Allium nigrum

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Black garlic
Allium nigrum (Allium magicum) Bot. Mag. 29. 1148. 1809.jpg
Allium nigrum [1]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. nigrum
Binomial name
Allium nigrum
  • Allium afrum (Zucc.) Kunth
  • Allium bauerianum Baker
  • Allium cyrilli var. magicum (L.) Nyman
  • Allium littoreum G.Don
  • Allium magicum L.
  • Allium nigrum Sm.
  • Allium nigrum f. album Maire
  • Allium nigrum f. roseum Maire
  • Allium odorum Ten.
  • Allium paniculatum Viv.
  • Allium paucibulbosum (Haw.) Steud.
  • Canidia magica (L.) Salisb.
  • Kalabotis nigrum (L.) Raf.
  • Molium nigrum (L.) Haw.
  • Molium paucibulbosum Haw.
  • Ophioscorodon magicum (L.) Wallr.
  • Ornithogalum afrum Zucc.

Allium nigrum, common name black garlic, broad-leaved leek,[3] or broadleaf garlic, is a plant species commonly cultivated as an ornamental. It is unusual in the genus in that it lacks the onion or garlic scent shared by most of the 900 accepted species in the group. The species is native to the Mediterranean region but cultivated as an ornamental in many other places. It has become naturalized in some regions, including parts of the United States (especially Washington and Oregon).[4][5]

Allium nigrum produces asymmetric bulbs up to 5 cm across. Each plant has 3-6 leaves, each flat, up to 60 cm long and 2.5 cm across. Scapes are round in cross-section, up to 100 cm tall. Flowers up to 9 mm across; tepals white with a green midevein; anthers purple or yellow.[4][5][6][7]


  1. ^ 1809 illustration by John Sims, published in Botanical Magazine 29. 1148, as Allium magicum
  2. ^ The Plant List, Allium nigrum
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007" (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  4. ^ a b Flora of North America v 26 p 243, Allium nigrum
  5. ^ a b Bailey, L.H. & E.Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York.
  6. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1762. Species Plantarum, Editio Secunda 1: 430.
  7. ^ Hitchcock, C. H., A.J. Cronquist, F. M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular Cryptogams, Gymnosperms, and Monocotyledons. 1: 1–914. In C. L. Hitchcock, Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle.

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