|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2009)|
||It has been suggested that this article be merged into salary. (Discuss) Proposed since January 2013.|
|Credit and debt|
A wage is remuneration paid by an employer to an employee. It may be calculated as a fixed task based amount, or at an hourly rate, or based on an easily measured quantity of work done. It is contrasted with salaried work, which is based on a fixed time period and with commission which is based on performance.
Determinants of wage rates
Depending on the structure and traditions of different economies around the world, wage rates will be influenced by market forces (supply and demand), legislation, and tradition. Market forces are perhaps more dominant in the United States, while tradition, social structure and seniority, perhaps play a greater role in Japan.
Even in countries where market forces primarily set wage rates, studies show that there are still differences in remuneration for work based on sex and race. For example, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2007 women of all races made approximately 80% of the median wage of their male counterparts. Similarly, white men made about 84% the wage of Asian men, and black men 64%. These are overall averages and are not adjusted for the type, amount, and quality of work done.
Wages in the United States
In the United States, wages for most workers are set by market forces, or else by collective bargaining, where a labor union negotiates on the workers' behalf. The Fair Labor Standards Act establishes a minimum wage at the federal level that all states must abide by, among other provisions. Fourteen states and a number of cities have set their own minimum wage rates that are higher than the federal level. For certain federal or state government contacts, employers must pay the so-called prevailing wage as determined according to the Davis-Bacon Act or its state equivalent. Activists have undertaken to promote the idea of a living wage rate which account for living expenses and other basic necessities, setting the living wage rate much higher than current minimum wage laws require.
- Compensation of employees
- Employee benefit (non-monetary compensation in exchange for labor)
- Labour in Economics
- List of countries by average wage
- Performance-related pay
- Wage labour
- Wage share
- Real wage
- List of sovereign states in Europe by net average wage
-  – Education 2020 Homeschool console, Vocabulary Assignment, definition entry for "wage rate" (may require login to view)
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Earnings of Women and Men by Race and Ethnicity, 2007" Accessed June 29, 2012
- Galbraith, James Kenneth. Created Unequal: the Crisis in American Pay, in series, Twentieth Century Fund Book[s]. New York: Free Press, 1998. ISBN 0-684-84988-7
|Look up wage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Lebergott, Stanley (2002). "Wages and Working Conditions". In David R. Henderson (ed.). Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (1st ed.). Library of Economics and Liberty. OCLC 317650570, 50016270 and 163149563
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
- Wealth of Nations – click Chapter 8
- Understanding Capitalism Part III: Wages and Labor Markets – Critical of capitalism
- U.S. Department of Labor: Minimum Wage Laws – Different laws by State
- Average U.S. farm and non-farm wage
- LaborFair Resources – Link to Fair Labor Practices
- The Truth Behind Wages in Mining – How Wages are measured and Current Standards for Mining Professionals
- Database Central Europe – Data on average wages in Central Europe and in Emerging Markets