1973 Indianapolis 500

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57th Indianapolis 500
Indy500winningcar1973.JPG
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Indianapolis 500
Sanctioning bodyUSAC
Season1973 USAC Trail
DateMay 28-29-30, 1973
WinnerGordon Johncock
Winning teamPatrick Racing
Average speed159.036 mph (255.944 km/h)
Pole positionJohnny Rutherford
Pole speed198.413 mph (319.315 km/h)
Fastest qualifierJohnny Rutherford
Rookie of the YearGraham McRae
Most laps ledGordon Johncock (64)
Pre-race ceremonies
National anthemPurdue Band
"Back Home Again in Indiana"Jim Nabors
Starting CommandTony Hulman
Pace carCadillac Eldorado
Pace car driverJim Rathmann
StarterPat Vidan[1]
Estimated attendance300,000 (Mon.)[2]
200,000 (Tue.)[3]
125,000 (Wed.)[4]
TV in the United States
NetworkABC
AnnouncersJim McKay, Jackie Stewart, Chris Economaki
Nielsen Ratings16.5 / 30
Chronology
Previous Next
1972 1974

The 57th 500 Mile International Sweepstakes was held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana, on Wednesday, May 30, 1973. The race was held over three days due to rain and suffered two major accidents. Three competitors - two drivers and one pit crew member - were killed during the month as a result of accidents, and another driver was critically injured. After 133 laps (332​12 miles), rain halted the race, and Gordon Johncock was declared the winner. It was the first of two Indy triumphs for Johncock (1973, 1982).

Going into the month, the mood was bright and excitement was high for record speeds. Competitors, media, and fans were eagerly anticipating the possibility of breaking the elusive and daunting 200 mph barrier during time trials. The month took a turn, however, when driver Art Pollard was killed in a crash during a practice session on May 12. Later that same day, Johnny Rutherford set a new track record during time trials. His best lap at 199.071 mph fell just short of breaking the highly sought-after speed barrier. Despite Rutherford's headlines on pole day, the mood meanwhile around the garage area was becoming anxious and uncertain. Fears were growing about rising speeds and safety. Inclement weather was also interfering.

The race was scheduled for Monday May 28, but was aborted due to a major accident at the start. Driver David "Salt" Walther was critically injured and numerous spectators required hospitalization. Rain washed out the rest of the afternoon, and washed out any chance to hold the race on Tuesday May 29 as well. Only a fraction of the typical Indy crowd arrived to watch the race by the time it was run on Wednesday May 30.

The Wednesday race suffered two separate fatal accidents. The first involved driver David "Swede" Savage; the second, pit crew member Armando Teran. Both occurred at lap 59 of the race. Due to the tragic circumstances, relentless weather problems, rain-shortened finish, and overall glum mood during the month, the 1973 race is widely considered the worst year for the running of the Indianapolis 500. In contemporary accounts, the race had been called "jinxed" by Dan Gurney, Chris Economaki and Jim McKay.[5]

National media opinions, as well as those from team owners and crew, were highly critical in the aftermath of the race, focusing namely on inadequate safety measures.[6][7] The circumstances led to sweeping rule changes by USAC, some made effective for the Pocono 500 four weeks later. Numerous safety improvements were made to the Indianapolis Motor Speedway track itself which would be completed for 1974.

Off the track, the Speedway had completed construction of its first VIP Suites outside of turn two. Following in the footsteps of Ontario Motor Speedway, Indianapolis becomes the second major racing facility to feature luxury boxes.[8]

Race schedule[edit]

In 1971, the Uniform Monday Holiday Act took effect, moving Memorial Day from the fixed date of May 30 to the final Monday in May. For 1971-1972, the race was scheduled for the Saturday of Memorial Day weekend. The Speedway still maintained a policy of not holding the race on Sunday. For 1973, the race was scheduled for the Monday Memorial Day holiday itself.

The 500 Festival Committee had a desire to move their annual parade downtown to Saturday afternoon. Previously it had been held at night during the week. For 1973, the parade was held Saturday, the public driver's meeting was scheduled for Sunday, and the race was scheduled for Monday. A decision had been made that starting in 1974, the race would ultimately move to Sunday.[9]

Race schedule — April/May, 1973
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat
22
 
23
 
24
 
25
 
26
 
27
 
28
Practice
29
Practice
30
Practice
1
Practice
2
Practice
3
Practice
4
Practice
5
Practice
6
Practice
7
Practice
8
Practice
9
Practice
10
Practice
11
Practice
12
Pole Day
13
Time Trials
14
Practice
15
Practice
16
Practice
17
Practice
18
Practice
19
Time Trials
20
Bump Day
21
 
22
 
23
 
24
Carb Day
25
 
26
Parade
27
Meeting
28
Indy 500
11:00 a.m.
29
Indy 500
9:00 a.m.
30
Indy 500
9:00 a.m.
31
 

 

 
Color Notes
Green Practice
Dark Blue Time trials
Silver Race day
Red Rained out*
Blank No track activity

* Includes days where track
activity was significantly
limited due to rain

Practice and time trials[edit]

Practice[edit]

Just one year prior, USAC began allowing bolt-on wings. The increased downforce increased lap speeds nearly 30 miles per hour in just three years. The dramatic rise went from 170 mph in 1970, to flirting with the 200 mph barrier for 1973. During Goodyear tire tests in late March, Gordon Johncock set an unofficial track record of 199.4 mph.[10] Experts and officials agree that the safety features in the cars were not prepared for the speeds attained. In addition, engine development with the turbocharged version of the venerable I-4 Offenhauser had resulted in horsepower readings in high-boost qualifying trim in excess of 1,100 hp. According to Mario Andretti, this was sufficient to induce rear wheelspin on the 1/8-mile "short chutes" between turns 1 and 2 and turns 3 and 4—an unnerving sensation for even the bravest, most skilled and experienced of drivers.

The track opened on Saturday April 28 with Gary Bettenhausen earning the honor of first driver on the track. Rain and winds plagued practice during the first week, while drivers started creeping up the speed chart. On Monday April 30, chief steward Harlan Fengler lifted the 180 mph speed limit and speeds climbed quickly. Gordon Johncock set an unofficial lap of over 190 mph to set the early pace. Johnny Rutherford was another member of the "190 mph club" with several laps in the mid-190 mph range. On May 5, Swede Savage upped the speed chart to 197.802 mph, inching closer to the elusive 200 mph mark.

On Sunday May 6, three drivers left the grounds to race in the NASCAR Winston 500 at Talladega. A huge crash, described as the worst crash in the history of NASCAR, put Bobby Allison and Gordon Johncock out of that race. Dick Simon, however, escaped the incident, with Simon coming home 7th. All three would return to qualify at Indy.

Rain and high winds kept speeds down in the second week of practice. Mario Andretti turned a lap of 192.967 mph on Thursday May 10. The final day of practice before pole day was Friday May 11. From April 28—May 11, there were only three accidents reported in practice that involved wall contact, none of which caused serious injuries.

By the eve of pole day, no drivers had eclipsed the 200 mph barrier according to published reports, but conditions were favorable for pole day, and anticipation was high.

Pole Day – Saturday May 12[edit]

Pole day dawned sunny with high temperatures in the 70s (°F). Brief showers put out the yellow light a few times during the day, but did not significantly affect the proceedings. An enormous crowd estimated at 250,000 arrived, anticipating the first ever 200 mph lap at Indy. Practice opened promptly at 9:00 a.m., but was quickly marred by the crash of Art Pollard. At 9:37 a.m., Pollard hit the outside wall in turn 1, spun to the inside, then flipped over, coming to a rest in turn two with flames and heavy damage. Pollard suffered pulmonary damage due to flame inhalation, and burns over his hands, face, and neck, as well as a fractured right arm. He was pronounced dead at Methodist Hospital one hour after the crash.

Despite the crash, time trials began on time at 11 a.m. Peter Revson was the first driver in the field, with a fast run of 192.606 mph. The next car out, Gary Bettenhausen, upped the mark to 195.599 mph, just short of the existing track record.

At 12:29 p.m., Swede Savage took to the track, and was the first to set records. His first lap of 197.152 mph set a one-lap record, and his four-lap speed of 196.582 mph was also a record. The run put him tentatively on the pole.

At 1:37 p.m., Johnny Rutherford took to the track, and electrified the crowd into a frenzy. His third lap of 199.071 mph was just 0.21 seconds shy of the elusive 200 mph barrier. his four-lap average of 198.413 mph secured the pole position.

Defending race winner Mark Donohue squeezed onto the front row with a run of 197.413 mph. In the final hour, Bobby Unser was the last driver of the day with a shot at history. He came close to Rutherford, but his four-lap average of 198.183 mph was good enough only for second starting position.

At the end of the day, the field was filled to 24 cars. A. J. Foyt (188.927 mph) and Sam Posey (187.921 mph) were the two slowest. Foyt, who was over 192 mph during the week, waved off once, and had to settle for a slow run.

Second day – Sunday May 13[edit]

A fairly busy second day of time trials saw six cars added to the field without incident. John Martin (194.384 mph) was the fastest of the day. Posey and Foyt were still the two slowest cars in the field.

Third Day – Saturday May 19[edit]

Rain kept cars off the track for most of the day. Lightning, hail, and a tornado warning, emptied the grandstands at 3 p.m. In the final ten minutes, two cars (Tom Bigelow and Sammy Sessions) made it out on the track for qualifying attempts, but neither were successful. Bigelow spun on his warm up lap, and Sessions waved off.

Bump Day – Sunday May 20[edit]

With three spots left open in the field, the final day of time trials was expected to be busy, but saw only moderate action. Sammy Sessions was the first car out, and completed his run, slightly slower than his run a day earlier. After a down period in the mid-afternoon, the field was filled to 33 cars at 5:37 p.m. Tom Bigelow was on the bubble.

With 15 minutes left in the day. Jim McElreath bumped out Tom Bigelow. Sam Posey was now on the bubble. Next out was Jim Hurtubise, but he was 4 mph too slow. With one minute left before the 6 o'clock gun, George Snider got in a Foyt backup car. A fast run of 190.355 mph bumped Posey, and the field was set.

Starting grid[edit]

Row Inside Middle Outside
1 United States Johnny Rutherford United States Bobby Unser (W) United States Mark Donohue (W)
2 United States Swede Savage United States Gary Bettenhausen United States Mario Andretti (W)
3 United States Steve Krisiloff United States Al Unser (W) United States Jimmy Caruthers
4 United States Peter Revson United States Gordon Johncock United States Bobby Allison (R)
5 New Zealand Graham McRae (R) United States Roger McCluskey United States Lloyd Ruby
6 United States Bill Vukovich II United States Salt Walther United States Jerry Grant
7 United States Mel Kenyon United States Wally Dallenbach Sr. United States Mike Mosley
8 United Kingdom David Hobbs United States A. J. Foyt (W) United States John Martin
9 United States Lee Kunzman United States Mike Hiss United States Dick Simon
10 United States Jerry Karl (R) United States Joe Leonard United States George Snider
11 United States Bob Harkey United States Sammy Sessions United States Jim McElreath

Alternates[edit]

  • First alternate: Sam Posey (#34) – Bumped (Posey was disqualified and stripped of first alternate status)
  • Second alternate: Tom Bigelow (R) (#27)

Failed to qualify[edit]

Rain delay[edit]

Monday May 28 – Salt Walther crash[edit]

On race day, a crowd estimated at 350,000[12] waited as morning rain delayed the proceedings for four hours and four minutes from its original scheduled time of 11:00 a.m.. Tony Hulman gave the command to start engines just after 3:00 p.m., and the field pulled away for the pace laps. Bob Harkey's car did not fire, and his crew wheeled the car back to the pits. It was discovered earlier in the day that the engine had failed, and rather than withdraw (and give their starting spot to Tom Bigelow, the first alternate), the crew gridded the car as normal. They worked on the car briefly to give the impression that the engine failed when the starting command was given.

At the start, an 11-car accident on the main stretch stopped the race immediately. As the green flag fell, Steve Krisiloff's car developed ignition problems and slowed on the front straightaway, falling back to parallel with the fifth row by the time he crossed the start/finish line[13]. This caused the rest of the field behind Krisiloff to shuffle towards the outside to avoid the slowing car. Seconds later in the sixth row, just past the start/finish line, Salt Walther tangled wheels with Jerry Grant, climbed over Grant's left-front wheel, overturned in the air and slammed into the catch fence. The car cut a 70-foot chunk out of the fence on impact before being thrown back onto the track by the reinforcing cables positioned behind the fence[14]. The impact ripped open Walther's fuel tank, sending burning fuel into the grandstand and dousing many spectators. Eleven grandstand spectators were injured,[15] and nine required hospitalization.[12] As the front of Walther's car dug into the fence, the nose was also sheared off and Walther's legs were exposed. The car landed back on the racing surface upside-down, and spun wildly down the main stretch, spraying burning fuel in all directions. The spinning car was hit by at least two other cars, and a total of at least ten other cars became involved in the crash, including: Wally Dallenbach, Mike Hiss, Lee Kunzman, John Martin, David Hobbs, Mike Mosley, Jim McElreath and Dick Simon. Several cars were damaged extensively, and debris and burning fuel now littered the track. Kunzman later recalled that he thought he had been blinded by hitting the burning fuel until his car stopped and he flipped up his visor, as the intense heat had crinkled it so severely, he could not see where he was going [16].

Walther's car came to rest upside-down near the pit exit. Walther suffered severe burns and injuries to his hands. The race was red-flagged, and the start was negated. Safety crews attended to the crash scene, aided injured spectators, and also started repairing the catch fence. The other drivers involved in the crash suffered only minor injuries (one report listed John Martin, Mike Hiss and Lee Kunzman as being treated for minor injuries at the track field hospital and released[17]), but Walther was transported to Methodist Hospital, and would remain hospitalized for months thereafter. Before all the cleanup and the repairs could be completed, rain began to fall again. The rest of the day was washed out, and officials rescheduled the start for 9:00 a.m. Tuesday.

Tuesday May 29[edit]

On Tuesday May 29, the scheduled start time of the race was 9:00 a.m. At dawn, the skies were reported as clear, but soon after, rain fell in the morning hours, delaying any attempt to start until 10:15 a.m. Attendance was visibly down from Monday and estimated at approximately 175,000-200,000.[15][18]

Officials announced that the race would restart from scratch, and the single lap driven by some of the cars on Monday would not count in the scoring. Cars would be gridded in their original starting positions, sans Walther, who was credited with 33rd place. All cars involved in Monday's crash were allowed to make repairs, and Bob Harkey's team was able to install a new engine. Therefore, Tuesday's race start had 32 of the 33 race entrants ready for the start.

A heated pre-race meeting was held with the drivers and officials, and the subject of the crash and the speed of the pace car at the start was the focus. Drivers were complaining that the pace of the start (80 mph) was too slow, and pointed to the ragged start of 1972 as well as reason to increase the pace car speed to 100 mph.

The command to fire engines was given a shortly after 10 o'clock, and the field of 32 pulled away for the warm-up laps. On the second parade lap, a light rain began to fall, and the track was red-flagged. The cars were halted on the main stretch to wait out the shower. Rain continued to fall most of the day. Many fans headed for the exits, and crews wheeled the cars back to the garage area yet again. During the delay, a pick-up soccer game broke out on the pit lane. At 1:48 p.m., the race was postponed until Wednesday.

Wednesday May 30[edit]

On Wednesday, morning rain threatened to wash out the race for an unprecedented third day in a row. Estimates put the Wednesday attendance as low as 20,000,[12] 35,000,[19] or 50-60,000,[15] and rain check tickets were no longer asked for at the gate.[15] However, at least one estimate put the total attendance at 125,000 once the race got going.[4] After over two days of revelry, the infield was overwhelmed with mud and garbage. The grandstands and bathrooms were littered with trash, walkways and parking areas were flooded. The health department overseeing the race even threatened to keep the race from running at all if it was rained out again on Wednesday, due to the deteriorating conditions of the infield.[15]

The mood around the garage area was glum. Crews were exhausted, and drivers were apprehensive. It was now the longest rain delay in Indy 500 history. Johnny Rutherford later quipped that if a poll had been taken around the garage area, the consensus would have been to leave and move on to the next race at Milwaukee. Media had already nicknamed the race the "72 Hours of Indianapolis", a play on the 24 Hours of Le Mans. The cars had sat mostly idle for the past nine days (except for Carburation Day practice), raising separate concerns about potential mechanical problems.

The delays at Indianapolis were beginning to have cascade effects on the schedule. Due to the delay, USAC elected to postpone the next race of the season at Milwaukee June 3 to June 10.[18]

The May 30 scheduled start time of the race was 9:00 a.m.. At midday, the sun finally came out for a few hours, and the track surface dried enough for a race start at 2:10 p.m.

Race running[edit]

Start[edit]

On the pace lap, the car of David Hobbs began smoking heavily. He pitted, and later rejoined the race.

The first 58 laps were run with only two brief cautions, for minor incidents. However, there was considerable attrition. Bobby Unser took the lead at the start, and led the first 39 laps. Bobby Allison blew his engine at the completion of the first lap, Peter Revson brushed the wall in turn four on lap 3, and Mario Andretti broke a piston on lap 4, driving for Parnelli Jones's #11 car.

The first yellow light came out on lap 17 when Bob Harkey's engine seized. It spilled oil, causing him to spin out and stall on the backstretch. Mark Donohue was the only one of the leaders that chose to pit during the yellow. Bobby Unser continued to lead, with Gordon Johncock running second, and Johnny Rutherford third. A. J. Foyt coasted to a stop in the pits after 37 laps with a broken rod bolt. Bobby Unser made his first pit stop on lap 40, briefly handing the lead to Johncock. Unser's pit stop dragged on for almost 45 seconds, and Swede Savage took over third.

Johncock led laps 40-42, then made a pit stop. The lead was assumed by Swede Savage on lap 43, with Al Unser now second. Joe Leonard brought out the yellow for two minutes when he spun on lap 45 in the north chute between turns 3 and 4. Savage and Al Unser battled closely for several laps, with the lapped car of Roger McCluskey also in the mix. Unser was able to get by McCluskey on the backstretch on lap 53. He then made a slingshot pass around Savage for the lead going into turn one on lap 54.

On lap 55, Johnny Rutherford was given the black flag and went to the pits to check for leaking fluid. At the same time, Mark Donohue's car slowed and he went to the pits (and later dropped out) with a bad piston.

By lap 57, only 22 cars of the starting field of 33 were on track.

Swede Savage crash and Armando Teran[edit]

On the 57th lap, Swede Savage made a pit stop. His car was filled with 70 gallons (500 lb.) of fuel and fitted with a new right rear tire. On lap 59,[20] Savage was in 2nd place, a few seconds behind race leader Al Unser. As Unser committed to a lap 59 pit stop ahead of him, Savage lost control of his car as he exited turn four. The car twitched back and forth, and then slid across to the inside of the track at nearly top speed. It hit the angled inside wall nearly head-on. The force of the impact, with the car carrying a full load of fuel, caused the car to explode in a plume of flame. The force of the fuel exploding was so great that some structural rivets were blown rearward out of the car. The engine and transaxle tumbled end-over-end to the pit lane entrance while Savage, still strapped in his seat, was thrown back across the circuit. Savage came to rest adjacent to the outer retaining wall, fully conscious and completely exposed while he sat in a pool of flaming methanol fuel.[citation needed] The other cars on the track quickly stopped in turn four, as the track was completely blocked with debris and fire. A red flag stopped the race at 3:05 p.m..

Track and safety crews immediately descended onto the crash scene to aid Savage. One fire truck, driven by fire/safety truck driver Jerry Flake, was signaled to head to the scene by Cleon Reynolds, the Chief of the Speedway Fire Department. Flake was stationed at the south end of the pits, and would have to traverse the pit lane 'against traffic' to reach the Savage crash as quickly as possible. Driving a safety vehicle against the flow of racing and pit traffic was permissible in the USAC safety rules of 1973, and Reynolds' hand signal to Flake specifically instructed him to do exactly this. Flake reported "laying on the horn" and slow progress through the pit lane as people were in the way.[21]

As Flake began speeding toward Savage's crash via the pit lane, numerous pit crew members from several teams would move to cross pit lane, toward the grass infield at trackside. Among those who did was George Bignotti, chief mechanic for Gordon Johncock, and 22-year-old Armando Teran, pit board man for Graham McRae. "I had just crossed the lane," Bignotti begins.[20] Flake, driving northbound in pit lane at high speed, describes what he saw: "All of a sudden things cleared up on the pit road and I had a clear shot all the way up to Savage's car which I could see burning. Then out of nowhere, a guy was in front of me..."[21]

Flake's truck struck Teran, his body tossed about 50 feet, an impact violent enough to knock him out of his shoes. As Bignotti relays it, "I heard the car coming, and - whap - it hit him."[20] The incident was easily seen by thousands of spectators, as it occurred on the pit lane at the start/finish line. Teran suffered crushed ribs and a broken skull, and although he lived through the initial impact, he died shortly afterward after being transported to Methodist Hospital.[20]

It was erroneously reported by media that Flake was at fault in the Teran collision because of driving against racing traffic; in 1973, safety trucks were permitted to drive in the opposite direction of the racing cars as Flake had done. The following year, USAC specifically prohibited safety trucks from driving in the opposite direction.[21] For Teran's part, there was no rule forbidding him from leaving the pit wall, as a team's pit board, or "chalkboard" man, either.[22]

Finish[edit]

Savage was taken to the hospital with serious injuries, but was in stable condition. One hour and eleven minutes after the accident, the debris was cleaned up, and the race was resumed. After witnessing the Savage crash, a disconsolate George Snider decided to climb out of his car for the day, and turned it over to A. J. Foyt, his car owner.[23] Foyt himself had already dropped out on lap 37, and was standing by in case he was needed for relief.

The race restarted with Al Unser leading, and attrition continued to take a toll on the field. On lap 73, Jimmy Caruthers blew his engine, and a connecting rod flew out, punctured, and violently blew his right front tire on the main stretch. He was able to maintain control of the car, and coasted around to the pit area. Al Unser's day ended with a blown engine on lap 75, and Gordon Johncock, another of Savage's Patrick Racing/STP teammates, assumed the lead.

In quick succession, seven cars dropped out between laps 91 and 101, including Bobby Unser, A. J. Foyt (in George Snider's car), and Dick Simon. The race finally reached the halfway point, and became official upon the completion of lap 101. By this time, only eleven cars were still running, just two on the lead lap. Gordon Johncock was leading and Bill Vukovich II had climbed all the way up to second position. Track officials began assembling victory lane, as dark skies were looming, evening was soon approaching, and they did not expect the race to go the full distance.

Jerry Karl, after about two hours of repairs in the pits, rejoined the race running over 100 laps down. He was able to move up to 26th place.

On the 129th lap a light rain began to fall, and the yellow light came on with Gordon Johncock leading. Only eleven cars were still on the track. After 133 laps, at about 5:30 p.m., the rain started to fall much harder, forcing the race to be stopped. A short time later, officials declared the race complete, with Johncock the winner. Johncock led the most laps with a total of 64.

The 1973 race was the shortest "500" on record at the time (332.5 miles), with the exception of the 1916 race, which was actually scheduled for 300 miles. Three years later, the 1976 race was halted at an even shorter distance (255 miles).

The traditional victory banquet was canceled, and the victory celebration was muted. Johncock left the track soon after the race to visit Swede Savage at the hospital, with team owner Pat Patrick. Johncock and Patrick ended the day with a "victory dinner" which consisted of sharing fast food hamburgers at a Burger Chef just east of Indianapolis Motor Speedway.[24]

Aftermath[edit]

The race and its safety concerns caused immediate uproar among racing owners, crew, and track owners. Two days after the race, team owner Andy Granatelli (whose car, driven by Johncock, won the race), declared that he would withdraw from USAC racing in 1974 unless changes were made.[25] On June 2, Dr. Joseph Mattioli of Pocono International Raceway was calling for USAC to make changes "(restricting) speeds of the race car so that we can once again have auto races that are competitive, exciting, and relatively safe" for the next 500-mile race on the USAC schedule in early July.[26]

USAC acted quickly. On the evening of June 2, 1973, the weekend after the race, USAC held an unscheduled meeting,[27] revising rules. The large rear wings used in 1972–73 were cut back in size (from 64 inches to 55), fuel tank capacity was drastically reduced (from 75 gallons to 40) and the allowable fuel to be consumed in a 500-mile race was reduced from 375 gallons to 340. Those changes were designed to slow the cars down. USAC also created a rule specifically disallowing the pit sign carrier from leaving his post as Teran did, for the duration of a race. (The pit signs have been replaced by two-way radio communication, and by 2014 were prohibited during the race.)[22] All of these rule changes were effective as of the Pocono 500 to be held on July 1, 1973. USAC also delayed the Rex Mays 150 race in Milwaukee one week, to June 9–10, because of the lengthy delay in running the Indianapolis 500 race.

On July 2, 33 days after his on track injury, Swede Savage died in the hospital from complications arising from his injuries and treatment. Savage's cause of death has never been fully explained. Reports in the aftermath of his death say he died of kidney failure. Others say that Savage died from lung failure. The most credible explanation of Savage's death is by CART Medical Director, Dr. Steve Olvey, who said in his autobiography, Rapid Response, that the cause of death was an infection of hepatitis B from contaminated plasma.[citation needed]

At Indianapolis Motor Speedway, several changes were made for the 1974 race. The angled inside wall at the northwest corner of the track (which had also played a role in the Dave MacDonald/Eddie Sachs double-fatality in 1964) was removed, and the pit entrance was widened. Retaining walls and catch fences were improved around the track. In addition, the spectator areas were moved back away from the track, and many rows of "trackside" seats were removed. There was not another on-track fatality at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway until 1982.

As of 2018, Savage's death in 1973 is the last fatality at the Speedway that occurred as a result of a crash during the race itself. It would not be until the 2010 MotoGP race weekend that a fatality occurred during an actual race at the Speedway.

Box score[edit]

Finish Start No Name Qual Laps Status Points
1 11 20 United States Gordon Johncock 192.555 133 Running under caution; lead lap 1000
2 16 2 United States Bill Vukovich II 191.103 133 Running under caution; lead lap 800
3 14 3 United States Roger McCluskey 191.929 131 +2 laps 700
4 19 19 United States Mel Kenyon 190.224 131 +2 laps 600
5 5 5 United States Gary Bettenhausen 195.599 130 +3 laps 500
6 7 24 United States Steve Krisiloff 194.932 129 +4 laps 400
7 25 16 United States Lee Kunzman 193.092 127 +6 laps 300
8 24 89 United States John Martin 194.385 124 +9 laps 250
9 1 7 United States Johnny Rutherford 198.413 124 +9 laps 200
10 21 98 United States Mike Mosley 189.753 120 Rod bolt 150
11 22 73 United Kingdom David Hobbs 189.454 107 +26 laps
12 30 84 United States George Snider
(Relieved by A. J. Foyt; Laps 59-101)
190.355 101 Gearbox 14
13 2 8 United States Bobby Unser (W) 198.183 100 Blown engine
14 27 44 United States Dick Simon 191.276 100 Piston
15 3 66 United States Mark Donohue (W) 197.412 92 Piston
16 13 60 New Zealand Graham McRae (R) 192.030 91 Header
17 26 6 United States Mike Hiss 191.939 91 Drive train
18 29 1 United States Joe Leonard 189.953 91 Wheel
19 18 48 United States Jerry Grant 190.235 77 Blown engine
20 8 4 United States Al Unser (W) 194.879 75 Piston
21 9 21 United States Jimmy Caruthers 194.217 73 Suspension
22 4 40 United States Swede Savage 196.582 59 Fatal crash (turn four)
23 33 35 United States Jim McElreath 188.640 54 Blown engine
24 20 62 United States Wally Dallenbach Sr. 190.200 48 Broken rod
25 23 14 United States A. J. Foyt (W) 188.927 37 Rod bolt
26 28 30 United States Jerry Karl (R) 190.799 22 +111 laps
27 15 18 United States Lloyd Ruby 191.622 21 Piston
28 32 9 United States Sammy Sessions 188.986 17 Out of oil
29 31 28 United States Bob Harkey 189.734 12 Seized engine
30 6 11 United States Mario Andretti (W) 195.059 4 Piston
31 10 15 United States Peter Revson 192.607 3 Crash (turn four)
32 12 12 United States Bobby Allison (R) 192.308 1 Rod
33 17 77 United States Salt Walther 190.739 0 Crash (front straightaway)

Race statistics[edit]

Tire participation chart
Supplier No. of starters
Goodyear 26*
Firestone 7 
* – Denotes race winner

Broadcasting[edit]

Radio[edit]

The race was carried live on the IMS Radio Network. Sid Collins served as chief announcer and Fred Agabashian served as "driver expert," replacing Len Sutton. Fred Agabashian returned after a six-year absence. The race was held over three days, and the network covered activities live on all three days.

This would be Mike Ahern's final race with the network crew. For 1973, the turn two reporting location was moved to the new VIP Suites, which had just been constructed. Bob Forbes served as wireless roving reporter, concentrating on the garage area.

At the conclusion of the race, Lou Palmer reported from victory lane.

Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network
Booth Announcers Turn Reporters Pit/garage reporters

Chief Announcer: Sid Collins
Driver expert: Fred Agabashian
Statistician: John DeCamp
Historian: Donald Davidson

Turn 1: Mike Ahern
Turn 2: Howdy Bell
Backstretch: Doug Zink
Turn 3: Ron Carrell
Turn 4: Jim Shelton

Chuck Marlowe (north)
Luke Walton (center)
Lou Palmer (south)
Bob Forbes (garages)

Television[edit]

The race was carried in the United States on ABC Sports on a same-day tape delay basis. The race was scheduled to air on Monday May 28 at 9 p.m. EDT for a two-hour same-day tape delay broadcast. However, the race suffered the crash of Salt Walther and rain prevented it from being restarted. After showing a brief program showing Walther's crash, the network filled the rest of the two-hour time period with a movie instead. On Tuesday May 29, the race was to be rescheduled for 9 a.m., but it was again rained out as well. On Wednesday May 30, the race was finally held, and ABC planned to air the broadcast in primetime on Wednesday night at 8 p.m. EDT. The broadcast featured a rebroadcast of Monday's aborted attempt at a start, as well as the conclusion on Wednesday.

Analyst Jackie Stewart was to be the color commentator, but was only able to be at the grounds on Monday and Tuesday as he left the Speedway Wednesday for Formula One commitments at the 1973 Monaco Grand Prix. Chris Economaki substituted for Stewart in the booth on Wednesday. On Wednesday, Chris Schenkel rode and reported from inside the pace car.

Because of the long delay after Swede Savage's accident, some of the later portions of the race were still being edited as the beginning of the race was being broadcast.

The race was billed on ABC as "Goodyear Presents the Indianapolis 500 Race."

The broadcast re-aired on ESPN Classic for the first time on August 12, 2011. The broadcast was slightly edited from the original airing, as a scene in the immediate aftermath of Armando Teran's fatal accident was omitted. The broadcast was shown again on ESPN Classic on May 30, 2013 (the 40th anniversary).

ABC Television
Booth Announcers Pit/garage reporters

Host: Chris Schenkel
Announcer: Jim McKay
Color: Jackie Stewart (Mon. & Tues.)
Color: Chris Economaki (Wed.)

Dave Diles
Don Hein

Documentary films[edit]

Several documentary films were also produced discussing the 1973 Indianapolis 500.[28] These include:

The 200 MPH Barrier, narrated by Ralph Camargo, Dynamic Films (for Ashland Oil)

Catastrophe, narrated by William Conrad (the 1973 Indianapolis 500 is one of the film's subjects)

Fire and Rain, for the STP-sponsored Patrick Racing teams (Johncock, McRae, Savage), Allend'or Productions

The Longest May, narrated by Tom Carnegie, McGraw-Hill productions

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fox, Jack C. (1994). The Illustrated History of the Indianapolis 500 1911-1994 (4th ed.). Carl Hungness Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 0-915088-05-3.
  2. ^ Devens, Jeff (May 29, 1973). "Wet, Wild Infield 'Horde' Waited And Watched". The Indianapolis Star. p. 6. Retrieved June 2, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.open access publication – free to read
  3. ^ Marquette, Ray (May 30, 1973). "Twice-Postponed Race Ready For 9 A.M. Try If Weatherman Agrees". The Indianapolis Star. p. 1. Retrieved June 2, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.open access publication – free to read
  4. ^ a b Marquette, Ray (May 31, 1973). "Shortest '500' Goes 133 Laps". The Indianapolis Star. p. 1. Retrieved June 2, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.open access publication – free to read
  5. ^ Indy 1973 ABC News Report
  6. ^ Grimsley, Will (1973-05-30). "Lack of safety devices scored". The Windsor Star. Retrieved 2013-10-23.
  7. ^ "Indianapolis 500 race lunacy; savage aberration". AP/Ottawa Citizen. 1973-06-01. Retrieved 2013-10-23.
  8. ^ "Hulman Is Force behind Indy 500". The Telegraph. 1973-05-15. Retrieved 2012-05-14.
  9. ^ This was mentioned during the IMS Radio Network Broadcast; and thus was not a response to the tragic circumstances of the 1973 race.
  10. ^ 1973 Daily Trackside Report - #4, 5/1/73
  11. ^ "1973 International 500 Mile Sweepstakes". ChampCarStats.com. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  12. ^ a b c Britt, Bloys (1973-05-31). "Johncock Wins Rain-Shortened Indy 500". Schenectady Gazette. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
  13. ^ Radosta, John S. (1973-05-29). "Indy 500 on Today; 16 Hurt in Crash". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
  14. ^ Radosta, John S. (1973-05-29). "Indy 500 on Today; 16 Hurt in Crash". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
  15. ^ a b c d e AP (1988-05-26). "The Race That's Difficult to Erase". Times Daily. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
  16. ^ "Deadly May of 1973 still resonates at Indianapolis Motor Speedway". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
  17. ^ Radosta, John S. (1973-05-29). "Indy 500 on Today; 16 Hurt in Crash". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
  18. ^ a b "Rex Mays Classic May Be Postponed". 30 May 1973, Page 3 - at Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
  19. ^ "Indy 500 Officials Opt For Saturday Race Start". Kentucky New Era - Google News Archive Search. 1986-05-27. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
  20. ^ a b c d Slocum, Jim (1973-05-31). "Johncock Wins Shortened 500". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
  21. ^ a b c Dorson, Ron (1974). Indy 500 An American Institution Under Fire. Bond/Parkhurst Books. pp. 200–201. ISBN 0-87880-025-5.
  22. ^ a b AP (1973-06-06). "Unser Calls New USAC Rule 'Dangerous'". Observer-Reporter. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
  23. ^ Indianapolis 500: The 70's DVD
  24. ^ "Deadly May of 1973 still resonates at Indianapolis Motor Speedway". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
  25. ^ AP (1973-06-01). "Andy's Quitting Unless USAC Reduces Speed". The Morning Record. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
  26. ^ AP (1973-06-02). "Pocono's Prexy Pressures USAC". The Lewiston Daily Sun. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
  27. ^ UPI (1973-06-04). "In Wake of Indy Uproar, New USAC Regulations". Beaver County TImes. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
  28. ^ "1973 at Indianapolis "Fire and Rain"". www.raresportsfilms.com. Retrieved 2016-02-25.

Works cited[edit]


1972 Indianapolis 500
Mark Donohue
1973 Indianapolis 500
Gordon Johncock
1974 Indianapolis 500
Johnny Rutherford