Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
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Shabbir Ahmad Usmani (Urdu: شبیر احمد عثمانی, Shabbīr Aḥmad ‘Usmānī; October 11, 1887 – December 13, 1949) was an Islamic scholar who supported the Pakistan Movement in the 1940s. He was a theologian, writer, orator, politician, and expert in tafsir and Hadith.
|Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
شبير أحمد عثماني
October 11, 1887|
Bijnor, British India
|Died||December 13, 1949
Baghdad al-Jadid, Bahawalpur State
|Resting place||Islamia Science College
|Occupation||Islamic scholar, Teacher, Politician|
|Main interest(s)||Tafsir, Hadith, Shari'a|
|Notable idea(s)||Objectives Resolution|
|Alma mater||Darul Uloom Deoband|
|Disciple of||Mahmud al-Hasan|
Born on October 11, 1887 in Bijnor, a city in Uttar Pradesh, India, his father, Fadhlur Rahman, was a deputy inspector of schools and had been sent to Bareilly when his son was born. He was educated at Darul Ulum Deoband, where he became a disciple of Mahmud ul Hasan, and graduated in 1908. After his graduation, he was appointed as a teacher at Darul Uloom Deoband.
In 1915, when Mahmud ul Hasan travelled to Hijaz, Usmani filled his position as the teacher of Sahih Muslim. In 1925, Sultan Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia scheduled a conference for prominent ulama from all over the world. A deputation of a number of 'ulama from India participated in this conference, with Usmani among them. In 1926, he moved to Dabhel, a small predominantly Deobandi town in the Indian state of Gujarat, and became a teacher at Jami'a Islamiyyah Dabhel. In 1933, when Anwar Shah Kashmiri died, Usmani became the teacher of Sahih al-Bukhari.
Usmani's literary works are
- Tafsir-e-Usmani, an Urdu translation of the tafsir of the Quran written by Mahmud ul Hasan
- Fathul Mulhim Sharh Sahih Muslim, a commentary on Sahih Muslim
In 1944, he became a member of the Muslim League and was one of the few Deobandis who supported the creation of Pakistan. In order to counteract the propaganda and activities of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind, he founded the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam in 1945. He served as JUI's president until his death. He is also notable for having led the funeral prayer of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan.
- Deoband Movement (1866-1947) at Storyofpakistan.com
- Rizwan Hussain. Pakistan and the emergence of Islamic militancy in Afghanistan. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2005