Allium monanthum

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Korean wild chive
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. monanthum
Binomial name
Allium monanthum
  • Allium biflorum Nakai
  • Allium monanthum var. floribundum Z.J. Zhong & X.T. Huang

Allium monanthum, English common name Korean wild chive, is a small wild onion found in the woodlands of Korea, Japan, Primorye, and northeastern China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning).[2][3][4][5][6]

Allium monanthum is unusual in the genus in being dioecious (male and female flowers on separate plants). The species produces a single round bulb about 1 cm in diameter. Scapes are relatively short for the genus, rarely more than 10 cm tall. Leaves are flat, long and narrow, longer than the scape. Umbels are small, with one flower on pistillate (female) plants and 4-5 flowers on staminate (male) plants. All flowers are white, pink or red.[2][7][8][9]


Allium monanthum is used in traditional Korean herbal cooking alongside other wild "mountain vegetables" such as chwinamul, doraji (also called Chinese bellflower), and deodeok.[10][11]


  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ a b Flora of China v 24 p 202. big>单花薤
    dan hua xie Allium monanthum
  3. ^ Ohwi, J. (1984). Flora of Japan (in English): 1-1067. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C..
  4. ^ Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.
  5. ^ Denisov, N. (2008). Addition to Vascular flora of the Kozlov island (Peter the Great Gulf, Japanese sea). Turczaninowia 11(4): 29-42.
  6. ^ Choi, H.J. & Oh, B.U. (2011). A partial revision of Allium (Amaryllidaceae) in Korea and north-eastern China. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 167: 153-211.
  7. ^ Maximowicz, Carl Johann. 1886.Bulletin de l'Academie Imperiale des Sciences de St-Petersbourg 31(1): 109.
  8. ^ line drawing of Allium monanthum, Flora of China Illustrations vol. 24, fig.234, 1-5.
  9. ^ Zhong, Zhan-jiang, & Huang, Xiang-tong. 1997. Bulletin of Botanical Research. Harbin 17(1): 53.
  10. ^ Plants for a Future, Allium monanthum
  11. ^ Medicinal Herbs, Allium monanthum

See also[edit]