South Broadway, Cleveland

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South Broadway
Neighborhoods of Cleveland
The historic St. Stanislaus Church on E. 65th Street
The historic St. Stanislaus Church on E. 65th Street
Country United States
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga County
City Cleveland
Population (2000)
 • Total 21,475
  2.5% increase from 1990 Census
Demographics
 • White 75.6%
 • Black 20.2%
 • Hispanic 3.2%
 • Asian >1%
 • Other >1.2%
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Codes 44105
Area code(s) 216
Median income $26,256

Source: 2000 U.S. Census, City Planning Commission of Cleveland [1]

Warszawa Neighborhood District
South Broadway, Cleveland is located in Ohio
South Broadway, Cleveland
Location Cleveland, Ohio
Coordinates 41°27′29″N 81°38′41″W / 41.45806°N 81.64472°W / 41.45806; -81.64472Coordinates: 41°27′29″N 81°38′41″W / 41.45806°N 81.64472°W / 41.45806; -81.64472
Built 1880
Architect Multiple
Architectural style Queen Anne, Other
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 80002980[2]
Added to NRHP November 28, 1980

South Broadway is a neighborhood on the southeast side of Cleveland, Ohio. One of the city's oldest neighborhoods, much of the area has historically served as home to Cleveland's original Czech and Polish immigrants. While demographics have shifted over the decades the largest part of South Broadway today, Slavic Village, is named for these earlier communities.[3]

South Broadway is bordered on the northwest by the Cuyahoga River (and the adjacent Tremont neighborhood), to the north by the neighborhood of North Broadway, on the east by Union-Miles and Kinsman, and the suburbs of Cuyahoga Heights and Newburgh Heights to the south.

Slavic Village[edit]

The historic Slavic Village is named for what was once a predominantly Central European neighborhood centered on Fleet Avenue and Broadway. The neighborhood's name encompasses two smaller ethnically sub-divided sections: the larger Czech-dominated Karlin, and the heavily Polish Warszawa districts.

Slavic Village is combining the Warszawa site the Polish immigrants settled in 1870.[4] The lives of these immigrants were centered on the hamlets they've formed and the St. Stanislaus Church they built. Its exact location is at East 65th Street and Forman Avenue, and the thriving Polish commercial center along Fleet Avenue and East 71st Street. The population of Poles and other Central Europeans in the neighborhood peaked in the period from 1920s to 1940 and began to decline during migration of the people to the villages, when the city suffered demographic decline during the 1950s and 1960s.[citation needed] On November 28, 1980, Warszawa was added to the National Register of Historic Places as Warszawa Neighborhood District.

An attempt to revitalize the neighborhood was undertaken with the organization of Neighborhood Ventures, Inc., in 1977. With Teddy and Donna Sliwinski, along with architect Kaszimier Wieclaw, the area began to come alive once again. In order to attract people of various Slavic European descent, the name of the region was changed to "Slavic Village".

The nonprofit Slavic Village Assn. was organized in 1978 to preserve residential and commercial buildings through its sponsorship of the annual Slavic Village Harvest Festival, which in its 17th year (1993) was drawing 100,000 people. Between 1987 and 1990, the Slavic Village Assn. merged with the Broadway Development Corporation as the Slavic Village Broadway Development Corporation to coordinate community-based revitalization activities in the Broadway neighborhood.[5][6] The Slavic Village Broadway Development Corporation is now known as just Slavic Village Development, and cites an "investment of $160 million over the past 22 years to improve Slavic Village."[7]

More recently, Slavic Village has seen difficult times. The zip code that includes the neighborhood, 44105, recorded more home foreclosures than any other zip code in the country during the second quarter of 2007,[8] causing the national media to declare the neighborhood the center of the 2007 foreclosure crisis.

The neighborhood saw an increase in property crime, violent crime, and prostitution during 2007, attributed to youth gangs and drug dealers taking advantage of the high number of home foreclosures. [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14]

The City's plan to eliminate the 3rd police district, which includes Slavic Village, had been an issue of concern for some residents, as voiced by local councilman Anthony Brancatelli.[15] In May 2008, the former 3rd District Police headquarters closed and Slavic Village policing responsibility was redrawn between the 3rd and 5th Police Districts, increasing the number of police cars on the street. Subsequently, Councilman Brancatelli stated he was satisfied with the resulting improved police response time and police presence.[16]

In July 2008, Slavic Village was one of six neighborhoods of the Neighborhood Strategic Investment Initiatives featured locally in an audio discussion titled "Conversations in Slavic Village" held by the Case Western Reserve Studies Symposium. Stakeholders discussed how neighborhoods are vital to the livable city. Speakers cited specific events occurring in direct counterexample to the increased crime reported in the media in 2007. Representatives included a savings and loan association official, steel mill corporate social responsibility manager, public art coordinator, community development corporation director, and local metropark, youth organization, and cultural center directors.[17][18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "University Neighborhood Fact Sheet" (PDF). Cleveland City Planning Commission. Retrieved January 5, 2011. 
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  3. ^ "Encyclopedia of Cleveland History:SLAVIC VILLAGE/BROADWAY". Ech.case.edu. 1997-06-30. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  4. ^ http://slavicvillage.org/ourneighborhoods
  5. ^ "Encyclopedia of Cleveland History:SLAVIC VILLAGE/BROADWAY". Ech.cwru.edu. 1997-06-30. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  6. ^ "Center for Neighborhood Development: Founding Dates". Urban.csuohio.edu. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  7. ^ "Slavic Village Development". Slavicvillage.org. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  8. ^ "Foreclosures drift to Sun Belt from Rust Belt." CNN Money Magazine, November 16, 2007. Accessed February 2, 2008.
  9. ^ "Crime scene: foreclosure.", CNN Money Magazine. November 19, 2007. Accessed February 2, 2008.
  10. ^ Christie, Les (November 28, 2007). "Foreclosure's other victims - those left behind". CNN. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  11. ^ "Vinegar and Honey: Slavic Village". Vinegarandhoney.blogspot.com. 2007-11-20. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  12. ^ Maggi Martin. "Cleveland police investigate two fatal teen shootings | cleveland.com". Blog.cleveland.com. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  13. ^ "Prime Suspect". Mother Jones. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  14. ^ Christie, Les (November 16, 2007). "Crime scene: foreclosure". CNN. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Cleveland City Council members question plan to reduce police districts." The Plain Dealer. January 31, 2008. Accessed February 2, 2008.
  16. ^ Mike Tobin, The Plain Dealer. "City leaders say police redeployment plan is working | cleveland.com". Blog.cleveland.com. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  17. ^ "Western Reserve Studies Symposium: College of Arts and Sciences: Case Western Reserve University". Blog.case.edu. 2008-07-01. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  18. ^ "Western Reserve Studies Symposium: College of Arts and Sciences: Case Western Reserve University". Blog.case.edu. 2008-07-01. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 

External links[edit]

  • Audio discussion of Slavic Village of the Neighborhood Strategic Investment Initiatives hosted by the Case Western Reserve Studies Symposium, referencing Norman Krumholz and Neighborhood Community Development Corporations [1][2]
  • The Encyclopedia Of Cleveland History by Cleveland Bicentennial Commission (Cleveland, Ohio), David D. Van Tassel (Editor), and John J. Grabowski (Editor) ISBN 0-253-33056-4
  • Slavic Village Development
  • Slavic Village at DMOZ
  • Polish-American Cultural Center, Cleveland, OH