3×3 Eyes

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3×3 Eyes
3x3 Eyes volume 1.jpg
Pai and Yakumo as they appear on 3×3 Eyes volume 1 published by Kodansha
サザンアイズ
(Sazan Aizu)
GenreAdventure, dark fantasy, romance[1][2]
Manga
Written byYuzo Takada
Published byKodansha
English publisher
DemographicSeinen
MagazineWeekly Young Magazine
English magazine
Super Manga Blast
Original runDecember 1987October 2002
Volumes40
Original video animation
Directed byDaisuke Nishio
Produced by
  • Hidetoshi Shigematsu
  • Shigeru Watanabe
  • Ryohei Suzuki
Written byAkinori Endō
Music byKaoru Wada
StudioToei Animation
Licensed by
Released July 25, 1991 March 19, 1992
Runtime30 minutes (each)
Episodes4
Original video animation
Legend of the Divine Beast
Directed byKiyoko Sayama
Produced by
  • Katsunori Haruta
  • Minoru Takanashi
  • Toshimichi Ootsuki
  • Yoshimasa Mizuo
Written byKazuhisa Takenouchi
Music byKaoru Wada
StudioStudio Junio
Licensed by
Released July 25, 1995 June 25, 1996
Runtime45 minutes (each)
Episodes3
Manga
3×3 Eyes: Genjū no Mori no Sōnansha
Written byYuzo Takada
Published byKodansha
DemographicSeinen
MagazineYoung Magazine Kaizokuban
Original runDecember 26, 2014August 12, 2016
Volumes4
Manga
3×3 Eyes: Kiseki no Yami no Keiyakusha
Written byYuzo Takada
Published byKodansha
DemographicSeinen
Magazine
  • E-Young Magazine
  • (2016–2019)
  • Monthly Young Magazine
  • (2019–present)
Original runDecember 22, 2016 – present
Volumes2
Wikipe-tan face.svg Anime and manga portal

3×3 Eyes, pronounced Sazan Eyes[a] (Japanese: サザンアイズ, Hepburn: Sazan Aizu), in Japanese, is a manga written and illustrated by Yuzo Takada. The manga was serialized in Weekly Young Magazine from 1987 to 2002, spanning to a total of 40 volumes. In 1993, it won the Kodansha Manga Award for shōnen. The English language translation was published by Dark Horse Comics, but was discontinued after the release of volume 9 in 2005.

The manga has received two Original Video Animation (OVA) series based on 3×3 Eyes that were released in 1991 and 1995 and cover the storyline up to volume 5 of the manga. The first consisted of four episodes averaging to half-hour of runtime and the second consisted of three averaging out to 45 minutes of runtime. In the United States, the first OVA was originally distributed by Streamline Pictures and the second was distributed by Manga Entertainment shortly after the Japanese releases. The two OVAs were later re-released in 2001 by Pioneer Entertainment in a collected set. The series has also received several companion books, drama CDs, and video games, only released in Japan.

Plot[edit]

3×3 Eyes follows the adventures of Pai, the last remaining Sanjiyan Unkara (三只眼 吽迦羅, three-eyed mandala), and her new Wu (Chinese reading of 无; an immortal companion), Yakumo, as they desperately try to find a way to make Pai human so that she can forget her troubled past. Pai travelled to Tokyo searching for the artifact, but shortly after she arrived, a thief snatched her backpack and cane from her. A teenage lad, Yakumo, tackled the crook and managed to get the pack back for her, though the thief escaped with the cane. Yakumo took her to his work, where Pai was able to get cleaned up, and where she discovered that he was the son of Professor Fujii, an archaeologist she had met in Tibet four years prior. The Professor had been researching the legends of the Sanjiyans and had befriended her and offered to help her find the Ningen, only to fall ill and die. Pai had his last letter to his son in her backpack, which asked Yakumo to help Pai with her quest. Although he didn't believe his father's tales of Pai being a monster, he agreed to assist her.

Their discussion was interrupted by news reports of a giant monster flying over the city. Pai recognised the creature as her pet Takuhi, who must have been released from his home in Pai's cane by the thief, and who was now looking for her. Pai set out to retrieve him, with Yakumo close behind. However when Yakumo saw Takuhi fly towards Pai, the lad mistook the beast's welcome for an attack, and shoved Pai out the way; immediately Takuhi ripped into the lad, fatally wounding him. Unwilling to lose the boy she had been hunting for and just located, Pai's third eye opened, and she absorbed his soul. This restored his body, but tied him to her as her undead servant. Linked to her, he can only become human again when she becomes human. In the way of this goal are hordes of monsters and demons from the Shadow World, some desiring Pai's powers, others who seek the Ningen for their own. Yakumo can again become mortal and end his constant need to protect Pai because if Pai dies, then so will he. Along the way, they encounter many followers of the now-dead demon god Kaiyanwang, all of whom wish to kill Pai or siphon off her power in order to resurrect their deity and/or gain immortality.

Media[edit]

Manga[edit]

3×3 Eyes is written and illustrated by Yuzo Takada. It was serialized in Weekly Young Magazine and spanned up to 40 volumes, beginning in 1987 and ending in 2002.[4][5] A limited edition of the final volume was released on the same day of the normal edition containing a video game for PC.[6] Kodansha also released four special edition volumes. The first two were released on April 25, 2002.[7][8] An additional box set was also released on the same day.[9] The remaining two limited edition volumes were released on May 23, 2002.[10][11] The manga was re-released into 24 volumes from August 12, 2009, to July 9, 2010.[12][13] A limited edition of the final 24th volume was released on the same day as the normal edition containing a commemorative art book.[14]

The English-language translation was originally published by Studio Proteus under their Innovation Comics imprint in 1991 (resulting in a 5 issue mini-series), but in 1995 was published from the beginning by Dark Horse Comics after they purchased Studio Proteus, as well as serialized in Super Manga Blast! magazine.[15] This release altered art to remove several instances of a "penis-like tentacle" emerging from a character's mouth in volume 2, this censorship was done with the approval of Yuzo Takada.[16] A total of eight volumes were published between March 1, 1995, and May 5, 2004.[17][18] The manga was discontinued in 2005 before the release of the ninth volume.

In 2014, it was announced that the series would receive a sequel manga entitled 3×3 Eyes: Genjū no Mori no Sōnansha and would be published in Young Magazine Kaizokuban.[19] The manga finished in August 2016.[20] A second manga sequel entitled 3×3 Eyes: Kiseki no Yami no Keiyakusha, started on December 22, 2016 on E-Young Magazine online manga magazine.[21][22] In 2019, the manga was transferred to Monthly Young Magazine on February 20.[23]

OVA[edit]

Two OVAs series were produced by Toei Animation and its subsidiary Studio Junio. The first shares the same name of the manga and released four episodes between July 25, 1991, and May 19, 1992.[24][25] The second OVA titled, 3×3 Eyes: Legend of the Divine Beast (3×3 EYES 聖魔伝説, 3×3 Eyes: Seima Densetsu) is the sequel to the first with a total of three episodes released between July 25, 1995, to June 25, 1996.[26][27] A four-disc Blu-ray box set was released on August 4, 2010. The first two discs contained episodes from the two OVAs, respectively. The additional other two discs are soundtrack from the OVAs.[28]

The first OVA was originally dubbed and distributed in the United States by Streamline Pictures in 1992, featuring Eddie Frierson as Yakumo and Rebecca Forstadt as Pai. Instead of four episodes, the Streamline version comprised two parts that merged the first and second episodes and the third and fourth episodes. The second OVA was originally dubbed and distributed by Manga Entertainment in 1995, with Frierson and Forstadt reprising their roles. Manga's release was treated as a continuation of the Streamline version and thus referred to the three episodes as the third, fourth, and fifth parts as opposed to the fifth, sixth, and seventh episodes.[29]

In 2001, the two OVAs were re-released in the United States by Pioneer Entertainment. The Pioneer release included a new English dub that retained the original episode count and starred Brigitte Bako as Pai and Christian Campbell as Yakumo.[30] Directed by Greg Weisman, the dub also featured Keith David, Bill Fagerbakke, Thom Adcox-Hernandez, and Ed Asner, who all previously appeared with Bako in Weisman's series Gargoyles, and the dub contained homages to the series.[31]

3×3 Eyes[edit]

No.TitleOriginal release date
1"Transmigration"
"Tensei no shō" (Japanese: 転生の章)
July 25, 1991 (1991-07-25)[24]
2"Yakumo"
"Yakumo no shō" (Japanese: 八雲の章)
September 26, 1991 (1991-09-26)[32]
3"Sacrifice"
"To-sei no shō" (Japanese: 採生の章)
January 23, 1992 (1992-01-23)[33]
4"Straying"
"Meisō no shō" (Japanese: 迷走の章)
March 19, 1992 (1992-03-19)[25]

Legend of the Divine Beast[edit]

No.TitleOriginal release date
5"Descent"
"Matsuei no shō" (Japanese: 末裔の章)
July 25, 1995 (1995-07-25)[26]
6"The Key"
"Kagi no shō" (Japanese: 鍵の章)
December 18, 1995 (1995-12-18)[34]
7"The Return"
"Kikan no shō" (Japanese: 帰還の章)
June 25, 1996 (1996-06-25)[27]

Audio[edit]

Three Drama CDs have been released by King Records. The first is titled 3×3 Eyes Ten no Maki (3×3EYES 天之巻, 3×3 Eyes Heaven Volume) and was released in Japan on September 5, 1990.[35] The Drama CD titled, 3×3 Eyes Hito no Maki (3×3EYES 人之巻, 3×3 Eyes Mankind Volume) was released in Japan on November 21, 1990.[36] The third Drama CD titled, 3×3 Eyes Chi no Maki (3×3EYES 地之巻, 3×3 Eyes Earth Volume) was released in Japan on June 23, 1993.[37]

Music for both anime OVA series were composed by Kaoru Wada and primarily performed by a group known as Takada Band. All soundtracks were released under its Star Child label. For the original OVA, a total of four soundtracks were released. The soundtrack titled, 3×3 Eyes: Dai-ichi Shou (3×3EYES 第壱章, 3×3 Eyes Chapter 1) was released in Japan on August 21, 1991.[38] The second soundtrack titled, 3×3 Eyes: Dai-ni Shou (3×3 EYES第弐章, 3×3 Eyes Chapter 2) was released in Japan on November 21, 1991.[39] The third soundtrack titled, 3×3 Eyes: Dai-san Shou (3×3EYES 第参章, 3×3 Eyes Chapter 3) was released in Japan on April 22, 1992.[40] The fourth soundtrack titled 3×3 Eyes TAKADA BAND was released in Japan on June 24, 1992, and contains tracks primarily performed by Takada Band.[41]

For the second OVA, 3×3 Eyes: Legend of the Divine Beast, two soundtracks have been released. The first soundtrack titled, 3×3 Eyes: Legend of the Divine Beast - Descendant Musical Terminal (3×3 EYES 聖魔伝説 末裔譜譚詩, 3×3 Eyes: Seima Densetsu - Matsuei Fudanshi) was released in Japan on July 5, 1995.[42] The second soundtrack titled, 3×3 Eyes: Legend of the Divine Beast - Descendant Musical Terminal II (3×3 EYES 聖魔伝説 末裔譜譚詩II, 3×3 Eyes: Seima Densetsu - Matsuei Fudanshi Tsu) was released in Japan on June 5, 1996.[43]

Kaoru Wada's theme song "Pai Longing" appears on 3×3 Eyes: Dai-ichi Shou (1991). Several reviewers have noted its resemblance to James Horner's theme song to the later 1995 Hollywood film Braveheart.[44][45][46]

Video games[edit]

Various video games came out based on the 3×3 Eyes manga and OVA. Two video games were developed for the Super Famicom. The first titled, 3×3 Eyes Seima kōrin-den (3×3EYES 聖魔降臨伝) was developed by Yutaka and released on July 28, 1992. The second titled, 3×3 Eyes Jūma hōkan (3×3EYES 獣魔奉還) was developed by Banpresto and released on December 22, 1995. A video game for the Sega Mega-CD titled, Seima Densetsu 3×3 Eyes MCD (聖魔伝説3×3EYES MCD) was developed by Sega and released on July 23, 1993.

Nihon Create had developed three games for the 3×3 Eyes and ported to several consoles. The first video game developed by Nihon Create titled, 3×3 Eyes Sanjiyan Henjyo (3×3 EYES 三只眼變成) was released on PC-9801, FM Towns, PC-Engine, Windows 3.1, and Windows 95. The second video game developed by Nihon Create titled 3×3 Eyes Kyūsei kōshu (3×3 EYES 吸精公主) was released on Windows 95, PlayStation, and Sega Saturn. The third video game developed by Nihon Create titled 3×3 Eyes Tenrin' ō Genmu (3×3 EYES 転輪王幻夢) was released on Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows XP and PlayStation. The three games were collected in a 4-disc DVD box set titled 3×3 Eyes Memorial on December 13, 2002.[47]

Other[edit]

Several companion books have been released for 3×3 Eyes manga. The first is titled 3×3 Eyes: Yōma daizukan (3×3 EYES 妖魔大図鑑, 3×3 Eyes Monster Encyclopedia) and released on April 24, 1998. The book features character and monster encyclopedia, commentary, crossword, stickers, and a short story titled Hyōhaku suru Yōma (漂泊する妖魔, Wandering Monster) by Endo Akinori.[48] A second book titled 3×3 Eyes Another World was released on April 1, 2001. It contains a special talk with Endo Akinori and interviews with the characters Pai and Yakumo.[49] An anthology book titled 3×3 Eyes Another Story was released on March 23, 2000, and contains short stories written by Endo Akinori, Katsumi Ishizuka, and Kusano Shinichi.[50] A papercraft book titled 3×3 Eyes: Yōma rittai zukan (3×3 EYES 妖魔立体図鑑, 3×3 Eyes Monster 3D picture book) was released on May 24, 2000.[51] A book titled 3×3 Eyes: Perfect Jiten (3×3 EYES パーフェクト事典, 3×3 Perfect Encyclopedia) was released on April 6, 2001.[52]

The German digital hardcore group Atari Teenage Riot used audio samples from the Streamline English dub of the first episode of 3×3 Eyes in their song "Start the Riot", released on the compilation album Burn, Berlin, Burn! in 1997 (song released in 1995).[53] Alec Empire of Atari Teenage Riot also used samples from the first and second episodes of the Streamline dub on his 1996 solo album The Destroyer.[54]

Reception[edit]

As of February 2015, 3×3 Eyes had over 33 million copies in circulation.[55] In 1993, the manga won the Kodansha Manga Award for shōnen.[56]

The OVA adaptation had received mixed to positive reviews. Theron Martin of Anime News Network praised both OVAs stating "While not a spectacular series, 3×3 Eyes is nonetheless a very solid production which should entertain those who don't mind high levels of bloodshed and rampant mystical content."[57] Justin Sevakis also of Anime News Network, criticized the artstyle the animation quality of the series, whilst noting that the series is still entertaining.[58] Carlos Ross of THEM Anime Reviews praised the first OVA for its animation and characters, but criticized the story for its "disjunctive nature" and "anti-climactic" ending.[59] For the second OVA, Ross gave the plot a mix review noting that it is more coherent than the previous OVA, but also more confusing.[60] Stig Høgset also of THEM Anime Reviews, gave both the OVAs a more positive review, praising the characters and artwork, but criticizing the ending for it feeling unfinished.[61] Luis Cruz from Mania, gave the first OVA a mix review stating, "3×3 Eyes has the material to be a classic series [sic] However, the OVA format limits its potential by constraining the amount of time it can spend building the characters and their world."[62] He continued to state for the second OVA, "It only falls short by being hobbled with a story arc conclusion rather than a proper ending" and "the story stands well enough on its own and provides nearly two hours of action, humor, and intriguing mysteries."[63]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Sazan" is the transliteration of the English word "southern".[3]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ Young Magazine Editorial (1999-04-21). "高田裕三インタビュー". 3×3 Eyes Another World (in Japanese). Kodansha. ISBN 4-06-334058-9.
  4. ^ "3×3 EYES (1)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Archived from the original on 2014-01-12. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
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  16. ^ "Toren Smith on Manga Censorship". sazan.net. Retrieved 2014-07-18.
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  20. ^ 「3×3EYES 幻獣の森の遭難者」完結、次シリーズでは「八雲の苦難を」. Natalie (in Japanese). August 20, 2016. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
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  30. ^ "New 3X3 Dub Coming". Anime News Network. 2002-02-25. Retrieved 2014-07-15.
  31. ^ 10 - Ask Greg Archives : Gargoyles : Station Eight
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  36. ^ "3×3EYES 人之巻" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01.
  37. ^ "3×3EYES 地之巻" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01.
  38. ^ "3×3EYES 第壱章" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01.
  39. ^ "3×3 EYES第弐章" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01.
  40. ^ "3×3EYES 第参章" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01.
  41. ^ "3×3 EYES: TAKADA BAND" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01.
  42. ^ "3×3 EYES 聖魔伝説 末裔譜譚詩" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01.
  43. ^ "3×3EYES 聖魔伝説 末裔譜譚詩 II" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01.
  44. ^ Martin, Theron. "3x3 Eyes (1991)". USA Anime. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  45. ^ Martin, Theron (September 14, 2007). "3x3 Eyes DVDs 1 and 2". Anime News Network. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  46. ^ "3X3 Eyes: Perfect Collection – from Streamline/Orion". Game Monkeys Magazine. 1999. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  47. ^ "3×3 EYES Memorial" (in Japanese). Nihon Create. Archived from the original on 2009-05-03. Retrieved 2014-07-09.
  48. ^ "3×3 EYES 妖魔大図鑑" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Archived from the original on 2014-05-21. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
  49. ^ "3×3 EYES Another World" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Archived from the original on 2014-05-21. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
  50. ^ "3×3 EYES Another Story" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Archived from the original on 2014-05-21. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
  51. ^ "3×3 EYES 妖魔立体図鑑(ペーパークラフト)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Archived from the original on 2014-05-21. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
  52. ^ "3×3 EYES パーフェクト事典" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Archived from the original on 2014-05-21. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
  53. ^ "Start the Riot! by Atari Teenage Riot on WhoSampled". WhoSampled. Retrieved 2016-07-05.
  54. ^ "We All Die! (Intro) by Alec Empire on WhoSampled". WhoSampled. Retrieved 2016-07-05.
  55. ^ 3×3EYES : 13年ぶり「ヤンマガ」帰還 累計3300万部の人気伝奇マンガ. Mainichi Shimbun Digital (in Japanese). 2015-02-09. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
  56. ^ Joel Hahn. "Kodansha Manga Awards". Comic Book Awards Almanac. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
  57. ^ Theron Martin (2007-09-14). "3x3 Eyes: DVD 1 – Immortals and 2 – Legend of the Divine Demon". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
  58. ^ Justin Sevakis (2014-05-13). "Pile of Shame – 3x3 Eyes". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
  59. ^ Carloss Ross. "3x3 Eyes". THEM Anime Reviews. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
  60. ^ Carloss Ross. "3x3 Eyes 2". THEM Anime Reviews. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
  61. ^ Stig Høgset. "3x3 Eyes 1&2". THEM Anime Reviews. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
  62. ^ Luis Cruz. "3x3 Eyes Vol.#1". Mania. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-07-09.
  63. ^ Luis Cruz. "3x3 Eyes Vol.#2". Mania. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-07-09.

External links[edit]