2004–08 legislature of the Romanian Parliament

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Parliament of Romania
LII legislature
2000–2004 2008–present
Overview
Term 20 December 2004 (2004-12-20) – December 2008 (2008-12)
Government

National Liberal Party
Democratic Party (2004 - 2007)
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania
Romanian Humanist Party (2004 - 2005)

Conservative Party (2005 - 2007)
Opposition

Social Democratic Party
Greater Romania Party
Conservative Party (2007 - 2008)

Democratic Liberal Party (2007 - 2008)
Senate
Members 135
President of the Senate

Nicolae Văcăroiu (20 December 2004 - 14 October 2008) Social Democratic Party

Ilie Sârbu ( 14 October 2008 - December 2008) Social Democratic Party
Social Democratic Party Ion Iliescu
National Liberal Party Puiu Haşotti
Democratic Liberal Party Petru Nicolae Ioţcu
Constantin Gheorghe
Greater Romania Party Gheorghe Funar
Mihai Ungheanu
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania Attila Verestóy
Chamber of Deputies
Members 325
President of the Chamber of Deputies

Adrian Năstase (20 December 2008 - 20 March 2006) Social Democratic Party

Bogdan Olteanu (20 March 2006 - 15 November 2008) National Liberal Party
Social Democratic Party Miron Mitrea
Viorel Hrebenciuc
Democratic Liberal Party Cozmin Guşă
Cristian Rădulescu
National Liberal Party Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
Eugen Nicolăescu
Crin Antonescu
Greater Romania Party Lucian Bolcaş
Ion Mînzînă
Petre Popeangă
Ioan Aurel Rus
Octavian-Mircea Purceld
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania Atilla Kelemen
Árpád Márton
Government
Tăriceanu II Cabinet
(minority)
Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu (5 April 2007 - 22 December 2008)
Tăriceanu I Cabinet
(coalition)
Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu (29 December 2004 - 5 April 2007)
Sessions
1st December 2004 – December 2004
2nd March 2005 – July 2005
3rd September 2005 – December 2005
4th March 2006 – July 2006
5th September 2006 – December 2006
6th March 2007 – December 2008

In Romania's 2004 legislative election, held on November 28, no party won an outright majority. The Social Democratic Party (PSD) won the largest number of seats but was in opposition because the Justice and Truth Alliance, the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, the Romanian Humanist Party (which later became the Conservative Party), and the National Minorities formed a governing coalition. The Conservative Party withdrew in December 2006, meaning that the government lost the majority.[1] In April 2007 the liberal Prime-Minister, Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, dismissed the Democratic Party ministers from the government and formed a minority government with the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, marking the end of the Justice and Truth Alliance.[2]

Senate[edit]

The President of the Senate for this legislature was Nicolae Văcăroiu, who was elected on December 20, 2004. Following his ad interim presidency of Romania, he delegated his attributions to the vicepresident Doru Ioan Tărăcilă. After Văcăroiu was sworn in as president of the Court of Accounts, Ilie Sârbu was elected as the new President of the Senate.

The table below gives the state of play before the 2008 election; parties in bold were part of the governing coalition at the end of this legislature.

Party  % of seats Seats
  Social Democratic Party 31.4 43
  National Liberal Party 16 22
  Democratic Party 15.4 21
  Greater Romania Party 13.1 18
  Conservative Party 8.0 11
  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 7.3 10
  Independents 8.8 12
Total 100 137

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

During the 2004-2008 legislature, the president of the Chamber of Deputies was Bogdan Olteanu from the National Liberal Party, who was elected on March 20, 2006, after the Chamber's former president, Adrian Năstase, was forced by his own party (the Social Democratic Party, PSD) to step down amidst allegations of corruption.

After the 2004 elections, several deputies from the Social Democratic Party switched to other parties (including the governing Justice and Truth Alliance) or became independents, with the total number of Social Democratic Party seats being reduced from 113 to 105. The number of Justice and Truth Alliance deputies also increased from 112 to 118, making it the largest formation in parliament as of October 2006. This changed again in December 2006, leaving the Social Democratic Party with 107 seats and the Justice and Truth Alliance with 101. Since April 2007 the Justice and Truth Alliance has split leaving the two former members with 51 respectively 50 members. Deputies elected to the European Parliament in the 2007 election resigned, thus reducing the number of deputies to 314 as of 4 December 2007.

A new election was held in 2008. The table below gives the state of play before the 2008 election; parties in bold were part of the governing coalition at the end of this legislature.[3] That coalition was tacitly supported by the PSD.[4]

Party  % of seats Seats
  Social Democratic Party 32.31 105
  Democratic Liberal Party 20.62 67
  National Liberal Party 18.15 59
  Greater Romania Party 6.77 22
  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 6.77 22
  Conservative Party 5.85 19
  National Minorities 5.54 18
  Independents 4.00 13
Total 100 325

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guvern minoritar (Minority government), Evenimentul Zilei, December 4, 2006 Archived October 15, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Romania's prime minister names new Cabinet of minority government", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), April 2, 2007.
  3. ^ "source". Archived from the original on 2009-08-05. Retrieved 2009-07-31. 
  4. ^ "Romanian election neck-and-neck". BBC News. 2008-12-01. Retrieved 2010-04-21.