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|1344 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1344 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2097|
|Balinese saka calendar||1265–1266|
|English Regnal year||17 Edw. 3 – 18 Edw. 3|
|Chinese calendar||癸未年 (Water Goat)|
4040 or 3980
— to —
甲申年 (Wood Monkey)
4041 or 3981
|- Vikram Samvat||1400–1401|
|- Shaka Samvat||1265–1266|
|- Kali Yuga||4444–4445|
|Japanese calendar||Kōei 3|
|Minguo calendar||568 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1886–1887|
1470 or 1089 or 317
— to —
1471 or 1090 or 318
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1344.|
- March 26 – The Siege of Algeciras (1342–1344), one of the first European military engagements where gunpowder is used, comes to an end.
- April 17 – Constantine II, King of Armenia, is killed in an uprising and succeeded by a distant cousin Constantine III.
- May 13 – Battle of Pallene: a Christian fleet defeats a Turkish fleet at Pallene, Chalcidice.
- October 24 – Smyrniote Crusade: a Christian fleet succeeds in taking the port city of Smyrna from the Aydinid Turks.
- December 6 – Five-year-old Erik Magnusson, the eldest son of King Magnus IV of Sweden, is appointed heir to the Swedish throne, even though Sweden, at this time, is an elective monarchy.
- King Edward III of England introduces three new gold coins, the florin, leopard, and helm. Unfortunately, the amount of gold in the coins does not match their value of 6 shillings, 3 shillings, and 1 shilling and sixpence, so they have to be withdrawn and mostly melted down, by August of this year.
- The St. George's Night Uprising: The Livonian Order hangs Vesse, the rebel Estonian Elder of Saaremaa Island.
- Bablake School is founded in Coventry, England by Queen Isabella.
- The Compagnia dei Bardi in Florence goes bankrupt, along with the Peruzzi Bank and the Acciaiuoli Bank.
- A famine occurs in China.
- King Peter IV of Aragon defeats and deposes his cousin, James III of Majorca, thereby absorbing the Balearic Kingdom of Majorca into the Crown of Aragon.
- February 9 – Meinhard III, Count of Tyrol (d. 1363)
- September 18 – Marie Valois, French princess, daughter of King John II of France (d. 1404)
- October 10 – Mary Plantagenet, duchess consort of Brittany, daughter of King Edward III of England (d. 1362)
- date unknown
- January 4 – Robert de Lisle, 1st Baron Lisle, English peer (b. 1288)
- January 11 – Thomas Charlton, Bishop of Hereford, Lord High Treasurer of England, Lord Privy Seal, and Lord Chancellor of Ireland
- January 30 – William Montacute, 1st Earl of Salisbury (b. 1301)
- April 17 – Constantine II, King of Armenia (Gosdantin, Կոստանդին Բ)
- June 29 – Joan of Savoy, duchess consort of Brittany, throne claimant of Savoy (b. 1310)
- July 11 – Ulrich III, Count of Württemberg (b. c. 1286)
- July 16 – An-Nasir Ahmad, deposed Bahri Mamluk sultan of Egypt (b. 1316)
- date unknown
- probable – Simone Martini, Sienese painter (b. 1284)