From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year 1394. For the computer interface, see IEEE 1394.
|Centuries:||13th century – 14th century – 15th century|
|Decades:||1360s 1370s 1380s – 1390s – 1400s 1410s 1420s|
|Years:||1391 1392 1393 – 1394 – 1395 1396 1397|
|1394 by topic|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1394 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2147|
|English Regnal year||17 Ric. 2 – 18 Ric. 2|
|Chinese calendar||癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
4090 or 4030
— to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
4091 or 4031
|- Vikram Samvat||1450–1451|
|- Shaka Samvat||1316–1317|
|- Kali Yuga||4495–4496|
|Japanese calendar||Meitoku 5 / Ōei 1
|Minguo calendar||518 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1936–1937|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1394.|
- June 11 – The Venetians take over possession of Argos from Despot Theodore I Palaiologos.
- September 17 – King Charles VI of France orders the expulsion of all Jews from France.
- September 28 – Antipope Benedict XIII succeeds Antipope Clement VII.
- October 10 – Battle of Karanovasa – Wallachia (now southern Romania) resists an invasion by the Ottomans and their Serb and Bulgarian vassals.
- November 29 – The capital city of the Joseon dynasty in present-day Korea is moved from Gaegyeong (now Gaeseong) to Hanseong (now Seoul).
- The Ottomans begin an eight-year siege of Constantinople in the Byzantine Empire.
- The Anadoluhisarı fortress is built by the Ottomans to defend themselves during the siege.
- Ashikaga Yoshimitsu retires as shogun of Japan and is succeeded by his son, Ashikaga Yoshimochi.
- Gyeongbokgung Palace and the Jongmyo royal ancestral shrine are built in Hanseong (now Seoul).
- After the death of Sultan Mahmud II, civil war breaks out in the Delhi Sultanate, splitting the state between east and west.
- Battle of Ros-Mhic-Thriúin: The Kingdom of Leinster, led by King Art mac Art MacMurrough-Kavanagh, defeats an invading army from England, led by King Richard II of England and Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March.
- Ştefan I succeeds Roman I as Prince of Moldavia (now Moldova and eastern Romania).
- Abu Zayyan II succeeds his brother, Abul Hadjdjadj I, as ruler of the Abdalwadid dynasty in present-day eastern Algeria.
- Yûsuf I succeeds Abd ar-Rahmân II as ruler of the Ziyanid dynasty in present-day western Algeria.
- The Ottomans conquer Thessaly (now eastern Greece).
- Abd al-Aziz II succeeds Abu al-Abbas Ahmad II as ruler of the Hafsid dynasty in present-day Tunisia.
- Richard II of England grants Geoffrey Chaucer 20 pounds a year for life for his services as a diplomat and Clerk of The King's Works.
- The Allgäuer Brauhaus brewery is founded in present-day Germany.
- The Hongwu Emperor of the Ming dynasty in China orders the Ministry of Public Works to issue a public notice that every 100 households in the lijia system are to set aside 2 mu (1,390 m2) of land for planting mulberry and jujube trees.
- March 4 – Prince Henry the Navigator, Portuguese patron of exploration (d. 1460)
- July 12 – Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (d. 1441)
- July 25 – James I of Scotland (d. 1437)
- November 24 – Charles, Duke of Orléans, French poet (d. 1465)
- December 10 – King James I of Scotland (d. 1437)
- date unknown
- March 17 – Louis, Count of Enghien, Count of Conversano and Brienne
- March 24 – Constance of Castile, claimant to the throne of Castile
- June 4 – Mary de Bohun, wife of Henry IV of England
- June 7 – Anne of Bohemia, queen of Richard II of England (plague) (b. 1366)
- July 24 – Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan, Scottish prince (b. 1343)
- August 27 – Former Emperor Chōkei of Japan (b. 1343)
- September 16 – Antipope Clement VII (b. 1342)
- date unknown