||This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2012)|
|IATA: QUY – ICAO: EGUY|
|Owner||Ministry of Defence|
|Operator||Royal Air Force|
|Location||St Ives, Cambridgeshire|
|Elevation AMSL||135 ft / 41 m|
In terms of organisation RAF Wyton was part of the combined station RAF Brampton Wyton Henlow, a merger of Wyton with two previously separate bases, RAF Brampton and RAF Henlow. Wyton is the largest of the three. It is home to Equipment Support (Air) and Corporate Technical Services. The airfield is used for flying training by 57(R) Squadron EFT, the University Air Squadrons of London and Cambridge and No 5 Air Experience Flight.
Wyton has been a military airfield since 1916, when it was used for training by the Royal Flying Corps. In 1935, it was upgraded to contemporary standards. During the Second World War it was used primarily as a bomber base, flying Bristol Blenheim, de Havilland Mosquito and Avro Lancaster aircraft. In 1942 it became the home of the Pathfinder Force under the command of Group Captain Don Bennett.
After the war Wyton became home to the Strategic Reconnaissance Force, adding English Electric Canberra to the aircraft flown. Vickers Valiants, modified for reconnaissance, moved there in 1955 and a Handley Page Victor in 1959. Provision was made to store nuclear weapons if necessary.
The Victor belonged to a separate Radar Reconnaissance Flight (initially of one aircraft - rising to three by the time RRF was disbanded in 1962) to supplement the work of the Valiants of 543 Sqn. The Canberras of 58 Sqn were a mix of PR7 and PR 9s.
Also based at RAF Wyton were the T17 and T17A Canberras of 360 Sqn, the only joint RAF and RN Squadron specialising in ECM training. In the early 90's one of its pilots was Ft Lt Rory Underwood. Other residents at RAF Wyton were 100 Sqn with a mixture of Canberra types in the Targeting Role. Also resident but "never officially present" were the three Nimrod R1s belonging to 51 Sqn used in the Elint and Sigint role.
During the middle 1990s, RAF Wyton hosted an RAF-sponsored microlight club. Consisting of a small group of flex-wing microlight and 3-axis aircraft, there was a thriving flight school with two instructors, the former Chief Inspector of the BMAA David Marshall and the training instructor pilot Paul Foggoa. The school was based in the old crash building - the original purpose of which was to house the crash-rescue fire engines. The success of the club, and the inclusion of non-RAF members, led to the club expanding to the corner of one of the large hangars.
In the mid-1990s the two stations of RAF Wyton and RAF Brampton amalgamated to become RAF Brampton/Wyton. In 2001 RAF Henlow joined RAF Brampton Wyton making the tri site of RAF Brampton Wyton Henlow. At the time it was the largest Station in terms of both geography and number of personnel in the RAF.
The 2011 Strategic Defence and Security Review announced the formation of Joint Forces Command, and on 2 April 2012, the RAF Brampton Wyton Henlow tri site was disbanded. Joint Forces Command (JFC) assumed responsibility for RAF Brampton/ Wyton, with RAF Henlow remaining under the control of Headquarters Air Command. The decision to close RAF Brampton by December 2013 led to administrative command and control for the Station transferring to RAF Wyton. RAF Brampton was renamed Brampton Camp and became a satellite unit of RAF Wyton.
Today RAF Wyton is undergoing significant transformation through the Programme to Rationalise and Integrate the Defence Intelligence Estate (PRIDE). PRIDE is seen as a key element of Defence transformation and, under JFC, RAF Wyton will become home to the Headquarters of the Joint Forces Intelligence Group (JFIG). Through JFIG, Defence is bringing together for the first time, a number of key components of the United Kingdom’s Defence Intelligence community. JFIG Headquarters will be collocated at RAF Wyton alongside the imagery intelligence capability of the Defence Geospatial Intelligence Fusion Centre (DGIFC). Formerly the Joint Air Reconnaissance Intelligence Centre (JARIC), DGIFC provides specialist imagery intelligence to the armed forces and other customers. They deliver this through the exploitation of satellite imaging systems, as well as airborne and ground-based collection systems. The team at DGIFC use these sources, together with advanced technologies, to provide regional intelligence assessments and support to strategic intelligence projections.
Joining HQ JFIG and DGIFC at RAF Wyton from 2013 will be the Geospatial capabilities of 42 Engineer Regiment. Presently based at Hermitage, 42 Engr Regt comprises a Regimental Headquarters (RHQ) and 3 Regular Squadrons, providing the JFIG GEOINT Force Elements at Readiness, which will deploy, sustain and recover Geo support to existing operations. They will be accompanied by elements of Defence Human Intelligence and specialist staff from other parts of Defence Intelligence and the Single Services. These elements will come together to support worldwide operations from purpose-built facilities within the newly constructed Pathfinder Building. The name of the building is significant, embracing both the history of the Wyton site as well as the ground-breaking nature of its outputs. In future years, other elements of JFIG and the wider Defence Intelligence community are expected to coalesce at Wyton.
By 2014, RAF Wyton’s population will have grown 5-fold to approximately 1800 personnel, with every likelihood of a further 800-1500 personnel joining before the end of the decade. Alongside the build-up of the Defence Intelligence footprint at RAF Wyton, the Station also plays host to several Lodger Units. The active airfield serves 57(Reserve) Sqn Elementary Flying Training School, No 5 Air Experience Flt, 2 University Air Squadrons (UAS) as well as the Pathfinder Flying Club. 57(R) Squadron is responsible for conducting Elementary Flying Training (EFT) for around 50% of the RAF’s entry of new student pilots. Students arrive following completion of Initial Officer Training (IOT) at RAF Cranwell and remain for around 6 months of flying training on the Grob Tutor 115E - a single engine piston aircraft specially designed for flying training. The course is broadly split into 2 phases. During the 1st phase, students are taught the basics of flying an aircraft, fly solo and learn general handling, including aerobatics. The 2nd phase of the course sees the students progress onto more advanced flying, including Instrument flying, low level navigation and formation flying, all skills which will be essential for their future RAF careers as pilots. The course culminates in a demanding final handling test, where all elements taught on the course can be assessed. Following the successful completion of this test, students are ‘streamed’ to either fast jet, rotary or multi engine to continue their flying training.
The 2 UAS’s teach undergraduate students to fly to the standard of a Private Pilots License (PPL), with additional opportunities to fly Aerobatics, Formation Flying and Low Level Navigation. 5 AEF fly air cadets from the South East region, giving many of them their first taste of flight in a light aircraft and hopefully inspiring the next generation of RAF pilots. The Defence Infrastructure Organisation (DIO) also has a large presence at RAF Wyton with both its Operations Accommodation and International elements. DIO Ops Accommodation is responsible for the management of 49,000 Service Family Accommodation (SFA) in the UK and infrastructure support for the United States Visiting Forces (USVF). It employs around 440 staff and the annual operating budget is £420M. DIO International looks after the International Estate used by Defence, including the maintenance and provision of facilities on the Permanent Joint Operating Bases – Falklands Islands, Ascension Island, Gibraltar and Cyprus. Their remit ranges from ports, airfields, technical and domestic accommodation through to decompression facilities for troops on recovery from operations. Even parts of the vast tunnel complex in the rock of Gibraltar are maintained by DIO. Station diversity is further enriched with the presence of the Chief Information Officer’s Defence Security Assurance Service (DSAS), the Air Training Corps Headquarters for the Eastern Region, and the US Defence Contract Management Agency. All of the above contribute toward a rich tapestry of station outputs, ably supported by a strong Multi-Activity Contractor, whose staffs comprise an essential and integral part of the Station force. RAF Wyton has changed its appearance significantly since its beginnings as an aerodrome in 2012. Throughout history, however, the Station has maintained an association with providing intelligence to support operations: from training Royal Flying Corps observers; through World War II when the Pathfinders illuminated the target areas for our strategic bombing missions; into the Cold War and the Photographic Reconnaissance platforms; through to the present day as JFIG picks up the baton and spearheads the Station’s rich heritage into the new era of intelligence-led operations.
RAF Wyton hosts the annual Pathfinder March, a 46-mile (74 km) walk which starts and finishes at RAF Wyton.
Operational units 
On 25 March 2013 it was decided to relocate the flying units here due to the maintenance costs of the airfield.
- 57(R) Squadron will relocate to RAF Cranwell by Summer 2013.
- Cambridge University Air Squadron will relocate to RAF Wittering by mid-2014.
- London University Air Squadron will relocate to RAF Wittering by mid-2014.
- 5 Air Experience Flight will relocate to RAF Wittering by mid-2014.
Defence Equipment and Support will not be affected.
See also 
- RAF Annual Review 2012
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: RAF Wyton|
- Photos and history
- Official site
- Airport information for EGUY at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.
- RAF Wyton Area Voluntary Band