June

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This article is about the month. For other uses, see June (disambiguation).
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June (Listeni/n/ joon) is the sixth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and one of the four months with a length of 30 days. June is the month with the longest daylight hours of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and the shortest daylight hours of the year in the Southern Hemisphere. June in the Northern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent to December in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa. In the Northern hemisphere, the beginning of the meteorological summer is 21 June. In the Southern hemisphere, the beginning of the meteorological winter is 21 June.[citation needed]

At the start of June, the sun rises in the constellation of Taurus; at the end of June, the sun rises in the constellation of Gemini. However, due to the precession of the equinoxes, June begins with the sun in the astrological sign of Gemini, and ends with the sun in the astrological sign of Cancer.[citation needed]

No months start on the same day of the week of June in common or leap years. This month and May are the only two months to have this property. June ends on the same day of the week as March in all years. In all years, June starts on the same day of the week as February of the following year, in years immediately before common years, June starts the same day of the week as March and November of the following year, in years immediately before leap years, June starts on the same day of the week as August of the following year. In years immediately before common years, June ends on the same day of the week as August and November of the following year and in years immediately before leap years, June ends on the same day of the week as May of the following year. In common years, June starts on the same day of the week as September and December of the previous year while in leap years, June starts on the same day of the week as April and July of the previous year. In common years, June finishes on the same day of the week as September of the previous year while in leap years, June finishes on the same day of the week as April and December of the previous year.

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Etymology and History[edit]

The Latin name for June is Junius. Ovid offers multiple etymologies for the name in the Fasti, a poem about the Roman calendar. The first is that the month is named after the Roman goddess Juno, the goddess of marriage and the wife of the supreme deity Jupiter; the second is that the name comes from the Latin word iuniores, meaning "younger ones", as opposed to maiores ("elders") for which the preceding month May (Maius) may be named.[1]

In ancient Rome, the period from mid-May through mid-June was considered inauspicious for marriage. Ovid says that he consulted the Flaminica Dialis, the high priestess of Jupiter, about setting a date for his daughter's wedding, and was advised to wait till after June 15.[2] Plutarch, however, implies that the entire month of June was more favorable for weddings than May.[3]

Events in June[edit]

June, from the Très riches heures du duc de Berry
Trooping the Colour is celebrated in June in London

Month-long observances[edit]

Movable observances[edit]

Bicycling month[edit]

One Week Before June 12[edit]

Third Week[edit]

First Monday (2015: June 1)[edit]

First Friday (2015 date: June 5)[edit]

First Saturday (2015 date: June 6)[edit]

First Sunday (2015 date: June 7)[edit]

Second Thursday (2015 date: June 11)[edit]

A Saturday (2015 date: June 13)[edit]

Second Saturday: 2015 date: June 13[edit]

Second Sunday (2015 date: June 14)[edit]

Monday before Father's Day in the United States (2015: June 15)[edit]

Monday after the second Saturday (2015 date: June 15)[edit]

Second Monday (2015 date: June 15)[edit]

Singapore International Water Week (starts June 16[edit]

Friday between June 19–25 (2015 date: June 19)[edit]

Saturday between June 20–25 (2015 date June 20)[edit]

National Famine Commemoration Day (2015 date: June 20[edit]

Saturday nearest Summer Solstice (2015 date, June 21)[edit]

Solstice (June 21)[edit]

Summer Solstice in the Northern Hemisphere[edit]
Winter Solstice in the Southern Hemisphere[edit]

Third Sunday (2015 date: June 21)[edit]

Monday Nearest to June 24 (2015 date: June 22)[edit]

Friday Following Father's Day (2015 date: June 26[edit]

Last Saturday (2015 date: June 27)[edit]

A Saturday (2015 date: June 27)[edit]

Last Sunday (2015 date: June 28)[edit]

Sunday Nearest to June 29 (2015 date: June 28)[edit]

Easter Date based[edit]

2015 dates[edit]
Western Christianity[edit]
Eastern Christianity[edit]
2016 dates[edit]
Western Christianity[edit]
Eastern Christianity[edit]

Fixed Observances on non-Gregorian calendars[edit]

2015[edit]
2016[edit]

Fixed observances[edit]

June symbols[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ovid, Fasti VI.1–88; H.H. Scullard, Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic (Cornell University Press, 1981), p. 126.
  2. ^ Scullard, Festivals and Ceremonies, p. 126.
  3. ^ Karen K. Hersch, The Roman Wedding: Ritual and Meaning in Antiquity (Cambridge University Press, 2010), p. 47.