Satiah

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Satiah
Queen consort of Egypt
Great Royal Wife
God's Wife of Amun
Thutmose III and family.jpg
Queen Satiah is the second woman behind pharaoh Tuthmose III in the lower register
Spouse Thutmose III
Issue possibly prince Amenemhat?
Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Mother Ipu, a royal nurse
Died Thebes?
Burial Thebes?
Religion Ancient Egyptian religion

Satiah (also, Sitiah, Sitioh; “Daughter of the Moon”) was an Ancient Egyptian queen, the Great Royal Wife of Thutmose III.[1]

Family[edit]

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Satiah
in hieroglyphs

Satiah was the daughter of the royal nurse Ipu.[2] It is possible that her father was the important official Ahmose Pen-Nekhebet.[3] No children of Satiah are known, though there is a possibility that Prince Amenemhat – Thutmose's eldest son, who died before his father – was her son.[4] Satiah died during her husband's reign and Thutmose's next Great Royal Wife was Merytre-Hatshepsut.

Biography[edit]

Satiah's titles include: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt) and God’s Wife (hmt-ntr).[5]

Satiah is attested in several places. In Abydos the text on an offering table mentions her mother, the “nurse of the god” Ipu. The offering table was dedicated by the lector priest Therikiti.[6] A bronze votive axe-head(?) (now in the Cairo Museum), inscribed with the name of Queen Sitiah, was also found in Abydos.[7]

At the temple of Monthu at El-Tod a statue of the queen was dedicated by Tuthmose III after her death (the statue is now in the Cairo Museum).[8]

Queen Sitiah is depicted behind Queen Merytre-Hatshepsut and Thutmose III on a pillar in the tomb of the king (KV34). Behind Queen Sitiah we see the King's Wife Nebtu and the King's Daughter Nefertari.[9]

Satiah is depicted before Tuthmose III in a relief from Karnak.[10] A stela in the Cairo Museum shows Queen Satiah standing behind Tuthmose III.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, 2004, ISBN 0-500-05128-3, p.140
  2. ^ Dodson & Hilton, p.140
  3. ^ Anneke Bart: The New Kingdom Tombs of El Kab / Nekhen
  4. ^ Dodson & Hilton, pp.132-133,137,140
  5. ^ Grajetski Ancient Egyptian Queens: a hieroglyphic dictionary Golden House Publications. p.53
  6. ^ Porter and Moss Topographical Bibliography; Volume V Upper Egypt Griffith Institute. p.52
  7. ^ Porter and Moss Topographical Bibliography; Volume V Upper Egypt Griffith Institute. p.49
  8. ^ Porter and Moss Topographical Bibliography; Volume V Upper Egypt Griffith Institute. p.169
  9. ^ A. Bart Queen Sitiah website [1]
  10. ^ A. Bart Queen Sitiah website [2]
  11. ^ A. Bart Queen Sitiah website[3]

Further reading[edit]

Alexandre Herrero Pardo, Satiah, 1ª Gran Esposa Real; Meritre, 2ª Gran Esposa Real; Isis, la madre del Rey - Las mujeres en la vida de Tutmosis III - Los Nobles de Egipto

External links[edit]