Al-Jamiatul Ahlia Darul Ulum Moinul Islam

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Al-Jamiatul Ahlia Darul Ulum Muinul Islam
Type Islamic university
Established 1896 (1896) (1310 Hijri)
Chancellor Majlis-e-Shura
Rector Sheikh ul islamAllama Shah Ahmad Shafi
Academic staff
110 (2012)[1]
Students 8000(Total 2012[2] )
Undergraduates 3800 (2012)[3]
Postgraduates 4000 (2012)
Location Hathazari, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Campus Urban (4.24 Acres)
Website darululum-hathazari.com

Al-Jamiatul Ahlia Darul Ulum Muinul Islam (Bengali: আল্‌-জামিয়াতুল আহ্‌লিয়া দারুল উলূম মুঈনুল ইসলাম (হাটহাজারী মাদ্রাসা)), popularly known as the Hathazari Madrassah or the "Boro Madrassah" ("big school"), is a Kawmi[4] (Qaumi) educational institution in Hathazari, Chittagong, Bangladesh. Established in 1896 (1310 Hijri), it is the largest and oldest Deobandi Madrasah in Bangladesh.[5][6]

History[edit]

Al-Jamiatul Ahlia Darul Ulum Moinul Islam was first established in 1896 CE. It was moved to its present location in Hathazari, Bangladesh in 1901.[7] The Jamiah introduces the Islamic education and Reformation movement in this region.[8] Darul Uloom Deoband was established in Indian Subcontinent in 1866 CE.[9] A few Ulema of the port-city Chittagong took the decision to establish Al-Jamiatul Ahlia Darul Ulum Moinul Islam according to the constitution of Darul Uloom Deoband. To apply this decision Habibullah along with Abdul Wahed, Azizur Rahman and Abdul Hamid established the madrasah[10].

The Hathazari Madrasah became "arguably the most reputable Quomi madrasa in the country."[7]

Starting in 2004, the Hathazari Madrasa has been at the centre of media attention due to allegations that it is a haven for "terrorist" training.[7] This is the first time in the institution's long history that such allegations have been made against the madrasah itself.[7]

On February 2010, 40 students were arrested for clashing with police and later released. Students had snatched a service rifle.[11]

Organization and administration[edit]

The Darul Ulum has divided its education system into six major levels:[citation needed]

Network of schools[edit]

The "Boro Madrassah" is one of the three large madrasahs, along with Al-Jamiah Al-Islamiah in Patiya, and Jamiatul Uloom Al-Islamia Lalkhan Bazar, that together control over 7000 smaller schools in Bangladesh.[4][8] The three schools are closely coordinated.[8]

Publications[edit]

This following magazines are being published by madrassah.

  • Monthly Muinul Islam
  • Yearly Al Muin

Alleged militancy[edit]

There are allegations that the Madrassah is a training ground for Islamic extremists.[4][7] While authorities of the school have confirmed that some graduates volunteered for the Afghan jihad during the 1980s, there was no strong evidence to suggest that the school itself was recruiting for the jihad.[7]

The rector of the school, Maulana Ahmad Shafi—popularly known as "Boro Huzur" (the eldest scholar)[12]—is also the chairman of a faction of the political party Islami Oikya Jote.[13] Critics of the party say that membership of IOJ coincides with the Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami (HuJI), though a leading Bangladeshi political scientist warns little is actually known about their organisation.[14]

Rector Ahmad is also purported to be the leader of a group called "Hifazat-e-Islam,"[15] which he claims to be a peaceful organisation.[16] Ahmad and his colleagues state that the group is for protesting the government's decisions to introduce a secular education system. However, there are claims that Hifazat-e-Islam is militant.[15] A statement from the police mentions that men, suspected to be from Hifazat-e-Islam, fired gunshots and threw homemade bombs on the police, causing injuries to 5 or 6 police constables.[16] It is unclear whether or not these actions were approved by Ahmad Shafi.[citation needed]

Alumni scholars[edit]

The Jamiah Darul Ulum Moinul Islam has produced a large number of notable scholars.

References[edit]

  1. ^ আল-জামিয়াতুল আহলিয়া দারুল উলূম মুঈনুল ইসলাম-হাটহাজারী। . Darululum-hathazari.com (in Bengali). Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "1500 sued for Hathazari thana attack". Bangladesh News. 14 April 2008. Retrieved 1 June 2012. 
  3. ^ পরিচিতি [About]. Darululum-hathazari.com (in Bengali). 22 November 2009. Retrieved 1 June 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Rao, M. Rama (31 October 2005). "Reality Reminder". Asian Tribune. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. 
  5. ^ Kabir, Humayun (December 2009). "Replicating the Deobandi model of Islamic schooling: the case of a Quomi madrasa in a district town of Bangladesh". Contemporary South Asia. 17 (4): 415–428. doi:10.1080/09584930903275884. 
  6. ^ Singh, Nagendra Kr., ed. (2003). Encyclopaedia of Bangladesh (1st ed.). New Delhi, India: Anmol Publications. p. 259. ISBN 8126113901. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Ahmad, Mumtaz and Matthew J. Nelson. "Islamic Education in Bangladesh and Pakistan: Trends in Tertiary Institutions." (Preview) NBR Project Report. April 2009. (alternate non-preview version)
  8. ^ a b c Riaz, Ali (2008). Faithful Education: Madrassahs in South Asia. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. p. 149. ISBN 978-0-8135-4562-2. Three madrassahs are reported to control more than seven thousand smaller madrassahs—al-Jamiah al-Islamia located in Patiya district, Darul Uloom Mainul Madrassah located in Hathazari, and Darul Uloom Madrassah located in Lalkhan Bazar of Chittagong—are closely coordinated and they appear to be the core institutions of a larger network. 
  9. ^ "Madrasa Deoband – by Moulana Yunus Osman". Beautifulislam.net. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  10. ^ "Creating a Practicing Muslim: A Study of Qawmi Madrasah in Bangladesh (PDF Download Available)". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2017-11-27. 
  11. ^ "All detainees set free in Ctg". The Daily Star. 26 February 2010. 
  12. ^ http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a917048577
  13. ^ "Unknown Islamist group flexes its muscles in Ctg". The Daily Star. 25 February 2010. 
  14. ^ "Bangladesh Today", International Crisis Group, Asia Report 121, 23 October 2006.
  15. ^ a b সক্রিয় হিযবুত তাহ্রীর এবং উগ্র ইসলামী সংগঠনগুলো (Hizbut Tahrir and other Islamic extremists are becoming active), Al-Mamun Khan, The Weekly Saptahik, 5 August 2010.
  16. ^ a b আলেমদের মিছিলে গুলি : চট্টগ্রামে পুলিশি হামলায় মহাসমাবেশ. Amardesh. 2010/02/25.
    (Translation: To summarise the Amardesh story, it states the police action on the procession by Hefajate-Islami. It also includes statements made by Maulana Ahmed who claims his organisation (HI) to be a peaceful one, and that they are protesting the government's decisions to introduce secular education system (which they perceive to be hostile against the right-wing islamists). Note that the newspaper mentions this as the statement of Maulana Ahmed and his colleagues. The police's statement is also included, which mentions that militants from the Hefajate-Islam procession also fired gunshots and threw homemade bombs on the police, causing injuries to 5/6 police constables.)

Coordinates: 22°30′16″N 91°48′27″E / 22.504552°N 91.807611°E / 22.504552; 91.807611