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A sideline reporter is a professional journalist who assists a sports broadcasting crew with sideline coverage of the playing field or court. The sideline reporter typically makes live updates on injuries and breaking news or conducts player interviews while players are on the field or court because the play-by-play broadcaster and color commentator must remain in their broadcast booth. Sideline reporters are often granted inside information about an important update, such as injury, because they have the credentials necessary to do so.
Origins of sideline reporting
Jim Lampley is considered[by whom?] to be the first sideline reporter. According to Lampley, the job grew out of the wreckage of the 1972 Munich Olympics, when new wireless technology was put to use in ABC's Quicksilver coverage of the Israeli hostage crisis and the subsequent massacre. As Lampley recalled, "Months later, they asked, 'What else could we do? Would it work in a football stadium? Could we put someone on the sidelines?'"[this quote needs a citation] The first broadcast with a sideline reporter(s) was the UCLA Bruins vs. Tennessee Volunteers football game in 1974, on ABC.
After controversies with multiple sideline reporters such as Jenn Sterger or Ines Sainz, the stereotype that sideline reporters lack fundamental knowledge has plagued the now popular sportscasting role. This has been exacerbated by news such as the 2010 sexual harassment scandal involving Ines Sainz. Lampley's replacement in 1977 was Anne Simon.
In the United States, sideline reporters have dealt with a variety of incidents while on duty. Sideline reporter Pam Oliver was once preparing for a sideline report during an NFL game when a quarterback threw a ball at her face. Further, the former quarterback of the New York Jets, Joe Namath, said that he wanted to kiss ESPN's Suzy Kolber on air. This incident occurred in 2003.
Female sideline reporters in sports have become a huge part of broadcasting athletic events. After eight years with ESPN, Erin Andrews signed a contract with FOX Sports in 2012. Eric Shanks, who is the co-president of FOX Sports Media Group, called her "one of the hardest-working, most-respected individuals in sports television." The high success rate of female sideline reporters hasn't been met without controversy. Many sideline reporters have been cheerleaders, bikini models, and pageant winners, prompting many critics to use the term "sideline princess" or "hollywood act."
Oftentimes, sideline reporters are faced with uncomfortable interviews that they have to conduct because the network demands it and they are asked to bring the forth the tough question. If the sideline reporter is not prepared for an interview, it may make for an awkward moment on national television. As with the case with professional athletes and coaches, for instance, it may be very difficult and sometimes unavoidable, to stray away from uncomfortable interviews. An example of a notorious interviewee is San Antonio Spurs Head Basketball coach Gregg Popovich. Popovich is known for giving short, often bizarre answers, when interviewed by a court side reporter. All of his interactions with reporters have become must see television. ESPN reported that that "bubbling sense of discomfort for NBA sideline reporters as a between-quarters date with Popovich draws near is almost universal." 
There are different types of sideline reporters depending on the sport:
- Sideline reporter
- Sideline Analyst (Tony Siragusa, Craig Wolfley)
- Field reporter
- On-pitch reporter (association football)
- Courtside reporter (basketball)
- Clubhouse reporter or dugout reporter (baseball)
- Rinkside reporter or inside-the-glass reporter (ice hockey)
- On-court reporter (tennis)
- Hole reporter (golf)
- Boundary rider (Australian rules football)
- Pit reporter (auto racing)
- Trackside reporter or paddock reporter (horse racing)
Notable sideline reporters
- Howard, Caroline (2010-09-14). "All Eyes On Ines Sainz Sexual Harassment Controversy". Forbes. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Sideline reporter Pam Oliver hit in face with pass before Giants-Colts game". 2013-08-19. Retrieved 11/4/13. Check date values in:
- Hiestand, Michael (2012-1-25). "ESPN's Suzy Kolber now talks on Joe Namath 'kiss' episode". USATODAY. Retrieved 11/4/13. Check date values in:
- Kellogg, Jane (2013-05-15). "Erin Andrews Officially Set to Move to Fox Sports After ESPN Contract Expires". Retrieved 11/4/2013. Check date values in:
- Stein, Mark (6/5/2013). "Do not disturb: Gregg Popovich". Retrieved 11/4/2013. Check date values in:
- Di Fino, Nando. "The Secret Life of Sideline Reporters". AOL/Huffington Post. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- Craggs, Tommy. "The First Sideline Reporter". Deadspin. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- DeFord, Frank. "The Stereotype of a Sideline Reporter Never Changes". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 10 May 2012.