard Rodriguez, who is responsible to the RAF Station Commander.

RAF Ascension Island is also the refuelling point for the Ministry of Defence's South Atlantic Air Bridge flights to RAF Mount Pleasant, on the Falkland Islands, from RAF Brize Norton in Oxfordshire, in the UK.[citation needed]

Ascension serves as a diversion airport for ETOPS aircraft crossing the Atlantic. In January 2013, a Delta Air Lines Boeing 777-232LR en route from Johannesburg to Atlanta diverted to Ascension as a result of engine problems.[7]

Airline and destination[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Royal Air Force operated by AirTanker RAF Brize Norton

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Serco Business Review Page 20" (PDF). Retrieved 18 July 2010. 
  2. ^ "Ascension Island - The Wide-Awake News". 
  3. ^ "Ascension History". mysterra.org. Mysterra Magazine. Retrieved 3 January 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Avis, Graham (9th February 2002--last revision; 2000 original), "Avis Part Eighteen - Curry or Stew!", An Introduction to the History of Ascension Island (personal anecdote), retrieved 2014-04-13, "By the end of 1956, 181 St Helenian men were employed in a temporary capacity on Ascension Island constructing the US Base. … The Base operations were eventually expanded by the addition of a Target Tracking Radar Station, which was built from 1960 - 1961. This facility, known as the Golf Ball, was built on a site overlooking the Archer Cemetery at Comfortless Cove. It meant the construction of a separate road, the Nike Zeus Road, to the area, replacing the old dirt road from the back of Long Beach. A collimation tower, complete with its own access track cutting across the old Victorian path to the sand blowhole was constructed part of the way towards English Bay, to calibrate the radar. … mid-sixties of the NASA Tracking Station at Devil's Ashpit, and the Cable & Wireless Earth Station at Donkey Plain. This station was built by Cable & Wireless and Marconi at the request of NASA" 
  5. ^ Mueller, Robert (1989). Air Force Bases (Report). Volume I: Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982. Office of Air Force History. p. 600. ISBN 0-912799-53-6. http://www.afhso.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-100921-026.pdf. Retrieved 2013-08-15.
  6. ^ a b http://www.bfbs.com/news/troops-south-atlantic-long-term-64980.html
  7. ^ Hradecky, Simon (10 January 2013). "Incident: Delta B772 over Atlantic on Jan 9th 2013, engine trouble". Aviation Herald. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]