Allium victorialis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Allium victorialis
ALLIUM VICTORIALIS - GENTO - IB-888 (All victorial).JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species:
A. victorialis
Binomial name
Allium victorialis
L. Sp. Pl. 1: 295. 1753[2][3]
Synonyms[4]

Allium victorialis, commonly known as victory onion, Alpine leek, and Alpine broad-leaf allium[5] is a broad-leaved Eurasian species of wild onion. It is a perennial of the Amaryllis family that occurs widely in mountainous regions of Europe and parts of Asia (Caucasus and Himalayas).[4][6]

Some authors consider certain East Asian and Alaskan populations as constituting subspecies platyphyllum within the species Allium victorialis.[7][8] Recent sources recognize this group as a distinct species, called Allium ochotense.[9][10][11][12][13]

General description[edit]

Allium victorialis attains a height of 30–45 cm (11.8–17.7 in) and forms a sheathed bulb ("root-stalk") about the thickness of a finger and 5–8 cm (2.0–3.1 in) long.[14] Leaves are broad elliptical or lanceolate. Flowers (perianths) are whitish green.[14]

Distribution[edit]

Allium victorialis is found widely across mountain ranges Europe, as well as the Caucasus and the Himalayas.[4]

Nomenclature[edit]

The specific epithet victorialis comes from the German Siegwurz (Root of Victory),[15] and it earned this name having been "worn as an amulet, to be as safeguard against the attacks of certain impure spirits," by Bohemian miners among others.[15]

Uses[edit]

The plant, in past centuries in certain mountainous regions of Europe, "was cultivated as a medicinal and fetish plant".[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Holubec, V., Magos Brehm, J., Uzundzhalieva, K., Vögel, R., Vörösváry, G., Eliáš, P. & Duarte, M.C. (2011). Allium victorialis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T172231A6854104. Downloaded on 05 January 2019.
  2. ^ Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). "Allium victorialis". Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  3. ^ GRIN (May 12, 2011). "Allium victorialis L. information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Allium victorialis
  5. ^ Korea National Arboretum (2015). English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: National Arboretum. p. 348. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 27 November 2016 – via Korea Forest Service.
  6. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Aglio serpentino, victory onion, alpine leek, Allium victorialis L. includes photos and European distribution map
  7. ^ Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 234 Allium victorialis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 295. 1753.
  8. ^ Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 172 茖葱 ge cong Allium victorialis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 295. 1753.
  9. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Allium ochotense Prokh.
  10. ^ The Plant List, Allium ochotense Prokh.
  11. ^ Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.
  12. ^ Denisov, N. (2008). Addition to Vascular flora of the Kozlov island (Peter the Great Gulf, Japanese sea). Turczaninowia 11(4): 29-42.
  13. ^ Choi & Oh 2011.
  14. ^ a b Thompson, Harold Stuart (1912). Sub-alpine Plants: Or, Flowers of the Swiss Woods and Meadows (preview). G. Routledge & Sons. p. 280.. 1–1.5 ft (0.30–0.46 m) height; and rootstalk 5.1–7.6 cm (2–3 in).
  15. ^ a b "Allium victorialis. Long-rooted garlic". Curtis's Botanical Magazine. 30: 1222-. 1809.
  16. ^ Rabinowitch, Haim D.; Currah, Lesley (2002). Allium Crop Science: Recent Advances (preview). CABI. p. 26. ISBN 978-0851-99510-6.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]