The administrative head of Tirhut Division is a Commissioner, a senior officer of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS). Tirhut's present Divisional Commissioner is Shri Atul Prasad, a 1987 Batch IAS officer of the Bihar cadre.
Waris Ali, Khudi Ram Bose, Bhagwan Das, Juba Sahni, Raj Kumar Shukla, Ramdayalu Singh, Mathura Singh, Binda Babu, Dr.Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi, Manzoor Ahsan Ajazi, Shafi Daudi and Mahesh Babu were some of the freedom fighters of Tirhut.
Mahatma Gandhi launched his struggle for independence from the East Champaran or Motihari district of this Division in 1916. It was the karma bhoomi of Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Acharya J.B. Kripalani and Jai Prakash Narayan.