Adana (raga)

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Adana
Thaat Asavari
Time of day Late night, 12–3
Arohana
  • S R M P n P M P n S'
  • S R g M P n P S'
Avarohana S' d n P g M R s
Synonym Adana Kanada
Similar Darbari Kanada

Adana is an Indian raga. It is also called Adana kanada. It is often sung or played in drut laya after a vilambit composition in raga Darbari Kanada, as Adana is straighter than Darbari in its chalan, thus allowing faster passages. The flow of this raga is similar to a mix of Madhyamad Saranga with Darbari. Another common vivadi some artists use sparingly is shuddha ni which enhances the Saranga mood of the raga.

Aroha and avaroha[edit]

Arohana: S R M P n P M P n S' is quite small

S R g M P n P S'

Avarohana: S' d n P g M R s

Vadi and samavadi[edit]

  • Vadi : Sa
  • Samvadi : Pa

Organization and relationships[edit]

Flat Ga is usually omitted in ascent and in descent always appears in the distinctive Kanada phrase g M R S. Flat Dha is present in descent, but one should never linger on it. In fact it is omitted by some musicians completely. Most movements are in the upper tetrachord, around high Sa. It is very common to begin the elaboration of this raga with high Sa.[1]

Adana is part of the Kanada Raga group.

Samay (Time)[edit]

Late Night (12 -3)

Historical Information[edit]

Ādāna was previously called Āḍḍānā.[2]

Adana was a major raga in the 17th century and a combination of the then current ragas Malhar and Kanada. In a ragamala painting from Mewar it is depicted as an ascetic man sitting on a tiger skin, however, Somnath describes him as Kama the god of love. His Adana was quite different from the raga as it is performed today.[1]

Origins[edit]

Important Recordings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bor 1997
  2. ^ Kaufmann

External links[edit]

Literature[edit]

(most) entries due to: Moutal, Patrick (1991), Hindustāni Rāga-s Index, New Dheli: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt Ltd, ISBN 81-215-0525-7 

  • Bagchee, Sandeep (1998), Nād; Understanding Rāga Music, Mumbai: eshwar, ISBN 81-86982-07-8 
  • Bhatkhande, Vishnu Nayaran (1968–73), Hindusthānī Sangīta Paddhaati: Kramika Pustaka Mālikā (6 vols.), Hathras: Sangeet Karyalaya 
  • Bhatkhande, Vishnu Nayaran (1968–75), Hindusthānī Sangīta Paddhaati: Sangīta Śāstra (4 vols), Hathras: Sangeet Karyalaya 
  • Bhatkhande, Vishnu Nayaran, Svara Mālikā, Hathras: Sangeet Karyalaya 
  • Bhatt, Balvantray (1977), Bhāvaranga Lahāri, Varanasi: Motilal Barnasidas 
  • Bor, Joep (c. 1997), The Raga Guide, Charlottesville,Virginia: Nimbus Records, archived from the original on 3 December 2003 
  • Gandharva, Kumar (1965), Anūparāgavilāsa, Bombay: Mauj Prakashan 
  • Kaufmann, Walter (1968), The ragas of North India, Calcutta, New Dheli, Bombay: Oxford & IBH Publishing Company 
  • Khan, Raja Nawab Ali (1924), Māriphunnagamāta, Hathras: Sangeet Karyalaya 
  • Nijenhuis, E. te (1976), The Ragas of Somanatha Vol I-II, Leiden: E.J.Brill 
  • Patwaradan, Narayan Rao (1972), Tarala Prabandhāvalī, Rajasthan: Vanasthali Vidyapith 
  • Patwaradan, Vinayak Rao (1961–74), Raga Vijñāna (7 vols), Poona: Sangeet Gaurav Granthamala 
  • Phulambrikar, Krishnarao, Rāga Sangraha, Poona 
  • Ratanjankar, S.N., Abhinava Gīta Manjarī, Bombay: Popular Prakashan 
  • Shah, Jaisuklal (1972), Kānada Ke Prakāra, Bombay: Jaisuklal Shah 
  • Srivastava, Jaisuklai (1969), Malhāra Ke Prakāra, Bombay: Jaisuklal Shah 
  • Thakur, Omkarnath (1955–75), Sangītāñjali (6 vols), Varanasi 
  • Vaze, Ramkrishna Narahar (1938), Sangīta Kala Prakāśa, Poona: Ramkrishna Sangeet Vidyalaya