All-time tennis records – women's singles

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Overall tennis records – women's singles covers the period 1884 to present.

Before the beginning of the Open era in April 1968, only amateurs were allowed to compete in established tennis tournaments, including the four Grand Slams. Wimbledon, the oldest of the Majors, was founded in 1877, followed by the US Open in 1881, the French Open in 1891, and the Australian Open in 1905. Beginning in 1905 and continuing to the present day, all four majors have been played yearly, with the exception of the two World Wars and 1986 for the Australian Open. The Australian Open is the 1st Major of the year (January), followed by the French Open (May–June), Wimbledon (June–July), and US Open (August–September). There was no prize money and players were compensated for travel expenses only. A player who wins all four current major tournaments, as a single or as part of a doubles team, in the same calendar year is said to have achieved the "Grand Slam". If the player wins all four consecutively, but not in the same calendar year, it is called a "Non-Calendar Year Grand Slam". Winning all four at some point in a career, even if not consecutively, is referred to as a "Career Grand Slam". Winning the four Majors and a gold medal in tennis at the Summer Olympics has been called a "Golden Slam" since 1988.[1] Winning all four plus gold at some point in a career, even if not consecutively, is referred to as a "Career Golden Slam". Winning the Year-End Championship also having won a Golden Slam is referred to as a "Super Slam".[2][3][4] Winning the four Majors in all three disciplines a player is eligible for – singles, doubles, and mixed doubles – is considered winning a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles. The current Grand Slams are the four most prestigious tournaments in the world held every year, they are distinguished by participation from almost every top player and by their two-week duration, 128-player draw in women's singles. It's extremely rare for a player to win all four events, "the Grand Slam", in one calendar year. This was only achieved three times since 1888 by Maureen Connolly, Margaret Court, and Steffi Graf, the latter of whom stands alone in winning the "Golden Slam".

These are some of the important records since the start of women's tennis in 1884.

Most statistics are based on the data at the WTA Tour and International Tennis Federation, the official websites of each respective Grand Slam tournament and published sources though this is not a definitive list due to the time periods involved.

Active streaks and active players are in boldface.

Grand Slam tournament records[edit]

Grand Slam singles totals[edit]

Grand Slam tournament consecutive streaks[edit]

This section is for consecutive streaks across all Grand Slam tournaments. If a player skips a tournament the streak ends.

(3) Denotes multiple streaks within one category

active streaks in boldface

Titles Start – End #
1. United States Maureen Connolly 1952 WM–1953 US 6
Australia Margaret Court 1969 US–1971 AU
Czech Republic/United States Martina Navratilova 1983 WM–1984 FR
4. West Germany Steffi Graf 1988 AU–1989 AU 5
5. Norway/United States Molla Mallory 1915 US–1918 US 4
West Germany Steffi Graf (2) 1993 FR–1994 AU
United States Serena Williams 2002 FR–2003 AU
United States Serena Williams (2) 2014 US–2015 WM
9. United States Helen Wills 1928 FR–1928 US 3
United States Helen Wills (2) 1929 FR–1929 US
United States Pauline Betz 1942 US–1944 US
United States Shirley Fry 1956 WM–1957 AU
Australia Margaret Court (2) 1965 WM–1966 US
United States Billie Jean King 1967 WM–1968 AU
United States Billie Jean King (2) 1972 FR–1972 US
Czech Republic/United States Martina Navratilova (2) 1981 AU–1982 FR
United States Chris Evert 1982 US–1983 AU
West Germany Steffi Graf (3) 1989 WM–1990 AU
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/United States Monica Seles 1991 US–1992 FR
West Germany Steffi Graf (4) 1995 FR–1995 US
West Germany Steffi Graf (5) 1996 FR–1996 US
Switzerland Martina Hingis 1997 WM–1998 AU
Finals Start – End #
1. West Germany Steffi Graf 13[8]
2. Czech Republic/United States Martina Navratilova 11
3. United States Maureen Connolly 6
Australia Margaret Court
Czech Republic/United States Martina Navratilova (2)
United States Chris Evert
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/United States Monica Seles
8. United States Pauline Betz 5
Australia Margaret Court (2)
Australia Margaret Court (3)
West Germany Steffi Graf (2)
Switzerland Martina Hingis
Semifinals Start – End #
1. Czech Republic/United States Martina Navratilova 1982 AU–1988 AU 19
2. West Germany Steffi Graf 15
3. United States Chris Evert 11
Switzerland Martina Hingis
5. United States Serena Williams 10
6. Australia Margaret Court 9
United States Chris Evert (2)
8. Brazil Maria Bueno 1964 FR–1965 US 7
Australia Margaret Court (2)
United States Billie Jean King 1967 WM–1969 AU
United States Chris Evert (3)
Quarterfinals Start – End #
1. Czech Republic/United States Martina Navratilova 19
West Germany Steffi Graf
3. Argentina Gabriela Sabatini 1990 WM–1994 AU 15
4. Australia Margaret Court 1968 WM–1971 AU 11
United States Billie Jean King 1967 FR–1969 US
United States Chris Evert
Switzerland Martina Hingis
8. United States Lindsay Davenport 10
United States Serena Williams
10. Czech Republic/United States Martina Navratilova (2) 9
United States Chris Evert (2)
West Germany Steffi Graf (2)
United States Serena Williams (2)
Match wins Start – End #
1. Czech Republic/United States Martina Navratilova 1983 WM–1984 AU 40
West Germany Steffi Graf 1988 AU–1989 FR
3. Australia Margaret Court 1969 US–1971 FR 35
4. United States Maureen Connolly 1952 WM–1953 US 33
United States Serena Williams 2002 FR–2003 FR
United States Serena Williams (2) 2014 US–2015 US
7. West Germany Steffi Graf (2) 1993 FR–1994 FR 32
8. West Germany Steffi Graf (3) 1989 WM–1990 FR 27
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/United States Monica Seles 1991 US–1992 WM
Appearances #
1. Japan Ai Sugiyama[9] 62
2. Italy Francesca Schiavone 61
3. Serbia Jelena Janković 56
4. France Nathalie Dechy 54
Russia Elena Likhovtseva
6. Switzerland Patty Schnyder 52
7. France Alizé Cornet 51
8. Serbia Ana Ivanovic 48
9. Bulgaria Tsvetana Pironkova 47
Poland Agnieszka Radwańska

Grand Slam match winning percentages[edit]

** Not all sources agree with one of Wills' losses. She did not play two matches because of appendicitis, causing her to miss the 1926 Wimbledon Championships. Wimbledon did not assign a loss to her or a win to her opponent. The other tournament gave her a loss instead of a default to her and a walkover to her opponent, neither of which count as a loss or a win. It is unknown why the tournament chose to assign a loss to her. Taking these facts into consideration, her adjusted win percentage would be 125–3 = 97.66%.

Grand Slam career achievements[edit]

Grand Slam, Golden Slam and Super Slam[edit]

Career Grand Slam * Event of completion
United States Maureen Connolly 1953 French International Championships
United States Doris Hart 1954 U. S. National Championships
United States Shirley Fry Irvin 1957 Australian National Championships
Australia Margaret Court 1963 Wimbledon Championships
United States Billie Jean King 1972 French Open
United States Chris Evert 1982 Australian Open
Czech Republic/United States Martina Navratilova 1983 US Open
West Germany Steffi Graf 1988 US Open
United States Serena Williams 2003 Australian Open
Russia Maria Sharapova 2012 French Open
* each Grand Slam title at least once
Career Golden Slam * Event of completion
West Germany Steffi Graf 1988 Olympics
United States Serena Williams 2012 Olympics
* Career Slam + Olympic Gold (since 1988)
Career Super Slam * Event of completion
West Germany Steffi Graf 1988 Olympics
United States Serena Williams 2012 Olympics
* Career Golden Slam + Year-End Championship (since 1970)

Winning tournament without losing a set[edit]

  • Minimum 2
# Player Majors
13 United States Helen Wills 1927 US, 1928 FR, 1928 WM, 1928 US, 1929 FR, 1929 WM, 1929 US, 1930 FR, 1930 WM, 1931 US, 1932 FR, 1932 WM, 1938 WM
6 Czech Republic/United States Martina Navratilova 1983 WM, 1983 US, 1984 WM, 1986 WM, 1987 US, 1990 WM
United States Serena Williams 2002 WM, 2002 US, 2008 US, 2010 WM, 2014 US, 2017 AU
5 France Suzanne Lenglen 1922 WM, 1923 WM, 1925 FR, 1925 WM, 1926 FR
United States Maureen Connolly 1953 AU, 1953 WM, 1953 US, 1954 FR, 1954 WM
Australia Margaret Court 1961 AU, 1962 AU, 1963 AU, 1965 WM, 1966 AU
United States Billie Jean King 1967 WM, 1967 US, 1971 US, 1972 FR, 1972 US
United States Chris Evert 1974 FR, 1976 US, 1977 US, 1978 US, 1981 WM
West Germany Steffi Graf 1988 AU, 1988 FR, 1989 AU, 1994 AU, 1996 US
4 Australia Nancye Wynne Bolton 1946 AU, 1947 AU, 1948 AU, 1951 AU
Australia Evonne Goolagong Cowley 1971 FR, 1975 AU, 1976 AU, 1977 AU

Individual Major tournaments[edit]

Titles per event[edit]
  • Minimum 3 titles
Consecutive titles per event[edit]
  • The French Open was only a Grand Slam event from 1925 onwards
  • (3) Denotes multiple times

Bold: Active players

Finals per event[edit]

Bold: Active players

Match wins per event[edit]
Match win streaks per event[edit]
# Australian Open Years
38 Australia Margaret Court 1960–68
33 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/United States Monica Seles 1991–99
27 Switzerland Martina Hingis 1997–2000
25 Germany Steffi Graf 1988–91
21 Australia Margaret Court 1969–75
20 Australia Evonne Goolagong Cawley 1974–77
18 Belarus Victoria Azarenka 2012–14
17 Australia Nancye Wynne Bolton 1947–49
14 United States Jennifer Capriati 2001–02
United States Serena Williams 2009–10
# French Open Years
29 United States Chris Evert 1974–81
25 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/United States Monica Seles 1990–96
24 Belgium Justine Henin 2006–10
20 Germany Steffi Graf 1987–89
19 United States Helen Wills 1928–32
United States Chris Evert 1985–87
15 Germany Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling 1935–37
14 United Kingdom Margaret Scriven 1933–35
Australia Margaret Smith Court 1969–71
# Wimbledon Years
50 United States Helen Wills[18] 1927–38
47 Czech Republic/United States Martina Navratilova 1982–88
23 United States Billie Jean King 1966–69
22 United States Louise Brough 1948–51
21 Germany Steffi Graf 1991–93
20 United States Venus Williams 2000–02
United States Serena Williams 2002–04
United States Venus Williams 2007–09
18 United States Maureen Connolly 1952–54
Brazil Maria Bueno 1959–62
17 United States Serena Williams 2009–11
# US Open Years
46 United States Helen Wills[19] 1923–33
31 United States Chris Evert 1975–79
28 United States Helen Jacobs 1932–36
26 United States Serena Williams 2012–15
20 United States Margaret Osborne duPont 1948–53
United States Monica Seles 1991–95
United States Venus Williams 2000–02
19 United States Pauline Betz 1942–45
18 United States Alice Marble 1938–40
17 United States Maureen Connolly 1951–53
United States Darlene Hard 1960–62
Brazil Maria Bueno 1963–65
Australia Margaret Smith Court 1969–72
Winning percentages per event[edit]
Australian Open % * W–L
1. Australia Margaret Court 95.23 60–3
2. Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/United States Monica Seles 91.49 43–4
3. West Germany Steffi Graf 88.67 47–6
4. United States Serena Williams 88.54 85–11
5. United States Chris Evert 88.23 30–4
6. Switzerland Martina Hingis 88.13 52–7
7. Czechoslovakia/United States Martina Navratilova 86.35 45–7
8. Australia Evonne Goolagong Cawley 83.02 44–9
9. Belgium Kim Clijsters 82.69 43–9
10. Belgium Justine Henin 82.60 38–8
* Minimum 20 wins
French Open % * W–L
1. United States Helen Wills 95.23 20–1
2. United States Chris Evert 92.31 72–6
3. Australia Margaret Court 89.80 44–5
4. West Germany Steffi Graf 89.36 84–10
5. Belgium Justine Henin 88.37 38–5
6. Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/United States Monica Seles 87.10 54–8
7. United States Doris Hart 84.85 28–5
8. Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 84.70 72–13
9. United Kingdom Ann Haydon Jones 84.62 44–8
United States Shirley Fry 22–4
* Minimum 20 wins
Wimbledon % * W–L
1. United States Helen Wills 98.21 55–1
2. France Suzanne Lenglen 94.59 35–2**
3. West Germany Steffi Graf 91.35 74–7
4. Czechoslovakia/United States Martina Navratilova 89.55 120–14
5. United States Serena Williams 89.09 98–12
6. United States Louise Brough 88.89 56–7
7. United States Chris Evert 86.49 96–15
8. United States Billie Jean King 86.36 95–15
9. Australia Margaret Court 85.00 51–9
10. United States Doris Hart 84.31 43–8
* Minimum 20 wins
US Open % * W–L
1. United States Helen Wills 96.15 50–2
2. NorwayUnited States Molla Mallory 90.27 65–7
3. Australia Margaret Court 89.66 52–6
4. United States Chris Evert 89.38 101–12
5. United States Pauline Betz 89.19 33–4
6. West Germany Steffi Graf 89.02 73–9
7. United States Serena Williams 88.79 95–12
8. United States Alice Marble 88.57 31–4
United States Tracy Austin
10. Brazil Maria Bueno 87.04 47–7
* Minimum 20 wins
  • ** both losses were actually "default", Suzanne Lenglen's adjusted win percentage would be 100%.

Season streaks[edit]

Title leaders by decade[edit]

minimum 2 titles

Calendar year achievements[edit]

Golden Grand Slam * Event of completion
West Germany Steffi Graf 1988 Olympics
* The Grand Slam + Olympic Gold

Four Majors

Three Majors

Consecutive Majors[edit]

Four

Australian/French/Wimbledon/United States Year
United States Maureen Connolly 1953
Australia Margaret Court 1970
West Germany Steffi Graf 1988

Three

Two

Best single season[edit]

All tournament records[edit]

Singles titles and finals[edit]

Tournament streaks[edit]

  • Active players in bold

Most titles at a single tournament[edit]

Most finals at a single tournament[edit]

Titles by court surface type[edit]

Titles by environment[edit]

Matches played/won[edit]

Consecutive match streaks[edit]

Match wins per court type[edit]

Matches won by environment[edit]

Winning percentage by surface[edit]

  • Note that the figures below represent career winning percentages of players that are retired (regular font) as well as current active players (boldface). The latter are subject to change and do not reflect the final figure.

Best single season[edit]

The Year-End Championships[edit]

  • (1970 – present)

WTA Tier I, Premier Mandatory and Premier 5[edit]

  • Overall totals include Tier I, Premier Mandatory, and Premier 5 tournaments only.
  • Tier I events were played on 3 surfaces, (carpet) ceased as a surface after 1995.

Titles by court type[edit]

Match wins/ percentages[edit]

Ranking records (since 1883)[edit]

Notes: 1883 –1920 rankings are more variable in nature because of limited sourcing from 1921 onwards more recent rankings are much better sourced are shown here World number 1 women tennis players. Before the open era of tennis arrived in 1968, rankings for amateur players were generally compiled only for a full year of play. Professional players were ranked by journalists, promoters, and players' associations usually at the end of the year. Even for amateurs, however, there was no single official overall ranking that encompassed the entire world. Instead, nation rankings were done by the national tennis association of each country, and world rankings were the preserve of tennis journalists. It was only with the introduction of computerized rankings in the open era that rankings were issued more frequently than once yearly. Even the end-of-year amateur rankings issued by official organizations such as the United States Lawn Tennis Association were based on judgments made by men and women and not on mathematical formulas assigning points for wins or losses.

Notes: Sources that are as authoritative as can be found in the men's article are also quoted in the women's can also be found here: ranking sources.

WTA Prize money leaders[edit]

See the Open Era records page since the leaders are all in that era.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Drucker, Joel (16 October 2008). "ESPN: Graf's Golden Slam". ESPN. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
  2. ^ "Photo Gallery: Top 10 Men's Tennis Players of All Time: #7: Andre Agassi". Sports Illustrated. p. 4. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  3. ^ Kay, Dimitri (22 November 2010). "Rafael Nadal Will Bid To Emulate Andre Agassi at the World Tour Finals". Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  4. ^ Nelson, Murry R., ed. (2013). American Sports: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas. Greenwood Press. p. 26. ISBN 9780313397523.
  5. ^ Janela, Mike (26 August 2013).