Alicante (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Alicante
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Alicante).png
Location of Alicante within Spain
Province Alicante
Autonomous community Valencian Community
Population 1,855,047 (2016)
Electorate 1,253,296 (2016)
Major settlements Alicante, Elche, Alcoy, Elda, Benidorm, Orihuela
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 9 (1977–1986)
10 (1986–1996)
11 (1996–2008)
12 (2008–)

Alicante (Valencian: Alacant) is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects 12 deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Alicante is currently set at 12. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Alicante 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1 4 4
1st 1979
1 4 4
2nd 1982
6 3
3rd 1986
6 1 3
4th 1989
1 5 1 3
5th 1993
1 4 5
6th 1996
1 5 5
7th 2000
4 7
8th 2004
5 6
9th 2008
5 7
10th 2011
4 8
11th 2015
3 3 2 4
12th 2016
3 2 2 5

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Alicante
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 329,628 37.66 +4.84 5 +1
Valencian style (PodemosCompromísEUPV)1 193,263 22.08 –3.88 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 187,484 21.42 +0.57 2 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 138,517 15.83 –1.23 2 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 10,632 1.21 +0.30 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,838 0.55 –0.03
Total 875,169 100.00 12 ±0
Valid votes 875,169 99.16 +0.03
Invalid votes 7,432 0.84 –0.03
Votes cast / turnout 882,601 70.42 –2.52
Abstentions 370,695 29.58 +2.52
Registered voters 1,253,296
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Alicante
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 297,083 32.82 –22.39 4 –4
It is time (PodemosCompromís)1 201,610 22.27 +19.16 3 +3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 188,711 20.85 –6.12 3 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 154,397 17.06 New 2 +2
United Left of the Valencian CountryPopular Unity in Common (EUPV–UPeC) 33,397 3.69 –2.81 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,293 0.58 –0.56
Total 905,213 100.00 12 ±0
Valid votes 905,213 99.13 +0.35
Invalid votes 7,952 0.87 –0.35
Votes cast / turnout 913,165 72.94 –0.57
Abstentions 338,776 27.06 +0.57
Registered voters 1,251,941
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Alicante
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 489,946 55.21 +2.78 8 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 239,318 26.97 –14.15 4 –1
United Left of the Valencian CountryThe Greens: Plural Left (EUPV–EV) 57,677 6.50 +4.24 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 49,662 5.60 +4.89 0 ±0
Commitment CoalitionEquo (Compromís–Q)1 27,619 3.11 +2.39 0 ±0
Blank ballots 10,124 1.14 +0.33
Total 887,427 100.00 12 ±0
Valid votes 887,427 98.78 –0.59
Invalid votes 10,975 1.22 +0.59
Votes cast / turnout 898,402 73.51 –5.23
Abstentions 323,707 26.49 +5.23
Registered voters 1,222,109
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Alicante
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 489,831 52.43 +3.55 7 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 384,156 41.12 –1.00 5 ±0
United and Republican Left (EUPVIR) 21,087 2.26 –1.65 0 ±0
Blank ballots 7,535 0.81 –0.58
Total 934,313 100.00 12 +1
Valid votes 934,313 99.37 ±0.00
Invalid votes 5,878 0.63 ±0.00
Votes cast / turnout 940,191 78.74 +1.22
Abstentions 253,878 21.26 –1.22
Registered voters 1,194,069
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Alicante
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 434,812 48.88 –5.38 6 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 374,631 42.12 +7.33 5 +1
United Left of the Valencian CountryRepublican Left (Entesa) 34,774 3.91 –1.43 0 ±0
Blank ballots 12,342 1.39 +0.23
Total 889,522 100.00 11 ±0
Valid votes 889,522 99.37 +0.03
Invalid votes 5,601 0.63 –0.03
Votes cast / turnout 895,123 77.52 +4.18
Abstentions 259,606 22.48 –4.18
Registered voters 1,154,729
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Alicante
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 436,740 54.26 +8.57 7 +2
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 280,085 34.79 –5.26 4 –1
United Left of the Valencian Country (EUPV) 42,998 5.34 –5.27 0 –1
Valencian Nationalist BlocThe Greens–Valencians for Change (BNV–EV)1 12,353 1.53 +0.06 0 ±0
The Eco-pacifist Greens (LVEP) 8,671 1.08 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 9,319 1.16 +0.32
Total 804,968 100.00 11 ±0
Valid votes 804,968 99.34 –0.10
Invalid votes 5,378 0.66 +0.10
Votes cast / turnout 810,346 73.34 –8.53
Abstentions 294,594 26.66 +8.53
Registered voters 1,104,940
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Alicante
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 382,321 45.69 +2.22 5 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 335,149 40.05 +0.10 5 +1
United Left of the Valencian Country (EUPV) 88,772 10.61 +0.35 1 ±0
Blank ballots 6,997 0.84 +0.31
Total 836,850 100.00 11 +1
Valid votes 836,850 99.44 –0.04
Invalid votes 4,712 0.56 +0.04
Votes cast / turnout 841,562 81.87 +0.12
Abstentions 186,304 18.13 –0.12
Registered voters 1,027,866
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Alicante
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 340,312 43.47 +14.10 5 +2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 312,754 39.95 –3.85 4 –1
United Left of the Valencian Country (EU–PV) 80,339 10.26 +1.30 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 15,212 1.94 –8.03 0 –1
Blank ballots 4,163 0.53 +0.03
Total 782,921 100.00 10 ±0
Valid votes 782,921 99.48 +0.13
Invalid votes 4,074 0.52 –0.13
Votes cast / turnout 786,995 81.75 +7.66
Abstentions 175,647 18.25 –7.66
Registered voters 962,642
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Alicante
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 290,886 43.80 –5.53 5 –1
People's Party (PP)1 195,031 29.37 –0.16 3 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 66,230 9.97 +0.34 1 ±0
United LeftUnited Left of the Valencian Country (IU–EU) 59,491 8.96 +4.05 1 +1
The Greens–Green List (LV–LV) 10,312 1.55 +0.67 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 7,784 1.17 New 0 ±0
Valencian People's Union (UPV) 6,985 1.05 +0.15 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,331 0.50 +0.04
Total 664,060 100.00 10 ±0
Valid votes 664,060 99.35 +1.38
Invalid votes 4,372 0.65 –1.38
Votes cast / turnout 668,432 74.09 –0.74
Abstentions 233,805 25.91 +0.74
Registered voters 902,237
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Alicante
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 314,763 49.33 –4.81 6 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 188,399 29.53 +0.51 3 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 61,446 9.63 +7.07 1 +1
United Left (IU)2 31,340 4.91 +0.84 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 11,407 1.79 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,954 0.46 +0.01
Total 638,049 100.00 10 +1
Valid votes 638,049 97.97 +0.05
Invalid votes 13,226 2.03 –0.05
Votes cast / turnout 651,275 74.83 –9.62
Abstentions 219,072 25.17 +9.62
Registered voters 870,347
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Alicante
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 352,632 54.14 +14.76 6 +2
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party–Valencian Union (APPDPUV)1 189,040 29.02 +23.80 3 +3
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 46,940 7.21 –30.26 0 –4
Communist Party of the Valencian Country (PCE–PV) 26,531 4.07 –7.13 0 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 16,680 2.56 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,920 0.45 +0.25
Total 651,383 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 651,383 97.92 –0.87
Invalid votes 13,805 2.08 +0.87
Votes cast / turnout 665,188 84.45 +10.96
Abstentions 122,521 15.55 –10.96
Registered voters 787,709
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Alicante
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 218,137 39.38 –3.39 4 ±0
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 207,570 37.47 +1.58 4 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 62,018 11.20 +2.01 1 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 28,917 5.22 –1.29 0 ±0
National Union (UN)3 10,759 1.94 +1.21 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,110 0.20 ±0.00
Total 553,932 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 553,932 98.79 +0.11
Invalid votes 6,782 1.21 –0.11
Votes cast / turnout 560,714 73.49 –8.70
Abstentions 202,268 26.51 +8.70
Registered voters 762,982
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Alicante
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 213,242 38.83 4
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 197,100 35.89 4
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 50,444 9.19 1
People's Alliance (AP) 35,755 6.51 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 21,621 3.94 0
Christian Democracy FederationChristian Democracy Team (FDC–EDC) 8,160 1.49 0
Blank ballots 1,071 0.20
Total 549,184 100.00 9
Valid votes 549,184 98.68
Invalid votes 7,341 1.32
Votes cast / turnout 556,525 82.19
Abstentions 120,631 17.81
Registered voters 677,156
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 38°30′N 0°30′W / 38.500°N 0.500°W / 38.500; -0.500