Radio One (company)

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For any of the numerous radio stations with the name Radio One, see Radio 1.
Radio One, Inc.
Type Public
Traded as NASDAQROIAK
Industry Media
Founded 1980
Founders Cathy Hughes
Headquarters 1010 Wayne Avenue
Floor 14
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Area served United States
Key people Cathy Hughes
(Chairperson)
Alfred C. Liggins III
(President & CEO)
Revenue Increase US$ 448.7 million (2013)[1]
Operating income Increase US$ 73.0 million (2013)[1]
Net income Increase US$ -43.5 million (2013)[1]
Total assets Decrease US$ 1.4 billion (2013)[2]
Total equity Decrease US$ 78.0 million (2013)[2]
Employees 1,072 (2014)[3]
Divisions Reach Media
TV One
Interactive One
Website radio-one.com

Radio One, Inc. is an American media company with holdings in radio, cable television and digital media. Radio One owns and operates 55 radio stations in 16 US markets. It is the largest African American-owned broadcasting company in the US, and the largest radio broadcaster targeting African American and urban listeners.[4] The company's station offerings are primarily hip-hop, rap, R&B, talk radio and news.

Radio One owns Reach Media, the largest radio network targeting African American and urban listeners;[5] a majority stake in TV One, a cable television network targeting African American women; and Interactive One, a digital publisher with brands and websites targeting urban users.[6]

History[edit]

Radio One was founded in 1980 by Cathy Hughes, a then-recently-divorced single mother, with the purchase of the Washington, DC radio station WOL-AM for $995,000.[7][8][9] She changed the station's programming format from all-music to one that examined politics and culture from an African American perspective.[7] Hughes purchased her second station, WMMJ in Washington, seven years later, which began to turn a profit once she converted it into a rhythm and blues station.[8] This established Radio One's early strategy of purchasing small, underperforming radio stations in urban markets and refocusing them to serve the demographics of their communities.[8]

After joining the company in 1985 and managing its day-to-day operations since 1993, Hughes' son, Alfred C. Liggins III, took over as CEO in 1997, with Hughes becoming the board's chairperson.[8][10][11] Under the guidance of recently appointed CEO Liggins, Radio One went public on May 6, 1999, while continuing to be controlled by the family.[12][13] The company's initial public offering was for 6.5 million shares at $24 per share.[11] This made Hughes the first African American woman to chair a public company.[7][10] As of 2010, Hughes and Liggins control 90% of Radio One's voting stock.[14]

In 2001, Radio One expanded into 22 markets, with 18 million listeners, making it the nation's largest urban-market radio broadcasting company.[13] Radio One reached a peak of owning 70 stations in 22 markets in 2007.[15] It is the largest African American-owned-and-operated broadcast company in the US.[10][16]

In 1996, Radio One moved its corporate offices from Washington, DC, to Lanham, Maryland.[17] The company is now based in Silver Spring, Maryland.[7]

Launches[edit]

TV One[edit]

In January 2003, Radio One and Comcast announced an agreement to a joint venture to create a television network aimed at African Americans ages 25-54.[18] On January 19, 2004, on Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday, Radio One launched the television station TV One, airing African American entertainment, lifestyle and scripted shows, in 2.2 million households.[4][14][19] Liggins serves as chairman of TV One.[14]

By the end of 2007, TV One was in 42.2 million homes.[4] In 2011, Comcast and NBC merged, with all Comcast cable holdings subsequently managed by NBC. Also in 2011, Radio One's ownership stake in TV One grew from 36.8% to 50.8%.[20] In 2012, TV One changed its programming, doubling the amount of original content, and changing the logo, while keeping its target audience. As of 2012, TV One reaches 57.4 million US homes.[21]

Interactive One[edit]

In 2008, Radio One launched Interactive One, an online portfolio of digital brands, to complement their other media companies. Interactive One operates numerous digital brands, including News One, The Urban Daily and Hello Beautiful.[22][23] In 2011, Interactive One entered into an editorial and sales partnership with NBC News, aligning News One with NBC's The Grio.[24] As of 2013, Interactive One also has a partnership with Global Grind, a website founded by Russell Simmons and focused on pop culture and music content for African American and Hispanic audiences.[25]

As of 2011, Interactive was the largest network of owned and operated sites aimed at an African American audience.[26] As of 2014, Interactive One reaches over 18 million unique monthly users on its platform through over 80 national and local brands.[27]

Acquisitions[edit]

Radio stations[edit]

In 1995, Radio One purchased WKYS-FM in Washington, DC, for $34 million, and also entered the Atlanta market by purchasing WHAT-FM for $4.5 million.[17] In 1997, the company entered the Philadelphia market with its purchased of WPHI-FM for $20 million. The company added numerous stations in the second half of the 1990s, including stations in Atlanta, St. Louis, Boston, Cleveland, Richmond, San Francisco, Detroit and Boston.[12][17][28]

In 2000, Radio One purchased 12 stations for approximately $1.3 billion from Clear Channel, bringing Radio One into Los Angeles, Dallas, Houston and Miami, along with stations in Cleveland and Greenville, South Carolina. Soon after, Radio One added two more Dallas stations.[8][17][29] In total, the company added 21 radio stations in 2000.[17]

In February 2001, Radio One purchased rival company Blue Chip Broadcasting for approximately $135 million ($45 million cash with the remainder in stock). The purchase included 15 radio stations owned and operated by Cincinnati-based Blue Chip in Ohio, Minnesota and Kentucky. Earlier that month, Radio One had also purchased another Dallas radio station for $52.5 million.[30] In June 2001, Radio One purchased Georgia radio station WPEZ-FM from US Broadcasting for $55 million.[31]

In 2004, Radio One purchased KRTS-FM in Houston for approximately $72.5 million in cash, giving it three stations in the Houston market.[32] Also in 2004, Radio One purchased country station WSNJ in Bridgeton, New Jersey, for $35 million. It had been on the air since 1937 and family-owned by the Ed and Katherine Bold family for over 50 years.[33]

In 2011, Radio One changed stations in Houston, Cincinnati and Columbus, Ohio, from African American to general interest formats, due to low ratings.[34]

Reach Media[edit]

In November 2004, Radio One acquired a 53% stake in Reach Media, a Texas-based media company owned by radio host Tom Joyner, for $56.1 million in cash and stock.[35][36] The deal also gave Radio One ownership rights to Joyner's syndicated Tom Joyner Morning Show, which was at the time airing on 115 stations to 8 million listeners; and news website BlackAmericaWeb.com, which had at the time approximately 800,000 members, giving Radio One its first strong Internet presence.[36]

In 2005, Radio One teamed up with Reach Media to launch a new African American-centered talk radio network, with programming hosted by the Reverend Al Sharpton, to be broadcast on up to 10 of Radio One's stations, as well as stations owned by other companies.[12] In December 2012, under a new deal, Radio One increased its ownership stake in Reach Media to 80%.[37] That same month, Radio One announced that the following year, it would merge its Syndication One urban programming lineup with Reach Media.[38][39]

Print[edit]

In January 2007, Radio One purchased GIANT magazine for $275,000.[40][41] In December 2009, the company suspended publication of the print version of the bi-monthly magazine, relaunching it online as GIANTLife.com. The website is a part of the Interactive One network.[42]

Internet[edit]

In 2008, Radio One acquired social networking firm Community Connect, the parent company of BlackPlanet, AsianAvenue and MiGente, for $38 million. BlackPlanet at the time had 20 million members and was the nation's fourth-most visited social networking site.[43]

Divestures[edit]

From 2006 through the beginning of 2008, Radio One sold nearly $150 million in assets, primarily underperforming radio stations.[41] In 2007, Radio One sold 10 stations to Main Line Broadcasting for approximately $76 million in cash. The stations sold were in Radio One's markets with the smallest African American populations. The sale decreased the number of Radio One's stations from 71 to 61.[44]

Personalities[edit]

Radio One operates a variety of syndicated shows, with hosts including Tom Joyner, Russ Parr, Yolanda Adams, Rickey Smiley, Bishop T.D. Jakes, DL Hughley and the Reverend Al Sharpton.[45]

Stations[edit]

As of October 2014, Radio One operates 55 radio stations in 16 markets.[46]

Market Station and Frequency Owned since Format Notes
Atlanta WAMJ 107.5 FM 1998 Urban adult contemporary
WHTA 107.9 FM 2001 Mainstream urban
WPZE 102.5 FM 2004 Urban gospel Has LP simulcast on W275BK 102.9 FM
WUMJ 97.5 FM 1995 Urban adult contemporary Simulcast of WAMJ
Baltimore WERQ 92.3 FM 1993 Mainstream urban
WOLB 1010 AM News/Talk
WWIN 1400 AM Urban gospel
WWIN 95.9 FM 1992 Urban adult contemporary
Charlotte WOSF 105.3 FM 2012 Urban oldies
WPZS 92.7 FM Urban gospel
WQNC 100.9 FM 2004 Urban gospel Simulcast of WPZS
Cincinnati WOSL 100.3 FM 2006 Urban Oldies
WDBZ 1230 AM 2007 Talk/Urban gospel
WIZF 101.1 FM Urban contemporary
Cleveland WENZ 107.9 FM 1999 Mainstream urban
WERE 1490 AM 2000 News/Talk
WJMO 1300 AM 1999 Urban gospel
WZAK 93.1 FM 2000 Urban adult contemporary
Columbus, Ohio WCKX 107.5 FM Rhythmic contemporary
WXMG 106.3 FM late 1990s Urban adult contemporary
Dallas/Fort Worth KBFB 97.9 FM 2000 Rhythmic contemporary
KSOC 94.5 FM 2002 Urban oldies
Detroit WCHB 1200 AM 1998 News/Talk Has LP simulcast on W260CB 99.9 FM
WDMK 105.9 FM 1998 Urban adult contemporary
WPZR 102.7 FM 1999 Urban gospel
WGPR 107.5 FM 2011* Mainstream urban *Under LMA with International Free and Accepted Modern Masons
Houston KBXX 97.9 FM 2000 Rhythmic contemporary
KMJQ 102.1 FM 2000 Urban adult contemporary Operates an urban gospel format on KMJQ-HD2
KROI 92.1 FM 2004 News
Indianapolis WHHH 96.3 FM Rhythmic contemporary
WNOW-FM 100.9 FM CHR/Top 40
WTLC 1310 AM 2001 Urban gospel
WTLC-FM 106.7 FM 2001 Urban adult contemporary
Philadelphia WPHI 107.9 FM 2000 Urban contemporary
WPPZ 103.9 FM 1996 Urban gospel
WRNB 100.3 FM 2001 Urban adult contemporary
Raleigh/Durham WFXC 107.1 FM 2000 Urban adult contemporary both WFXC and WFXK are simulcasts
WFXK 104.3 FM
WNNL 103.9 FM 2000 Urban gospel
WQOK 97.5 FM 2000 Mainstream urban
Richmond, Virginia WCDX 92.1 FM Mainstream urban
WKJM 99.3 FM Urban adult contemporary both WKJM and WKJS are simulcasts
WKJS 105.7 FM
WPZZ 104.7 FM 1999 Urban gospel
WTPS 1240 AM late 1990's News/Talk
St. Louis WFUN 95.5 FM 1999 Urban oldies
WHHL 104.1 FM 2005 Mainstream urban
Washington, DC WKYS 93.9 FM early 1990's (?) Urban contemporary
WMMJ 102.3 FM 1987 Urban adult contemporary
WOL 1450 AM 1980 News/Talk First property of Radio One and its flagship
WPRS 104.1 FM 2006 Urban gospel
WYCB 1340 AM Urban gospel

Milestones[edit]

Year Event
1980 Radio One founded by Cathy Hughes.[7]
1997 Alfred C. Liggins III succeeds Hughes as president and CEO.[8]
1999 Goes public on NASDAQ, trading as ROIA (later changed to ROIAK).[7]
2000 Acquires 12 Clear Channel stations.[17]
2004 TV One launched in joint venture with Comcast.[7]
Purchases a majority stake in Reach Media.[35]
2008 Launches Interactive One.[22]
Acquires social networking firm Community Connect.[43]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Radio One Inc. Income Statement, Yahoo! Finance. Accessed October 26, 2014.
  2. ^ a b Radio One Inc. Balance Sheet, Yahoo! Finance. Accessed October 26, 2014.
  3. ^ Radio One Inc. Profile, Yahoo! Finance. Accessed October 26, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Felicia R. Lee, “A Network for Blacks With Sense of Mission,” New York Times, December 11, 2007.
  5. ^ “Radio One increases stake in Reach Media, makes plans to launch a new Urban network,” Target Market News, December 3, 2012.
  6. ^ “Blacks In Wax Features Radio One Founder Cathy Hughes,” New Pittsburgh Courier, September 26, 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Steven Overly, “With purchase of radio station WOL in 1980, Cathy Hughes launched a media empire,” Washington Post, August 11, 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Clea Simon, “Mining an Untapped Market, Radio One Becomes a Force,” New York Times, December 25, 2000.
  9. ^ Chandrani Ghosh, “The Comeback Queen,” Forbes, September 20, 1999.
  10. ^ a b c Jessie Carney Smith, ed., Black Firsts: 4,000 Ground-Breaking and Pioneering Historical Events, Canton, MI: Visible Ink Press, 2003, pp. 63-64.
  11. ^ a b Robyn D. Clarke, “High-Frequency Profits,” Black Enterprise, June 2000.
  12. ^ a b c Clea Simon, “WILD to air new African-American talk-radio network,” Boston Globe, October 29, 2005.
  13. ^ a b “Radio One’s Number One,” Wharton Alumni Magazine, Spring 2007.
  14. ^ a b c Joe Flint, “Latest protestor of Comcast – NBC deal plays race card and has ex-FCC chairman on board,” Los Angeles Times, April 27, 2010.
  15. ^ Gail Mitchell, “Q&A: Cathy Hughes,” Billboard, December 3, 2005, p. 25.
  16. ^ Janean Chun, “Cathy Hughes, Radio One: From Teen Mom to Media Mogul,” Huffington Post, September 26, 2012.
  17. ^ a b c d e f “Radio One, Inc. History,” Funding Universe. Accessed October 26, 2014.
  18. ^ Seth Schiesel, “Comcast and Radio One in TV Joint Venture,” New York Times, January 13, 2003.
  19. ^ Rob Owen, “Tuned In: TV One aims to be BET for grown-ups,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 12, 2006.
  20. ^ Wayne Barrett, “Al Sharpton’s Radio Power Play,” The Daily Beast, July 28, 2011.
  21. ^ Sijie Wang, “TV One Rebrands Around Storytelling,” Hollywood Reporter, June 20, 2012.
  22. ^ a b Nicholas Carlson, “Former AOL Entertainment Boss Mike Rich Goes To Interactive One,” Business Insider, July 9, 2010.
  23. ^ C. Daniel Baker, “Interactive One Studios Adds Russell Simmons’ GlobalGrind.com to its Roster,” Black Enterprise, April 15, 2013.
  24. ^ Tanzina Vega, “Black News In New Focus,” New York Times, July 11, 2011.
  25. ^ William Launder, “Digital Marketer Links Up With Russell Simmons,” Wall Street Journal, April 15, 2013.
  26. ^ Matthew Flamm, “Urban websites face off,” Crain's New York Business, June 12, 2011.
  27. ^ "Interactive One Launches Elev8, a New Site Devoted to Uplifting," PR Newswire, October 27, 2013.
  28. ^ “Radio One to Acquire Another Philadelphia Station,” New York Times, December 4, 1999.
  29. ^ “Radio One to Buy 12 Clear Channel Stations,” New York Times, March 14, 2000.
  30. ^ “Radio One Buying Rival Blue Chip Broadcasting,” New York Times, February 9, 2001.
  31. ^ “Radio Broadcaster for Black Listeners to Buy Station,” New York Times, June 27, 2001.
  32. ^ “Radio One Acquires Third Station in Houston Market,” New York Times, May 25, 2004.
  33. ^ G. Patrick Pawling, “Vintage Radio, Down to Farm Reports and School Menus, Is Signing Off,” New York Times, February 1, 2004.
  34. ^ Ben Sisario, “A Radio Merger in New York Reflects a Shifting Industry,” New York Times, April 29, 2012.
  35. ^ a b “Radio One to boost Joyner,” Los Angeles Times, November 23, 2004.
  36. ^ a b Andrea K. Walker, “Radio One to acquire Joyner company,” Baltimore Sun, November 23, 2004.
  37. ^ Ann Brown, “Radio Play: Radio One Increases Investment in Tom Joyner’s Reach Media,” Madame Noire, December 5, 2012.
  38. ^ “Syndication One To Consolidate With Reach Media,” All Access, December 3, 2012.
  39. ^ “Alfred Liggins and David Kantor On The Radio One Reach Media Merger,” The Urban Daily, March 20, 2013.
  40. ^ “Radio One Picks Up Giant Magazine,” New York Times, January 4, 2007.
  41. ^ a b Anita Huslin, “Radio One’s Losses Grow, Stock Declines,” Washington Post, February 22, 2008.
  42. ^ Amanda Ernst, “Giant Magazine Suspends Publication, Moves To Web,” Mediabistro, November 30, 2009.
  43. ^ a b Dan Frommer, “BlackPlanet Parent Community Connect Sells To Radio One For $38 Million,” Business Insider, April 11, 2008.
  44. ^ Jeff Clabaugh, “Arlington Capital Partners buys 10 Radio One stations,” Washington Business Journal, May 18, 2007.
  45. ^ “Reaching Our Audience Wherever They Are,” radio-one.com. Accessed October 26, 2014.
  46. ^ Radio One, radio-one.com. Accessed October 26, 2014.

External links[edit]