||It has been suggested that Telemundo Communications Group be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since April 2013.|
|Type||Spanish-language broadcast television network|
|Country|| United States,
|Availability||National — South America|
|Broadcast area||United States, including Puerto Rico|
|Key people||Emilio Romano
(COO, Telemundo Communications Group)
|Launch date||1954WKAQ-TV in San Juan, Puerto Rico)
1984 (in the continental United States)
|Sister channel(s)||Telemundo Puerto Rico
Syfy Latin America
|Available throughout the U.S.||see List of Telemundo affiliates|
|DirecTV (US)||Channel 406 (East)
Channel 407 (West)
|Dish Network (USA)||Channel 835 (East)|
|DirecTV (Latin America)||Channel 162 (Puerto Rican feed)|
|Available on most U.S. providers||Check local listings
(national feed available in U.S markets an affiliate or O&O station)
|AT&T U-Verse||Channel 3007
(may be replaced with local affiliate in markets with an over-the-air Telemundo station)
Telemundo (Spanish pronunciation: [teleˈmundo]) is an American Spanish-language broadcast television network owned by NBCUniversal, it is a world-class media company, leading the industry in the production and distribution of high-quality Spanish-language content across it's multiplatforms portfolio to U.S. Hispanic and Latino American, and audiences around the world.
Telemundo's multiple platforms include the Telemundo Network, a Spanish-language television network featuring original productions, theatrical motion pictures, news, and sporting events reaching U.S. Hispanic viewers in 210 markets through its 14 owned stations and it's broadcast and cable affiliates; mun2, specializing in programming geared towards a young Hispanic audience reaching TV households nationally on digital, analog cable, and satellite; Telemundo Digital Media, which distributes Telemundo's original content across digital and mobile networks, telemundo.com and mun2.tv websites; a full power station in Puerto Rico that reaches 99% of all TV households in that DMA; and Telemundo Internacional, the international distribution arm, making Telemundo the second-largest provider of Spanish-language content worldwide by syndicating content to more than 100 countries in over 35 languages. Many programs on Telemundo air with closed captions in both Spanish and English.
A division of NBCUniversal, which in turn is owned by Comcast, Telemundo's president is Emilio Romano. Telemundo has 1,900 employees worldwide and is headquartered in Hialeah, a Miami, Florida suburb. The majority of Telemundo shows and programs are filmed in their Miami studios. In 2011, 85% of Telemundo's telenovelas were filmed in Miami.
WKAQ-TV launched the Telemundo brand on March 28, 1954. The station was founded by Ángel Ramos, owner of El Mundo, Puerto Rico's main newspaper at the time, and of Puerto Rico's first radio station, WKAQ, also known as "Radio El Mundo". Ramos wanted to maintain a consistent branding for his properties using the mundo theme (Spanish for "world"), and thus named WKAQ-TV Telemundo (in effect, "Teleworld" or "World TV"). He had tried to obtain a television license as early as the mid-1940s, but due to a Federal Communications Commission (FCC) licensing freeze for all new American television stations due to World War II, Ramos had to wait until 1954 to obtain the license.
In the beginning, Ramos maintained continuity between his radio and television stations by signing an exclusive deal with the most famous and influential actor/comedian/producer in Puerto Rico, Ramón Rivero, better known as Diplo, whose "El Tremendo Hotel", broadcast through WKAQ Radio, was the most popular radio show ever in Puerto Rico. It was Rivero who produced the first comedy/variety television shows for WKAQ Telemundo, La Taberna India, and then La Farándula Corona, shows that catapulted WKAQ to the top of the ratings.
During the 1970s and 1980s, WKAQ-TV, then branded as Telemundo Canal 2, was a major producer of soap operas. The channel was also known by its “fingers” logo—a bold number “2” with the silhouette of two upright fingers inside the number - and called itself “El canal de los dedos” (the channel of the fingers).
In 1984, WNJU in Linden, New Jersey (serving the New York metropolitan area) and KSTS in San Jose, California formed NetSpan, the second Spanish-language television network in the continental United States. They were joined in 1985 by KVEA in Los Angeles. The next year, KVEA's part-owner, Reliance Group Holdings, acquired the Telemundo brand when it purchased Blair Broadcasting. The purchase included WSCV in Ft. Lauderdale/Miami and Puerto Rico's WKAQ-TV (known for decades as "Telemundo Canal 2"). In late 1986, Reliance purchased WNJU.
In 1987, Saul Steinberg and Henry Silverman of Reliance Capital Group merged all these stations into the Telemundo Group. The new corporation quickly went public, and in 1987 changed NetSpan's name to Telemundo. Later that year, it purchased additional stations in San Francisco, Houston, and San Antonio.
Between 1988 and 1991, Telemundo acquired stations in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and Washington, DC. The network decided to outsource its news division in 1988; CNN produced two newscasts, branded Noticiero Telemundo CNN (lit. "Telemundo CNN News"). Produced in Atlanta, Noticiero Telemundo CNN was anchored by Jorge Gestoso and María Elvira Salazar. Lana Montalbán, who anchored the show known then as Telemundo HBC, returned to New York City, where she anchored the WNJU, Telemundo's O&O, newscast for four years. When Salazar decided to take a reporter's position at Noticiero Univision back in Miami, Chilean former Miss Universe Cecilia Bolocco joined Gestoso. The final incarnation produced in Atlanta was co-anchored by Patricia Janiot.
In 1994, Telemundo caught the fever of producing 24-hour news; the network launched Telenoticias partnering with Argentina's Artear Network, Antena 3 of Spain, and Reuters. The venture was not successful and the service was sold to CBS. Rebranded as CBS Telenoticias, the network did air all over the Americas. CBS Telenoticias was sold back to Telemundo and the network branded it Telemundo Internacional.
In 1992, Telemundo went through another management change, as it received former Univision president Joaquin Blaya, who left Univison with four other executives. The next year, Telemundo branded itself with the campaign Arriba, Telemundo, Arriba (lit. "Upwards, Telemundo, Upwards"). Around the same time, the framed Telemundo's "T" letter logo was introduced.
In 1993, Telemundo began the ongoing practice of producing original telenovelas. The first soaps were Angélica, mi vida, Marielena, Guadalupe, Señora Tentación, and Tres Destinos. International markets and syndicators soon courted these shows. Telemundo's effort faced an initial setback when Mexico's industry leader, Televisa, bought Capitalvision, the production house that had been making the new soap operas.
In 1995, under the direction of Harry Abraham Castillo, the network's Executive Vice-President of Programming, Telemundo opened its first network studio on the West Coast. On the Raleigh Studios lot in Hollywood, three shows began daily production: La Hora Lunática, hosted by LA radio personality Humberto Luna and produced by Jackie Torres; El y Ella, a daily talkshow created, hosted and produced by Gigi Graciette and Dando y Dando, a gameshow hosted by Rafael Sigler and produced by Gaspar Díaz.
In 1998, Telemundo was bought by a partnership between cable's Liberty Media and conglomerate Sony Pictures Entertainment. Helmed by yet another management team under the leadership of former CBS executive Peter Tortoricci, hopes of attracting the bilingual market were explored. The Lo mejor de los dos Mundos ("The best of both Worlds") campaign was launched. Several billboards went up in cities such as Miami and San Francisco heralding a "new era" for Telemundo. Former CBS News Vice President Joe Peyronnin founded Telemundo's network news division in 1999 and served as its Executive Vice-President until 2006.
After Tortoricci's resignation Telemundo was led by Jim McNamara as CEO and Alan Sokol as COO. Their programming strategy followed a more traditional approach to Spanish-language television than their predecessors, since the new team incorporated several telenovelas from Colombia and Brazil and entertainment programs. It was under McNamara that Telemundo incorporated Laura en América, hosted by Peruvian lawyer Laura Bozzo; Betty La Fea ("Ugly Betty"; lit. "Betty The Ugly"), starring Ana Maria Orozco; A Oscuras Pero Encendidos, hosted by Paul Bouche; Xica, starring Tais Araujo; the Spanish game show Números Rojos; and the Argentine children's program Agrandaditos.
On April 12, 2002, Telemundo was purchased by NBC for $2.7 billion and is now a part of NBCUniversal. Jim McNamara remained at the helm of the network. Local stations began producing early morning news to be more competitive in their respective markets; The Telemundo "T" logo received an overhaul. Telemundo's main competitor, Univision, continued to have an upper hand in the ratings, although not in all time slots.
News programs were created in the wake of 9/11: Today in the World, anchored by Marian de la Fuente and Jose Diaz-Balart, went on the air informing viewers of national and international events. This program and its companion show In Early Morning were cancelled due to the much heralded arrival of Maria Antonieta Collins from Univision. Every Day with Maria Antonieta went on the air in October 2005; she continued to host the program along with the much recycled Diaz-Balart as co-host. Diaz-Balart was anchor of Telemundo's morning news program called Telemundo Newscast: Early Morning, later to be anchored by Ana Patricia Candiani. Cada Dia con Maria Antonieta was cancelled two years later in May 2008 after Collins announced in 2008 that she was planning to leave Telemundo when her contract expired in August that year and that she wished to return to news anchoring and due to low ratings; it was replaced by a new morning show called Get Up En Espanol, another hybrid of news, cooking and information, which aired live from the studios of WKAQ-TV, and was produced by Telemundo of Puerto Rico when it began airing. The hybrid included local participation of Telemundo O&0 station WSCV in the Miami suburb of Miramar, Florida, and also out of bureaus in New York City, Los Angeles, and Mexico City. The show was later revamped, dropped the local cut-ins and began production at the Telemundo headquarters in Hialeah, Florida.
In 2004, Telemundo created Telemundo Television Studios in Miami. The network also began subtitling many of its telenovelas into English via closed captioning. Under NBC, Telemundo gave greater emphasis to original programming and product placement. The network was spending $100 million a year producing its own shows around mid-decade. After it was purchased by NBCUniversal, Telemundo decided to stop importing telenovelas from Latin America and to start producing its own. To that end, Telemundo partnered with Colombian production company RTI Colombia and the Mexican production company Argos Comunicación. Telemundo's telenovelas follow the Mexican model. To have its telenovelas recognized by the audiences of the U.S. and Latin America, Telemundo hired famous actors and actresses from Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, Argentina, and Puerto Rico; Telemundo now also hires American-born Hispanic actors and actresses who fluently speak Spanish. McNamara retired from his position as CEO and was replaced by Don Browne, who had been head of Miami's NBC owned-and-operated station WTVJ, in 2005.
In March 2007, NBC Universal announced that it had restructured Telemundo's entertainment division in an effort to narrow Univision's ratings dominance. NBC also announced the intention to sell the original Telemundo station in Puerto Rico (WKAQ-TV) and Los Angeles' KWHY to finance the acquisition of Oxygen Media. On December 21, 2007, NBCUniversal announced that WKAQ-TV was no longer for sale, indicating that Telemundo Puerto Rico would stay within the NBC family.
On March 18, 2008 Grupo Televisa and NBC Universal announced a 10-year multiplatform agreement that would allow 1000 hours of Telemundo programming, including news, entertainment, specials, and sports, to be broadcast over not only Televisa's free-to-air channels, but also Televisa's SKY México and cable system starting in April of that year, as well as a planned Telemundo pay channel to be launched later in the year.
On April 23, 2009, Telemundo became the first U.S.-based Spanish-language network to begin airing its prime time programming in 1080i 16:9 high definition. Initially, Telemundo O&Os in nine markets (New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Dallas-Fort Worth, San Francisco, Houston, Miami, Las Vegas, and Puerto Rico) were to air Telemundo programming in HD. The remaining O&Os were to phase in HD programming over the next twelve months. It was unknown if and when third-party-owned affiliates would follow suit.
Telemundo and Televisa launched a jointly owned network in Mexico in August 2009. The new network is available on cable and satellite in Mexico.
2011 - present
Emilio Romano was named president of Telemundo in October 2011. Romano leads the Telemundo broadcast network, its 15 owned stations, the Entertainment Division and Telemundo Studios – the No. 1 producer of original Spanish-language prime time content for U.S. Hispanics. Additionally, he will oversee the Emmy Award-winning news and sports divisions, Telemundo International, Telemundo’s digital media group, and the network’s sales and marketing units. He will also have oversight of mun2, the fastest growing lifestyle cable network for young bicultural Latinos.
On May 14, 2012, Telemundo announced that it will launch a new branding campaign that will include a new slogan and on-air identity, including the replacement of its 1999 logo design with a new logo with two red partial spheres forming the "T", described to "capture the duality of Telemundo’s audience, balancing the strong connection to their Latin roots with their contemporary mindset of living in the U.S." The new logo and graphics debuted on-air on December 8, 2012.
In 2012, Telemundo achieved ratings success with the original novela productions ”Rosa Diamante” and “Pablo Escobar.” Continuing the momentum in 2013 are the novelas “La Patrona” and “El Señor de los Cielos,” and the musical competition for youth "La Voz Kids," hosted by Daisy Fuentes and Jorge Bernal, featuring musical coaches Paulina Rubio, Prince Royce and Roberto Tapia.
|Place||TV network||% of US households reached||Number of households viewable||Type of Television Network|
|6||Estrella TV||40%||45,680,000||Spanish Commercial|
|7||Azteca América||38%||43,396,000||Spanish Commercial|
List of United States over-the-air television networks
Telemundo provides English subtitles of its weekday prime-time programming, appearing as closed captions on CC3 in standard definition and digital service 2 in HDTV. The network produces the translations in-house and intends them to attract Hispanic viewers who may not be fluent in Spanish. Programs appear with a special digital on-screen graphic at the start of each episode (see right).
Programs which had English captions during their original broadcast will also have them in repeats airing outside of the primetime schedule. Some programs (notably the long-running erotic anthology Decisiones), have translations in some episodes but not others, depending on when they were produced. The programs that use the English captions are primarily telenovelas, though a few shows outside the genre (such as primetime court show Caso Cerrado: Edićion Especial) are also transcribed in both languages. Availability of English subtitles is limited to the technical capacity of the local station, cable or satellite provider, or other outlet to pass them on.
Telemundo was the first Spanish-language network in the United States to incorporate English captions during its programming, beginning with the premieres of La Cenicienta and Amor Descarado on September 8, 2003; this generated a small, loyal fan base among English-speaking viewers. Subtitles briefly disappeared without notice starting October 14, 2008, amid budget cuts and the change from analog to digital at Telemundo; the network cited the need to concentrate resources on its core Spanish-speaking audience, but soon reversed the cancellation due to popular demand. The English captions returned on March 30, 2009. The network's primary competitor Univision has since joined Telemundo in utilizing English subtitles on its evening programming (primarily with its weeknight telenovelas, along with select weekend primetime series) on January 30, 2012; in the same manner as Telemundo, Univision transmits the English subtitling as closed captions on CC3.
- List of United States television networks
- List of Telemundo affiliates (by state and city)
- Crossover: Telemundo's Bilingual Online Site
- Breaking News - In Landmark Move, Nbc Universal Television Group Signs Development Deal With Galan Entertainment For Production Of Telenovelas In English Across Its Many Networks | Thefutoncritic.Com
- James, Meg. NBC tacks on Telemundo oversight to Gaspin's tasks. Los Angeles Times, July 26, 2007. Retrieved on May 14, 2010.
- "Legal corporate english." Telemundo. Retrieved on February 3, 2009.
- "Corporate Information." Telemundo. Retrieved on February 3, 2009.
- "TELEMUNDO - The Museum of Broadcast Communications". Museum.tv. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- Sutter, Mary. Telemundo sets fall sked. Variety, May 16, 2000. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
- In an interview in "People En Espanol".
- "Telemundo divisions to be revamped". Variety. March 21, 2007.
- WKAQ-TV "Telenoticias a las 5:00 P.M." in a short message by Don Browne (NBC/Telemundo Network president).
- Comcast, NBC U Merger a Done Deal, Variety, January 29, 2011
- Comcast-NBCU Deal Done: $30B Later, Comcast Is Proud Owner of the Peacock, The Wrap, January 29, 2011
- Comcast Takes Over NBC Universal After Long Review, ABC News, January 29, 2011
- Telemundo unveils new logo, rebrands network, Media Moves, May 14, 2012.
- List of United States over-the-air television networks
- "Commentary: Telemundo will use English captions". Quickstart.clari.net. 2003-09-07. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- "Telenovelas: Doña Barbara And "The Picture In My Head"". Telenovelas-carolina.blogspot.com. 2008-08-05. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- Official Site
- Telemundo Mobile Site, available only on Mobile Devices
- Crossover: Telemundo's Bilingual Online Site
- Telemundo International
- Telemundo, from the Museum of Broadcast Communications website
- NBC Universal's media village website
- Telemundo Novelas Application for iPhone and iPad
- Telemundo Novelas Application for Android
- Deportes Telemundo Application for iPhone and iPad
- Telemundo Entertainment Application for iPhone and iPad
- Telemundo Mobile Page Online
- Telemundo On Demand Page
- Club De Noveleras (Bilingual)
- lo mejor de lo mejor (Bilingual)