Allium nigrum

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For other uses, see Black garlic.
Black garlic
Allium nigrum (Allium magicum) Bot. Mag. 29. 1148. 1809.jpg
Allium nigrum[1]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. nigrum
Binomial name
Allium nigrum
L. 1762, not All. 1785 nor Sm. 1823 nor M. Bieb. 1808

Allium nigrum, common name black garlic, broad-leaved leek,[3] or broadleaf garlic, is a Middle Eastern species of wild onion. It lacks the onion or garlic scent shared by most of the other species in the group. The species is native to Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, and Israel but cultivated as an ornamental in many other places.[2] It has become naturalized in some regions, including parts of the United States (especially Washington and Oregon).[4][5]

Allium nigrum produces asymmetric bulbs up to 5 cm across. Each plant has 3-6 leaves, each flat, up to 60 cm long and 2.5 cm across. Scapes are round in cross-section, up to 100 cm tall. Flowers up to 9 mm across; tepals white with a green midevein; anthers purple or yellow.[4][5][6][7]


The plant is used as an ornamental and produced in Taean and Seosan in South Korea.[citation needed]


  1. ^ 1809 illustration by John Sims, published in Botanical Magazine 29. 1148, as Allium magicum
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007" (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  4. ^ a b Flora of North America v 26 p 243, Allium nigrum
  5. ^ a b Bailey, L.H. & E.Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York.
  6. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1762. Species Plantarum, Editio Secunda 1: 430.
  7. ^ Hitchcock, C. H., A.J. Cronquist, F. M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular Cryptogams, Gymnosperms, and Monocotyledons. 1: 1–914. In C. L. Hitchcock, Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle.

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