B Battery Royal Horse Artillery
|B Battery Royal Horse Artillery|
|Active||1 February 1793 – 28 March 1819|
9 May 1855 – present
|Part of||1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery|
|Motto(s)||Ubique Quo Fas Et Gloria Ducunt|
|Anniversaries||Sahagun Day 21st December|
|Engagements||Irish Rebellion of 1798|
World War I
World War II
Operation Banner-(Northern Ireland)
- 1 Current Role
- 2 History
- 3 Recent and current conflicts
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 Bibliography
- 7 External links
Battery Structure and Equipment
B Battery has four troops named after famous battles they participated in:
- El Tamar Troop is the Targeting Troop and it is equipped with three Warrior OPVs, a Warrior BCV and a 432 FPC.
- Corunna Troop is the Logistics Troop containing the BQMS and MT departments which are responsible for all the wheeled vehicles both in and out of camp and for all re-supply in the field.
- Downmans Troop is equipped with three AS-90s, a Command Post FV 432 and a Gun Line Section Commander's FV 432.
- Sahagun Troop is also equipped with three AS-90s, a Command Post FV 432 and a Gun Line Section Commander's FV 432.
On 1 February 1793, Napoleon declared war on England. On the same day King George III formed by Royal Warrant. A Troop (now The Chestnut Troop) and B Troop (now B Bty) were formed at Woolwich and equipped with 4 x 6 Pounder smooth bore muzzle loading guns
- 1798 - Irish Rebellion of 1798 - Battle of New Ross (1798) and Battle of Vinegar Hill.
- 1808 – Peninsula war – Battle of Sahagún, In his diary, 2nd Captain Richard Bogue has the following entry for 21 December : "Marched with the 10th (Light Dragoons/Hussars) and 4 guns at one o'clock this morning, a deep snow on the ground. Reached Sahagun, where we knew the French had a position, by half past six, when we found they had news of our approach, & were drawn up (700 cavalry) ready to receive us. The 15th (Light) Dragoons (Hussars) met them first & 400 of them charged them. We came up at the time they were dispersing and assisted in taking them". The remaining two guns followed Lord Paget and the 15th Hussars with the brigade's forage carts. The Battery also fought at The Battle of Benavente on 29 December, when Bogue also records what happened after the 600 French Dragoons of the Imperial Guard had been driven back across the river : "On their forming on the other side of the river I had the pleasure of firing several rounds at them (the first guns fired in Spain) as well as (Captain) Downman & (Lieutenant) Lempriere, when they made off leaving their killed & wounded". (This indicates that each of these officers was commanding a Division of two pieces within the six of the Troop.)
- 1809 - Peninsula war – The Battle of Lugo and during the Battle of Corunna it took no part in the main action; it only fired a few rounds at long range earlier in the day, and were relieved by Foot Artillery.
- 1855 – Crimean War – During the Siege of Sevastopol (1854–1855) B Troop Royal Horse Artillery were re-formed on 1 May 1855, and landed in the Crimea one month later. Its task was to form the ammunition column in support of the light Division.
- 1900 – China – During the Boxer Rebellion the Battery was the only Horse Artillery unit there. It did not encounter much resistance. It was, however, forced to travel hundreds of miles over almost impassable terrain.
World War I
- 1915 – Right section of B Battery was the first Horse Artillery unit ashore at the Gallipoli landings in April 1915. During the battle, the Battery fired more ammunition from their 18-pounder guns than any other and, when the Allied forces pulled out, B Battery was the final Battery to leave the Peninsular.
- 1916 – The Battery was almost continually in action during the Somme Offensive.
- 1917 – The Battery moved to support the Allied offensives at Arras, the Third Battle of Ypres, the Battle of Cambrai (1917) and the Battle of the Lys. During these years, the Battery experienced gas and aerial bombardment for the first time and it was B and L Batteries who saved the day at the Battle of Cambrai (1917) on 20 November 1917 when they stood by their guns until the German infantry were only 40 yards (37 m) away.
- 1918 – The Battery fought at the Battle of Passchendaele at Outtersteene and Ypres. They also fought at Gheluvelt and the River Scheldt.
- 1919 to 1936 – Palestine From 1919 to 1921 the Battery was sent to Egypt and Palestine. It then remained in England until 1932 when it redeployed to Egypt and Palestine to perform police duties during the British Mandate of Palestine and the Arab-Jewish terrorist Campaign. Throughout this time the Battery was equipped with 13-pounder guns.
World War II
- 1939 - In Lille (France), the Battery were now equipped with the 25-pounder gun, towed by the Morris Quad. In June 1940, with the 51st (Highland) Division, it suffered severe losses in the delaying action at St Valery which did much to make possible the evacuation at Dunkirk.
- 1940 – After reforming in England, B Battery departed for the Middle East, as part of the Desert Rats. It fought at all the major battles. During the Siege of Tobruk the Battery was in constant action; there was not a day that the Battery did not fire their guns. Of the seven awards for gallantry during the siege, five were won by members of the Battery, including a Military Cross. The Battery also fought at Derna, Bir El Igela, El Adem, Elvet El Tamar, Deir El Abram, and the First Battle of El Alamein, Alam el Halfa and the Second Battle of El Alamein. It was at Alam el Halfa that the battery supported 133 Infantry Brigade firing over open sights at the tanks of 21. Panzer Division, knocking out or damaging some 30 German tanks.
- 1942 to 1945 – The Battery then retrained on the 105mm Priest and were involved in the Battles for the Gothic Line and River Po in Italy.
- 1947 - B Battery, as part of the 1st Armoured Division, returned to Palestine to assist the civil police in attempting to keep the peace.
- 1949 - The Battery in the Suez Canal Zone, was equipped with 25-pounder self-propelled Sextons.
- 1952 - Moved to BAOR in Münster and Hildesheim. It was equipped with M44 155 mm Howitzers.
- 1965 to 1967 – B Battery were trained on the Italian 105 mm Pack Howitzer and sent to Aden. There, it fought in the emergency and engaged in gunnery actions in the Radfan.
Recent and current conflicts
- 1969 – B Battery served in Belfast in Northern Ireland.
- 1972 / 1974 / 1976 - Served in Northern Ireland.
Persian Gulf War
The Battery went into suspended animation, as 1 RHA provided augmentees to 40 Regt RA. A composite Battery called A/B/E Battery RHA was formed from the remainder of the Regiment, converted to the M109 self-propelled gun in readiness for deployment as Battle Casualty Replacements (BCRs), but did not deploy.
- 1996 – The Battery, formed as B/L Battery, was deployed with IFOR in Glamoč, Bosnia.
- 1998 - The Battery was deployed with SFOR in Glamoč, Bosnia.
- 1999 – The Battery TAC Group helped spearhead the advance of the NATO-led force into Kosovo.
- 2000 - A troop from B Battery deployed with A Battery to Sanski Most, Bosnia.
- 2000 – A troop from B Battery deployed with L/N Battery to Luzanne, Kosovo
- 2002 - The Battery returned to Šipovo in Bosnia as the UK Artillery Battery.
Operation TELIC in Iraq
- 2004 – B Battery deployed with 1 RHA to Basra in Iraq on Telic 4.
- 2007 - B Battery deployed with 1 RHA to Basra in Iraq on Telic 10, and was responsible for security in the town of Az Zubayr in Basra Province.
- Clarke, W.G. (1993). Horse Gunners: The Royal Horse Artillery, 200 Years of Panache and Professionalism. Woolwich: The Royal Artillery Institution. ISBN 09520762-0-9.