Bhairavi (Hindustani)

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For Carnatic music raga(South Indian classical music), see Bhairavi (Carnatic). For the goddess, see Bhairavi.
Raag Bhairavi
Ragamala painting of Raag Bhairavi.
Thaat Bhairavi
Aaroha Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa'
Avroha Sa' Ni Dha Pa Ma Ga Re Sa
Pakad n S g m d P g m g r S
Vaadi M
Samvaadi S
Prahar (Time) Morning (Pratham Prahar)

Raag Bhairavi (Hindi: भैरवी) (Urdu: بھیرویں‎) (Sindhiراڳ ڀيروي ) is a Hindustani Classical heptatonic (Sampurna) Raag of Bhairavi Thaat. Traditionally it is a morning raga. In modern times, typically in Khyal Gayaki, it is usually performed as the concluding (finale) piece in concerts. It is the defining raga of its own Thaat.

Carnatic music has a Bhairavi raga which is quite different from the Hindustani raga.

Hanumatodi in Carnatic music has the same scale as the Bhairavi in Hindustani music.

Theory[edit]

Writing about the musical theory of Hindustani music is fraught with complications. Firstly, there have been no set, formal methods of written notation. Secondly, Hindustani music is an oral tradition, and therefore writing is not an essential part of learning. However, Bhairavi though a morning raag, is now commonly sung at the end of the concert to conclude the concert as 12 notes-Bhairavi exposes the audience with all the notes in the octave. The raag has a child like temperament and the musician is not expected to make the mood sombre. It shares the notes with Bilaskhani Todi which has a sombre temperament.

Arohana & Avarohana[edit]

Arohana

Sa, Komal Re, Komal Ga, Ma, Pa, Komal Dha, Komal Ni, Sa'
 C,     D♭,       Eb,    F,  G,     A♭,       Bb,    C'

Avarohana

Sa', Komal Ni, Komal Dha, Pa, Ma, Komal Ga, Komal Re, Sa
 C',     Bb,        A♭,   G,   F,     Eb,       D♭,   C

Ranveer sandhu Patiala

Pakad or Chalan[edit]

Komal Dha - Komal Ni - Sa

Sa - Komal Re - Sa

Sa - Komal Re - Kali - Ma - Kali - Pa - Komal Ga - Komal Ni - Komal Ga

Organization & Relationships[edit]

Related ragas:

Thaat: Bhairavi

Behavior[edit]

Behavior refers to practical aspects of the music. It is complicated to talk about this for Hindustani music since many of the concepts are fluid, changing, or archaic. The following information cannot be accurate, but it can attempt to reflect how the music existed. The Performance for this raga is unusually relaxed, some musicians take the liberty of using shuddha Re in ascent, and even the sequence Ma - Teevra Ma. These deviations, however, are not typical of the raga. Musicians are also inclined to sometimes avoid Pa in ascent.

Samay (Time)[edit]

Bhairavi Samay is the first watch of night. But it is also used as a concluding piece and as such has been performed even at night, but always in semi or light-classical rendering. If one has to sing or play bhairavi as a main piece it has to be in the morning time.

Seasonality[edit]

Bhairavi is one of few raags that can be sung in any season.

Rasa[edit]

Raag Bhairavi is typically performed with a peaceful, serious, and occasionally sad mood.

Film Songs[edit]

Bhairavi is a popular raga for film songs. Here are some film songs based on Bhairavi:

Historical Information[edit]

Origins[edit]

Origin of Bhairavi: The origin of the raga Bhairavi came from one of the oldest Indian Ancient tribe named "Bhirva". And after a long time when Indo-Aryans entered in Ancient India they merged this Non-Aryan Raga into there music & culture. Two books, e.g. "Vabprakashan" by Saradatanay and other "Rag-O-Rup" by Swami Pragyanananda (Page-4) reveal about Ancient "Bhirva" tribe. Nowadays "Bhairavi" raga is being used in worship by Hindus in their religious imagination of "Lord Shiva & Parvati"

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dr. Krishna N. Sharma. Raaga Bhairavi in Hindi Songs. O. B. Publication. p. 12. ISBN 8191007711.

Bor, Joep (ed). Rao, Suvarnalata; der Meer, Wim van; Harvey, Jane (co-authors) The Raga Guide: A Survey of 74 Hindustani Ragas. Zenith Media, London: 1999.

External links[edit]