Solar eclipse of May 29, 1919

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Solar eclipse of May 29, 1919
1919 eclipse positive.jpg
From the report of Sir Arthur Eddington on the expedition to the island of Principe (off the west coast of Africa).
SE1919May29T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma -0.2955
Magnitude 1.0719
Maximum eclipse
Duration 6m 51s
Coordinates 4.4N 16.7W
Max. width of band 244 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 13:08:55
References
Saros 136 (32 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9326

A total solar eclipse occurred on May 29, 1919. With a maximum duration of totality of 6 minutes 51 seconds, it was one of the longest solar eclipses of the 20th century. It was visible throughout most of South America and Africa as a partial eclipse. Totality occurred through a narrow path across central Brazil after sunrise, across the Atlantic ocean and into south central Africa ending near sunset in eastern Africa.

Observations[edit]

Total solar eclipse of May 29-1919, as emulated by program Celestia version 1.5.1 under KDE 3.5.10 release 21.13.1, operating system SuSe Linux 11.1. All systems under free licence (GPL).

This eclipse was photographed from the expedition of Sir Arthur Eddington to the island of Principe (off the west coast of Africa). Positions of star images within the field near the Sun were used to test Albert Einstein's prediction of the bending of light around the sun from his general theory of relativity.[1]

Related eclipses[edit]

Solar eclipses 1916–1920[edit]

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the moon's orbit.

Solar eclipse series sets from 1916-1920
Ascending node   Descending node
111 December 24, 1916
SE1916Dec24P.png
Partial
116 June 19, 1917
SE1917Jun19P.png
Partial
121 December 14, 1917
SE1917Dec14A.png
Annular
126 June 8, 1918
SE1918Jun08T.png
Total
131 December 3, 1918
SE1918Dec03A.png
Annular
136 May 29, 1919
SE1919May29T.png
Total
141 November 22, 1919
SE1919Nov22A.png
Annular
146 May 18, 1920
SE1920May18P.png
Partial
151 November 10, 1920
SE1920Nov10P.png
Partial

Saros 136[edit]

Solar Saros 136, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, contains 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on Jun 14, 1360, and reached a first annular eclipse on September 8, 1504. It was a hybrid event from November 22, 1612, through January 17, 1703, and total eclipses from January 27, 1721 through May 13, 2496. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 30, 2622, with the entire series lasting 1262 years. The longest eclipse occurred on June 20, 1955, with a maximum duration of totality at 7 minutes, 8 seconds.[2]

Series members 29–42 occur between 1865 and 2100:

28 29 30
SE1865Apr25T.gif
April 25, 1865
SE1883May06T.png
May 6, 1883
31 32 33
SE1901May18T.png
May 18, 1901
SE1919May29T.png
May 29, 1919
SE1937Jun08T.png
Jun 8, 1937
34 35 36
SE1955Jun20T.png
Jun 20, 1955
SE1973Jun30T.png
Jun 30, 1973
SE1991Jul11T.png
Jul 11, 1991
37 38 39
SE2009Jul22T.png
Jul 22, 2009
SE2027Aug02T.png
Aug 2, 2027
SE2045Aug12T.png
Aug 12, 2045
40 41 42
SE2063Aug24T.png
Aug. 24, 2063
SE2081Sep03T.png
Sep. 3, 2081
SE2099Sep14T.png
Sep. 14, 2099

Notes[edit]

References[edit]