Port of Cleveland

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Cleveland
Port
Cleveland Ohio aerial view.jpg
Oblique aerial view of Port of Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Official name: Port of Cleveland
Named for: Moses Cleaveland [1]
Country United States
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga
Township T7-8N R12-13W
Connecticut Western Reserve
Municipality Cleveland
Borders on Bratenahl, Brooklyn, Brooklyn Heights, Brook Park, Cleveland Heights, Cuyahoga Heights, East Cleveland, Euclid, Fairview Park, Garfield Heights, Lakewood, Linndale, Maple Heights, Newburgh Heights, Parma, Shaker Heights, South Euclid, Warrensville Heights, Geauga County, Lake County, Lorain County, Medina County, Portage County, Summit County
City Cleveland, Ohio
River Cuyahoga River
Location Cuyahoga River, Lake Erie, Great Lakes
 - elevation 571 ft (174 m) [2]
 - coordinates 41°31′10″N 81°41′19″W / 41.51944°N 81.68861°W / 41.51944; -81.68861 [2]
Mouth Cuyahoga River at Lake Erie
 - location Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States
 - elevation 174 ft (53 m) [3]
 - coordinates 41°30′13″N 81°42′44″W / 41.50361°N 81.71222°W / 41.50361; -81.71222 [3]
Depth 27 ft (8 m) [4]
Area 144 sq mi (373 km2) C[›][5]
 - land 144 sq mi (373 km2) C[›][5]
 - urban 144 sq mi (373 km2) C[›][5]
 - metro 144 sq mi (373 km2) C[›][5]
Founded 1825 [1]
 - Regionalized 1968 [1]
Management Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority Board of Directors
 - location Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States
Government Cuyahoga County
Owner Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority
President/CEO William D. Friedman [6]
 - Chief Financial Officer Brent R. Leslie, CPA [6]
 - Human Resource Director Nancy Spelman [citation needed]
 - Controller Margaret Rivalsky [6]
Timezone EST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 44114
Area code +1 216
USGS GNIS 1072326
Topo map USGS Cleveland North, Cleveland South
Annual Cargo Value $1,000,000,000 [1]
Annual Tonnage 15,186,819 (2006)[7]
DryD[›] Bulk Tonnage 12,000,000 [5]
BreakB[›] Bulk Tonnage 500,000 [5]
Vessel Arrivals 959 (2006)[8]
Website: www.portofcleveland.com

The Port of Cleveland is a bulk freight shipping port at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River on Lake Erie in Cleveland, Ohio, United States. It is the third-largest port in the Great Lakes[1] and the fourth-largest Great Lakes port by annual tonnage.E[›][7]

Cargo[edit]

The Port of Cleveland handles the bulk of raw material shipments for regional manufacturing, as well as exporting some local resources (salt mined from under Lake Erie, materials quarried locally, Ohio farm surpluses, ...).

Primary Cargoes[edit]

  • Inbound: Steel, heavy machinery, liquid/dry bulk[5]
  • Outbound: machinery and steel[5]

Overall Annual Tonnage[edit]

  • Generating $1 billion ($1,000,000,000.00 USD) per year in trade.[1]
  • Annual cargo handling averages between 11 million to 16 million tons[7][9][10][11][12][13][14]
  • Dry Bulk (loose materials such as limestone and grain): 12 million tons[5]
  • Break Bulk (packaged materials): 500,000 tons[5]
  • about 1,000 vessel visits,[8]
Tonnage for Port of Cleveland
Year
U.S.
Rank
Total
Tons
Domestic
Tons
Foreign
Total
Tons
Foreign
Imports
Tons
Foreign
Exports
Tons
Reference
2006 44 15,186,819 11,467,131 3,719,688 3,598,998 120,690 [7]
2005 47 13,640,966 10,225,360 3,415,606 3,137,262 278,344 [9]
2004 44 15,774,611 11,855,282 3,919,329 3,567,866 351,463 [10]
2003 47 12,620,794 9,508,542 3,112,252 2,708,093 404,159 [11]
2002 48 11,411,765 9,083,965 2,327,800 2,270,800 57,000 [12]
2001 48 11,937,815 9,203,587 2,734,228 2,430,028 304,200 [13]
2000 44 14,390,802 11,914,437 2,476,365 2,262,104 214,261 [14]
Break- and Dry- Bulk Tonnage for Port of Cleveland
Year
DryD[›] Bulk
short Tons[4]
BreakB[›] Bulk
short Tons[4]
2000 1,028,500 949,552
1999 934,306 721,369
1998 1,239,551 1,182,792
1997 1,521,729 1,045,377
1996 1,809,000 1,158,056
1995 1,531,985 779,314
1994 1,899,989 869,669
1993 2,069,184 764,743
1992 2,700,842 435,286
1991 2,852,675 913,670
1990 3,038,535 773,922

Connections[edit]

Rail[edit]

Connections to:
(2) Class I railroads:[15][16]

and several regional/short-line railroads:

Truck[edit]

Port has truck access to four major Interstate highways:[16][17]

as well as local bypasses/connectors:

and Ohio State Routes, such as:

Facilities[edit]

A warehouse at the Port of Cleveland

Eight international cargo berths and docks consist of 110 acres (0.45 km2) of land alongside Lake Erie on the east side of the Cuyahoga River, while the Cleveland Bulk Terminal transshipment facility occupies 44 acres (0.18 km2) just west of the river.[5]

Geography[edit]

The Port of Cleveland spans across the Cleveland Harbor on Lake Erie and up the Cuyahoga River to the turning basin.

Port of Cleveland
Name
USGS
GNIS
Feature
ID #
and
Link
Coordinates
Elevation
Cleveland Harbor 1072326 41°31′10″N 81°41′19″W / 41.51944°N 81.68861°W / 41.51944; -81.68861 (Cleveland Harbor (Cuyahoga)) 571 feet (174 m)
Cuyahoga River 1072205 41°30′13″N 81°42′44″W / 41.50361°N 81.71222°W / 41.50361; -81.71222 (Port of Cleveland (Cuyahoga River/Lake Erie))Coordinates: 41°30′13″N 81°42′44″W / 41.50361°N 81.71222°W / 41.50361; -81.71222 (Port of Cleveland (Cuyahoga River/Lake Erie)) 571 feet (174 m)
Turning Basin 1047220 41°28′36″N 81°40′20″W / 41.47667°N 81.67222°W / 41.47667; -81.67222 (Turning Basin (Cuyahoga)) 581 feet (177 m)

Maritime[edit]

Docks are maintained at a full Great Lakes seaway depth, which is 27 feet (8.2 m).[16]

Operators[edit]

Four terminal operators use port facilities:[16]

Cleveland Bulk Terminal[edit]

Cleveland Bulk Terminal (CBT), located at 5500 Whiskey Island Drive, on Whiskey Island, is port-owned but operated by Carmeuse NA which handles iron ore transfers. The lakefront facility can accommodate 1,000 feet (300 m) vessels used to discharge and reload rail cars.[18] The automated CBT iron ore loader system on Whiskey Island[19] on the west side of the Cuyahoga River loads materials onto boats from the terminal and transfers materials at a rate of 5,200 tons per hour. Limited handling of materials greatly improves the quality of pellets delivered to the mill.
The ore loader operation benefits three Cleveland companies:[16]

Terminals[edit]

These facilities are:[18]

  • nine berths and docks in either open dock or two-berth facilities
  • capacity for lifting up to 150 net tons
  • direct rail access and warehousing ability
  • over 6,500 feet (2,000 m) of linear dock space,
  • 420,000 square feet (39,000 m2) of warehouse space and
  • 12 acres (0.049 km2) of open storage for general cargo operations.
Port of Cleveland Terminals
Dock [16]
CoordinatesG[›]
Berth
Length [16]
Warehouse
Storage [16]
Facilities [16]
Tenants [16]
20 41°30′6.91″N 81°42′35.70″W / 41.5019194°N 81.7099167°W / 41.5019194; -81.7099167 (Dock 20) 1,200 feet (370 m) dry bulk, outside storage, cement Essroc (Italcementi Group) and Kenmore Construction
22 41°30′14.95″N 81°42′27.41″W / 41.5041528°N 81.7076139°W / 41.5041528; -81.7076139 (Dock 22) 760 feet (230 m) Federal Marine Terminals, Inc.
24 24: 41°30′17.80″N 81°42′19.25″W / 41.5049444°N 81.7053472°W / 41.5049444; -81.7053472 (Dock 24-Warehouse)
A: 41°30′12.01″N 81°42′13.80″W / 41.5033361°N 81.7038333°W / 41.5033361; -81.7038333 (Dock 24-Warehouse A)
1,900 feet (580 m) 24: 79,000 square feet (7,300 m2)
A: 144,000 square feet (13,400 m2)A[›]
30-ton overhead cranes Federal Marine Terminals, Inc.
26 41°30′22.44″N 81°42′14.39″W / 41.5062333°N 81.7039972°W / 41.5062333; -81.7039972 (Dock 26-Warehouse) 1,677 feet (511 m) 26: 76,000 square feet (7,100 m2) Federal Marine Terminals, Inc.
28 41°30′23.81″N 81°42′10.22″W / 41.5066139°N 81.7028389°W / 41.5066139; -81.7028389 (Dock 28-Buckeye Booster) 1,243 feet (379 m) Buckeye Booster: heavy 150-ton capacity lift crane Federal Marine Terminals, Inc.
30 41°30′30.55″N 81°42′3.23″W / 41.5084861°N 81.7008972°W / 41.5084861; -81.7008972 (Dock 30-Warehouse) 500 feet (150 m) 54,000 square feet (5,000 m2) Federal Marine Terminals, Inc.
32 41°30′32.65″N 81°41′59.53″W / 41.5090694°N 81.6998694°W / 41.5090694; -81.6998694 (Dock 32-Warehouse) City of Cleveland, Ohio used for non-Maritime development including the new Lake Shore Electric Railway interurban museum (since 2006).[20]
CBT 41°29′50.24″N 81°43′16.73″W / 41.4972889°N 81.7213139°W / 41.4972889; -81.7213139 (Cleveland Bulk Terminal) 1,850 feet (560 m)[4] Outside storage:
46 acres (2,000,000 sq ft)[4]
Carmeuse NA
Totals 9,130 feet (2,780 m) 353,000 square feet (32,800 m2)

Foreign Trade Zones[edit]

Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority, Grantee #40, operates-owns several General Purpose Zone Foreign Trade Zones in Cuyahoga County, Ashtabula County and Lorain County.C[›][21]

Port of Cleveland[edit]

Port of Cleveland complex located on Lake Erie at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River includes five general cargo facilities operated by port-approved stevedoring contractors.[18]

Tow Path Valley Business Park[edit]

Tow Path Valley Business Park is located on both sides of the east and west bank of the Cuyahoga River bordered by Jennings Road on the south, Upper Campbell Road on the east, I-490/I-77/Dille Road on the north and West 14th Street to the west.[18]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

^ A: Warehouse A has heated storage; and inside rail loading[16]
^ B: Break Bulk (packaged materials): 500,000 tons[5]
^ C: Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority operates-owns several General Purpose Zone Foreign Trade Zones NOT included in the cited Port of Cleveland dock-terminal acreage.[21]
^ D: Dry Bulk (loose materials such as limestone and grain): 12 million tons[5]
^ E: Port of Duluth, Minnesota-Superior, Wisconsin, and Port of Chicago, and Port of Detroit, Michigan are Great Lakes ports ranked higher than Cleveland, Ohio by annual tonnage.[7]
^ F: Notes:
^ G: Dock and Warehouse coordinates manually plotted in Google Earth from map in[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "About the Port - History". Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority. 
  2. ^ a b "Cleveland Harbor". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  3. ^ a b "Cuyahoga River". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Facility and Capacity Assessment" (PDF). February 2003. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Maritime - Overview". Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority. 
  6. ^ a b c "Our Staff : Port of Cleveland". Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Tonnage for Selected U.S. Ports in 2006, Sorted by Port Name". Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center, Navigation Data Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers. 
  8. ^ a b "About the Port - Frequently Asked Questions". Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority. 
  9. ^ a b "Tonnage for Selected U.S. Ports in 2005, Sorted by Port Name". Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center, Navigation Data Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers. 
  10. ^ a b "Tonnage for Selected U.S. Ports in 2004, Sorted by Port Name". Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center, Navigation Data Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers. 
  11. ^ a b "Tonnage for Selected U.S. Ports in 2003, Sorted by Port Name". Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center, Navigation Data Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers. 
  12. ^ a b "Tonnage for Selected U.S. Ports in 2002, Sorted by Port Name". Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center, Navigation Data Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers. 
  13. ^ a b "Tonnage for Selected U.S. Ports in 2001, Sorted by Port Name". Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center, Navigation Data Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers. 
  14. ^ a b "Tonnage for Selected U.S. Ports in 2000, Sorted by Port Name". Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center, Navigation Data Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers. 
  15. ^ "Maritime - Rail facilities". Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Maritime - Terminals". Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority. 
  17. ^ "Maritime - Highway-Truck access facilities". Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority. 
  18. ^ a b c d "FTZ Sites at the Port of Cleveland". Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority. 
  19. ^ "Terminal Operators". Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority. [dead link]
  20. ^ "LSERy - Home Page". Retrieved 2008-12-21. 
  21. ^ a b "Foreign Trade Zone - Sites". Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority. 

Other sources[edit]