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Allium drummondii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Drummond's onion

Secure  (NatureServe)[1]
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: A. subg. Amerallium
A. drummondii
Binomial name
Allium drummondii

Allium drummondii, also known as Drummond's onion, wild garlic and prairie onion,[citation needed] is a North American species of onion native to the southern Great Plains of North America. It is found in South Dakota, Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Texas, New Mexico, and northeastern Mexico.[3][4]

Allium drummondii is a bulb-forming perennial. The flowers appear in April and May, in a variety of colors ranging from white to pink. It is common, considered invasive in some regions.[5][6][7]


This species of Allium is gathered by Native Americans for its small edible bulbs. These contain a considerable amount of inulin, a non-reducing sugar that humans cannot digest. Because of this, these onions must be heated for a long period of time in order to convert the inulin into digestible sugars.[8]


  1. ^ "NatureServe Explorer - Allium drummondii". NatureServe Explorer Allium drummondii. NatureServe. 2022-06-22. Retrieved 22 Jun 2022.
  2. ^ Regel, Eduard August von 1875. Trudy Imperatorskago S.-Peterburgskago Botaničeskago Sada 3(2): 112 in Latin
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, University of Texas, Allium drummondii Regel
  5. ^ Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 239 Allium drummondii Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada. 3: 112. 1875.
  6. ^ CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  7. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map
  8. ^ Bailey, L.H. & E.Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York.

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