East Champaran district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from East Champaran)
Jump to: navigation, search
East Champaran district
पूर्वी चंपारण ज़िला
District of Bihar
Location of East Champaran district in Bihar
Location of East Champaran district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Tirhut
Headquarters Motihari
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Purvi Champaran, Paschim Champaran, Sheohar
 • Assembly seats Raxaul, Sugauli, Narkatiya, Harsidhi, Govindganj, Kesaria, Kalyanpur, Pipra, Madhuban, Motihari, Chiraia, Dhaka
Area
 • Total 3,968 km2 (1,532 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,082,868
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 58.26 per cent
 • Sex ratio 901
Major highways NH 28A, NH 104
Average annual precipitation 1241 mm
Website Official website

East Champaran (Hindi: पूर्वी चंपारण ज़िला, is an administrative district in the state of Bihar in India. The district headquarters are located at Motihari.

The district occupies an area of 3969 km2 and has a population of 3,933,636 (as of 2001). East Champaran is a part of Tirhut Division. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[1]

As of 2011, it is the second most populous district of Bihar (out of 39), after Patna.[2]

Geography[edit]

East Champaran district occupies an area of 3,968 square kilometres (1,532 sq mi),[3] comparatively equivalent to Vanuatu's Espiritu Santo.[4] Gandak, Burhi Gandak and Baghmati are important rivers flowing through this region.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census East Champaran district has a population of 5,082,868,[2] roughly equal to the United Arab Emirates[5] or the US state of Colorado.[6] This gives it a ranking of 21st in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 1,281 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,320 /sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 29.01%.[2] Purbi Champaran has a sex ratio of 901 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 58.26%.[2]

Sub-divisions[edit]

  • Motihari Sadar
  • Areraj
  • Raxual
  • Shikarahna
  • Pakridayal
  • Chakia
  • Madhuban

Ranigunj,Chakia Paharpur

Languages[edit]

Languages include Bhojpuri, a tongue in the Bihari language group with almost 40 000 000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts as well as urdu language also Urdu.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  4. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Espiritu Santo 3,956km2" 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "United Arab Emirates 5,148,664" 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Colorado 5,029,196" 
  7. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°39′00″N 84°55′00″E / 26.6500°N 84.9167°E / 26.6500; 84.9167