Jaijaivanti

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Jaijaivanti
ThaatKhamaj
ArohanaRe ga(komal) re sa, re ga(shuddh), ma pa dha pa, ni sa
AvarohanaSa ni(komal) dha pa, dha ma ga re, re ga(komal) re sa
Pakadre ga komal re sa,(mandra saptak) ni shuddha sa dha ni re
SynonymJaijaiwanti
EquivalentDwijavanthi

Jaijaivanti or Jaijaiwanti is a raga[1] in Hindustani classical music belonging to Khamaj thaat.

According to the Guru Granth Sahib, this raga is a mixture of two other ragas - Bilaval and Sorath. This raga appears in the latter section in Gurbani, as there are only 4 hyms composed by Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth guru. These hyms were added by his son and successor Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth guru in 1705 A.D. This raga has not been mentioned in any ancient Indian classical scriptures on music. It is also not mentioned in the Ragmala at the end of Granth Sahib.[2]

Features[edit]

Raga Jaijaivanti is sung during the first prahar of the night - from six to nine in the evening. Its season of recitation is summer or grishma.

Composition[edit]

Aarohana: Re ga(komal) re sa, re ga(shuddh), ma pa dha pa, ni sa

Avarohana: Sa ni(komal) dha pa, dha ma ga re, re ga(komal) re sa

Pakad - re ga komal re sa,(mandra saptak) ni shuddha sa dha ni re

"Possible notes"

Ni Sa Dha NI(komal) Re, Re Ga(Komal) Re Sa,
Pa Re Ga(komal) Re Sa, Ma Pa Ni(shuddh) Re (tar saptak) Ni(komal) Dha Pa, Dha Ma Ga Re, Re Ga(komal) Re Sa

Popular songs[edit]

Also known as Dwijavanthi in the Carnatic tradition and in the Yakshagana theater tradition.

Examples of songs[edit]

Urdu[edit]

Dil Ka Diya Jalaya (Film: Koel (1959), Singer: Noor Jahan (Late), Composer: Khawaja Khursheed Anwar)

Hindi[edit]

Man Mohana Bare Jhoote (Film: Seema (1955), Music: Shankar-Jaikishan, Singer: Lata Mangeshkar)

Sooni Sooni Saaz Ki Sitaron Par (Film: Laal Pathhar (1971), Music: Shankar-Jaikishan, Singer: Asha Bhonsle)

Dil Deta Hai Ro Ro Duhai (Film: Phir Teri Kahaani Yaad Aayi (1993), Music: Anu Malik, Singer: Alka Yagnik)

Main Radha Tu Sham (Film: Viswaroopam(2012), Music: Shankar-Ehsaan-Loy, Singer: Shankar Mahadevan & Kamal Hassan)

Baapu Sehat Ke Liye (Film: Dangal (2016), Music: Pritam)

Naina (Film: Dangal(2016), Music: Pritam, Singer: Arijit Singh)

Tamil[edit]

Anbae Sughama (Film: Paarthale Paravasam(2001), Music: A.R.Rahman, Lyricist: Vairamuthu, Singers: Srinivas, Sadhana Sargam)

Mannapenin Sathiyam (Film: Kochadaiyan(2014), Music: A.R.Rahman, Lyricist: Vairamuthu, Singer: Haricharan)

Malayalam[edit]

Oruneram Enkilum (Singers: Yesudas, Chitra)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mackenzie, Sir Compton; Stone, Christopher. The Gramophone. 77, Issues 915-918. p. 100.
  2. ^ 1, Sukhbir Singh Kapoor & Mohinder Kaur Kapoor. Vol. (2002). Guru Granth Sahib : an advance study. New Delhi: Hemkunt Press. ISBN 9788170103172.