3-oxoacyl-(acyl-carrier-protein) reductase

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3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase
EC number1.1.1.100
CAS number37250-34-3
IntEnzIntEnz view
ExPASyNiceZyme view
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADP+ 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADPH + H+


Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are (3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] and NADP+, whereas its 3 products are 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein], NADPH, and H+.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-OH group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is (3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein]:NADP+ oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include beta-ketoacyl-[acyl-carrier protein](ACP) reductase, beta-ketoacyl acyl carrier protein (ACP) reductase, beta-ketoacyl reductase, beta-ketoacyl thioester reductase, beta-ketoacyl-ACP reductase, beta-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein reductase, 3-ketoacyl acyl carrier protein reductase, 3-ketoacyl ACP reductase, NADPH-specific 3-oxoacyl-[acylcarrier protein]reductase, and 3-oxoacyl-[ACP]reductase. This enzyme participates in fatty acid biosynthesis and polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 21 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1I01, 1O5I, 1Q7B, 1Q7C, 1ULS, 1UZL, 1UZM, 1UZN, 2A4K, 2B4Q, 2C07, 2FR0, 2FR1, 2NM0, 2NTN, 2P68, 2PFF, 2PH3, 2PNF, 2UVD, and 2Z5L.


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