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This article is about the year 1437.
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|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1400s 1410s 1420s – 1430s – 1440s 1450s 1460s|
|Years:||1434 1435 1436 – 1437 – 1438 1439 1440|
|1437 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1437 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2190|
|English Regnal year||15 Hen. 6 – 16 Hen. 6|
|Chinese calendar||丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
4133 or 4073
— to —
丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4134 or 4074
|- Vikram Samvat||1493–1494|
|- Shaka Samvat||1359–1360|
|- Kali Yuga||4538–4539|
|Japanese calendar||Eikyō 9
|Minguo calendar||475 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1979–1980|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1437.|
- February 20–21 – James I of Scotland is fatally stabbed at Perth in a failed coup by his uncle and former ally Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl.
- March 25 – In a ceremony in Holyrood Abbey, James II of Scotland is crowned at the age of six by Pope Eugene IV. For security of the crown, the capital of Scotland is moved to Edinburgh from Dunfermline.
- April 23 – Malmö in Denmark (now Sweden) receives its current coat of arms.
- September 20–October 19 – A Portuguese attempt to conquer Tangier fails and Prince Ferdinand is taken hostage.
- December 9 – Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor dies.
- Sandside Chase in the north of Scotland: Clan Mackay defeat the Clan Gunn of Caithness.
- The Kazan Khanate is established.
- Ulugh Beg's Zij-i Sultani star catalogue is published.
- March 7 – Anna of Saxony, Electress of Brandenburg (d. 1512)
- April 30 – János Thurzó, Hungarian businessman (d. 1508)
- July 22 – John Scrope, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton, English Baron (d. 1498)
- October 4 – John IV, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1463)
- date unknown – Isaac Abravanel, Jewish statesman (d. 1508)
- probable – Elizabeth Woodville, Queen consort of King Edward IV of England (d. 1492)
- January 3 – Catherine of Valois, queen of Henry V of England (b. 1401)
- January 22 – Niccolò de' Niccoli, Italian Renaissance humanist (b. 1364)
- February 21 – King James I of Scotland (b. 1394) (murdered)
- March 26 – Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl, Scottish nobleman and regicide (executed)
- June 10 – Joan, daughter of Charles the Bad, King of Navarre, widowed Queen Consort of England (born 1370)
- November 20 – Thomas Langley, cardinal bishop of Durham and lord chancellor of England (b. 1363)
- December 9 – Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1368)
- date unknown – John II Stanley of the Isle of Man