Jump to navigation Jump to search
|914 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1667|
|Balinese saka calendar||835–836|
|Chinese calendar||癸酉年 (Water Rooster)|
3610 or 3550
— to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
3611 or 3551
|- Vikram Samvat||970–971|
|- Shaka Samvat||835–836|
|- Kali Yuga||4014–4015|
|Japanese calendar||Engi 14|
|Minguo calendar||998 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1225/1226 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1456–1457|
1040 or 659 or −113
— to —
1041 or 660 or −112
- Spring – Empress Zoe Karbonopsina leads a palace coup at Constantinople and overthrows, with the support of the magistros John Eladas, Patriarch Nicholas Mystikos as regent over her son, Emperor Constantine VII. She allows Nicholas to remain as patriarch, repudiates the title granted to Simeon I of Bulgaria (see 913) and nullifies the marriage plans (with a Bulgarian princess) made for her son by Nicholas.
- Summer – Byzantine–Bulgarian War: Simeon I invades, with the Bulgarian army, the themes of Thrace and Macedonia. Simultaneously, the Bulgarian troops penetrate into the regions of Dyrrhachium and Thessalonica to the west. Thrace's largest and most important city, Adrianople (modern Turkey), is besieged and captured. However, the Byzantines promptly regain the city in exchange for a huge ransom.
- January 19 – King García I dies at Zamora (Spain) after a 4-year reign. He is succeeded by his brother Ordoño II, who becomes king of Galicia and León. Ordoño continues his expansion and settles his court in León.
- Summer – Saracens from Garigliano establish advanced strongholds in Lazio at Trevi (in the Sabine Hills, near Palestrina) and Sutri. From here, they encroach on the papal cities of Orte, Narni and Nepi with impunity.
- Viking raiders establish a settlement near Waterford (Ireland) led by Ottir (the Black). The Dublin Vikings are forced to pay tribute to the Irish kings of Meath and Leinster as the price to keeping their independence.
- In Al-Andalus a drought leads to a terrible famine in the Iberian Peninsula, which continues in 915. In his centralization effort, the Umayyad caliph Abd al-Rahman III, reconquers Seville from the Banu Hajjaj clan.
- Vikings devastate the Welsh coast and move up the Severn River. They capture Bishop Cyfeilliog of Ergyng, but are driven out by Saxon levies from Hereford and Gloucester.
- Lady Æthelflæd of Mercia, a daughter of King Alfred the Great, builds a burh or fortified dwelling at Warwick. She leads the Mercians in their fight against the Danish invaders.
- The Battle of Danes Moor (or 'Dunsmoor') occurred between the Danes and the Saxons on Danes Moor between Culworth and Edgecote, north-east of Banbury, Oxfordshire, at a crossing of a tributary of the River Cherwell.
- January 24 – The Fatimid general, Hubāsa of the Kutama Berber tribe, marches out with his troops from Tripoli. He follows the coastline, and takes possession of the only two towns of any size Syrte and Ajdābiya, without a struggle. The garrisons of the two towns—the westernmost outposts of the Abbasid Caliphate—have already fled.
- February 6 – Hubāsa takes Barqah (modern-day Benghazi), the ancient capital of Cyrenaica. The Abbasid governor withdraws to Egypt, before the superior strength of the Fatimids. With this rich, fertile province fallen into his hands, it provides Hubāsa with 24,000 dinars in annual revenues from taxes, as well as 15,000 dinars paid by Christians.
- July 11 – Al-Qa'im bi-Amr Allah, son of the Fatimid caliph Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah, leaves Raqqada at the head of an army, which is composed of Kutama warriors and the Arab jund (personal guard) in an attempt to conquer Egypt. He send orders to Hubāsa to wait for him, but driven by ambition Hubāsa is already on his way to Alexandria.
- August 27 – Hubāsa captures Alexandria, after a victorious encounter with Egyptian troops near Al-Hanniyya (modern-day El Alamein). The Abbasid governor Tekin refuses to surrender and asks for reinforcements, which reach him in September. Shortly after Al-Qa'im bi-Amr Allah enters Alexandria, with the rest of his army.
- December – The Fatimid army under Hubāsa leaves Alexandria, followed by Al-Qa'im bi-Amr Allah. The Abbassid troops hold Fustat and begin a counter-offensive against the invaders. The Kutama cavalry suffers heavy losses to the Turkish archers.
- January 12 – Ahmad Samani, emir of the Samanid Empire, is murdered (decapitation) while sleeping in his tent at Bukhara (modern Uzbekistan) by some of his slaves. He is succeeded by his 8-year-old son, Nasr II, under the regency of Vizier Abu Abdallah al-Jayhani. The Abbasids try, in vain, to benefit from the turmoil to reconquer Sistan.
- Sajid invasion of Georgia: A Muslim army under Yusuf ibn Abi'l-Saj campaigns in the Georgian principalities. He makes Tiflis his base for operations, and invades Kakheti. Yusuf proceeds to Kartli, where the fortifications of Uplistsikhe are demolished. He besieges and captures the fortress of Q'ueli, putting its defender Gobron to death.
- Hasan al-Utrush re-establishes Zaydid rule over the province Tabaristan (Northern Iran), after 14 years of Samanid occupation. He becomes the new ruler (emir) and Zaydid noblemen accept his authority.
- In India Emperor Indra III of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty, a grandson of Krishna II, begins his rule (until 929).
- March or April – Pope Lando dies at Rome after a reign of less than a year. He is succeeded by John X, archbishop of Ravenna, as the 122nd pope of the Catholic Church.
- Al-Muti, Abbasid caliph (d. 974)
- Chen Hongjin, Chinese warlord (d. 985)
- Li Conghou, emperor of Later Tang (d. 934)
- Luitgarde, duchess consort of Normandy (d. 978)
- Shi Chonggui, emperor of Later Jin (d. 974)
- Valtoke Gormsson, Viking nobleman (d. 985)
- January 12 – Ahmad Samani, Samanid emir
- January 19 – García I, king of León (Spain)
- February 12 – Li, empress of Yan
- Abu Sa'id al-Jannabi, founder of Bahrain (or 913)
- Aedh mac Ailell, abbot of Clonfert
- Bárid mac Oitir, Viking leader
- Gobron, Georgian military commander
- Idalguer, Frankish bishop
- John Eladas, Byzantine regent
- Krishna II, Indian ruler
- Lando, pope of the Catholic Church
- Li Jihui, Chinese governor
- Liu Rengong, Chinese warlord
- Liu Shouguang, Chinese warlord
- Mu'nis al-Fahl, Abbasid general
- Plegmund, archbishop of Canterbury (or 923)
- John V.A. Fine, Jr. (1991). The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, p. 148. ISBN 978-0-472-08149-3.
- John V.A. Fine, Jr. (1991). The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, pp. 148–149. ISBN 978-0-472-08149-3.
- Ch Paquis, Louis Dochez Histoire d'Espagne Béthune et Plon, 1844.
- John Haywood (1995). Historical Atlas of the Vikings, p. 74. ISBN 978-0-140-51328-8.
- Rucquoi, Adeline (1993). Histoire médiévale de la Péninsule ibérique. Paris: Seuil. p. 85. ISBN 2-02-012935-3.
- Picard, C. (2000) Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle). L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose; pp.54.
- Timeline of the Early British Kingdoms 599 AD–937 AD - Britannia.com.
- Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, ed. M. Swanton (Dent, London 1997), s.a. 911–918.
- Heinz Halm The empire of the Mahdi, Partie 1, Volume 26 BRILL, 1996. ISBN 978-90-04-10056-5.
- Joel L. Kraemer Philosophy in the renaissance of Islam: Abū Sulaymān Al-Sijistānī and his circle Brill Archive, 1986. ISBN 978-90-04-07258-9.
- Rayfield, Donald (2000). The Literature of Georgia: A History, pp. 48-49. Routledge. ISBN 0-7007-1163-5.
- Ancient India Par R.C. Majumdar Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 1994. ISBN 978-81-208-0436-4.