Jaffa Street bombing
|2002 Jaffa Street bombing|
|Part of the Second Intifada militancy campaign|
|Date||January 27, 2002|
|Deaths||1 Israeli civilian (+ 1 bomber)|
|Perpetrators||One 28-year-old Palestinian female suicide bomber (Wafa Idris). Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade claimed responsibility for the attack|
The Jaffa Street bombing was a suicide bombing on January 27, 2002, in which Wafa Idris, a 28-year-old female Palestinian suicide bomber, blew herself up in the center of Jerusalem, killing one person and injuring about 100 others.
On Sunday, 27 January 2002, the 28-year-old Palestinian suicide bomber Wafa Idris, who worked for the Palestinian Red Crescent in Ramallah, managed to pass through the Qalandiya checkpoint while she was driving a Red Crescent ambulance and dressed in the organization's uniform, while the explosive device was hidden in the ambulance. Although the original plan was that she would pass the explosive device to a designated person in Israel, Idris eventually decided to blow up the explosive device by herself, and as a result she updated her operative Abu Talal of her decision using her cell phone.
Idris carried the bomb in a backpack, rather than strapped to her body. She approached a shoe store located on the Jaffa Street in the center of Jerusalem and detonated the 22-pound explosive device at the entrance to the store. An 81-year-old Israeli man was killed immediately from the blast and more than 100 people were injured.
Pinhas Tokatli, 81, of Jerusalem. Tokatli, an amateur painter, was killed while returning home from buying paints in the downtown area. He was described by his son Gilad as a gentle man, who refused to grow old. He is survived by a sister, his wife Hannah, two sons, two daughters, and 13 grandchildren.
Shortly after the attack, before the bomber had been identified, Hezbollah's TV channel reported that the bomber was named Shahanaz Al Amouri, from An-Najah National University in Nablus. A few days later the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade claimed responsibility for the attack and identified the bomber as Wafa Idris.
Idris was born in the Am'ari refugee camp in 1975. Her father died when she was a child. She was about 12 years old when the first intifada started in 1987. According to her relatives, Idris served on the Am'ari refugee camp's women's committee during the first intifada, where she assisted in food distribution at times of curfew, provided social support and helped prisoners' families. Idris married her first cousin when she was sixteen. She delivered a stillborn baby when she was 23 and was told that she would never be able to carry a baby to full term. Her husband divorced her and she moved back to live with her mother, a brother and his wife and five children. She then began volunteering for the Red Crescent Society and trained as a medic. According to the Red Crescent's coordinator of Emergency Response Services, Idris volunteered every Friday, the peak time during the intifada because of frequent riots after prayer, and for two or three days in a row when there were riots during the week.
|This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (October 2011)|
- Woman bomber attacks Jerusalem - published on BBC News on January 28, 2002
- Jerusalem Bomb - published on NPR on January 28, 2002
- Woman suicide bomber strikes - published on The Guardian on January 27, 2002
- Woman suicide bomber kills Israeli and injures 140 - published on the Irish Independent on January 28, 2002
- Inigo Gilmore: Woman suicide bomber shakes Israelis, Daily Telegraph, January 28, 2002
- Pinhas Tokatli
- "Female bomber's mother speaks out". BBC. 2002-01-30. Retrieved 15 March 2011.
- Whaley Eager, Paige (2008). From freedom fighters to terrorists: women and political violence. Ashgate. pp. 188–189. ISBN 978-0-7546-7225-8.
- Biedermann, Ferry (2002-01-31). "The Palestinians' first female bomber". Salon. Retrieved 17 March 2011.