Solar eclipse of July 20, 1963

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Solar eclipse of July 20, 1963
SE1963Jul20T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.6571
Magnitude 1.0224
Maximum eclipse
Duration 1m 40s
Coordinates 61.7N 119.6W
Max. width of band 101 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 20:36:13
References
Saros 145 (19 of 77)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9427

A total solar eclipse occurred on July 20, 1963. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

In popular culture[edit]

The eclipse was featured in the comic strip Peanuts (July 15-20, 1963), with Linus demonstrating a safe way of observing the eclipse as opposed to looking directly at the eclipse. It also served an important function in the plots of two Stephen King novels, Gerald's Game (1992) and Dolores Claiborne (1992) and was featured in a season 3 episode of Mad Men titled "Seven Twenty Three" (2009).[1] John Updike mentioned the eclipse in his 1968 novel Couples, saying "[o]nly one other time had been so ominous [in those years], the Wednesday in October of 1962 when Kennedy had faced Khrushchev over Cuba".[2]

Related eclipses[edit]

Solar eclipses of 1961-1964[edit]

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.

Solar eclipse series sets from 1961-1964
Ascending node   Descending node
Saros Map Saros Map
120 SE1961Feb15T.png
February 15, 1961
Total
125 SE1961Aug11A.png
August 11, 1961
Annular
130 SE1962Feb05T.png
February 5, 1962
Total
135 SE1962Jul31A.png
July 31, 1962
Annular
140 SE1963Jan25A.png
January 25, 1963
Annular
145 SE1963Jul20T.png
July 20, 1963
Total
150 SE1964Jan14P.png
January 14, 1964
Partial
155 SE1964Jul09P.png
July 9, 1964
Partial
Partial solar eclipses of June 10, 1964 and December 4, 1964 belong in the next lunar year set.

Saros 145[edit]

This solar eclipse is a part of Saros cycle 145, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 77 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on January 4, 1639, and reached a first annular eclipse on June 6, 1891. It was a hybrid event on June 17, 1909, and total eclipses from June 29, 1927 through September 9, 2648. The series ends at member 77 as a partial eclipse on April 17, 3009. The longest eclipse will occur on June 25, 2522, with a maximum duration of totality of 7 minutes, 12 seconds. [3]

Series members 16–26 occur between 1901 and 2100:

16 17 18
SE1909Jun17H.png
June 17, 1909
SE1927Jun29T.png
June 29, 1927
1945Jul09T.png
July 9, 1945
19 20 21
SE1963Jul20T.png
July 20, 1963
SE1981Jul31T.png
July 31, 1981
SE1999Aug11T.png
August 11, 1999
22 23 24
SE2017Aug21T.png
August 21, 2017
SE2035Sep02T.png
September 2, 2035
SE2053Sep12T.png
September 12, 2053
25 26
SE2071Sep23T.png
September 23, 2071
SE2089Oct04T.png
October 4, 2089

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Episode 7: Seven Twenty Three (Details tab) http://www.amctv.com/shows/mad-men/episodes/season-3/seven-twenty-three
  2. ^ Updike, John, Couples (Albert A. Knopf, 1968) pp. 223-4. "[I]t had been ninety per cent at their latitude [near Boston]. An invisible eater moved through the sun's disc amid a struggle of witnessing clouds. The dapples of light beneath the elm became crescent-shaped .... [A] sideways eyebrow ...." Retrieved 2013-04-24.
  3. ^ Espenak, Fred (Project & Website Manager), Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 145, NASA, updated 2009 September 26.

References[edit]