Capital Gazette shooting

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Capital Gazette shooting
Part of mass shootings in the United States
Anne Arundel County is located in Maryland
Anne Arundel County
Anne Arundel County
Anne Arundel County (Maryland)
Anne Arundel County is located in the United States
Anne Arundel County
Anne Arundel County
Anne Arundel County (the United States)
Location888 Bestgate Road
Annapolis, Maryland 21401
Coordinates38°59′39″N 76°32′37″W / 38.99417°N 76.54361°W / 38.99417; -76.54361Coordinates: 38°59′39″N 76°32′37″W / 38.99417°N 76.54361°W / 38.99417; -76.54361
DateJune 28, 2018
~2:34 p.m. (EDT)
Attack type
Mass shooting
Weapons12-gauge Mossberg 500 pump-action shotgun[1]
PerpetratorJarrod Ramos
MotiveGrudge against Capital Gazette for reporting negative information about him
ChargesFive counts of first-degree murder; one count of attempted first-degree murder; six counts of first-degree assault; 11 counts of firearm use in commission of a felony or violent crime

On June 28, 2018, a mass shooting occurred at the offices of The Capital, a newspaper serving Annapolis, Maryland, United States. The gunman, Jarrod Ramos, killed five employees with a shotgun and injured two others who were trying to escape. Ramos was arrested shortly thereafter.[2] He pleaded guilty but not criminally responsible to 23 charges; in July 2021, a jury found him criminally responsible.[3][4][5]

The Capital had published an article in 2011 about Ramos being put on probation for harassing an acquaintance from high school through social media and email. Ramos, angered by the article, brought a defamation lawsuit against the newspaper but a judge later dismissed the suit. Ramos is alleged to have sent enraged letters and messages to The Capital threatening to attack its newsroom and staff, but no legal action was taken after the threats were received.[6]

Capital Gazette Communications, owned by Tribune Publishing through its subsidiary the Baltimore Sun Media Group, publishes the daily newspapers The Capital and the Maryland Gazette and the weekly Crofton-West County Gazette. At the time of the shooting, its offices were located at 888 Bestgate Road in Parole, an unincorporated area of Anne Arundel County just outside Annapolis.[7][8]


Around 2:34 pm (EDT), the Anne Arundel County Police Department reported that a shooting began, resulting in five fatalities and the wounding of several other victims.[9] Before the shooting, the gunman had barricaded the rear exit of the office to prevent people from escaping.[10] Sources reported that the weapon was a "long gun" which would later be identified as a 12-gauge Mossberg 500 pump-action shotgun.[10][11][12] Police later said that the long gun had been purchased legally some time within the eighteen months prior to the shooting.[13]

The gunman used the weapon to fire repeatedly after shooting out the office's glass door. Phil Davis, a courts and crime reporter at the site of the shooting for The Capital, tweeted that the gunman "shot through the glass door to the office and opened fire on multiple employees."[14] Davis also described the newspapers' offices as a "war zone" after the shooting and described hearing the gunman reload.[7] He said the male gunman was alone.[15]

During a pause in the shooting, survivors moved to take refuge between filing cabinets; Wendi Winters confronted the gunman, causing the pause.[16][17] Winters charged the gunman with a trash can and recycling bin, screaming at him, distracting him long enough for survivors to escape before she was shot.[17][18]

Several injured victims were sent to the Anne Arundel Medical Center for treatment.[9][19] County police evacuated 170 people from the building to a reunification center set up at the nearby Westfield Annapolis shopping center.[20][21] The police reportedly had a one-minute response time, and interviewed survivors in the criminal investigations unit of the Anne Arundel County Police Department.[22] The police discovered the suspect underneath a desk in the office, and surveillance within the office documented the incident and helped identify Ramos as the perpetrator.[23]

An indictment was handed up on July 20, 2018, included five counts of first-degree murder, one count of attempted first-degree murder, six counts of first-degree assault, and 11 counts of the use of a firearm in the commission of a felony.[24]


Five people were killed and two others were injured in the attack.[2] Those killed were:

  • Gerald Fischman, age 61, columnist and editorial page editor for The Capital[25]
  • Rob Hiaasen, age 59, assistant editor and weekend columnist for The Capital[26]
  • John McNamara, age 56, sports reporter for The Capital[27] and editor and primary reporter for The Bowie Blade-News[28]
  • Rebecca Smith, age 34, sales assistant who just started working for Capital Gazette Communications[14][29]
  • Wendi Winters, age 65, community beat reporter and special publication editor for The Capital[30]

According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, the Capital Gazette shooting was one of two incidents in which multiple journalists were killed in the United States since the organization began compiling data in 1992. The other incident was the murders of Alison Parker and Adam Ward during a live television interview in 2015.[31]


Jarrod Warren Ramos
Born (1979-12-21) December 21, 1979 (age 43)
EducationUniversity of Maryland, College Park
Criminal chargeFive counts of first-degree murder; one count of attempted first-degree murder; six counts of first-degree assault; 11 counts of firearm use in commission of a felony or violent crime

Jarrod Warren Ramos[2][32][33] (born December 21, 1979) was captured by police and taken into custody as a suspect, but refused to identify himself.[20][34] Early reports said that the gunman mutilated his fingertips to avoid identification,[35][36] but a law-enforcement official later stated that an issue with the fingerprint machine had caused the difficulties in identifying the suspect, and that his fingertips had not been mutilated.[37] The suspect was also carrying a backpack with smoke bombs, flashbang devices, and grenades.[20] The police later announced that the attack had been targeted specifically at Capital Gazette Communications.[38][39]

In a court filing, Ramos stated he had seen five mental health professionals for at least 75 visits before the shooting, and exhibited a pattern of threats.[40] Many of those around Ramos believed him to be a calculated, manipulative loner, who would become angry when things did not go his way, with those afflicted by him convinced he would one day hurt someone.[41] None of Ramos's immediate family responded to requests for comment and other relatives have stated that they have not had contact with him for several years.[42]

Previous dispute with newspaper[edit]

In 2012, Ramos sued The Capital in a defamation case he brought over a 2011 newspaper article reporting on his guilty plea for criminal harassment.[33][43] After multiple appeals from Ramos, the defamation case against the newspaper was dismissed in 2015 by Prince George's County circuit court judge Maureen M. Lamasney, who ruled in favor of the paper because their reporting was based on publicly available records and Ramos had produced no evidence that the article was inaccurate.[43] Lamasney wrote in her court opinion that Ramos's complaint was "a fundamental failure to understand what defamation law is, and more particularly, what defamation law is not".[43]

Former Capital editor and publisher Thomas Marquardt said Ramos began harassing the staff of the newspaper after the article on him was published in 2011.[33] In 2013, Marquardt contacted the Anne Arundel County Police Department about Ramos's behavior, but the department did not pursue the report.[33] Marquardt also consulted the newspaper's attorneys about filing a restraining order against Ramos, and recalled telling them, "This is a guy who is going to come in and shoot us."[33] After his lawsuit against the newspaper was dismissed, Ramos opened a Twitter account, which he used to attack the newspaper and taunt its owners and staff.[33][44] A former FBI senior profiler speculated that Ramos was "an injustice collector", whom she described as "someone who goes through life ... collect[ing] injustices, real or imagined."[45]

Ramos reportedly previously sent threatening letters to the newspaper's former attorney, to the Maryland Court of Special Appeals, and to Charles Moylan Jr., the appellate judge who had ruled against Ramos in his defamation case.[46]

Other lawsuits[edit]

Ramos's use of the justice system as a form of attempting to get his way was seen in at least two other cases. When he was dismissed from his job at the Bureau of Labor Statistics, over "suitability concerns", he sued the agency and won the case, yet was still dismissed from the agency. In 2009, a former classmate took out peace orders (used to prevent contact between people), followed by criminal harassment charges, which he lost.[41] In an affidavit, the harassment victim wrote, "I am physically afraid of Mr. Ramos, and that he may cause me serious physical injury and/or death."[42]

June 28, 2018, letters[edit]

On Thursday, June 28, police reported that Ramos sent letters to three people who had been involved in his defamation lawsuit, with a packet being received by The Capital's former attorney that included a letter addressed to Judge Moylan, who wrote the opinion upholding the dismissal of his defamation case. In it, he wrote, "Welcome, Mr. Moylan, to your unexpected legacy: YOU should have died ... Friends forever, Jarrod W. Ramos."[42] The letter continues; "I further certify I then did proceed to the office of respondent Capital-Gazette Communications ... with the objective of killing every person present."[47] One of the letters thought to have been written by the suspect was published by other news sources.

Guilty plea and trial[edit]

Jarrod W. Ramos was indicted on 23 counts by Anne Arundel County prosecutors in July 2018.[48] [49] Ramos was charged with five counts of first-degree murder; one count of attempted first-degree murder, for shooting at photographer Paul Gillespie; six counts of first-degree assault related to the attacks on Gillespie, staff writers Selene San Felice, Phil Davis, and Rachael Pacella, reporting intern Anthony Messenger, and sales associate Janel Cooley; and 11 counts of using a firearm in the commission of a felony or violent crime.[24][50] He was ordered to be held without bail after he was determined to be a flight risk and a danger to the community,[23] and was placed on suicide watch while in custody of law enforcement.[51]

On August 20, 2018, Ramos pleaded not guilty to all charges.[52] On April 29, 2019, Ramos entered a plea of not guilty and not criminally responsible, and the judge ordered that he be evaluated by the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene.[53] At a pretrial hearing held on October 21, 2019, the judge ruled that based on the Health Department's report, Ramos is legally sane and can be held criminally responsible for his actions and his pending trial should proceed.[54][55] The following week, Ramos pleaded guilty but not responsible by reason of insanity to all 23 counts.[3][56][57] Since he pleaded not criminally responsible, the remaining legal issue was whether Ramos is legally responsible for the multiple murders.[56][58][59][60]

A trial date was delayed several times due to the large quantity of evidence, the COVID-19 pandemic, and the reassignment of a judge.[50][61][62][63][64][65][66][67][68]

At a two-week trial, six survivors of the shooting gave evidence, and expert witnesses on both sides also gave testimony.[48] Expert witnesses for the defense determined that Ramos had autism, obsessive-compulsive disorder, delusional disorder and narcissistic personality disorder; expert witnesses for the prosecution agreed that Ramos had mental health conditions, including schizotypal and narcissistic personality disorders, but testified that he was sane at the time of the killings.[69][70] A court-appointed forensic psychiatrist testified that Ramos was motivated by a fixation on revenge; that Ramos had expressed regret that he had been unable to kill everyone in the newsroom and the state's attorney; and that Ramos had carefully planned the attack on the newspaper's office after determining that a courthouse, his initial target, was too secure.[48] In July 2021, the jury found Ramos criminally responsible, rejecting Ramos's insanity defense and determining that he committed the killings while mentally competent and capable of conforming his actions to the law.[48]

On September 28, 2021, Ramos was sentenced to five life terms plus 345 years in prison.[71]


Law enforcement in other locations[edit]

Police were also sent to the offices of The Baltimore Sun, which owns Capital Gazette Communications,[15] as a precaution, although no threat was registered there.[7] The New York City Police Department also deployed counter-terrorism units to the headquarters of major news outlets in New York City as a precaution against similar attacks.[72] The Chicago Police Department took similar actions.[73]


President Donald Trump was briefed on the shooting and offered his thoughts and prayers by tweet.[74] He later declined to lower US flags to half-staff, as is custom for mass shootings, despite requests from Annapolis mayor Gavin Buckley and the lowering of Maryland flags by the Governor of Maryland, Larry Hogan.[75] On July 3, the White House was reported to have permitted the lowering of the US flags on federal buildings for the day, with the President then issuing a proclamation for the flags to be lowered nationwide until sunset on July 3.[76]

Some commentators have called the shooting an attack on the media, and framed it alongside comments by Trump that the "fake news media" (The New York Times, The Washington Post, ABC, CBS, CNN, NBC News) are the "enemy of the people".[77][78] A Reuters journalist apologized for his comments blaming Trump. Reuters said it did not condone his behavior.[79] The Sunday after the shooting, the staff of the Capital Gazette wrote: "We won't forget being called an enemy of the people."[80]

Days before, right-wing commentator Milo Yiannopoulos wrote that he "can't wait for vigilante squads to start gunning journalists down on sight" in text messages to reporters. After the shooting, Yiannopoulos said the texts were just a joke.[81][82]

On, Elizabeth Nolan Brown criticized the media response to the shooting, pointing out that "[Ramos'] motive doesn't seem related to any of the political agendas offered up in the immediate aftermath by hacks and provocateurs", and that the shooter's anger against the newspaper derived from a personal grudge rather than political motivations.[83] Similarly, the Franklin Daily Journal wrote "the shooting had nothing to do with Trump or his ongoing battle with the press ... the crisis in Maryland allowed people to criticize political opponents who had nothing to do with the actual events."[84]

Governor Hogan tweeted that he was "[a]bsolutely devastated to learn of this tragedy in Annapolis", and asked residents to "heed all warnings and stay away from the area."[7][85] In a press conference, he praised local law enforcement for responding within 60 seconds.[20]

In March and April 2019, the Maryland General Assembly voted unanimously to designate June 28 "Freedom of the Press Day" in honor of the victims.[86][87][88]


After the shooting, Justin Dearborn, the chairman and CEO of Tronc, said: "We are focused now on providing our employees and their families with support during this tragic time. We commend the police and first responders for their quick response."[89] The owner of the Capital Gazette created a fund for the families, victims, and survivors of the shooting, in addition to a scholarship memorial fund for journalism students.[90] A separate GoFundMe fundraiser, created by a Bloomberg Government reporter, hit the initial target and has grown to almost $200,000 by July 1.[91]

Reporters for The Capital and Gazette began coverage of the shooting as it happened, from the newsroom and while returning from the field. Despite the shooting, journalists and staff at The Capital insisted on putting out the next edition of their paper only hours after the fatal shootings.[92] The edition's opinion page was left blank to commemorate the victims, with the exception of a small note stating that the staff members "are speechless."[93]

The Capital published an editorial on July 1, 2018, signed by its entire staff of reporters and editors, thanking the citizens of Annapolis and Anne Arundel County for their support following the shooting.[94]

In December 2018, the staff of Capital Gazette Communications was selected as a recipient of Time's Person of the Year 2018, as one of "The Guardians", a collection of journalists from around the world in their fight against the "War on Truth".[95]

On April 2, 2019, the News Leaders Association selected the staff of the Capital Gazette and The Baltimore Sun as the winners of the Al Neuharth Breaking News Reporting Award for their coverage of the shootings. The Capital Gazette staff were also named as finalists for the Burl Osborne Award for Editorial Leadership – Small, and the Visual Journalism Award – Small.[96][97]

The Capital was awarded a Pulitzer Prize Special Citation on April 15, 2019, to "honor the journalists, staff and editorial board of the Capital Gazette, Annapolis, Maryland, for their courageous response to the largest killing of journalists in U.S. history in their newsroom on June 28, 2018, and for demonstrating unflagging commitment to covering the news and serving their community at a time of unspeakable grief."[98][99] The citation also included a $100,000 bequest "to further the newspaper's journalistic mission",[100] and the editorial staff were named as finalists for the Pulitzer Prize in Editorial Writing.[101]

Vigils and memorials[edit]

Colleagues, friends, and family members of the deceased victims held a candlelit vigil on the streets of Annapolis on June 29, to honor the deceased. Capital Gazette reporter Phil Davis read the names of the deceased, and told the crowds that they were here "to honor who (the victims) were and what their families did not have to go through."[102]

Annapolis mayor Gavin Buckley announced that the city planned to hold a summer music festival that will act as a celebration of the freedom of the press and as a memorial for the journalists who were killed.[103] The concert was held on July 28, 2018, under the title Annapolis Rising: A Benefit for The Capital Gazette and Free Press. The event featured performances by the rock bands Good Charlotte and Less Than Jake, a presentation by comedian Jordan Klepper, and a speech by Washington Post editor-in-chief Martin Baron.[104] Proceeds from this event will be used to benefit a fund established for the victims and survivors, as well as journalism scholarships.[105]

In July 2018, the equipment manager of the Washington Capitals, the 2018 Stanley Cup champions, brought the Stanley Cup to the Capital Gazette's temporary office to boost the employees' morale.[106][107]

In December 2020, Wendi Winters, who rushed the shooter and was credited with saving the lives of her colleagues by allowing them time to escape, was posthumously awarded the Carnegie Medal by the Carnegie Hero Fund Commission.[17]

Physical memorial sites[edit]

Nearly one year after the shooting, Tribune Publishing Chairman David Dreier established the Fallen Journalists Memorial Foundation (FJM Foundation), which aims to construct a memorial in Washington, D.C. to honor journalists who have died in pursuit of the truth.[108] Congress unanimously passed the Fallen Journalists Memorial Act in December 2020.[109] In the same month, President Donald Trump signed the act into law, authorizing the FJM Foundation to establish a commemorative work honoring fallen journalists.[110]

A memorial to the five murdered Capital Gazette staffers, entitled Guardians of the First Amendment, was unveiled in Newman Park in Annapolis on June 28, 2021, the third anniversary of the shooting.[111] It consists of five pillars and a stone with an engraving of the text of the First Amendment.[17][112]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Williams, Timothy; Harmon, Amy (June 29, 2018). "Maryland Shooting Suspect Had Long-Running Dispute With Newspaper". The New York Times. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Higgins, Tucker (June 28, 2018). "Suspect in Maryland newspaper shooting identified". CNBC. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Bui, Lynh; Cox, Erin; Duggan, Paul (October 28, 2019). "Jarrod Ramos admits killing five in Capital Gazette newsroom attack". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  4. ^ "Report: Ramos planned to target another building before Capital Gazette". Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  5. ^ Spielmaker, Connor (July 15, 2021). "Maryland jury finds gunman in Capital Gazette shooting criminally responsible and rejects his mental illness argument". CNN. Archived from the original on July 16, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  6. ^ "Capital Gazette shooting suspect sent chilling letters before newsroom massacre: police". NBC News. July 2, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d Rector, Kevin (June 28, 2018). "Shooting reported at Capital Gazette newspaper in Annapolis, staff say". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  8. ^ "About Us". Capital Gazette. Capital Gazette Communications. July 4, 2014. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  9. ^ a b Hensley, Sarah Beth (June 28, 2018). "Injuries reported in active shooter incident at Capital Gazette building in Annapolis". WTOP-FM. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  10. ^ a b Witte, Brian (June 29, 2018). "Police called suspect in newsroom rampage no threat in 2013". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on June 29, 2018. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
  11. ^ "5 dead in shooting at newspaper building in Maryland, suspect in custody". Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  12. ^ "Every Newspaper Reporter Knows Jarrod Ramos". Esquire. June 29, 2018. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  13. ^ Schladebeck, Jessica (June 29, 2018). "Suspected Capital Gazette shooter able to legally purchase firearms despite ongoing threatening behavior". New York Daily News. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  14. ^ a b Meg Wagner; Veronica Rocha; Brian Ries (June 28, 2018). "Shooting at Maryland newspaper". CNN. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  15. ^ a b Rector, Kevin (June 28, 2018). "Five dead, others 'gravely injured' in shooting at Capital Gazette newspaper in Annapolis". Capital Gazette. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  16. ^ Jessica Campisi; Saeed Ahmed. "When the gunman attacked the Capital Gazette office, one staffer charged at him". CNN. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
  17. ^ a b c d Lilly Price (December 14, 2020). "Capital Gazette journalist Wendi Winters posthumously awarded Carnegie Medal for heroism during newsroom shooting". Capital Gazette.
  18. ^ Ohl, Danielle. "'Wendi Winters saved my life': Capital Gazette staff say their fallen colleague charged the shooter". Capital Gazette. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
  19. ^ "5 killed, others wounded at Maryland newspaper shooting". Associated Press. June 28, 2018. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  20. ^ a b c d "5 dead in shooting at newspaper building in Maryland, suspect in custody". CBS News. Associated Press. June 28, 2018. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  21. ^ "Capital Gazette Shooting: 5 dead as active shooter opens fire in Annapolis, officials say". KMSP-TV. June 28, 2018. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  22. ^ Stonesifer, Jared. "Beaver Falls native recounts daughter's experience surviving Capital Gazette shootings". The Times. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
  23. ^ a b "Charging documents: Jarrod Ramos". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
  24. ^ a b "Case Number C-02-CR-18-001515: State of Maryland vs. JARROD WARREN RAMOS". Case Search: Circuit Court of Maryland. Maryland Judiciary. Retrieved August 11, 2018, Case Number=C02CR18001515.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  25. ^ Cox, Erin. "Capital Gazette shooting victim Gerald Fischman: Clever and quirky voice of a community newspaper". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  26. ^ Marbella, Jean. "Capital Gazette editor Rob Hiaasen identified as victim of shooting at newspaper". Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  27. ^ McDaniels, Andrea K. "Capital Gazette shooting victim John McNamara: Sports reporting was his dream job". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  28. ^ "Bowie Mourns the Loss of John McNamara". The City of Bowie. Archived from the original on July 2, 2018. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
  29. ^ Anderson, Jessica. "Capital Gazette shooting victim Rebecca Smith: Recent hire loved spending time with family". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  30. ^ Wenger, Yvonne. "Capital Gazette shooting victim Wendi Winters: A prolific writer who chronicled her community". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  31. ^ Duncan, Ian. "Fatal shooting of 5 at Capital Gazette is rare attack on U.S. journalists". Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  32. ^ Morrison, Sean (June 29, 2018). "Maryland shooting: Jarrod Warren Ramos, 38, named as suspect after five killed in gun attack on US newsroom". Evening Standard. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  33. ^ a b c d e f Duncan, Ian; Bogel-Burroughs, Nicholas (June 28, 2018). "Sources identify suspect in Annapolis Capital shooting as Jarrod Ramos, who had long-running feud with paper". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  34. ^ "Annapolis shooting: Five killed in attack on US newspaper". BBC News. June 28, 2018. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  35. ^ "Annapolis shooting suspect damaged his fingertips to thwart identification, source says". CBS News. June 28, 2018.
  36. ^ "Suspect's fingerprints appear to have been altered, sources say". CNN. June 28, 2018.
  37. ^ "What we know about the Capital Gazette shooting suspect". ABC7 Chicago. June 28, 2018.
  38. ^ Bui, Lynh; Wiggins, Ovetta; Jackman, Tom (June 28, 2018). "Five dead, gunman in custody after targeted shooting at Capital Gazette building in Annapolis, police say". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  39. ^ Stanglin, Doug; Bacon, John; Cummings, William; Rossman, Sean (June 28, 2018). "5 killed in 'targeted attack' on Capital Gazette newspaper, police say". USA Today. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  40. ^ "Capital Gazette shooting suspect seen as angry loner, obsessed with those who 'wronged' him". USA TODAY. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  41. ^ a b Cook, Chase. "Capital Gazette homicide suspect Jarrod Ramos was an 'outcast of the outcasts,' classmate says". Retrieved July 8, 2018.
  42. ^ a b c Bogel-Burroughs, Ian Duncan, Nicholas. "Capital Gazette shooting suspect's anger flared, and fell silent. Then, police say, it exploded". Retrieved July 8, 2018.
  43. ^ a b c Pratt, Tim (September 22, 2015). "Appellate court upholds ruling in favor of Capital-Gazette". Capital Gazette. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  44. ^ Becket, Stefan. "Jarrod Ramos, 38, identified as suspect in Annapolis shooting". CBS News. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  45. ^ "Annapolis shooting suspect "an injustice collector," former FBI profiler says". CBS News.
  46. ^ Duncan, Ian; Richman, Talia (July 2, 2018). "Capital Gazette suspect allegedly mailed threatening letters before Thursday's shooting". The Baltimore Sun.
  47. ^ Mark Morales; Ray Sanchez. "Newspaper shooting suspect's letter says aim was 'killing every person present'". CNN. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  48. ^ a b c d Michael Levenson, Gunman Is Found Criminally Responsible for Killing 5 at Capital Gazette, The New York Times (July 15, 2021).
  49. ^ Duncan, Ian (July 20, 2018). "Capital Gazette shooting suspect Ramos indicted on 23 counts". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  50. ^ a b Cook, Chase (July 30, 2018). "Capital Gazette homicide charges come to court Monday". Capital Gazette. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
  51. ^ "Gunman Was Methodical, Blocked Victims' Escape: Prosecutor". NBC4 Washington. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
  52. ^ Rydell, John. "Lawyers for Capital Gazette shooting suspect could consider insanity plea". WBFF. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
  53. ^ Mann, Alex (April 29, 2019). "Man charged in Capital Gazette shooting enters not criminally responsible plea". Capital Gazette. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  54. ^ Helsel, Phil (October 21, 2019). "Alleged Capital Gazette shooter is legally sane, judge rules". NBC News. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
  55. ^ "Judge: Doctor Says Jarrod Ramos, Accused In Capital Gazette Slaying, Is Sane". The Associated Press. October 21, 2019.
  56. ^ a b Mann, Alex; Anderson, Jessica (October 28, 2019). "Capital Gazette shooting: Maryland man pleads guilty to attack that killed five as chilling details emerge". Capital Gazette. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  57. ^ "Maryland Man Pleads Guilty in Capital Gazette Shooting". NBC Washington. October 28, 2019. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
  58. ^ Trial For Capital Gazette Accused Shooter Jarrod Ramos Postponed Again Due To COVID, CBS Baltimore (December 1, 2020).
  59. ^ Brian Wittee & Michael Kunzelman, Guilty plea in newspaper shootings; insanity hearing is next, Associated Press (October 28, 2019).
  60. ^ Opinion: The Capital Gazette shooter's fraudulent insanity plea, Washington Post (October 30, 2019).
  61. ^ "Man accused in newspaper shootings to face trial next June". Baltimore, Maryland. The Associated Press. November 15, 2018.
  62. ^ Davis, Phil. "5 things to know about Judge Laura Ripken, Cal's new wife". Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  63. ^ The Associated Press (April 4, 2019). "Capital Gazette Shooting Trial Delayed Until November". Annapolis, Maryland: CBS Baltimore. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
  64. ^ "Accused Capital Gazette shooter to get more time to change plea". The Associated Press. March 28, 2019.
  65. ^ Bui, Lynh (November 7, 2019). "New trial date set for admitted Capital Gazette shooter Jarrod Ramos". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  66. ^ "Sanity Trial For Capital Gazette Shooter Jarrod Ramos Delayed Until June". CBS Baltimore. February 10, 2020. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  67. ^ "Jury Trial Of Accused Capital Gazette Shooter Jarrod Ramos Delayed Until December Due To Coronavirus Pandemic". CBS Baltimore. July 7, 2020. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
  68. ^ Mann, Alex (January 12, 2021). "Capital Gazette murder trial reassigned to judge, as new administrative judges are named for Anne Arundel, Carroll and Howard counties". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved March 2, 2021.
  69. ^ [1], NBC Washington (June 9, 2021).
  70. ^ Emily Davies & Katie Mettler, Capital Gazette gunman regretted not killing more people, expert testifies, The Washington Post (July 14, 2021).
  71. ^ Chappell, Bill (September 28, 2021). "'Capital Gazette' Gunman Is Sentenced To 5 Terms Of Life In Prison Without Parole". Retrieved September 28, 2021.
  72. ^ Steinberg, Brian (June 28, 2018). "NYPD Sends Officers to New York Media Outlets After Annapolis Shooting". Variety. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  73. ^ "Police Sent To Media Outlets In Chicago After Maryland Newsroom Shooting". CBS 2 Chicago. June 28, 2018. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  74. ^ Shapiro, Emily (June 28, 2018). "5 dead in shooting at Annapolis newspaper: Officials". ABC News. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  75. ^ Ohl, Danielle (July 2, 2018). "Trump declines request to lower flags in memory of Capital Gazette shooting victims". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  76. ^ Ohl, Danielle. "White House orders U.S. flags lowered for Capital Gazette victims after Annapolis mayor said initial request declined". Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  77. ^ Pope, Kyle (June 29, 2018). "The war against the press comes to the local newsroom". Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  78. ^ Kirell, Andrew; Arciga, Julia (June 29, 2018). "Trump Now Says Journalists Should Be 'Free From Fear' After Previously Calling Them 'Enemies of the People'". The Daily Beast. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
  79. ^ "Statement from Steve Adler, Editor-in-Chief, Reuters". Reuters. June 28, 2018. Retrieved April 3, 2019. We do not condone his behavior and will take appropriate action.
  80. ^ Wise, Justin (July 2018). "Capital Gazette staff: 'Keep reading, we've only just begun'". The Hill. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  81. ^ Gore, Leada (June 29, 2018). "Capital Gazette shooting: Milo Yiannopoulos says 'gunning down journalists' line was joke". The Birmingham News. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  82. ^ Fink, Jenni (June 28, 2018). "Milo Yiannopoulos Responds to Annapolis Capital Gazette Shooting: Vigilantes Shooting Journalists Comment Was a Joke". Newsweek. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  83. ^ Brown, Elizabeth Nolan (June 29, 2018). "Capital Gazette Shooter Not Motivated by Milo or Maxine Waters, Had 'Long-Standing Grudge Against the Paper': Reason Roundup".
  84. ^ Staff Reports (July 6, 2018). "'Fake news' tried to exploit the Maryland shooting, but without a return to civility and integrity the threat will be all too real". Daily Journal.
  85. ^ "Md. Gov. Hogan, Trump react to Capital Gazette shooting in Annapolis". June 28, 2018.
  86. ^ "Maryland SJ2 | 2019 | Regular Session". LegiScan. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  87. ^ "Maryland HJ9 | 2019 | Regular Session". LegiScan. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  88. ^ Broadwater, Luke. "Maryland General Assembly votes to name June 28 'Freedom of the Press Day' in honor of victims of Capital Gazette shooting". Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  89. ^ "tronc, Inc. Statement on Shooting in Annapolis, Maryland". NASDAQ. June 28, 2018. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  90. ^ Campbell, Colin. "Capital Gazette owner creates fund for shooting victims, families and scholarship for journalism students". Retrieved July 8, 2018.
  91. ^ Mirabella, Lorraine. "D.C. journalist aims to raise $200,000 for Capital Gazette shooting victims through GoFundMe". Retrieved July 8, 2018.
  92. ^ Ed Pilkington, Ben Jacobs, and Kate Lyons (June 29, 2018). "'We're putting out a damn paper' - Capital Gazette publishes despite attack". The Guardian. Retrieved June 29, 2018.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  93. ^ ""Speechless": Capital Gazette opinion page left blank after deadly shooting". CBS News. June 29, 2018. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  94. ^ "Our Say: Thank you. We will not forget". Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  95. ^ "Time Person of the Year 2018: The Guardians". Time. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  96. ^ "News Leaders Association (ASNE-APME) announces winners of 2019 Awards - APME - Associated Press Media Editors". Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  97. ^ Meehan, Sarah. "Capital Gazette, Baltimore Sun recognized with national breaking news award for Capital shooting coverage". Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  98. ^ "Announcement of the 2019 Pulitzer Prize Winners". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  99. ^ "The 2019 Pulitzer Prize Winner in Special Awards and Citations: Capital Gazette, Annapolis, Md". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  100. ^ Reed, Lillian. "Capital Gazette wins special Pulitzer Prize citation for coverage of shooting at its office that killed five". Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  101. ^ "The 2019 Pulitzer Prize Finalist in Editorial Writing: Editorial Staff of the Capital Gazette, Annapolis, Md". Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  102. ^ "Vigil honors victims, families of Capital Gazette shooting". WTOP. June 30, 2018. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
  103. ^ Ohl, Danielle. "Annapolis mayor planning press freedom festival to honor Capital Gazette shooting victims". Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  104. ^ Furgurson III, E.B. "Annapolis joins together to honor Capital Gazette victims, freedom of the press". Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  105. ^ "Good Charlotte to Headline Benefit Concert for 5 Killed in Capital Gazette Shooting". Billboard. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
  106. ^ Wagner, Bill (July 3, 2018). "Stanley Cup visits the temporary Capital Gazette office". Capital Gazette. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
  107. ^ Allen, Scott (July 3, 2018). "The Stanley Cup visited the Capital Gazette's temporary office in Annapolis". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
  108. ^ Cook, Chase. "Lawmakers pledge support for fallen journalist memorial, a seven-year endeavor". Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  109. ^ Staff (September 21, 2020). "House of Representatives Passes Fallen Journalists Memorial Act". News Media Alliance. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  110. ^ Axelrod, Tal (December 24, 2020). "Trump signs bill authorizing memorial to fallen journalists". TheHill. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  111. ^ "Annapolis dedicates memorial to 5 killed in newsroom shooting". WBAL. June 28, 2021. Retrieved June 28, 2021.
  112. ^ Maryland to award $300K for newspaper shooting memorial, Associated Press (June 25, 2020).

External links[edit]