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Proclamation of the Slovak Soviet Republic in Prešov.
The Slovak Soviet Republic (Slovak: Slovenská republika rád, Hungarian: Szlovák Tanácsköztársaság, literally: "Slovak Republic of Councils" - the name originated before the Russian word soviet (council) became widespread in Slovak and other languages) comprised a very short-lived communist state in south and eastern Slovakia from 16 June to 7 July 1919, with its capital in Prešov, and headed by the Czech journalist Antonín Janoušek.
After the conclusion of World War I in 1918, Czechoslovakia begun occupying the area in accordance with the preliminary peace settlements. However, Slovakia (Upper Hungary) was preemptively occupied by Red Guards from the Hungarian Soviet Republic, who set up the Slovak Soviet Republic as a puppet regime. Following a brief war between Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Romania, Slovakia was fully restored into Czechoslovakia and the Hungarian Soviet Republic was wholly occupied by Romania.
See also