George Best Belfast City Airport
|George Best Belfast City Airport
Belfast City Airport
|IATA: BHD – ICAO: EGAC|
|Operator||Belfast City Airport Ltd.|
|Serves||Belfast, United Kingdom|
|Location||Port of Belfast|
|Elevation AMSL||15 ft / 5 m|
|Passenger change 12–13||13.2%|
|Movements change 12–13||2.3%|
|Sources: UK AIP at NATS
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority
George Best Belfast City Airport (IATA: BHD, ICAO: EGAC) is a single-runway airport in Belfast, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Situated adjacent to the Port of Belfast it is 3 mi (5 km) from Belfast City Centre. It shares the site with the Short Brothers/Bombardier aircraft manufacturing facility. The airport began commercial operations in 1983.
The airport was formerly known as "Belfast City Airport" until it was renamed in 2006 in memory of George Best, the professional footballer from Belfast. The airport handled over 2.7 million passengers in 2010, a record total for the airport, though the total was around 2.5 million in 2013.
The airport is a major base for Flybe, which began operations at the airport in 1993 and is now the largest operator at Belfast City. The airport has a CAA public use aerodrome licence (number P862) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction. Groundhandling is provided by Swissport and Menzies Aviation.
Sydenham Airport was established by Shorts beside its Belfast factory at Sydenham, Belfast in 1937. This became Belfast's main civilian airport from 1938 to 1939. The airfield was requisitioned by the Royal Navy during the Second World War and named HMS Gadwall. RAF Nutts Corner then became Belfast's main airport (while Aldergrove would later become the primary airport in Northern Ireland). The Sydenham airfield continued to be used for military purposes until the 1970s, including use by the Fleet Air Arm as a naval aircraft storage unit, after which it was used solely by Shorts. In 1983, following interest from airlines and customers, the airfield was opened for commercial flights as Belfast Harbour Airport (subsequently Belfast City Airport and now in its current guise).
Following major capital investment Bombardier sold the airport in 2003 for £35 million to the Spanish company Ferrovial, the owner of BAA Airports. Ferrovial re-sold the airport in September 2008 for £132.5 million to ABN Amro Global Infrastructure Fund.
In March 2006, it was announced that the airport would be renamed in memory of Northern Irish footballer George Best. The new name, George Best Belfast City Airport, and signage were revealed at the renaming ceremony attended by Best's family and friends on 22 May 2006, which would have been Best's 60th birthday. The renaming of the airport caused controversy, with many articles in local and national print media highlighting the mixed feelings of Belfast residents. Also in March 2006 Flybe announced that it would be naming its Belfast City – Manchester service after the footballer, dedicating a plane to him.
On 30 October 2007, Ryanair established its 23rd base at the airport. The newest route was between Belfast and London Stansted, following Air Berlin's announcement that it would discontinue the route on 31 October 2007. On 31 August 2010, Ryanair announced it would close its Belfast City base, meaning all Ryanair services were lost from 31 October 2010. Five routes and 800,000 passengers per annum will be lost at the airport as a result. The closure of the base was due to the planned runway extension being delayed for a further two years. The airline had stated it would fly to European destinations from the airport if the runway was extended.
Passenger numbers increased by 4.5% from 2,621,763 in 2009 to 2,740,341 in 2010, the highest total on record at the airport.
In June 2012, BMI subsidiary Bmibaby ceased all routes from Belfast City, prior to its total cessation of operations, leading Flybe to increase schedule frequency on some routes.
In October 2012 Aer Lingus moved its services from Belfast International to the Airport. In March 2014 Flybe ceased flying to London Gatwick from the Airport. Links Air launched flights from the Airport in April 2014 to Robin Hood Airport Doncaster Sheffield. In the same month Flybe announced that it would commence flights to London City Airport in October.
Expansion plans and objections
As the airport is adjacent to residential areas, the issue of noise pollution is a major one and a source of public debate. The airport has developed a noise management strategy following a planning agreement, under which the airport operates, and has established operational noise abatement procedures.
The airport has recently applied for a complete removal of the limit on the seats it can sell – a key element of the 1997 planning agreement, which guards against over-expansion of an airport which is sited in a densely populated location. As a result, numerous residents' groups have formed a coalition – The Coalition Against Belfast City Airport Expansion – to protest against the airport's proposed expansion plans, and to represent the views of residents at the Examination in Public held during 2006.
Restrictions applied to the airport include:
- The requirement for flights to operate between 6:30 am and 9:30 pm (with extensions granted in exceptional circumstances to operate delayed flights up to midnight).
- That there would be a limit of 45,000 commercial (and unlimited general aviation) aircraft movements in any year, restricted further in 2008 to 48,000 combined commercial and general aviation aircraft movements.
- That airlines must not offer more than 4 million seats for sale on flights from the airport per year.
- The majority of flights must approach and depart the airport over Belfast Lough (currently 57% as of December 2008), rather than over the city of Belfast.
- Any flight departing over the lough must turn left to head north (further from land) at 500 feet. Only after reaching 2,000 feet (for turboprops) or 3,000 feet (for jet aircraft) may they then turn south to move over land again.
- Any flight departing over the city must head in a straight line until 2,000 feet (for turboprop aircraft) or 3,000 feet (for jet aircraft) before they are allowed to turn.
Airlines and destinations
|Aer Lingus||London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow
Seasonal: Faro, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca
|Air Dolomiti||Charter: Verona|
operated by Links Air / Van Air Europe
|Gloucestershire, Isle of Man|
|Flybe||Aberdeen, Birmingham, Cardiff, Edinburgh, East Midlands, Exeter, Glasgow–International, Inverness, Leeds/Bradford, London–City, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Southampton
Charter: Verona, Salzburg, Toulouse
| % Change
2012 / 13
|1||London Heathrow||671 941||499 215||35|
|2||London Gatwick||406 464||280 503||45|
|3||Manchester||280 173||279 917||1|
|4||Birmingham||267 168||308 289||13|
|5||Leeds||130 904||100 108||31|
|6||Edinburgh||128 092||124 252||3|
|7||East Midlands||125 883||164 576||24|
|8||Glasgow International||119 280||100 003||19|
|9||Southampton||85 603||84 573||1|
|10||Newcastle||41 700||39 118||7|
| % Change
2012 / 13
|1||Faro||60 966||4 194||1354|
|2||Malaga||53 601||7 091||656|
|3||Paris||19 837||21 021||6|
|4||Palma||13 596||3 636||274|
|5||Verona||7 000||6 421||9|
|6||Salzburg||2 787||4 190||33|
Sydenham railway station is adjacent to the southern perimeter of the airport, across the A2 from the old passenger terminal. It is served by frequent Northern Ireland Railways trains between Bangor and Portadown. Trains towards Portadown call at the Belfast Central and Great Victoria Street railway stations. With the construction of the new passenger terminal further northeast, passengers arriving or departing by train can request an airport courtesy bus to take them to or from the terminal.
Translink Metro route 600 is the Belfast City Airlink service, from the terminal to the Belfast Europa Buscentre adjacent to the Europa Hotel and Belfast Great Victoria Street railway station. Buses run up to every twenty minutes throughout the day. In addition Metro bus 3A operates every 10 minutes from Sydenham to Belfast City Hall. The Airporter service operates 12 coach services to the airport on weekdays as well as 5 coaches on Saturdays and 8 coaches on Sundays to Derry.
- Belfast/City – EGAC. Nats-uk.ead-it.com.
- UK Annual Airport Statistics. CAA (19 March 2013).
- "Best family proud of airport name". BBC News. 22 May 2006. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- Spanish firm secures Northern Ireland Airport. BBC News (23 May 2003).
- Airport Sale News[dead link]
- 'George Best Airport' splits city. Thescotsman.scotsman.com (22 March 2006).
- "Ryanair to pull out of Belfast City Airport". BBC News. 31 August 2010.
- Examination in Public – Belfast City Airport Planning Agreement
- Belfast City Airport Watch. Bbc.co.uk.
- "Belfast City Airport curbs to be relaxed". 2008-09-02. Retrieved 2014-10-08.
Media related to Belfast City Airport at Wikimedia Commons