2016 Kalamazoo shootings

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

2016 Kalamazoo shootings
Location Kalamazoo, Richland Township and Texas Township, Kalamazoo County, Michigan, U.S.
Date February 20, 2016
5:42 p.m. – 10:24 p.m. (EST)
Attack type
Spree shooting, mass shooting, drive-by shooting
Weapons Two handguns[1]
Deaths 6
Non-fatal injuries
2
Suspected perpetrator
Jason Brian Dalton
Motive Under investigation

On the night of February 20, 2016, a series of apparently random shootings took place at an apartment complex, a car dealership, and outside a restaurant in Kalamazoo County, Michigan. Six people were killed and two others were injured.

Police detained a 45-year-old Uber driver, Jason Brian Dalton, as a "strong suspect" in the shootings. He was subsequently charged with murder, assault, and criminal firearm use two days after the shootings. After he was found competent to stand trial, Dalton's lawyers planned a legal insanity defense for their client.

Events[edit]

Before the shootings[edit]

Hours before the shootings, Jason Brian Dalton (see below) went to three different gun stores with a friend. At one of them, he purchased a black jacket with pockets designed to conceal a handgun.[2] Though the store owner said Dalton was in "good spirits" during the visit, the friend who accompanied Dalton said that he was a "little more quiet than normal" during the trip.[2][3] Dalton was an occasional customer at the same store, but never purchased a firearm there.[2]

Shortly after 4:00 p.m. on February 20, 2016, Matt Mellen requested an Uber pickup to drive him over to a friend's house. He was picked up at 4:21 by Dalton, who was driving a silver Chevrolet Equinox. During the drive, Dalton received a call, and after finishing, he allegedly "started driving crazy". At one point, he entered an oncoming lane of traffic, drove through a median strip, ignored a stop sign, and sideswiped a Ford Taurus, all the while ignoring Mellen's pleas to stop. When Dalton came to a stop at another stop sign, Mellen jumped out and called 9-1-1. He gave the dispatcher information about Dalton's Equinox, including its license plate number, and the dispatcher put out a "Be on the lookout" notification on the vehicle.[4]

At 4:34, Dalton returned home and then called his wife 41 minutes later, asking her for the keys to their Hummer H3. They agreed to meet at his parents' residence, located approximately 10 miles (16 km) away. On the way, however, Dalton accepted another pickup request at 5:15, from a woman who wanted him to pick up her boyfriend at a Richland Township apartment complex.[4][5]

Richland Township apartment shooting[edit]

The shootings began around 5:42 EST when a woman was shot repeatedly at a parking lot of the same apartment complex. She survived her injuries.[3][6][7][8][9] According to the woman, she was confronted by a man in a vehicle with a German Shepherd-type dog sitting in the back. The driver asked her if she was another person by a different name. When she replied that she was not, the man turned his car around and fired repeatedly at her, and she survived by playing dead. Approximately fifteen rounds were fired. Ten shell casings were recovered at the scene of the first shooting.[3][4][10] Five children, including the woman's daughter, were present at the scene of the shooting, but they escaped unharmed through her efforts.[4][11]

Investigators believe that Dalton's request for an Uber ride at the apartment complex had become botched. The requester texted Dalton moments after the initial request with a correction of the address, which would have led him to another location in the same area. She later attempted to call him to follow up with him on the address correction, but he did not respond. A witness later reported seeing an Equinox driving "so aggressively" towards the apartment, at one point cutting him off at a southbound curve and risking a head-on collision; he later recognized Dalton on the news as the Equinox's driver. At 6:05, approximately twenty minutes after the first shooting occurred, Dalton called the requester, saying that he hadn't responded to her text and that he could not do the ride because "something had come up".[4][5]

Between the first and second shootings[edit]

One minute after the shooting, Dalton's Equinox was seen driving through a red traffic light at an intersection approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) away from the crime scene. It struck another vehicle and fled the scene, with the driver calling 9-1-1 to report the crash. At around the same time, a neighbor found the injured woman, who was soon treated by responding emergency personnel.[4]

Later on, Dalton allegedly met with his wife and children at his parents' home in Comstock Township. He explained to his wife that the Equinox had been sideswiped by a disgruntled taxi driver in a Chevrolet Impala, who fired a gunshot at him due to rage at having his business taken away by Uber.[1][3][4][12][13] He then assured her that he called Uber and they were handling the incident.[4] He also provided his wife with a 9 mm Taurus handgun, telling her it was not safe to be at the house without it. In addition, he instructed her not to go to work and not to take their children to school.[3][4] Dalton then attempted to leave in the Hummer H3, but it would not start, so he took the black Chevrolet HHR that his wife had been driving. As he left, he allegedly told his wife that he could not tell her what was going on, but that it would be on the news.[4]

After leaving, Dalton withdrew money from an automated teller machine at 6:44. Then, after driving around for 35 minutes, he allegedly returned to his house and switched handguns.[4][1] He then left at 7:37 and continued accepting Uber requests, which he carried out without incident. None of the passengers he took noticed anything unusual or alarming about him.[4] Later that night, at 8:26, Dalton called his wife and told her not to call her parents.[3]

Kia dealership and Cracker Barrel shootings[edit]

At 10:01, the shooter arrived at a Kia dealership in Kalamazoo. According to a witness, after parking his car, the shooter approached her boyfriend and his father at 10:05, and asked them what they were looking at. Before they could respond, he fired approximately eighteen rounds, fatally striking both males.[4][14] Other witnesses in a Burger King parking lot across the street recorded the shooter fleeing, and one called 9-1-1 a minute after the shots were fired.[4]

About ten minutes later,[4] a third shooting occurred outside a Cracker Barrel restaurant in Texas Township,[15] located about 5 miles (8.0 km) from the Kia dealership.[4] Four people seated inside two vehicles were killed and one other person was wounded.[16] The shooter reportedly approached one victim inside a white van, asked her a question, and then shot her before shooting into an adjacent vehicle, which contained the other victims. This shooting took about one minute before the gunman fled. He was alleged to have returned home and reloaded his gun there.[4]

Police response, manhunt, and Dalton's arrest[edit]

After officers responding to the scene of the Kia dealership shooting heard reports of the gunfire at Cracker Barrel, they realized there might be a mobile active shooter. Interviewing witnesses, police learned the gunman was driving a dark-colored Chevrolet HHR. Using newly-installed security footage from the Kia dealership, police put out a description of the gunman over the radio. The Kalamazoo Department of Public Safety (KDPS) issued a statement to the public on its Facebook page, warning residents to be on the lookout for the shooter and his vehicle. Numerous traffic stops of vehicles matching the description of the gunman's were also conducted. In addition, multiple reports of gunfire at several locations, including the Western Michigan University (WMU) campus, were investigated but ultimately determined to be false.[4]

As the police continued the manhunt, Dalton reportedly continued to accept Uber fares. At 12:04 a.m. on February 21, he picked up three people and dropped them off at a dormitory on the WMU campus. The passengers later recalled that their driver wasn't too friendly, but did nothing to alarm them. Later, at 12:12, Dalton picked up four people and drove them to their hotel. During the ride, one passenger, who had been hearing reports of the shooting spree, jokingly asked Dalton, "Are you the shooter?" Dalton simply replied, "No." A few minutes later, he picked up another three people, and just like the previous ride, a passenger asked if he was the shooter, which Dalton vehemently denied.[4]

At 12:36, a police sergeant with the Kalamazoo County Sheriff's Office observed Dalton dropping off the three passengers, followed him, and requested backup. He was joined by a KDPS officer, and the two conducted a traffic stop at 12:40. When additional officers arrived, the first two pulled Dalton out of his vehicle and arrested him.[4] At the time of his arrest, Dalton was wearing the jacket he purchased from the gun store, along with a bulletproof vest. He told police that he bought the vest for his son, who was an explorer for the Kalamazoo County Sheriff's Office.[1][13] They found a handgun at the back of his waistband.[4]

Police believe none of the victims at the separate scenes were connected.[16] At least 30 rounds were said to have been fired during the shootings.[17]

Locations
Location Casualties Time
Meadows Townhomes complex
5066 Meadows Boulevard
42°20′02″N 85°31′13″W / 42.3338°N 85.5203°W / 42.3338; -85.5203 (Meadows Townhomes complex)
One wounded[18] 5:42 p.m.
Seelye Kia Dealership
4102 Stadium Drive
42°16′17″N 85°38′18″W / 42.2715°N 85.6384°W / 42.2715; -85.6384 (Seelye Kia dealership)
Two dead[16][19][20] 10:08 p.m.
Cracker Barrel
5581 Cracker Barrel Boulevard
42°14′11″N 85°40′40″W / 42.2363°N 85.6779°W / 42.2363; -85.6779 (Cracker Barrel)
Four dead, one wounded[21] 10:24 p.m.

Suspect[edit]

Jason Dalton
Born Jason Brian Dalton
(1970-06-22) June 22, 1970 (age 48)
Residence Cooper Township, Michigan
Nationality American
Alma mater Kalamazoo Valley Community College
WyoTech
Occupation Uber driver
Insurance adjuster
Mechanic
Spouse(s) Carol Dalton (ex-wife)[22][23]
Children Two

Jason Brian Dalton (born June 22, 1970[24]) was identified by police as the suspect in the shootings.[25][26][27][28] Police detained Dalton on February 21 at around 12:40 a.m. EST without incident, after pulling over his vehicle, a black Chevrolet HHR that matched the description of the getaway vehicle in the shootings.[29][30][31][32]

After his arrest, Dalton confessed to committing the shootings.[33] However, he blamed his actions on his Uber mobile app, claiming that its symbol resembled that of the Order of the Eastern Star, and that it took over his body during the events after he pressed the button of a new app resembling the Devil when it abruptly popped up.[3][34][35] He later said that he was no longer experiencing these problems.[36] Police indicated that he had no known criminal history[37] or mental health record.[38]

Personal life[edit]

Dalton was raised in Greenfield, Indiana, and went to middle and high school in nearby Charlottesville.[39] He also attended Comstock High School in Kalamazoo, graduating in 1989.[40] He also attended Kalamazoo Valley Community College and graduated in December 1992 with an associate degree in law enforcement, though he did not enroll in the school's police academy program.[41]

According to an old friend, Dalton had tried to seek a job as a police officer in Michigan or in nearby states, but was unable to, and had no interest in moving far away to find a police job. Instead, he studied auto-body work at WyoTech in Laramie, Wyoming, and found work at a BMW office in New Jersey at one point.[39] This allowed him to get jobs as a mechanic and then an insurance adjuster.[9][42]

Dalton worked as a driver for Uber during the two weeks preceding the killing spree and purportedly took fares between shooting incidents.[12][43][44] An Uber representative stated that Dalton had passed company background checks.[45]

A former coworker of Dalton's at the insurance company recalled seeing Dalton yell at a customer over the phone, slam the phone down, and pace around the desk angrily afterwards. Dalton had previously been counseled about his professionalism towards customers.[34] In an interview, another customer reported an encounter with Dalton in which he called him back over to reexamine a vehicle for damage Dalton missed in his appraisal. He described Dalton as unprofessional and prone to anger.[5]

At the time of the shootings, Dalton was married and had two children.[46][47] The family was living in nearby Cooper Township.[39] He was generally described as a "nice guy" and a "good family man",[41] though it was reported that he had been acting depressed in the days before the shootings occurred.[48] Later, neighbors said Dalton had been acting paranoid right before the shootings occurred.[42]

In the week preceding the shootings, Dalton had been questioned by deputies with the Calhoun County Sheriff's Office, who were investigating a series of shootings along Interstate 94 and Interstate 69. Although Dalton traveled in the area where the shootings occurred and had been the insurance adjuster for a damaged sheriff patrol vehicle, he was cleared of any involvement.[49]

Weapons[edit]

A 9 mm Walther P99 semi-automatic handgun with an extended magazine was recovered from inside Dalton's car.[6][7][3][13][50] Police believe that the Walther P99 was used during the last two shootings, while a 9 mm Glock 19 semi-automatic handgun was used in the first shooting; Dalton reportedly switched guns after the Glock malfunctioned while firing.[1] Among other items, another fifteen firearms (eleven long guns and four handguns) were recovered from his home.[1][41][51][52]

Dalton purchased the Glock from a Oshtemo Township gun store on June 12, 2015. He then purchased the Walther from the same store later that year, on August 22.[1] However, he did not have a license to carry a concealed weapon.[7][51] The Glock was among the four handguns recovered from Dalton's home.[1]

Victims[edit]

The first people killed were Tyler D. Smith (17),[53][54] and his father Richard E. Smith (53), who were both killed at the Kia car dealership.[55] Four women – Mary Jo Nye (60),[56] Mary Lou Nye (62),[57] Dorothy Brown (74),[58] and Barbara Hawthorne (68)[59] – were killed at the Cracker Barrel. All four women were friends,[60] and Mary Jo Nye and Mary Lou Nye were sisters-in-law.[61]

Abigail Kopf (14) suffered several injuries at Cracker Barrel, including a gunshot wound to the head. At the time of her shooting, she was accompanying her grandmother, Cracker Barrel victim Barbara Hawthorne.[60][62][63] She was initially presumed dead, but later confirmed to have survived.[6][26] As of February 23, she remained on a ventilator and in critical condition, though she was breathing on her own by February 28 and was able to open her eyes by March 3.[63][64][65] Kopf was discharged from Bronson Methodist Hospital on March 8 and transferred to the Mary Free Bed Rehabilitation Hospital in Grand Rapids, Michigan.[66][67] Her skull was damaged during the Cracker Barrel shooting, and she underwent surgery at Bronson Methodist Hospital to replace the missing portion of her skull.[68] She had to undergo surgery again due to an infection induced by her previous surgery.[69] Kopf was discharged on July 26 and allowed to return home,[70] but had to undergo surgery yet again on August 17 due to a related skin infection.[71] The surgery was successfully completed two days later.[72]

Tiana Carruthers (25) was the first victim to be shot in the shootings, being shot four times in the left arm, legs, and back, but survived.[11] Her shooting occurred in the parking lot of an apartment in Richland Township.[3] Her arm had to be surgically reconstructed as a result of the shooting.[10] She will undergo two further surgeries on her legs due to a medical setback.[73]

Legal proceedings[edit]

On February 22, 2016, Dalton was arraigned on sixteen charges including six counts of murder, two counts of assault with intent to commit murder, and eight counts of using a firearm during the commission of a felony.[12] He was to reappear in court on March 10 for a preliminary examination hearing.[51] On March 3, he was ordered to undergo a psychiatric evaluation to determine his competence to stand trial.[74] He reappeared in court on April 22, where it was ruled by the Michigan Center for Forensic Psychiatry that he was found competent to stand trial.[36][75][76] Eusebio Solis, a former Calhoun County Chief Assistant Prosecutor and a former Calhoun County Commissioner, was appointed to represent Dalton in court.[77][78][79]

Dalton appeared on May 20 for a preliminary hearing to determine if there was enough evidence to try him on the charges. During the hearing, Dalton made a verbal outburst and interrupted Tiana Carruthers, the first victim attacked in the shootings, while she was testifying. He reportedly made "somewhat indecipherable statements" and caused Carruthers to cry, forcing a recess to be called. Dalton was restrained and removed from the courtroom by sheriff's deputies. The hearing resumed later in the day, with Dalton participating via video hookup from jail.[10][80][81]

On June 6, following a pretrial conference, Dalton's attorneys announced their plans to present a legal insanity defense for their client. He will undergo a psychiatric evaluation conducted by the Michigan Center for Forensic Psychiatry in Saline, a process that is expected to be carried out over the next 60 days. His trial was tentatively expected to start in late September or early October.[36][82] A status conference was tentatively set for August 15.[83] On August 12, the conference was postponed to September 30, with the Kalamazoo County chief assistant prosecutor saying that the evaluation has not yet been finished.[84] On that day, the conference was delayed again because Dalton's psychological report was not yet finished.[85]

Reactions[edit]

After the shootings, Governor Rick Snyder expressed his condolences on Twitter, writing, "The families of Kalamazoo victims are in our thoughts today. Grateful to @KalPublicSafety @MichStatePolice @KzooSheriff for a quick arrest".[86][87]

Joe Sullivan, Uber's Chief Security Officer, released a statement reading, "We are horrified and heartbroken at the senseless violence in Kalamazoo, Michigan. Our hearts and prayers are with the families of the victims of this devastating crime and those recovering from injuries. We have reached out to the police to help with their investigation in any way that we can."[88][89] Calls were made for Uber to improve its background check system.[90]

In response to the shootings, President Barack Obama praised law enforcement agencies and pledged federal support for the ongoing investigation.[91]

Following the shootings, there was public outcry when it was revealed there was no active-shooter alert that could be sent to Kalamazoo-area residents and students at Western Michigan University. An editorial calling for an emergency alert system for such high-profile incidents was published by Michigan Live six days after the shootings.[92][93] In March, legislation for a statewide warning system was introduced.[93] This warning system would disseminate information on an active-shooter situation or other emergency and protect residents. It involved local law enforcement agencies sending the information to the Michigan State Police, which was then responsible for sending text messages of warning using geolocation technology, similar to the AMBER Alert system. On May 10, the Michigan House of Representatives approved the legislation.[93][94] On June 9, the Michigan Senate approved the legislation and sent it to Governor Snyder for consideration.[95] Snyder signed the legislation on June 24.[93]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Hall, Rex, Jr. (March 15, 2016). "Accused mass killer Jason Dalton changed guns after one jammed, police believe". Michigan Live. Retrieved March 15, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c Martinez, Shandra (February 22, 2016). "Gun shop owner describes purchase by Kalamazoo mass murder suspect". Michigan Live. Retrieved February 23, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Police: Jason Dalton said Uber app controlled him 'like A.I.'". WJTV. March 14, 2016. Retrieved March 14, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Managing the Response to a Mobile Mass Shooting". Police Foundation. April 2017. Retrieved November 10, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c Allen, Robert (March 20, 2016). "Botched Uber request preceded Kalamazoo killing spree". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved May 20, 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c "6 Killed, 2 Injured After Kalamazoo-Area Shooting Spree". Grand Rapids, MI: WOOD-TV. February 20, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c Hall, Rex, Jr. (February 24, 2016). "4 things we know about Kalamazoo mass shooting suspect's gun". Michigan Live. Retrieved February 25, 2016. 
  8. ^ "6 Dead in Kalamazoo County Shootings: Suspect Arrested". Grand Rapids, MI: WXMI-TV. Associated Press. February 20, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  9. ^ a b Stafford, Katrease (February 21, 2016). "After Kalamazoo shootings, the big question: Why?". USA Today. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c Shapiro, Emily (May 20, 2016). "Kalamazoo Shooting Victim Testifies in Court: 'I Pretended Like I Was Dead'". ABC News. Retrieved May 20, 2016. 
  11. ^ a b Jones, Al (May 5, 2016). "'He kept ... shooting, shooting, shooting,' Kalamazoo victim recalls". Michigan Live. Retrieved May 5, 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c Fowler, Tara (February 25, 2016). "Lawyer for Michigan Uber Driver's Family Shares New Details on Alleged Shooting Spree". ABC News. Retrieved February 25, 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c Allen, Robert; Stafford, Katrease; Damron, Gina (March 14, 2016). "Kalamazoo driver blamed Uber app for shooting rampage". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved March 14, 2016. 
  14. ^ Parker, Rosemary (May 2, 2016). "Police dashcam video from Kalamazoo mass shooting scenes released". Michigan Live. Retrieved May 5, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Live At Cracker Barrel". Kalamazoo, MI: WWMT-TV. February 21, 2016 – via YouTube. 
  16. ^ a b c Calabrese, Erin; McCoy, Blake; Schuppe, Jon (February 21, 2016). "Kalamazoo Shootings: 6 Dead, 2 Wounded After 'Random' Shootings in Michigan". NBC News. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  17. ^ Hall, Rex, Jr. (February 21, 2016). "Kalamazoo Mass Shooting Suspect Fired 30-Plus Rounds at His 8 Victims". MLive. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  18. ^ McKay, Tom (February 21, 2016). "At Least 6 Dead After Shooting Spree in Kalamazoo County, Michigan". Yahoo! News. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  19. ^ Simpson, Ian (February 21, 2016). "Uber Driver Suspected in Michigan Shootings, Six Dead". Reuters Africa. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  20. ^ "Uber Driver Suspected in Michigan Shooting Spree, 6 Dead". United Press International. February 21, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  21. ^ Silverstein, Jason; Hensley, Nicole; Tracy, Thomas (February 21, 2016). "Uber driver allegedly kills 6 people in Kalamazoo During Hours-Long Shooting Spree". Daily News. New York. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  22. ^ Frank, Thomas (February 21, 2016). "Suspected Michigan shooter lived with wife, two children". USA Today. Retrieved July 3, 2016. 
  23. ^ Bethencourt, Daniel; Stafford, Katrease (February 26, 2016). "Report: Kalamazoo shooting suspect's wife files for divorce". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved July 3, 2016. 
  24. ^ Croteau, Scott J. (February 21, 2016). "Suspect in Michigan Killing Spree Captured: Authorities Say Jason Dalton Acted Alone". MassLive.com. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  25. ^ Conlon, Kevin; Valencia, Nick (February 21, 2016). "Kalamazoo Uber Driver Picked Up Fares Between Killings, Source Says". CNN. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  26. ^ a b "6 Killed, 2 Injured, in Kalamazoo Shooting Spree as Driver Targets 'Random' Victims". Russia Today. February 21, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  27. ^ Flynn, Erin; Sparks, Kyle (February 20, 2016). "KDPS News Conference from Sunday Morning". Kalamazoo, MI: WWMT-TV. Retrieved February 20, 2016. 
  28. ^ Smith, Mitch; Davey, Monica; Blinder, Alan (February 21, 2016). "Kalamazoo Shootings Leave 6 Dead as Gunman Fires Randomly". The New York Times. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  29. ^ "Raw: Video Shows Arrest of Kalamazoo Shooter". YouTube. Associated Press. March 14, 2016. Retrieved March 14, 2016. 
  30. ^ Koops, Chris [@chriskoops] (February 20, 2016). "Pics just in: possibly the Chevy HHR that the suspect was driving in Kalamazoo shootings. @FOX17" (Tweet). Retrieved February 20, 2016 – via Twitter. 
  31. ^ Kalamazoo Department of Public Safety (February 21, 2016). "Please be cautious and advise us if you know or..." (Facebook post). Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  32. ^ Welch, Chris; Young, Ryan (February 26, 2016). "How officers caught the Kalamazoo shooting suspect". CNN. Retrieved February 26, 2016. 
  33. ^ Sickles, Jason (February 22, 2016). "Kalamazoo Uber driver Jason Dalton confessed to deadly shooting spree, detective says". Yahoo! News. Retrieved February 22, 2016. 
  34. ^ a b Felton, Ryan (March 14, 2016). "Kalamazoo shooter saw 'devil' on Uber app and blames visions for killing spree". The Guardian. Retrieved March 15, 2016. 
  35. ^ Kolker, Ken (March 14, 2016). "Police: Dalton said Uber app showed devil, controlled him". WOOD-TV. Retrieved March 14, 2016. 
  36. ^ a b c "Prosecutor: Jason Dalton will plead insanity". WOOD-TV. June 6, 2016. Retrieved June 8, 2016. 
  37. ^ "Latest: Michigan Community Holds Vigil After 6 Fatally Shot". ABC News. Associated Press. February 21, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  38. ^ Valencia, Nick; Castillo, Mariano (February 23, 2016). "Police: Kalamazoo rampage suspect had no mental health history". CNN. Retrieved February 23, 2016. 
  39. ^ a b c Monacelli, Emily (February 26, 2016). "Who is Jason Dalton? A normal guy who avoided conflict, best man recalls". Michigan Live. Retrieved July 3, 2016. 
  40. ^ Mooney, Paula (February 21, 2016). "Jason Brian Dalton Facebook Photos: Dalton's 'Next Deer Hunter': Facebook Info, 7th Wedding Anniversary, Facebook Group". Inquisitr. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  41. ^ a b c Stafford, Katrease; Allen, Robert (February 24, 2016). "Suspect in Kalamazoo killings raged and loved to shoot". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved February 24, 2016. 
  42. ^ a b Sparks, Kyle; Marr, Jeremy (February 21, 2016). "The Latest: Six Killed in String of Shootings, Suspect Was Uber Driver". Kalamazoo, MI: WWMT. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  43. ^ Politi, Daniel (February 21, 2016). "Uber Driver Suspected of Killing Six People in Random Michigan Shooting Rampage". Slate. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  44. ^ "Police: Kzoo Shooting Suspect Was Uber Driver". Grand Rapids, MI: WOOD-TV. February 21, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  45. ^ "Michigan Shooter Was an Uber Driver, Reportedly Took Customers Between Killings Video". Stuff.co.nz. Reuters. February 21, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  46. ^ Stafford, Katrease (February 21, 2016). "Neighbors: Kalamazoo Suspect Good Family Man, 'Liked Guns'". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  47. ^ Cummings, William (February 21, 2016). "Police: 6 Dead in 'Random' Michigan Shootings: Suspect Held". Minneapolis: KARE-TV. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  48. ^ "The Latest: Police have found no motive for shooting rampage". 9&10 News. Associated Press. February 25, 2016. Retrieved February 25, 2016. 
  49. ^ Christenson, Trace (March 15, 2016). "Dalton questioned about freeway shootings". Battle Creek Enquirer. Retrieved March 15, 2016. 
  50. ^ "Michigan mass shootings: 'How do you tell the families of these victims they weren't targeted for any reason?'". Chicago Tribune. February 22, 2016. Retrieved February 22, 2016. 
  51. ^ a b c Hall, Rex, Jr. (February 24, 2016). "15 guns seized from Kalamazoo mass shooting suspect's house". Michigan Live. Retrieved February 25, 2016. 
  52. ^ "Kalamazoo Driver Who Killed Six Says Uber App Made Him Do It". Vice News. March 15, 2016. Retrieved March 15, 2016. 
  53. ^ Monacelli, Emily (February 21, 2016). "High School Senior from Mattawan Killed in Kalamazoo Mass Shootings". MLive. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  54. ^ "Kalamazoo Vigil Honoring Shooting Victims". Walker, MI: WZZM-TV. February 21, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  55. ^ Koerner, Claudia (February 21, 2016). "These Are the Victims of the Kalamazoo, Michigan Shootings". Buzzfeed. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  56. ^ Bowman, Jennifer (February 21, 2016). "One Kalamazoo Victim a Battle Creek Retired Teacher". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  57. ^ Lopez, German (February 21, 2016). "Kalamazoo, Michigan, Shootings: What We Know". Vox. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  58. ^ "Kalamazoo Shooting Update" (Press release). Michigan State Police. February 21, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  59. ^ Brenzing, Bob (February 21, 2016). "What We Know So Far: Kalamazoo Shooting Victims". Grand Rapids, MI: WXMI-TV. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  60. ^ a b Parker, Rosemary (February 25, 2016). "Service in Battle Creek set for Kalamazoo shooting victim Barbara Hawthorne, 68". Michigan Live. Retrieved July 3, 2016. 
  61. ^ Purgahn, Chelsea (February 28, 2016). "Mary Jo Nye, Kalamazoo mass shooting victim, left a legacy of learning". Michigan Live. Retrieved July 3, 2016. 
  62. ^ "Michigan Teen Injured in Uber-Driver Shooting Says 'I'm a Warrior Princess'". Yahoo! GMA. April 25, 2016. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  63. ^ a b Bowman, Jennifer (February 24, 2016). "Parents of Abigail Kopf: 'She did not deserve this'". Battle Creek Enquirer. Retrieved February 25, 2016. 
  64. ^ "14-year-old Kalamazoo shooting victim's condition improves". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. February 28, 2016. Retrieved February 28, 2016. 
  65. ^ "Teen gravely injured in Michigan shooting opens eyes". WCVB. March 3, 2016. Retrieved March 4, 2016. 
  66. ^ Klayman, Ben (March 8, 2016). "Michigan Uber teenage shooting victim leaves hospital". Yahoo! News. Reuters. Retrieved March 9, 2016. 
  67. ^ "Family shares first photo of Abigail Kopf, laughing in hospital bed". WXMI. March 13, 2016. Retrieved March 14, 2016. 
  68. ^ TerHaar, Meredith (May 13, 2016). "Shooting victim Abbie Kopf out of surgery, recovering". Detroit Free Press. WZZM. Retrieved May 14, 2016. 
  69. ^ Monacelli, Emily (June 10, 2016). "Kalamazoo shooting survivor Abigail Kopf faces another surgery after infection". Michigan Live. Retrieved June 11, 2016. 
  70. ^ Parker, Rosemary (July 26, 2016). "Abbie Kopf, Kalamazoo shooting survivor, is home following hospitalization". Michigan Live. Retrieved August 6, 2016. 
  71. ^ Barrett, Malachi (August 17, 2016). "Kalamazoo shooting survivor Abigail Kopf facing skin surgery after infection". Michigan Live. Retrieved September 2, 2016. 
  72. ^ Barrett, Malachi (August 19, 2016). "Minor skin surgery successful for Kalamazoo shooting survivor Abigail Kopf". Michigan Live. Retrieved September 2, 2016. 
  73. ^ "Tiana Carruthers to undergo 2 surgeries". WOOD-TV. August 5, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2016. 
  74. ^ Hanna, Jason; Sanchez, Ray (March 3, 2016). "Michigan shooting suspect to undergo psychiatric evaluation". CNN. Retrieved March 3, 2016. 
  75. ^ "Jason Dalton to appear in court Friday". WWMT-TV. April 20, 2016. Retrieved April 20, 2016. 
  76. ^ "Kalamazoo shooting suspect competent to stand trial". The Detroit Free-Press. April 22, 2016. Retrieved April 26, 2016. 
  77. ^ McNeill, John (February 25, 2016). "Former Chief Assistant Prosecutor in Calhoun County appointed to represent Kalamazoo mass-murder suspect". WKZO. Retrieved March 14, 2016. 
  78. ^ Coyne, Tom (March 3, 2016). "Mich. man charged with killing 6 will get mental exam". Boston Globe. Retrieved March 14, 2016. 
  79. ^ "Eusebio Solis". Eusebiosolis.com. Retrieved March 14, 2016. 
  80. ^ Allen, Robert (May 20, 2016). "Kalamazoo mass shooting suspect Dalton hauled from court after outburst". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved May 20, 2016. 
  81. ^ Roth, Cheyna; Ortiz, Fiona (May 20, 2016). "Michigan Uber driver accused of murder interrupts hearing". Yahoo! News. Reuters. Retrieved May 20, 2016. 
  82. ^ Christensen, Trace (June 6, 2016). "Insanity defense planned for Jason Dalton in Kalamazoo shootings". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved June 8, 2016. 
  83. ^ Monacelli, Emily (June 6, 2016). "Jason Dalton intends to plead insanity in Kalamazoo shooting rampage". Michigan Live. Retrieved June 8, 2016. 
  84. ^ Monacelli, Emily (August 12, 2016). "Court date for Jason Dalton, suspect in Kalamazoo mass shooting, pushed back". Michigan Live. Retrieved August 16, 2016. 
  85. ^ Monacelli, Emily (September 30, 2016). "Court date canceled because psych report on Jason Dalton not finished". Michigan Live. Retrieved October 15, 2016. 
  86. ^ Snyder, Rick [@onetoughnerd] (February 21, 2016). "The families of Kalamazoo victims are in our thoughts today. Grateful to @KalPublicSafety @MichStatePolice @KzooSheriff for a quick arrest" (Tweet). Retrieved February 21, 2016 – via Twitter. 
  87. ^ "The Latest: Gov. Snyder: Thoughts Go Out to Kalamazoo Shooting Victims". TheBlaze. Associated Press. February 21, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  88. ^ Sullivan, Joe (February 21, 2016). "Statement on Kalamazoo" (Press release). Uber. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  89. ^ Bergen, Mark (February 21, 2016). "Suspected Shooter Behind Kalamazoo Murders Was Uber Driver with No Criminal Record". Re/code. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  90. ^ Galka, Matt (February 23, 2016). "Michigan shooting puts emphasis on need for better Uber background checks". WJXT Jacksonville. Retrieved February 23, 2016. 
  91. ^ Kaplan, Rebecca (February 22, 2016). "Obama calls for more action on guns after Kalamazoo shooting". CBS News. Retrieved February 24, 2016. 
  92. ^ "Kalamazoo mass shooting highlights need for emergency alert system". Michigan Live. February 26, 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2016. 
  93. ^ a b c d Devereaux, Brad (June 24, 2016). "Public threat alert bill inspired by mass shooting signed by Gov. Snyder". Michigan Live. Retrieved June 24, 2016. 
  94. ^ Minock, Nick (May 10, 2016). "Michigan House passes active shooter alert bills". WWMT. Retrieved May 13, 2016. 
  95. ^ Devereaux, Brad (June 9, 2016). "Public threat alert bill inspired by mass shooting heads to Gov. Snyder's desk". Michigan Live. Retrieved June 11, 2016. 
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX